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I  29.88/2-2:  H  23 


Historic  Furnishings  Report 


BUILDING  34/35 


HARPERS  FERRY 

National  Historical  Park/West  Virgin 


v  «5fcj 


PUBLIC  UOOUMbUUT 
DEPOSITORY  ITEM 

OCT  0  4  1925 

CLEMSON 
LIBRARY 


U.S.  Department  of  the  Interior/National  Park  Service 


CO 

o 

I 

CD 


Digitized  by  the  Internet  Archive 

in  2012  with  funding  from 

LYRASIS  Members  and  Sloan  Foundation 


http://archive.org/details/historicfurnishiOOcrai 


HISTORIC  FURNISHINGS  REPORT 


BUILDING  34/35 


Harpers  Ferry  National  Historical  Park 
Harpers  Ferry,  West  Virginia 


by 


Patricia  Craig 
Shelley  Kaplan 
Carol  Petravage 


National  Park  Service 

Harpers  Ferry  Center 

Division  of  Historic  Furnishings 

1995 


APPROVED 

Robert  Stanton 

Regional  Director,  National  Capital  Region 

July  12,  1994 


n 


V 


CONTENTS 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS xi 

ADMINISTRATIVE  DATA    1 

LOCATION  AND  PROPOSED  USE 1 

INTRODUCTION    6 

BUILDING  34/35 8 

ANALYSIS  OF  HISTORIC  OCCUPANCY 8 

Construction  and  Early  Use  (1812-1858)    8 

The  Civil  War  Period  (1859-1870)    11 

The  McGraw  Years  (1870-1898) 14 

The  Doran  Years  (1899-1953) 24 

Chronology  of  Building  Use:   Building  34/35     27 

PART  I  -  THE  PROVOST  MARSHAL'S  OFFICE    30 

ANALYSIS  OF  HISTORIC  OCCUPANCY 30 

General  Duties  and  Organization 30 

The  Provost  Marshal  in  Harpers  Ferry 32 

EVIDENCE  OF  ORIGINAL  FURNISHINGS 37 

Discussion  of  Sources 37 

Evidence  Specific  to  Harpers  Ferry    39 

Government  Regulations    42 

Other  Provost  Marshals 42 

FURNISHINGS  PLAN 44 

Overview 44 

Interpretive  Objectives  and  Operating  Plan 47 

Working  Drawing 49 

Recommended  Furnishings  (Room  103,  front  of  Building  34)    ....  50 

Working  Drawing 53 

Recommended  Furnishings  (Room  104,  back  of  Building  34)     ....  54 

Concept  for  Interpretive  Panels    57 

PART  II  -  THE  GENERAL  STORE    58 

ANALYSIS  OF  HISTORIC  OCCUPANCY 58 

General  Stores  in  Harpers  Ferry  During  the 

Mid-Nineteenth  Century    58 

Plat  with  location  of  general  store/dry  goods  merchants 64 

EVIDENCE  OF  ORIGINAL  FURNISHINGS 65 

Discussion  of  Sources 65 

Inventories 66 

Advertisements  -  Harpers  Ferry 177 


in 


FURNISHINGS  PLAN 189 

Overview 189 

Interpretive  Objectives  and  Operating  Plan 189 

Working  Drawing     191 

Recommended  Furnishings     192 

Concept  for  Interpretive  Panels    205 

PART  III  -  STIPES'  BOARDING  HOUSE    206 

ANALYSIS  OF  HISTORIC  OCCUPANCY 206 

EVIDENCE  OF  ORIGINAL  FURNISHINGS  for  James  Taylor's  Room  .  209 

Discussion  of  Sources 209 

Excerpts  from  Taylor's  Sketchbook 209 

Interior  of  James  E.  Taylor's  Room     211 

FURNISHINGS  PLAN  (James  Taylor  Room) 212 

Overview 212 

Interpretive  Objectives  and  Operating  Plan 212 

Working  Drawing     213 

Recommended  Furnishings     214 

Concept  for  Interpretive  Panels    215 

EVIDENCE  OF  ORIGINAL  FURNISHINGS  for  Officer's  Quarters    ...  216 

Discussion  of  Sources 216 

Excerpt  from  the  Deed  of  Trust  of  James  B.  Wager  to 

Isaac  Fouke    216 

FURNISHINGS  PLAN  (Officer's  Quarters)    219 

Overview 219 

Interpretive  Objectives  and  Operating  Plan 219 

Working  Drawing 220 

Recommended  Furnishings     221 

Concept  for  Interpretive  Panels    223 

ILLUSTRATIONS 224 

APPENDIXES 324 

APPENDIX  A:    Inventories  of  the  McGraw  Family    324 

APPENDIX  B:    Excerpt  from  Quarterly  Issues  of  Stationery, 

Revised  Army  Regulations  of  1861  (1863) 328 

APPENDIX  C:    List  of  Forms  and  Selected  Examples 

from  the  Provost  Marshal  General  Regulations  (1863)  .  .  .  330 
APPENDIX  D:    Pass  from  the  Harpers  Ferry  Military  District, 

dated  Jan.  2,  1865    344 

BIBLIOGRAPHY 346 


iv 


LIST  OF  ILLUSTRATIONS 


Cover.  Rendering  of  the  exterior  of  building  34/35  by  The  Architectural  Art,  Inc.  for 

Harpers  Ferry  National  Historical  Park.   Original  illustration  on  display  in  the 
park. 

Figure  1.  "Three  views  of  Harpers  Ferry,"  March  11,  1865. 

Figure  2.  Harper's  Ferry  from  Loudoun  Heights,  1892-95. 

Figure  3.  Mr.  Doran  &  his  store,  ca.  1910. 

Figure  4.  High  Street,  Harpers  Ferry.    Original  location  of  provost  marshal's  office. 

Figure  5.  Floor  plan  (not  to  scale)  of  High  Street  building  in  which  provost  marshal's  office 

was  located,  Harpers  Ferry. 

Figure  6.  Citizens  of  Charleston,  S.C.,  Taking  the  Oath  of  Allegiance  Soon  After  the 

Evacuation  of  the  City  by  General  Hardee,  from  The  American  Soldier  in  the  Civil 
War. 

Figure  7.  Issuing  Passes  at  St.  Louis,  from  Harper's  Pictorial  History  of  the  Civil  War. 

Figure  8.  Capture  of  Savannah — General  Geary  Issuing  Passes  to  Citizens  of  Savannah,  GA, 

from  Frank  Leslie's  Illustrated  Newspaper,  January  21,  1865. 

Figure  9.  Registered  Enemies  Taking  The  Oath  of  Allegiance  At  The  Office  Of  Gen.  Bowen,  at 

New  Orleans,  from  a  sketch  by  Mr.  J.R.  Hamilton.   Harpers  Weekly,  June  6,  1863. 

Figure  10.  Provost  Marshal's  Office,  Alexandria  [Va.],  from  Miller's,  The  Photographic  History 

of  the  Civil  War,  vol.  8. 

Figure  11.  The  Provo  Marshal's  Office  on  East  Side  of  Loudoun  Street  North  of  Water  St. 

[Winchester,  Va.],  from  Taylor's  The  James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook. 

Figure  12.  "Fugitive  slaves  mingle  with  Federal  troops  outside  a  provost  marshal's  office  at 

Aquia  Creek,  Virginia,  in  1862...."  (modern  caption),  from  the  Time-Life  series,  The 
Civil  War:   Spies,  Scouts  and  Raiders,  vol.  18. 

Figure  13.  Sherman's  Campaign — Provost  Marshal's  Office,  Atlanta  [Ga.] — Citizens  Getting 

Passes  To  Go  North  and  South,  In  Consequence  of  Gen.  Sherman's  Order  For  The 
Departure  of  All  Citizens,  from  Frank  Leslie's  Illustrated  Newspaper,  October  29, 
1864. 

Figure  14.  The  Military  Authorities  at  Washington,  DC,  Examining  Passes  in  1861,  from  Frank 

Leslie's  Illustrated  History  of  the  Civil  War. 

Figure  15.  Provost-Marshal's  Office,  Department  of  the  Cumberland,  from  Miller,  The 

Photographic  History  of  the  Civil  War,  vol.  7. 


Figure  16.  Headquarters  of  Provost-Marshal-General,  Defenses  South  of  the  Potomac,  from 

Miller,  The  Photographic  History  of  the  Civil  War,  vol.  7. 

Figure  17.  General  Lew  Wallace  Considering  My  Case  [Baltimore,  Md.],  August  8,  1864.    From 

Taylor's  The  James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook. 

Figure  18.  General  Sheridan  writing  his  dispatch  to  General  Grant,  announcing  his  victory,  at 

Miss  Wright's  desk  [Winchester,  Va.],  from  Taylor's  The  James  E.  Taylor 
Sketchbook. 

Figure  19.  Sheridan  Reading  Mosby's  Pronunciamento  [Winchester,  Va.],  from  Taylor's  The 

James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook. 

Figure  20.  General  Sheridan  and  the  "Horse"  Question  [Lockwood  House,  Harpers  Ferry,  WV], 

from  Taylor's  The  James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook. 

Figure  21.  General  Rosecranz,  Commanding  The  Department  Of  Western  Virginia,  Surrounded 

by  His  Staff,  at  Their  Headquarters,  Clarksburg,  VA — From  a  Sketch  by  Our 
Special  Artist  with  General  Rosencranz's  Command,  from  Frank  Leslie's  Illustrated 
History  of  the  Civil  War. 

Figure  22.  John  Brown  arraigned  before  Judge  Richard  Parker  to  be  Sentenced  States  the 

Motives  for  his  invading  Virginia  [Courthouse,  Charles  Town,  now  WV],  from 
Taylor's  The  James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook. 

Figure  23.  Plausible  cartoon. 

Figure  24.  Painting,  The  Long  Bill,  by  James  Henry  Beard,  1840. 

Figure  25.  Billhead,  H.L.  Vervalin  &  Co.,  Rochester,  N.Y.,  1862. 

Figure  26.  Lithograph,  Interior  of  a  Country  Store,  drawn  by  Sol  Eytinge,  Jun.,  from  a  sketch 

by  Miss  Mary  L.  Stone.    Reproduced  in  Harper's  Weekly,  April  20,  1872. 

Figure  27.  Letterhead,  "Montony  &  Schoonmaker,"  Troy,  N.Y.,  1868. 

Figure  28.  Painting,  Village  Post  Office,  by  Thomas  Waterman  Wood,  1873. 

Figure  29.  Account  Book  Cover,  "W.H.  Bullock,"  1870-90. 

Figure  30.  Painting,  The  Country  Store,  by  Winslow  Homer,  1872. 

Figure  31.  Advertisement,  "Interior  of  a  Dry  Goods  House,"  James  Beck  &  Co.,  New  York, 

NY.,  1855-75. 

Figure  32.  Wood  engraving  of  store  interior  by  Alexander  Anderson. 

Figure  33.  Sutler's  Store,  Fort  Dodge,  Kansas,  1867.    From  Harpers  Weekly.  May  25,  1867. 

Figure  34.  Interior  of  Country  Store,  1869.    From  Hearth  and  Home,  vol.  1,  no.  27,  June  26, 

1869. 


VI 


Figure  35.  Exterior  of  a  Country  Store,  1869.   From  Hearth  and  Home,  vol.  1,  no.  38, 

September  11,  1869. 

Figure  36.  Advertisement,  "Inside  View  of  Retail  Grocery  Using  Standard  Barrel  Trucks," 

1875-95. 

Figure  37.  Print,  On  Main  Street,  by  Jennie  Brownscombe,  1880-1900. 

Figure  38.  Print,  The  Country  Store:  A  Typical  Scene  Found  by  the  Artist  Near  Kennebunk, 

ME,  by  Abbott  Graves,  1897. 

Figure  39.  Account  Book  Cover,  "Bennett  &  Sissin,  Valley  Farm,"  ca.  1895. 

Figure  40.  Billhead,  "L.D.  &  J.  Collins,  Jr.  Forwarding  and  Commission  Merchants,"  West 

Troy,  N.Y.,  1868. 

Figure  41.  Advertisement,  "Fox  &  Woodford,  Wholesale  and  Retail  Grocers,"  1870-90. 

Figure  42.  Billhead,  "H.B.  Foster,  Wholesale  &  Retail  Dealer,"  Concord,  N.H.,  1853. 

Figure  43.  Billhead,  "R.  Thompson,  Dealer  in  Dry  Goods,  Ready-made  Clothing,  Flour,  Grain 

and  Groceries,"  Warner,  N.H.,  1869. 

Figure  44.  Officer's  Quarters  in  a  casemate  at  Fort  Monroe,  Virginia,  ca.  1861-1865. 

Figure  45.  Officer's  Quarters  at  Fort  Sumter,  South  Carolina.    From  a  sketch  by  an  officer  on 

Major  Anderson's  staff.   Harpers  Weekly,  February  23,  1861. 

Figure  46.  Lt.  Col.  W.  C.  Ward's  Quarters,  1861.   Drawn  by  Alfred  Waud. 

Figure  47.  The  General's  Room  in  Larrick's  Hotel,  from  Taylor's  The  James  E.  Taylor 

Sketchbook. 

Figure  48.  General  Sheridan's  Personelle  [sic],  from  Taylor's  The  James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook. 

Figure  49.  Interior  of  the  home  of  Mr.  Joseph  Denny,  in  Winchester,  Virginia,  from  Taylor's 

The  James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook. 


vn 


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 


The  production  of  this  report  was  a  truly  collaborative  effort.   Shelley  Kaplan 
researched  and  wrote  the  historical  data  sections  on  the  provost  marshal's  office. 
Pat  Craig  researched  and  wrote  the  history  of  Building  34/35,  and  located  the 
illustration  of  James  Taylor's  room.   Pat  also  conducted  some  general  research  on 
dry  goods  stores  and  collected  dry  goods  inventories  from  Jefferson  County.   Carol 
Petravage  continued  the  research  on  dry  goods  stores,  collected  inventories  from 
Loudoun  County,  wrote  the  furnishings  plans  for  both  structures,  the  Taylor 
exhibit,  and  the  Officer's  Quarters,  and  compiled  the  final  report.   Bill  Brown 
reviewed  the  furnishings  plan  for  the  provost  marshal's  office  and  suggested 
improvements  to  the  Taylor  exhibit.   Kam  Sloan  and  Karen  Matson  edited  the 
document  for  publication,  and  Brenda  Hooper  assisted  with  inventory 
transcription. 

The  indexing  of  information  in  Jefferson  County  census  and  property  records  and 
newspapers  continues  to  be  a  tremendous  resource  during  the  preparation  of  the 
Harpers  Ferry  furnishings  reports.   Pat  Chickering,  Stan  Bumgardner,  and  Mike 
Jenkins  have  provided  the  Division  of  Historic  Furnishings  with  countless  leads 
and  valuable  advice,  as  well  as  sharing  the  results  of  their  extensive  research. 
The  authors  of  this  volume  thank  them  for  their  continued  support. 

Carol  Petravage 
Pat  Craig 
Shelley  Kaplan 


vin 


ADMINISTRATIVE  DATA 


LOCATION  AND  PROPOSED  USE 

Harpers  Ferry  National  Historical  Park,  originally  called  Harpers  Ferry  National 
Monument,  was  established  by  Congress  in  1944  to  be  "a  public  memorial 
commemorating  historical  events  at  or  near  Harpers  Ferry"  (Public  Law  386). 
According  to  the  Interpretive  Prospectus,  approved  in  1980,  two  of  the  major 
themes  to  be  interpreted  in  the  lower  town  are  the  Civil  War  and  industrial 
history. 

Building  34  is  located  on  the  south  side  of  Shenandoah  Street  in  lower  town 
Harpers  Ferry.    In  1973,  Harpers  Ferry  NHP  furnished  Building  34  as  a  living 
history  civil  war  recruiting  office,  representing  a  function  which  existed  in 
Building  35  prior  to  the  war.1   The  Interpretive  Prospectus  states  that  "building 
34,  now  furnished  as  a  recruiting  office,  will  instead  be  converted  to  a  provost 
marshal's  office  of  the  war  era.    This  officer  would  have  served  as  liaison  with  the 
remaining  civilian  population  and  performed  military  police  duties.    Furnishings 
would  have  been  sparse  and  plain,  very  similar  to  the  current  furnishings.    The 
objective  is  to  change  the  emphasis  from  recruiting  to  Harpers  Ferry  as  an 
occupied  town."2   Harpers  Ferry  NHP  staff  replaced  the  recruiting  office  exhibit 
in  1982  with  a  provost  marshal's  office  exhibit.3   The  front  room  represents  a 
provost  marshal's  office,  with  the  back  room  as  a  temporary  detainment  space  for 
prisoners.4   When  the  site  is  staffed,  usually  by  costumed  interpreters,  the  visitor 
is  allowed  to  enter  the  building.   At  other  times,  interpretive  panels  are  placed  in 
the  doorway  and  the  entrance  is  chained. 


1  No  evidence  has  been  found  which  substantiates  former  park  historian  Charles  Snell's  supposition  that  the  recruiting  office 
function  continued  in  the  town  at  all  during  the  war.  National  Park  Service,  Historic  Building  Report,  Part  II,  Historical  Data 
Section,  Building  Nos.  34-35,  32,  33,  and34A,  prepared  by  Charles  W.  Snell  (Harpers  Ferry  National  Monument  March  4, 1959), 
pp.  24-25  [hereafter  cited  as  HFNM).  As  Dennis  Frye,  Chief  of  Interpretation  at  Harpers  Ferry  National  Historical  Park 
(hereafter  cited  as  HFNHP)  has  noted,  given  that  Harpers  Ferry  was  "enemy  territory"  during  the  war,  this  function  would  not 
have  been  logical.   Telephone  interview,  September  19,  1990. 

2  National  Park  Service,  Interpretive  Prospectus:  Harpers  Ferry  National  Historical  Park,  Harpers  Ferry  Center,  1980, 
p.  18. 

3  Although  a  card  for  each  object  installed  in  the  room  exists  in  the  park  files,  no  historic  furnishings  report  was  completed. 
The  furnishing  was  based  on  a  general  knowledge  of  provost  marshals  and  military  interiors;  further  research  was  limited  by 
the  expediency  required  for  furnishing.  Bill  Brown,  Staff  Curator,  Historic  Furnishings,  Harpers  Ferry  Center,  July  16,  1990. 

4  Research  into  the  Harpers  Ferry  provost  operations  has  revealed  no  evidence  that  prisoners  were  kept  in  the  provost 
marshal's  office.  The  only  evidence  for  non-staff  sleeping  in  the  office  was  the  instance  of  two  confederate  deserters  and  their 
wives;  the  Moulton  description  of  the  event,  along  with  other  descriptions  of  treatment  of  confederate  deserters  after  Lincoln's 
offer  of  amnesty  to  such  soldiers  argues  that  these  visitors  would  not  have  been  treated  as  prisoners.  Charles  Moulton  to  Fannie 
Moulton,  December  20,  1863;  to  Frank  Moulton,  December  27,  1863,  typescripts  of  original  letters  prepared  by  Lee  and  Karen 
Drickamer  on  deposit  at  HFNHP. 


Officially,  the  office  is  interpreted  to  the  1863-65  period,  although  documents  from 
throughout  the  war  are  posted  there.    Since  the  last  refurnishing,  new 
documentation— primarily  the  Charles  Moulton  material—has  become  available 
which,  combined  with  comparative  research,  will  provide  a  more  accurate 
furnishings  plan  and  fuller  interpretation.    This  Furnishings  Report  provides  the 
historical  documentation  and  recommends  the  changes  necessary  to  accurately 
portray  a  Civil  War  era  provost  marshal's  office.    This  furnished  building  will  help 
to  interpret  the  military  presence  that  influenced  so  much  of  civilian  life  in 
Harpers  Ferry  during  the  Civil  War. 

Building  35  also  stands  on  the  south  side  of  Shenandoah  Street  and  shares  the 
eastern  wall  of  Building  34.    The  Interpretive  Prospectus  recommends  that  this 
structure  continue  to  be  interpreted  as  a  general  store,  since  "the  general  store 
merchandise  will  relate  to  the  type  of  clientele  in  this  'government  town'  and  to 
the  types  of  transportation  that  would  have  brought  it  here:    canal  and  railroad."5 
This  Furnishings  Report  examines  the  role  of  dry  goods  and  general  merchandise 
stores  in  the  Harpers  Ferry/Bolivar  area  during  the  mid-nineteenth  century,  and 
ties  the  furnishings  of  the  front  room  in  this  building  to  the  inventory  of  a  specific 
general  store.   The  rear  wall  of  this  front  room  will  be  moved  towards  the  rear  of 
the  building  to  its  historic  location.    The  rear  portion  of  Building  35,  currently 
interpreted  as  a  storeroom,  will  be  used  for  a  newly  constructed  elevator  and  fire 
stair. 

In  the  course  of  researching  these  buildings,  researchers  identified  an  illustration 
of  a  bedroom  on  the  top  floor  of  Building  35,  drawn  in  1864  by  the  occupant, 
James  Taylor,  a  war  correspondent  boarding  in  the  house.    Illustrations  of 
Harpers  Ferry  Civil  War  interiors  are  quite  rare,  and  park  staff  and  researchers 
agreed  that  installing  a  furnished  exhibit  on  the  second  floor  of  Building  35 
showing  Taylor's  room  would  increase  visitors'  understanding  of  the  effect  of  the 
war  on  the  town  and  the  role  of  war  correspondents  in  visually  bringing  the  war 
home  to  people  living  far  from  the  front. 

A  furnished  exhibit  portraying  a  Civil  War  officer's  quarters  will  occupy  the  large 
front  room  on  the  second  floor  of  Building  34.    The  two  areas  to  be  furnished  are 
connected  by  a  small,  inner  room  which  will  house  interpretive  exhibits.    These 
exhibits,  together  with  the  James  Taylor  room  and  the  Civil  War  officer's  quarters, 
will  convey  to  visitors  the  boarding  house  character  of  the  upper  floors  of  this 
building  during  the  Civil  War. 


NFS,  Interpretive  Prospectus,  p.  24. 


1 


I I J 


o=m 


<9 


Floor  Plans  for  First  Floor 


Floor  Plans  for  Second  Floor 


x^ 


The  following  planning  documents  affect  the  use  and  management  of  Building 
34/35: 

IDLCS:   00557  (Buildings  34  and  35),  Management  Category  A,  must  be 
preserved.   Harpers  Ferry  National  Historic  Park  was  entered  on  the  National 
Register  October  15,  1966. 

"Historic  Building  Report,  Part  I,  Building  Nos.  34-35  and  32  and  34A,"  Harpers 
Ferry  National  Monument.   October  1957. 

"Historic  Building  Report,  Part  II,  Historical  Data  Section,  Buildings  Nos.  34-35, 
32,  33  and  34A,"  Harpers  Ferry  National  Monument.   March  4,  1959. 

"Development  Concept  Plan,  Harpers  Ferry  National  Historical  Park,"  Harpers 
Ferry  Center.    1978. 

Interpretive  Prospectus,  Harpers  Ferry  National  Historical  Park,  Harpers  Ferry 
Center.    1980. 

Historic  Structures  Report:  Archaeological  Component.   Package  116,  Denver 
Service  Center.   November  1989 

HAFE  Package  116,  Historic  Structures  Report,  History  Section,  Block  B,  Lots  2 
and  3,  Shenandoah  Street,  Park  Buildings  32,  33,  33 A,  34/35,  34A,  and  36, 
Harpers  Ferry  National  Historical  Park,  Harpers  Ferry,  West  Virginia.   Based  on 
the  preliminary  report  of  Perry  G.  Fisher,  July  1989.   A  Cooperative  Agreement 
between  the  U.S.  Department  of  the  Interior,  National  Park  Service  and 
University  of  Maryland.   Denver  Service  Center.    1992. 


INTRODUCTION 


Historic  furnishings  planning  for  Harpers  Ferry  National  Historical  Park  provides 
a  variety  of  challenges  because  of  the  complex  physical  and  cultural  resources 
encompassed  by  the  historic  district  of  the  lower  town.    The  unique  problems  faced 
in  the  planning  process  for  Building  34/35  required  frequent  consultation  with 
park  staff  and  planning  documents  to  assure  that  we  were  effectively  meeting  the 
stated  objectives  for  the  park. 

The  Interpretive  Prospectus  cites  four  major  themes  for  interpretation:    the  John 
Brown  raid,  industrial  history,  the  Civil  War,  and  black  education.    These  themes 
are  clearly  centered  in  the  early  to  mid-nineteenth  century.    The  majority  of  the 
existing  structures  in  the  lower  town  were  constructed  or  significantly  altered 
during  the  late  nineteenth  century,  leaving  only  fragmentary  traces  of  the  early  or 
Civil  War  era  town.    The  greatest  historic  furnishings  challenge  at  Harpers  Ferry 
NHP  is  reconciling  the  interpretive  goals  with  historic  use  and  the  preservation 
needs  of  the  physical  structures  located  within  the  park. 

The  approach  taken  in  this  project  combined  research  regarding  historical 
occupancy  and  use  of  the  structures  with  research  in  specified  theme  topics.    It 
was  decided  through  consultation  with  park  and  regional  office  staff  that 
whenever  possible,  research  in  historical  occupancy  and  use  would  serve  as  the 
foundation  for  the  planning  of  historic  interiors.    In  those  structures  where  the 
chronology  of  use  did  not  further  park  interpretive  themes,  historic  interiors  would 
be  furnished  based  upon  room  functions  researched  and  documented  to  other 
structures  whose  historic  uses  were  more  pertinent  to  the  designated  themes. 

Historical  occupancy  and  use  for  the  project  structures  was  determined  through  an 
analysis  of  available  primary  documents  and  existing  research  reports.    New 
evidence  obtained  from  primary  documents  previously  unavailable  was 
incorporated  into  the  historical  data  section. 

In  1982,  park  staff  informally  installed  a  provost  marshal's  office  in  Building  34 
after  perceiving  the  need  for  an  exhibit  that  would  interpret  to  the  visitor  the 
impact  of  the  military  presence  in  Harpers  Ferry  during  the  Civil  War.    Visitors 
have  responded  favorably  to  the  interpretation  presented  in  this  historically 
furnished  interior.    The  original  location  of  the  provost  marshal's  office  is  a 
privately  owned  commercial  building  on  High  Street  that  is  unavailable  for  use  by 
the  park.    Therefore,  regional,  park,  and  historic  furnishings  staff  determined  that 
the  continued  use  of  Building  34  as  a  historically  furnished  provost  marshal's 
office  addressed  critical  interpretive  themes  in  the  most  heavily  visited  corridor  of 
the  park. 


6 


Building  35  existed  during  the  Civil  War  but  was  radically  altered  both  inside  and 
out  during  the  late  nineteenth  century.    Historical  research  indicates  that  Mrs. 
Cornelia  Stipes  operated  a  boarding  house  in  Building  35  for  all  or  part  of  the 
Civil  War  period.    In  an  effort  to  interpret  industrial  history  as  well  as  trade  and 
transportation  issues,  the  park  installed  a  general  merchandise  or  dry  goods  store 
on  the  first  floor  of  Building  35  in  1973.   This  furnished  interior  enables  the  park 
to  interpret  changes  in  consumer  goods  that  occurred  during  the  1850s  because  of 
the  rise  of  industrialization  and  improvements  in  transportation  networks.    Park 
staff  feel  that  devoting  the  entire  structure  to  the  interpretation  of  a  boarding 
house  would  deprive  them  of  a  particularly  effective  interpretive  tool;  therefore, 
regional,  park,  and  historic  furnishings  staff  determined  that  continuing  to 
interpret  the  first  floor  of  Building  35  as  a  general  merchandise  store  best  served 
the  interpretive  goals  as  stated  in  the  Interpretive  Prospectus.    The  rear  room, 
currently  interpreted  as  a  storeroom,  will  be  used  for  an  elevator  and  fire  stair. 

However,  recent  research  has  identified  pictorial  documentation  for  one  of  the 
rooms  in  Building  35  during  its  use  as  a  boarding  house  during  the  Civil  War. 
Park  interpretive  staff  are  excited  at  the  prospect  of  interpreting  this  part  of  the 
building's  history  as  well.    Therefore,  the  historic  furnishings  plan  provides  for  the 
second  floor  room  in  the  northeast  corner  of  Building  35  to  be  interpreted  as  the 
room  of  James  Taylor.    Taylor,  a  newspaper  correspondent  and  artist,  included  in 
his  sketchbook  a  drawing  of  the  room  in  Building  35  where  he  stayed  during  the 
Civil  War.    Since  research  indicates  that  Civil  War  officers  also  lived  in  the 
upstairs  rooms,  the  second  floor  room  in  the  front  of  Building  34  will  be 
historically  furnished  as  an  officer's  quarters. 

Because  the  past,  present,  and  proposed  uses  of  Building  34/35  are  so  complex, 
this  historic  furnishings  report  is  organized  as  follows.    The  following  chapter 
summarizes  the  architectural  history  and  discusses  in  greater  detail  the  social 
history  of  Building  34/35.    Part  I  outlines  the  role  of  the  provost  marshal  in 
Harpers  Ferry  and  includes  a  furnishings  plan  for  Building  34  based  on  evidence 
for  provost  marshal's  office  interiors  in  Harpers  Ferry  and  elsewhere.   Part  II 
examines  the  role  of  the  general  merchandise  or  dry  goods  store  in  mid-nineteenth 
century  Harpers  Ferry  and  includes  a  furnishings  plan  for  the  front  room  of 
Building  35  based  on  an  1854  Loudoun  County  store  inventory.   Part  III  briefly 
describes  Stipes'  boarding  house,  including  James  Taylor's  role  as  a  visual  reporter 
for  Frank  Leslie's  Illustrated  Newspaper.    It  includes  the  evidence  Taylor  left 
behind  that  enables  the  park  service  to  accurately  reproduce  his  room,  as  well  as 
the  site  specific  and  comparative  evidence  for  a  Civil  War  era  officer's  quarters. 
Part  III  also  includes  furnishings  plans  for  both  rooms. 


BUILDING  34/35 

ANALYSIS  OF  HISTORIC  OCCUPANCY 

Construction  and  Early  Use  (1812-1858) 

In  a  letter  dated  April  4,  1812,  Samuel  Annin,  paymaster  and  military  storekeeper 
of  the  Harpers  Ferry  Armory,  requested  permission  for  his  son,  Joseph,  to  erect  a 
small  brick  building  on  armory  land  for  the  purpose  of  operating  an  apothecary.6 
The  secretary  of  war  granted  permission  in  a  letter  dated  May  12,  1812. 7   The 
young  Annin  erected  a  two-story  brick  building  measuring  approximately  23  by  34 
feet,  which  he  used  as  an  apothecary  store  and  dwelling.8   This  building  forms  the 
core  of  what  is  known  today  as  Building  35.   After  resigning  from  his  position  as 
paymaster  in  1815,  Samuel  Annin  moved  into  this  building  with  his  son. 

In  1816,  Annin  complained  that  the  new  paymaster  of  the  armory  had  granted 
permission  to  Basil  Williamson,  a  Harpers  Ferry  hotel  and  tavern  keeper,  to  erect 
a  tavern  house  upon  the  same  lot  as  himself,  impacting  the  existing  structure. 
The  proposed  new  building  would  require  Annin  to  remove  the  existing  porch  on 
the  west  end,  which  provided  a  covering  for  the  steps  leading  down  into  the  cellar 
kitchen.    It  would  also  eliminate  his  garden  area  to  the  west  of  the  dwelling.9 
Annin  proved  persuasive  in  his  arguments  to  the  War  Department  as  the  proposed 
lease  to  Williamson  was  cancelled  on  April  21,  1816. 10 

Samuel  Annin  and  his  son  probably  left  the  Harpers  Ferry  residence  by  the  end  of 
1818. n   Their  departure  resulted  in  an  exchange  of  letters  between  the  Ordnance 
Department,  War  Department,  and  the  armory  superintendent  which  sought  to 
resolve  Joseph  Annin's  claims  for  compensation  of  the  construction  costs  for  this 


6  Letter  from  Samuel  Annin  to  William  Eustis,  secretary  of  war,  April  4,  1812,  quoted  in  National  Park  Service,  "Historic 
Building  Report,  Part  II,  Historical  Data  Section,  Bldgs.  No.  34-35,  32,  33  and  34A.  The  Samuel  Annin  House,  Lot  No.  3,  Block 
B,  Shenandoah  Street,"  prepared  by  Charles  W.  Snell  (unpublished  manuscript,  HFNM,  March  4,  1959),  p.  3. 

7  Letter  from  William  Eustis,  secretary  of  war,  to  Joseph  Annin,  May  12,  1812,  quoted  in  NPS,  "Historic  Building  Report, 
Part  II,  Historical  Data  Section. ..The  Samuel  Annin  House,"  p.  3. 

8  National  Park  Service,  A  Comprehensive  History  of  Armory  Dwelling  Houses  of  the  U.S.  Armory  and  Harper's  Ferry, 
Virginia,  1798-1884.  In  Three  Volumes.  Harpers  Ferry  NHP,  WV.  A  History  of  the  Construction,  Repair,  Improvement  and 
Acquisition  of  Armory  Dwelling  Houses,  1798-1841,  prepared  by  Charles  W.  Snell  (Denver,  CO:  Denver  Service  Center/National 
Capitol  Team,  November  1981),  vol  1,  p.  44. 

'  Letter  from  Samuel  Annin  to  Maj.  John  Graham,  February  8,  1816,  quoted  in  NPS,  "Historic  Building  Report,  Part  II, 
Historical  Data  Section. ..The  Samuel  Annin  House."  pp.  4-5. 

10  NPS,  "Historic  Building  Report,  Part  II,  Historical  Data  Section. ..The  Samuel  Annin  Hous. 

11  Ibid.,  p.  6. 

s 


building.   The  information  contained  in  the  various  letters  suggests  that  the 
federal  government  finally  re-secured  its  claim  to  the  building  and  lot  by  1821, 12 
and  began  using  the  structure  as  quarters  for  the  master  armorer. 

An  1821  survey  of  buildings  at  the  United  States  Armory  at  Harpers  Ferry 
describes  Building  35  as  "One  Dwelling  House,  36  by  26  feet,  two  stories  and  a 
cellar.   Built  of  Brick.   Estimated  Value:    $2,500."13 

The  front  room  on  the  first  floor  of  Building  34  (room  103)  was  probably  built 
between  1818  and  1827. 14   In  1827,  a  "kitchen  for  the  Master  Armorer's  20  by  22 
feet,  1  story  brick..."  was  constructed.   This  kitchen  probably  appears  on  an  1835 
Winchester  and  Potomac  Railroad  map  attached  to  the  southwest  corner  of 
Building  34/35. 15   Building  34/35  was  enlarged  to  a  two-and-a-half-story  building 
with  six  dormer  windows  in  1837. 16   Room  204  was  probably  added  at  this 
time.17 

Ordnance  Department  receipts  document  the  maintenance  performed  on  the 
dwelling.    One  workman  was  paid  for  eight  days  work  repairing,  plastering,  and 
whitewashing;  the  next  month  a  carpenter  was  contracted  to  repair  the  flooring  in 
the  house  and  kitchen,  constructing  new  window  frames  and  shutters  for  the 
front,  putting  in  stops,  and  repairing  all  doors  and  windows.   He  made  three 
clothes  presses.   On  the  exterior  of  the  property,  the  carpenter  constructed  47  feet 
of  paling  fence  base  and  cap  and  hung  one  gate.18  The  annual  report  of 
government  property  issued  for  the  year  July  1,  1850,  to  June  30,  1851,  notes  that 


12  Ibid.,  p.  7. 

13  Ibid.,  p.  8. 

14  Most  of  the  woodwork  in  this  room  dates  to  the  first  quarter  of  the  19th  century.  Architectural  plans  indicate  that  the 
three  walls  of  room  103  were  built  against  the  existing  structure,  and  the  door  between  them  was  made  by  enlarging  an  existing 
window.  From  National  Park  Service,  "Harpers  Ferry  Buildings  34  and  35,  Observations  Concerning  Historic  Interior  Fabric," 
prepared  by  Michael  F.  Trostel,  (undated  preliminary  report  [1993],  doc.  no.  HFD-676),  p.  1. 

15  "Map  of  Harpers  Ferry,  showing  the  location  of  the  Winchester  and  Potomac  Railroad,  Drawn  by  Lieuts.  White  Allen  and 
R.S.  Smith,  U.S.  Army,  Under  the  Direction  of  James  Kearney,  Lt.  Col.  and  T.K.  Map  no.  2-1835.  Approved  by  President 
Andrew  Jackson,  January  27,  1835."  National  Archives  &  Records  Administration,  Records  Group  77  [hereafter  cited  as  NARA, 
RG].  Records  of  the  Office  of  the  Chief  of  Engineers.  Fortification  Map  file,  part  of  Map  Drawer  no.  150,  Sheet  82-2. 
Reproduced  as  Appendix  II  in  NPS,  "Historic  Building  Report,  Part  II,  Historical  Data  Section. ..The  Samuel  Annin  House." 

16  NPS,  A  Comprehensive  History  of  Armory  Dwelling  Houses...,  p.  170. 

17  Greek  Revival  door  and  window  casings  in  this  room  clearly  indicate  that  room  204  was  added  to  building  34/35  many 
years  after  the  first  floor  (room  103)  was  built,  probably  in  the  1830s  or  40s.  See  NPS,  "Harpers  Ferry  Buildings  34  and  35, 
Observations  Concerning  Historic  Interior  Fabric,"  p.  2. 

18  National  Park  Service,  HAFE  Package  116,  Historic  Structures  Report,  History  Section,  Block  B,  Lots  2  and  3,  Shenandoah 
Street,  Park  Buildings  32,  33,  33A,  34/35,  34A,  and  36,  Harpers  Ferry  National  Historical  Park,  Harpers  Ferry,  West  Virginia, 
prepared  by  Patricia  Chickering  with  Michael  A.  Jenkins  (through  a  Cooperative  Agreement  between  the  U.S.  Department  of 
Interior,  NPS,  and  University  of  Maryland),  p.  11.   Based  on  the  preliminary  report  of  Perry  G  Fisher,  July  1989. 


the  master  armorer's  house  received  two  coats  of  patent  oil  paint  on  its  exterior, 
and  that  lightning  rods  had  been  installed.19  An  1854  letter  from  the  Chief  of 
Ordnance,  Col.  Henry  K.  Craig  to  Armory  Superintendent  W.H.  Bell,  ordered  Bell 
to  make  "such  repairs  on  the  house  recently  occupied  by  Mr.  Burton,  as  are 
necessary  to  fit  it  for  the  new  Master  Armorer...."20   The  condition  of  Building 
34/35  apparently  deteriorated  during  the  mid-  to  late  1850s: 

Major  Byington  stated  to  me  while  he  lived  in  the  House  about  1858  or  1859,  that 

21 

he  was  fearful  that  it  would  fall  in  whenever  he  went  in  the  upper  part  of  it. 

The  apparent  lack  of  maintenance  may  have  been  due  to  the  recession  being 
experienced  at  the  armory.   A  board  of  officers  that  met  in  Harpers  Ferry  in  1851 
had  recommended  to  the  secretary  of  war  that  surplus  land  and  buildings 
belonging  to  the  armory  be  sold.    The  board  mentioned  Building  34/35  in  its  report 
as  follows: 

The  Master  Armorer  and  Clerks  now  occupy  houses  on  ground  which  should  be 
sold;  these  houses  should  be  reserved  from  the  sale  until  suitable  ones  are  erected 
for  their  use.   All  other  dwellings  should  be  removed  from  the  land  reserved.... 

The  board's  recommendation  was  approved  by  the  secretary  of  war,  and  the 
arsenal  yard  (in  which  the  master  armorer's  house  was  located)  was  subdivided, 
although  the  lots  were  not  included  in  the  1852  sale  of  government  lands.   With 
the  money  raised  from  the  sale  of  lots  and  buildings,  it  was  proposed  that  new 
quarters  be  constructed  for  the  officers  of  the  armory.23 

The  secretary  of  war  did  not  approve  this  suggestion,  and  construction  plans  were 
abandoned  for  the  next  four  years.    In  1856,  however,  the  issue  of  new  residences 
for  the  armory  was  again  raised  and  this  time  approved.   A  joint  resolution  was 
passed  by  Congress  in  1856  which  authorized  the  secretary  of  war  to  apply  the 
funds  from  the  1852  government  sale  to  permanent  improvements  at  the  armory. 


19  NPS,  "Historic  Building  Report,  Part  II,  Historical  Data  Section. ..The  Samuel  Annin  House,"  pp.  9-10. 

20  Craig  to  Ball,  April  10,  1854,  as  quoted  in  NPS,  "Historic  Building  Report,  Part  II.  Historical  Data  Section. ..The  Samuel 
Annin  House,"  p.  10. 

21  Affidavit  of  Jesse  W.  Graham,  June  14,  1878,  Harpers  Kerry  Abatement  Cases,  as  quoted  in 
NPS,  "Historic  Building  Report,  Part  II,  Historical  Data  Section. ..The  Samuel  Annin  House."  p.  11. 

22  Report  of  a  Board  of  Officers,  September  24,  1851,  as  quoted  in  NPS,  "Historic  Building  Report,  Part  II,  Historical  Data 
Section. ..The  Samuel  Annin  House,"  p.  17. 

23  NPS,  "Historic  Building  Report,  Part  II,  Historical  Data  Section. ..The  Samuel  Annin  House,"  pp.  17-19. 

10 


Consequently,  planning  began  for  the  construction  of  three  new  dwellings, 
including  a  new  master  armorer's  house,  located  adjacent  to  Building  34/35. 24 

The  old  house  is  on  the  same  lot,  and  very  near  to  one  of  its  [Building  36's]  gables, 
and  is  quite  in  a  dilapidated  condition.   The  outhouses  attached  to  the  old  house, 
are  wanted  for  the  use  of  the  new  one;  if  the  old  house  is  retained,  new  outhouses 
will  have  to  be  built  for  the  new  house.... Besides  the  materials  in  the  old  house  can 
be  very  profitably  employed  in  the  construction  of  outhouses  for  the  new  Quarters 
on  the  Hill.... I  therefore  recommend  the  pulling  down  of  this  house  and  the  saving 
of  the  materials,  as  above  named. 

When  Samuel  Byington  resigned  as  master  armorer  in  1858,  his  replacement 
Benjamin  Mills  arranged  a  swap  of  residences  with  the  paymaster's  clerk,  John  E. 
Daingerfield,  in  which  Daingerfield  would  live  in  Building  34/35  until  the  adjacent 
dwelling  was  completed.26   Daingerfield  moved  into  the  new  residence  by  July 
1859.27 


The  Civil  War  Period  (1859-1870) 

As  a  direct  consequence  of  the  attack  of  John  Brown's  Raiders  on  the  arsenal  in 
1859,  Superintendent  Barbour  requested  that  army  regulars  be  stationed  at 
Harpers  Ferry  for  protection.   Troops  arrived  in  town  in  November.    In  a  letter 
dated  November  8,  1859,  from  George  Mauzy  to  James  H.  Burton,  a  former 
master  armorer  at  Harpers  Ferry,  Mauzy  states  that 

Your  old  quarters  are  now  used  as  a  recruiting  station  by  Capt.  Burton,  there  is  a 
Co.  of  Soldiers,  who  were  sent  here  from  Govs.  Island  to  protect  Government 

28 

property.... 

Building  34/35  was  probably  used  as  a  recruiting  station  until  April  1860,  when 
Captain  Burton  and  his  men  withdrew  from  Harpers  Ferry.29 


24   Ibid.,  p.  21. 

25  Superintendent  Alfred  M.  Barbour  to  Col.  Henry  K.  Craig,  July  16,  1859,  as  quoted  in  NPS,  "Historic  Building  Report, 
Part  II,  Historical  Data  Section..  The  Samuel  Annin  House,"  p.  22. 


lit; 


U7 


■jh 


1'1> 


NPS,  "Historic  Building  Report,  Part  II,  Historical  Data  Section. ..The  Samuel  Annin  House,"  p.  22. 

Ibid. 

Ibid.,  p.  24. 

Ibid. 

11 


The  stable  may  have  been  used  by  a  nonresident  of  Building  34/35  during  this 
period.    When  James  McGraw  sold  a  business  in  1861  to  his  nephew,  Patrick,  two 
of  the  items  listed  in  the  conveyance  were  a  "stable  &  ice  house  near  the  Market 
House  at  Harper's  Ferry."30   Lot  3,  Block  B,  where  the  stable  associated  with  the 
master  armorer's  dwelling  is  located,  is  directly  in  front  of  the  market  house  lot, 
and  therefore  may  be  the  stable  referred  to  in  the  deed. 

Other  documented  uses  of  Building  34/35  reflect  civilian  use  and  occurred  during 
the  last  years  of  the  war.   The  journal  entries  of  James  E.  Taylor,  a  war 
correspondent  traveling  with  the  Sheridan  campaign  through  the  Shenandoah 
Valley  in  1864,  indicate  that  Mrs.  Cornelia  Stipes  operated  a  hotel  or  boarding 
house  in  the  structure.    During  the  Civil  War,  the  provost  marshal  granted 
licenses  and  rented  vacant  buildings  to  traders  and  sutlers  who  applied  for 
permission  to  sell  goods  or  operate  businesses  in  Harpers  Ferry.    The  money 
obtained  from  these  rentals  was  given  to  the  surgeons  to  benefit  the  sick  and 
wounded.31   When  Taylor  arrived  in  Harpers  Ferry,  he  was  led  to  a  hotel  by  a 
young  boy  and  introduced  to  Mrs.  Stipes,  the  proprietress.    Taylor  explains  that 

Mrs.  Stipes  catered  to  sojourners  at  the  Ferry  to  the  extent  of  table  board  and 
lodging,  not  from  choice  but  necessity  caused  by  her  husband's  business  reverses 
owing  to  the  War,  and  his  inability  to  catch  on  again,  when  it  fell  to  the  lot  of 
Madam  to  entertain  transients  to  keep  the  wolf  from  the  door. 

Taylor  goes  on  to  describe  his  room  at  the  hotel: 

I  am  at  once  conducted  to  my  quarters,  a  sky  parlor  under  the  slanting  roof,  the 
only  available  room  unoccupied,  but  make  no  'kick,'  thankful  at  being  supplied  at 
all,  considering  the  demand  at  this  time  by  correspondents,  army  contractors,  and 

33 

sutlers  for  lodgings. 

Taylor  later  remarks  upon  how  uncomfortable  his  lodgings  are  during  warm 
weather: 


IWd  Book  :(9   pp  396-97,  Jefferson  County  Courthouse  [hereafter  cited  as  JCC1,  Charles  Town.  West  Virginia 

31  Charles  H.  Banes,  History  of  the  Philadelphia  Brigade,  (Philadelphia:  J.B.  Lippincott  &  Co.,  1876),  p.  124. 

32  James  E.  Taylor,  With  Sheridan  Up  the  Shenandoah  Valley  in  1864.  Leaves  From  A  Special  Artist's  Sketch  Book  and 
Diary  [a.k.a.  The  James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook],  (Cleveland:  The  Western  Reserve  Historical  Society,  1989),  p.  30.  This  is  an 
annotated  printing  of  the  original  sketchbook.  (Hereafter  cited  as  The  James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook.)  However,  according  to 
newspaper  accounts,  Cornelia  Stipes'  husband  Thomas  died  of  consumption  in  1840  (Virginia  Free  Press,  January  29,  1840,  p. 
3,  col.  3).  The  1840  through  1880  censuses  list  Cornelia  Stipes  as  head  of  household,  indicating  that  she  never  remarried  (U.S. 
Bureau  of  the  Census,  Jefferson  County,  Virginia:  Sixth  Census,  1840,  p.  243;  Seventh  Census,  1850,  p.409B;  Eighth  Census 
1860,  p.  198;  and  Jefferson  County,  West  Virginia:   Ninth  Census,  1870,  p.  17;  Tenth  Census,  1880,  p.  3). 

33  Taylor,  The  James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook,  p.  30. 

12 


Stripped  to  the  buff,  for  the  thermometer  ranged  in  the  nineties  in  my  loft,  I 
proceed  to  put  a  number  of  special  subjects  in  ship-shape  and  perspiration  oozing 
from  my  pores  without  a  let-up,  except  to  respond  to  the  supper  call,  when  Wright 
gathers  a  few  more  'crumbs'  from  me. 

According  to  Taylor,  the  dining  room  for  hotel  guests  was  located  on  a  lower  floor. 
Next  door  to  the  hotel  stood  the  master  armorer's  house  (Building  36),  which 
served  as  army  headquarters  and  was  occupied  by  Brig.  Gen.  John  D. 
Stevenson.35   Building  34/35  also  apparently  had  a  porch,  since  Taylor  mentions 
holding  a  conversation  with  two  other  journalists  on  one.36  Although  Taylor  does 
not  pinpoint  the  location  of  this  porch  in  his  journal  entry,  his  sketch  of 
Shenandoah  Street  shows  Stipes'  boarding  house  with  a  small  front  portico.37   He 
also  reports  leaving  his  horse  in  the  stable  associated  with  Stipes'  boarding 
house.38 

When  Brig.  Gen.  Edward  D.  Ramsay  inspected  the  buildings  and  stores  at 
Harpers  Ferry  in  1865,  he  described  Building  34/35  as  follows: 

Dwelling  House  No.  2  -  two  story,  brick,  located  on  Shenandoah  Street.    In  fair 
condition  and  occupied  as  quarters  for  Officers. 

Mrs.  Stipes  purchased  property  two  blocks  away  on  Shenandoah  Street  in  April 
1865  and  may  have  moved  out  of  Building  35  at  that  time.40 

Mrs.  Annie  Kirby  may  have  lived  in  Building  34/35  in  the  late  1860s.    In  1878,  the 
current  owners  of  the  building,  the  minor  children  of  James  McGraw,  stated  that 
"Mrs.  Kirby  occupied  the  property  until  the  Spring  of  1870,  and  since  that  time  we 
have  occupied  it  with  the  exception  of  five  or  six  months."41   Mrs.  Kirby  is  listed 


34  Ibid.,  p.  215. 

35  Ibid.,  p.  30. 

36  Ibid.,  pp.  42-43. 

37  Ibid.,  p.  580. 


:is 


Ibid.,  p.  247. 


39  Ramsay  to  Brig.  Gen.  A.B.  Dyer,  Chief  of  Ordnance,  July  27,  1865,  as  quoted  in  NPS,  "Historic  Building  Report,  Part  II, 
Historical  Data  Section. ..The  Samuel  Annin  House,"  p.  25. 

40  Deed  Book  1,  p.  156,  JCC. 

41  "N.T.,  C.A.,  and  Jas.  C.  McGraw  for  Abatement  on  Purchase  of  Lot  of  Land  No.  3  Block  B  at  Harpers  Ferry,"  August  6, 
1878,  quoted  in  National  Park  Service,  HAFE  Package  116,  Historic  Structures  Report,  History  Section,  p.  14. 

13 


in  the  1870  census  as  a  middle-aged  milliner  with  two  children.42   No  rental 
agreements  have  been  located  for  either  Mrs.  Stipes  or  Mrs.  Kirby.    The  history  of 
occupancy  for  this  building  reflects  the  transience  of  people  in  Harpers  Ferry 
during  the  Civil  War,  and  the  lack  of  legal  and  government  documents  can 
perhaps  be  explained  by  the  upheaval  in  business  and  social  matters  caused  by 
the  war. 


The  McGraw  Years  (1870-1898) 

Building  34/35  was  among  the  lots  and  structures  included  in  the  1869  sale  of 
government  properties.    The  building,  located  on  Lot  3,  Block  B,  was  purchased  by 
Margaret  T.,  Catherine  A.,  and  James  C.  McGraw,  the  children  of  James  McGraw, 
for  $5,100.43   The  family  was  probably  in  residence  in  Building  34/35  by  June 
1870.   James  McGraw  immediately  began  making  improvements  upon  the 
property. 

Most  of  the  information  about  McGraw's  early  years  in  Building  34/35  comes  from 
the  records  of  price  abatement  hearings  held  in  1878.    Terrible  floods  in  1870  and 
1877  ruined  the  hopes  of  many  property  owners  for  revitalizing  Harpers  Ferry 
after  the  demise  of  the  armory.   Additionally,  many  lower  town  lots  failed  to  be 
developed  because  Capt.  F.C.  Adams,  the  major  purchaser  of  government  property 
at  the  1869  sale,  became  involved  in  various  chancery  cases  and  in  a  right  of  way 
dispute  with  the  B&O  Railroad  in  the  1870s.44   Consequently,  those  who  paid  the 
inflated  prices  for  government  property  at  the  sale  in  1869  appealed  to  the 
government  for  relief  based  on  the  current  depressed  economic  conditions  in 
Harpers  Ferry  in  the  1870s.    McGraw  submitted  vouchers  and  an  itemized  list  of 
his  expenditures  on  the  property,  dating  from  1870.    Most  of  his  costs  in  the  early 
part  of  this  decade  dealt  with  repairs  or  modifications  to  the  already  existing 
structures,  but  some  indicate  adaptations  to  accommodate  the  needs  of  his 
business.45 

Building  34/35  suffered  extensive  damage  in  the  September  1870  flood  shortly 
after  McGraw  took  up  residence.    In  his  testimony  on  behalf  of  McGraw  and  his 
children  in  their  abatement  petition,  Jesse  W.  Graham  described  the  condition  of 
the  lot  and  buildings  prior  to  McGraw's  improvements: 


42  U.S.  Bureau  of  the  Census,  Ninth  Census  of  the  United  States  (1870),  Jefferson  County,  West  Virginia,  p.  21. 

43  NPS,  HAFE  Package  116,  Historic  Structures  Report,  History  Section,  p.  15. 

44  Memorandum  from  Pat  Chickering  to  Carol  Petravage,  dated  March  16,  1992,  p.  1. 

45  NPS,  HAFE  Package  116,  Historic  Structures  Report,  History  Section,  Appendix  2,  pp.  73-75. 

14 


[there  was]  no  pavement  in  front  of  the  Building  or  shade  Trees,  both  ends  and  one 
side  wall  badly  cracked,  a  badly  broken  Slate  Roof  that  would  make  the  House 
untenable.   Floors  sunken,  and  without  the  brick  pillars  put  in  by  Mr.  McGraw  to 
support  the  floors,  it  would  have  fallen  in  long  ago.   There  was  no  outbuildings 
except  a  small  and  badly  damaged  one  story  kitchen,  without  floors  or 
windows. ..had  Mr.  McGraw  not  put  in  about  $1600  worth  of  repairs,  the  House 
would  have  fallen  in  long  ago.... The  repairs  Mr.  McGraw  put  on  the  House  alone,  as 
above  stated,  and  two  thousand  dollars  worth  of  new  out  buildings  and  fencing, 
makes  the  property  look  quite  valuable,  but  in  its  exposed  condition  from  the  floods, 
and  from  its  liability  to  be  bodily  sweeped  away,  as  the  fencing  &  outbuildings  & 
coal  and  other  goods  were  either  damaged  or  entirely  swepted  [sic]  away  from  this 
property  in  1870  and  1877,  few  people  would  care  to  pay  more  for  the  property  than 
the  amount  I  have  named  and  take  the  risk  of  losing  so  heavily.   Mr.  McGraw  has 
had  a  large  portion  of  the  House  replastered  this  summer,  and  built  a  new  Corn 
House  and  large  ware  room  for  coal,  goods  &  c  in  the  yard  besides. ..the  true  value 
of  the  Building  at  the  time  of  the  purchase  was  the  value  of  the  material  in  it,  it 
being  condemned  by  the  United  States  as  unfit  for  use  [sic] . 

Jesse  Graham's  reference  to  the  coal  and  other  goods  that  were  swept  away  by 
floods  suggests  that  McGraw  had  transferred  his  grocery  and  hardware  business 
from  its  previous  location  on  the  north  side  of  Shenandoah  Street.    Since  it  does 
not  differentiate  between  the  damage  done  by  the  1870  and  1877  floods,  Graham's 
statement  alone  cannot  confirm  that  the  McGraw  business  was  operating  on  the 
Building  34/35  site  during  the  early  1870s. 

While  the  location  of  his  store  in  the  early  1870s  is  still  unclear,  there  is  no  doubt 
that  his  business  was  already  well  established.   The  earliest  advertisement  found 
for  James  McGraw  dates  from  1857  and  notes  the  relocation  of  his  grocery  and 
liquor  business  from  High  Street  to  the  storeroom  previously  rented  by  Israel 
Russell  (probably  building  43).47   McGraw  apparently  ran  into  financial  problems 
since  he  sold  his  merchandise  to  his  nephew  Patrick  McGraw  on  January  14, 
1861,  and  on  January  17  conveyed  his  personal  property  in  a  trust  to  George  N. 
Lynch  to  secure  payments  owed  to  a  list  of  creditors  (see  Appendix  A).48   The 
inventory  of  items  sold  to  his  nephew  indicates  that  McGraw  sold  liquor  and 
groceries  and  suggests  that  he  operated  a  livery  as  well,  since  a  number  of 
vehicles  and  horses  are  listed.49 


46  Ibid.,  quote  found  in  Appendix  2,  pp.  73-75. 

47  Virginia  Free  Press,  July  2,  1857,  p.  3,  col.  1. 

48  Deed  Book  39,  pp.  396-97,  JCC. 

49  Ibid.  Of  particular  note  is  a  listing  for  John  Brown's  horse  blind  at  $20.  The  obituary  for  McGraw  in  a  local  newspaper 
comments  that  "he  was  well  acquinted  [sic]  and  had  considerable  business  transactions  with  John  Brown  just  prior  to  the  Brown 
raid.  Brown  left  his  horse  with  him  at  the  time  of  his  capture  to  settle  some  indebtedness."  Virginia  Free  Press,  November  1, 
1893,  p.  3,  col.  2. 

15 


In  November  1865,  James  McGraw  advertised  in  the  local  press  that  he  had 
erected  a  "large  &  commodious  stable.  [With]  Horses  &  vehicles  for  hire."50   It  is 
unknown  where  this  stable  was  built  although  one  possible  location  was  Wager 
Lot  48,  which  McGraw  bought  from  Noah  and  Sarah  Ann  Swayne  in  August 
1865. 51   Alternately,  McGraw  may  have  built  his  livery  on  armory  land  across 
the  street  (Lot  3,  Block  B),  since  there  is  evidence  that  he  was  associated  with  the 
old  stable  belonging  to  Building  34/35.    To  date,  no  archeological  evidence  has 
been  found  to  support  a  second  stable  on  the  lot.52   McGraw  may  have  rented  the 
outbuildings  on  Lot  3,  Block  B,  prior  to  his  purchase  of  the  property  in  1869. 53 

McGraw's  claim  against  the  United  States  quartermaster  and  commissary  stores 
for  $3,675.99  worth  of  merchandise  and  services  taken  during  the  war  years 
indicates  that  he  stayed  in  business  during  the  war.54    Some  of  this  claim 
undoubtedly  derived  from  his  livery  business,  since  horses  were  in  great  demand 
throughout  the  war  years.55   McGraw's  livery  business  is  also  mentioned  in  two 
court  cases.56 

After  the  war,  McGraw's  emphasis  seemed  to  shift  away  from  the  livery  trade. 
His  purchase  of  the  stock  of  liquor  and  other  merchandise  in  the  saloon  of  his 
nephew,  Patrick  McGraw,  in  the  autumn  of  1866  indicates  that  the  liquor  trade 
remained  an  important  part  of  his  business.57   In  the  late  1860s  and  early  1870s, 


60   Virginia  Free  Press,  November  9,  1865,  p.  3,  col.  1. 

51   Deed  Book  1,  p.  182,  JCC. 

62  National  Park  Service,  Historic  Structures  Report:  Archaeological  Component.  Package  116:  Block  B,  Lot  3,  Buildings 
32,  33 A,  33,  34 A,  35,  Shenandoah  Street,  Harpers  Ferry  National  Historical  Park,  Harpers  Ferry,  West  Virginia,  prepared  by 
Paul  A.  Shackel  (draft,  HFNHP,  November  1989),  pp.  10-14. 

3  McGraw  had  a  history  of  purchasing  property  after  leasing  it.  After  living  on  High  St.  (Wager  Lot  26)  during  the  Civil 
War,  he  later  purchased  the  property  in  the  1869  government  sale.  See  Joseph  Barry,  The  Strange  Story  of  Harper's  Ferry,  With 
Legends  of  the  Surrounding  Country,  (Martinsburg,  WV:  Thompson  Brothers,  1903;  reprint  Harpers  Ferry,  WV:  The  Woman's 
Club  of  Harpers  Ferry  District,  1979),  p.  130,  for  a  description  of  McGraw's  High  Street  residence;  see  the  Virginia  Free  Press, 
December  6,  1869,  p.  2,  col.  1,  for  a  record  of  the  1869  sale. 

M  NARA,  RG  123.  CD  9183.  Index  of  Claims,  Quartermaster  General  Office.  Material  at  Archives  Annex,  Suitland, 
Maryland.  Documentation  for  the  1892  claim  indicates  that  papers  concerning  the  earlier  claim  were  returned  to  attorneys  in 
Washington  "at  their  request"  in  May  1871,  with  the  information  that  the  claim  had  been  four  times  rejected,  and  that  in  1892 
"...it  does  not  appear  that  any  papers  are  on  file  in  the  Miscellaneous  Division  |of  the  Treasury  Department!  touching  the 
question  of  the  loyalty  of  the  said  McGrau  Isic]." 

5  James  Taylor  had  great  difficulty  in  securing  a  mount  while  staying  in  Harpers  Ferry.  Taylor,  The  James  E  Taylor 
Sketchbook,  pp.  38-43. 

s  See  Debt  Appeal,  1866,  James  McGraw  vs.  Thomas  A.  Kirwan,  Circuit  Court,  JCC.  An  overview  of  the  depositions 
suggests  that  Kirwan  frequently  hired  horses  and  buggies  from  McGraw.  Average  cost  of  keeping  a  horse  at  McGraw's  stable 
was  $0.75/day.  Rental  of  a  horse  or  buggy  was  $3/day  or  $5/day  for  both.  See  also  Debt  Appeal,  James  McGraw  vs.  Joseph 
Myers,  September  22,  1873,  Circuit  Court,  JCC. 

67  Deed  Book  1,  p.  436,  JCC. 

16 


McGraw's  newspaper  advertisements  emphasize  groceries,  liquor,  and  coal.   As 
McGraw's  business  affairs  prospered,  he  invested  a  portion  of  the  money  he 
earned  into  improvements  on  the  Lot  3,  Block  B,  property.   In  the  early  1870s,  he 
made  repairs  on  the  sewer  and  cistern  in  the  rear  yard  and  he  installed  a  pump. 
He  also  repaired  the  roof,  gutters,  downspouts,  and  missing  window  panes;  on  the 
interior  he  re-plastered.58 

McGraw  also  rebuilt  the  old  stable  on  the  property.    In  his  abatement  claim  he 
submitted  an  itemized  list  of  costs  incurred  that  included  an  entry  for  removing  a 
stable  from  off  the  road.59  This  entry  probably  refers  to  the  damage  caused  by 
the  1870  flood  which  swept  most  of  the  outbuildings  off  the  property.   Apparently 
the  framed  portion  of  the  structure  settled  down  in  Market  Street,  requiring  its 
removal  by  McGraw. 

Seven  years  after  the  1870  flood,  McGraw  spent  $600  to  build  an  ice,  carriage  and 
coal  house,  probably  on  the  foundations  of  the  old  stable.    During  investigations 
conducted  around  Building  32,  archeologists  uncovered  an  1866  penny  in  a 
builders'  trench,  supporting  a  construction  date  of  at  least  1866.    The  archeologists 
concluded  that 

the  bottom  2.7  ft. ..of  the  foundation  probably  related  to  an  earlier  building.    In 
1877,  McGraw  built  his  'Ice/Carriage/Coal'  house,  probably  accounting  for  the 

f\C\ 

coarse  building  layer  above  the  finely  finished  foundation  he  reused. 

The  measurements  of  the  currently  existing  structure  are  approximately  the  same 
as  those  of  the  old  stable.61   A  photograph  from  1892-95  shows  a  two-story  shed 
off  the  main  structure  at  the  back  of  the  lot  that  was  clearly  used  for  the  storage 
of  coal  or  other  goods  directly  unloaded  from  rail  cars.62 

During  the  abatement  proceedings,  Jesse  Graham  testified  that  McGraw  also 
spent  $2,000  on  constructing  new  outbuildings  and  fencing,  including  a  corn  house 


58  NPS,  HAFE  Package  116,  Historic  Structures  Report,  History  Section,  p.  21. 

59  Ibid. 

60  NPS,  Historic  Structures  Report:  Archaeological  Component.  Package  116,  pp.  14-15. 

61  NPS,  HAFE  Package  116,  Historic  Structures  Report,  History  Section,  p.  21. 

62  "Harper's  Ferry  from  Loudoun  Heights,"  HF-99,  Historical  Photograph  Collection,  HFNHP. 

17 


and  ware  room  for  coal  and  other  goods.63  A  later  deed  refers  to  a  series  of  sheds 
located  along  the  back  boundary  of  the  property.64 

As  the  decade  progressed,  McGraw  continued  to  expand  his  business,  increasing 
the  scope  and  volume  of  his  coal  and  hardware  lines.   A  September  1878 
announcement  stated  that  he  had  recently  received  120  tons  of  cargo  in  his  yard 
from  the  canal  boat,  McFannon.65   He  notified  the  public  only  two  months  later 
of  shipments  of  200  tons  of  coal,  100  kegs  of  nails,  and  50  kegs  of  horse  and  mule 
shoes,  among  other  items.66 

With  the  growth  of  his  coal  business,  McGraw  apparently  took  steps  to  insure  his 
investment.    In  1881,  R.A.  Alexander,  an  agent  for  the  Aetna  Insurance  Company, 
reimbursed  McGraw  $100  for  a  fire  in  his  coal  yard.67   The  coal  portion  of  his 
business  continued  to  increase  and  ads  appeared  which  listed  deliveries  of  1,000 
tons  in  his  yard.   McGraw  was  also  the  successful  bidder  in  1885  for  a  contract  to 
supply  coal  for  the  Jefferson  County  free  schools.68 

Meanwhile,  the  abatement  claims  process  dragged  on.    In  February  1880,  the 
abatement  claim  was  finally  approved,  lowering  the  original  purchase  price  to 
$1,200,  although  the  lot  remained  unpaid  until  December  1882.    The  children 
transferred  title  to  their  father  on  December  4,  1882,  but  it  wasn't  until  November 
8,  1883,  that  the  deed  was  finally  recorded.69 

In  May  1882,  the  Virginia  Free  Press  noted  that  James  McGraw  had  a  "large 
fhousel  in  course  of  construction."70   Later  that  year,  the  Spirit  of  Jefferson 
published  this  account  of  McGraw's  new  residence  (Building  33): 

It  is  a  massive  stone  structure,  about  36  x  57  feet  in  size,  three  stories  and  an  attic 
in  height,  covered  with  slate,  and  with  an  attractive  brown  sandstone  finish.    On 


:'  NFS,  IIAFE  Package  116,  Historic  Structures  Report,  History  Section,  p.  22. 

"'  Deed  Book  83,  pp.  493-503,  JCC. 

65  Spirit  of  Jefferson ,  September  3,  1878,  p.  2,  col.  4. 

66  Ibid  .  November  12,  1878,  p.  2,  col.  4. 

"  Virginia  Free  Press,  November  19,  1881,  p.  3,  col.  1. 

68  Spirit  of  Jefferson,  September  15,  1885,  p.  3,  col.  1. 

09  Deed  Book  M,  p.  205,  and  Deed  Book  P,  p.  51,  JCC. 

70  Virginia  Free  Press,  May  6,  1882,  p.  3,  col.  1. 


18 


the  first  floor  is  a  spacious  store-room  and  a  large  hallway,  on  the  second  and  third 

7 1 

six  rooms  each  for  dwelling  purposes,  and  on  the  attic  floor,  four  rooms. 

By  late  1883  or  early  1884,  James  McGraw  had  moved  his  business  into  the  new 
store  room  in  Building  33,  and  the  McGraw  family  had  moved  into  their  new 
residence  on  the  upper  floors. 

McGraw  rented  out  his  former  residence  and  store,  but  the  information  regarding 
the  new  occupants  is  sketchy.   A  close  examination  of  the  1880  census  suggests 
that  a  hat  and  bonnet-maker,  Frances  McDonnell,  and  her  sister  Annie,  may  have 
been  living  in  the  building  at  that  time.   The  post  office  was  probably  moved  from 
Building  36  to  Building  34/35  in  1887. 72   Finally,  John  Koonce  may  have  occupied 
the  building  as  well,  since  beginning  in  September  1887,  he  regularly  advertised 
his  services  as  a  rental  agent,  rent  collector  and  a  notary,  located  in  the  office  over 
the  post  office.73 

In  April  1888,  the  Spirit  of  Jefferson  announced  that 

Mr.  James  McGraw  is  fitting  up  his  former  residence  in  Shenandoah  street  for  a 
store  room,  which  will  be  occupied  after  the  15th  of  this  month  by  M.  Cohen  &  Co., 
clothiers. 

Cohen's  store  may  have  been  located  in  Building  34  since  the  post  office  had 
moved  from  Building  36  into  Building  35  in  1887. 75   Evidence  does  not  indicate 
whether  the  post  office  shared  its  space  with  another  business. 

In  the  late  1880s,  McGraw  directed  much  of  his  energy  towards  his  new  business 
venture,  a  beer  bottling  operation,  housed  in  a  new  two-story  building.   This 
structure,  with  its  stone  foundation  and  first  story,  and  a  framed  second  story, 
was  built  directly  behind  his  residence  in  Building  33. 76 


71   Spirit  of  Jefferson,  November  14,  1882,  p.  2,  col.  1. 

2  Ibid.,  August  30,  1887,  p.  3,  col.  1,  notes  J.  Garland  Hurst's  preparations  to  outfit  building  36  for  his  personal  occupancy, 
and  commented  that  it  had  until  recently  housed  the  post  office.  Later  references  to  the  Post  Office  clearly  locate  it  in  building 
34/35.   See  Spirit  of  Jefferson,  July  28,  1891,  p.  3,  col.  2. 

73  Harper's  Ferry  Sentinel,  December  31,  1887,  p.  5,  col.  4. 

74  Spirit  of  Jefferson,  April  17,  1888,  p.  2,  col.  4. 

5  Interpretation  of  the  location  of  these  two  functions  hinges  upon  a  reference  in  the  Spirit  of  Jefferson,  July  28,  1891,  p. 
3,  col.  1.  The  news  item  comments  on  the  anticipated  move  of  the  post  office  from  its  present  location  to  a  "room  west  of  it, 
newly  fitted  for  that  purpose."  This  would  seem  to  imply  that  prior  to  1891,  the  post  office  was  located  in  the  eastern  half  of 
building  34/35,  that  is,  building  35. 

76   NPS,  HAFE  Package  116,  Historic  Structures  Report,  History  Section,  p.  28. 

19 


By  July  1891,  McGraw  had  raised  Building  34/35  to  three  stories  and  added  the 
stuccoed  wings  in  the  rear.77   The  newly  renovated  interior  contained  a  large 
store  room  plus  30  large  rooms  intended  for  a  hotel  or  boarding  house.   The  post 
office,  which  was  probably  located  in  Building  35,  was  scheduled  to  move  into  a 
"room  west  of  it,  newly  fitted  for  the  purpose."78  The  rooms  were  painted  by 
William  Davis  by  mid-May  1892.    The  Spirit  of  Jefferson  reported  that  there  were 
"28  rooms  besides  the  post  office  and  store;  57  doors  elegantly  grained  in  walnut 
and  other  items  to  correspond."79  This  description  closely  matches  the  current 
configuration  of  these  buildings. 

McGraw  may  have  added  a  series  of  balconies  along  the  rear  second  story  of 
Building  34/35  at  this  time.   Although  no  balconies  are  indicated  on  the  Sanborn 
map  of  1894,  a  photograph  of  Harpers  Ferry  taken  from  Loudoun  Heights  around 
1895  clearly  shows  the  balconies.80   McGraw  may  have  added  the  balconies 
between  the  time  that  the  insurance  survey  and  photograph  were  taken. 

Meanwhile,  McGraw  continued  to  prosper  in  his  business  ventures.    His  son, 
James  C.,  joined  him  in  the  business,  taking  a  particular  interest  in  the  beverage 
bottling  and  retailing  aspects,  and  in  1890  James  McGraw  announced  that  his  son 
was  taking  over  the  business  from  him.81 

Building  33A  was  built  in  the  summer  of  1888  to  serve  as  a  bottling  plant.82 
Building  32  may  have  been  used  in  the  operation  as  well,  as  its  deep  stone 
foundations  would  have  provided  a  cool  storage  area.    Building  32  was  certainly 
part  of  the  bottling  operation  by  1894,  since  the  Sanborn  fire  insurance  map  for 
that  year  includes  the  building  as  part  of  the  beverage  bottling  operation.83 

Within  three  years  of  relinquishing  his  position  as  head  of  the  bottling  business, 
James  McGraw  died.   James  C.  McGraw,  acting  as  the  administrator  of  the  senior 
McGraw's  estate,  estimated  its  value  at  $155, 000. 84 


77  Ibid.,  pp.  30-31. 

78  Spirit  of  Jefferson,  July  28,  1891,  p.  3,  col.  2. 

79  Ibid.,  May  17,  1892,  p.  3,  col.  1. 

80  NPS,  HAFE  Package  116,  Historic  Structures  Report,  History  Section,  p.  31. 

81  Spirit  of  Jefferson,  May  13,  1890,  p.  3,  col.  2. 

82  NPS,  HAFE  Package  116,  Historic  Structures  Report,  History  Section,  p.  28. 

83  Sanborn  and  Perris  Insurance  Map,  1894. 


84    Virginia  Free  Press,  November  1,  1893,  p.  3,  col.  2;  also  NPS,  HAFE  Package  116,  Historic  Structures  Report,  History 
Section,  pp.  34-35. 

20 


James  C.  McGraw  concentrated  his  efforts  on  the  beer  and  beverage  bottling 
operation.   By  March  1895,  he  announced  plans  to  build  a  large  brewery  on  Block 
C,  alongside  the  Shenandoah  River  and  across  from  the  market  house  block.85 
McGraw  continued  to  operate  the  hardware  business  out  of  Building  33,  and 
rented  a  portion  of  Building  34/35  to  I.V.  Pentz  for  use  as  a  general  store.86 

The  brewery  enterprise  apparently  stretched  the  financial  limits  of  James  C. 
McGraw,  for  on  October  1,  1897,  he  and  his  surviving  sister,  Catherine  A., 
assigned  all  of  their  property  to  the  family  attorney,  James  M.  Mason,  Jr.   The 
trust  deed  describes  the  McGraw  holdings: 

Said  lot  is  improved  by  two  large  stone  and  brick  buildings,  the  one  of  which  is 
used  by  said  James  C.  and  Katie  A.  McGraw  as  their  residence  [Building  33]  as 
well  as  the  store  rooms  of  said  J.C.  McGraw,  the  other  of  which  contains  two  large 
store  rooms  on  the  lower  floor  [Building  34/35],  each  building  being  three  and  a  half 

87 

stories  in  height,  and  other  buildings. 

A  public  auction  of  the  McGraw  holdings  and  personal  household  goods  was  held 
on  December  23,  1897,  to  satisfy  the  debts  to  their  creditors.   The  contents  of  their 
hardware  business  were  sold  on  February  10,  1898  (see  Appendix  A).88 

James  and  Katie  did  not  stay  in  town  to  watch  the  sale  of  their  home  and 
possessions,  having  left  Harpers  Ferry  before  the  news  of  the  assignment  of  their 
property  and  possessions  was  made  public.   They  hoped  by  doing  so  "to  avoid  the 
mortification  of  witnessing  the  excitement  caused  by  their  unexpected 
assignment."89 

Their  bankruptcy  resulted  in  numerous  chancery  suits  in  the  Jefferson  County 
court.   The  suits  were  consolidated  and  a  final  decree  involving  the  cases  was 
entered  on  February  24,  1899. 90  The  decree  confirmed  the  earlier  1898  sale  by 
the  trustees  of  that  portion  of  Lot  3  on  which  buildings  33,  33A,  and  32,  were 
situated.   J.  Perry  Haddox,  Joseph  H.  Savage  and  his  brother,  Ralph,  all  of 
Winchester,  Virginia,  purchased  the  property  for  $4,000  and  were  further  granted: 


85  Spirit  of  Jefferson,  March  12,  1895,  p.  2,  col.  4. 

86  Ibid.,  November  10,  1896,  p.  3,  col.  2. 

87  Deed  Book  83,  pp.  493-503,  JCC;  quoted  in  NPS,  HAFE  Package  116,  Historic  Structures  Report,  History  Section,  p.  37. 

88  Spirit  of  Jefferson,  February  8,  1898,  p.  2,  col.  3. 

89  Ibid.,  October  5,  1897,  p.  2,  col.  1. 

90  NPS,  HAFE  Package  116,  Historic  Structures  Report,  History  Section,  pp.  38-39. 


21 


...the  furnace  and  all  appliances  belonging  thereto,  including  the  smoke-stack,  now 
in  the  cellar  of  the  said  McGraw  Post  Office  Building  attached  to  said  building  in 
the  rear  thereof,  the  said  parties  to  remove  the  same  within  the  next  30  days  with 
as  little  damage  to  said  Post  Office  Building  as  possible. 

...all  the  right,  title  and  interest  of  J.C.  and  Katie  A.  McGraw  in  and  to  that  portion 
of  the  alley  in  rear  of  and  abutting  on  said  above  granted  lot;  and  in  the  portion  of 
the  Winchester  and  Potomac  Railroad  abutting  on  and  in  rear  of  said  portion  of  the 
said  alley,  including  the  coal  bins  under  said  railroad  track  on,  or  supposed  to  be 
on,  the  lot  herein  conveyed... right  to  remove  or  cut  away  the  portion  of  the  shedding 
outbuilding  lying  west  to  the  alley  in  rear  of  the  above  conveyed  property  so  far  as 
said  building  or  shedding  lies  on  the  lot  above  granted. ..provided  said  shedding  or 
frame  outbuilding  is  removed  with  as  little  damage  as  ordinary  care  and  diligence 

91 

may  cause. 

Haddox  and  the  Savage  brothers  also  purchased  the  brewery  property  for  their 
Belvidere  Brewing  Company  and  used  these  buildings  in  conjunction  with  that 
business.92 

The  trustees  continued  to  rent  out  space  in  the  various  buildings  and  outbuildings 
while  the  legal  issues  were  being  resolved.   In  October  1897,  the  post  office  moved 
from  the  McGraw  building,  probably  Building  34/35,  to  the  Ames  Building, 
opposite  the  Hotel  Conner.93   Seven  months  later,  the  rear  wing  of  the  McGraw 
residence  (Building  33A)  was  leased  to  August  and  Laura  Krueger,  and  Henry  and 
Eva  Schafer.94   Within  Building  34/35,  the  Pentz  store  continued  operation  under 
the  management  of  Ira  C.  Allstadt.   Allstadt,  his  mother,  and  his  siblings  probably 
lived  on  the  upper  floors  or  in  the  rear  wing  of  the  building.95  Allstadt  remained 
in  business  there  until  at  least  December  1902,  when  he  announced  plans  to 
relocate.96   The  rest  of  the  family  may  have  continued  to  live  in  Building  34/35, 
however,  since  a  1905  wedding  notice  states  that  his  sister,  Cassie,  was  married  to 
E.M.  Elder  at  the  home  of  the  bride's  mother  on  Shenandoah  Street.97 


91  Ibid.;  Deed  Book  86,  pp.  260-266,  JCC. 

92  NPS,  HAFE  Package  116,  Historic  Structures  Report,  History  Section,  p.  38.    The  1902  Sanborn  map  notes  that  these 
structures  were  used  for  beer  bottling  and  cold  storage. 

93  Spirit  of  Jefferson,  October  12,  1897,  p.  2,  col.  1. 

94  Deed  Book  84,  pp.  364  (Krueger)  and  441  (Schafer),  JCC. 

95  U.S.  Bureau  of  the  Census,  Twelfth  Census  of  the  United  States  (1900),  Jefferson  County,  West  Virginia,  p.  79A. 

96  Spirit  of  Jefferson,  December  23,  1902,  p.  2,  col.  2. 

97  Ibid.,  July  4,  1905,  p.  2,  col.  2. 


22 


The  Doran  Years  (1899-1953) 

William  Doran  purchased  the  McGraw  post  office  building  (Building  34/35  portion 
of  Lot  3,  Block  B),  for  $4,775  in  early  1899,98  and  probably  moved  into  the 
building  with  his  sister  Mary  Ellen  (known  as  Ella),  and  their  widow  mother, 
Sarah."  Another  possible  resident  of  either  Building  34/35  or  33  is  the  editor  of 
the  Harpers  Ferry  Sentinel,  who  moved  down  from  the  Camp  Hill  area.100 

Evidence  does  not  indicate  exactly  when  the  Dorans  opened  their  store.    In  1902,  a 
general  store  (presumably  the  Pentz  operation)  was  still  located  in  Building  35.   A 
variety  store  had  replaced  the  post  office  in  Building  34  and  may  have  been 
operated  by  the  Doran  family,  or  they  may  have  rented  that  location  to  another 
merchant.   If  the  latter  were  true,  the  Doran  business  may  have  been  located  in 
the  old  McGraw  hardware  building  (Building  33),  which  housed  another  general 
store  in  1902.101 

Because  of  financial  difficulties,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Joseph  Savage  and  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
J. P.  Haddox,  the  owners  of  buildings  33,  33A  and  32,  sold  their  holdings  and 
interests  in  Lot  3,  Block  B,  to  Mary  Ellen  Doran  in  1907  and  closed  their  beverage 
and  bottling  business.102 

A  pool  hall  on  the  lower  floor  and  a  restaurant  on  the  upper  floor  replaced  the 
general  store  in  Building  33  between  1902  and  1907.    The  Doran  business 
operated  out  of  the  entire  bottom  floor  of  Building  34/35. 103  A  furniture  store 
replaced  the  pool  hall  and  restaurant  in  Building  33  sometime  between  1907  and 
1912.104 


98  Ibid.,  January  24,  1899,  p.  3,  col.  1;  Deed  of  Bargain  and  Sale,  January  12,  1901;  Deed  Book  90,  p.  188,  JCC. 

99  Sarah,  William,  and  Mary  Ellen  Doran  are  listed  directly  above  the  Allstadt  family  in  the  1900  Census.  U.S.  Bureau  of 
the  Census,  Twelfth  Census  of  the  United  States  (1900),  p.  79A. 

100  Spirit  of  Jefferson,  October  16,  1900,  p.  2,  col.  3.  The  notice  in  the  newspaper  remarks  only  that  he  has  moved  to 
"McGraw's  house  in  Harpers  Ferry."  "McGraw's  house"  could  refer  to  any  of  a  number  of  properties  owned  by  the  McGraws 
including  buildings  34/35,  building  33,  or  a  building  located  on  Wager  Lot  26.  The  McGraw  in  question  may  be  John  McGraw, 
unrelated  to  the  McGraws  of  buildings  32  through  35  altogether. 

101  Sanborn  and  Perris  Insurance  Map,  1902. 

102  NpS)  HAjrg  Package  116,  Historic  Structures  Report,  History  Section,  p.  39. 

103  Sanborn  and  Perris  Insurance  Map,  1907.  A  photograph  taken  about  1910  showing  William  Doran  posing  in  front  of  the 
store  display  windows  confirms  this  use.  HF-417,  "Mr.  Doran  &  his  store,  ca.  1910,"  Historical  Photograph  Collection,  HFNHP. 

104  Sanborn  and  Perris  Insurance  Map,  1912.  The  Spirit  of  Jefferson  reported  on  September  19,  1911,  p.  3,  col.  4,  that  Sarah 
and  William  Doran  had  built  a  large  elevator  in  the  rear  of  the  McGraw  property,  which  they  had  converted  into  apartments. 
The  paper  further  noted  that  the  Dorans'  furniture  business  was  housed  on  the  lower  floor. 

23 


The  Farmers  Advocate  reported  in  1919  that  W.  &  S.L.  Doran  sold  their  entire 
stock  and  fixtures  to  the  Pennsylvania  Underselling  Company.105    However,  a 
year  later  the  same  newspaper  commented  that  William  and  his  sister  had  re- 
stocked their  store  after  the  sale  and  reversed  their  departments  "so  that  the  finer 
goods  are  now  sold  in  the  lower  room  of  the  McGraw  property."106 

William  Doran  died  in  November  1925. 107   Probably  because  William  died 
intestate,  his  sister  announced  a  going-out-of-business  sale  in  February  1926.    The 
stock  was  sold  at  one-third  its  value  to  the  Viener  Brothers,  and  Goodman  Sales 
System  of  Baltimore  disposed  of  the  stock.108   That  same  year,  a  bakery  began 
operating  out  of  Building  34/35.    The  bakery  had  a  pastry  and  cake  department, 
marketing  a  brand  of  items  under  the  "Martha  Washington"  label.109   Later  that 
year,  a  dentist,  Dr.  Charles  Hutchinson,  opened  an  office  in  the  Doran  building, 
although  it  is  not  clear  whether  his  office  was  located  in  Building  34/35,  33,  or 
45. no     Mary  Ellen  Doran,  together  with  her  niece  Mary  Cecilia  Doran,  resumed 
the  dry  goods  business  by  late  1927. m 

The  bakery  operation  proved  unsuccessful,  and  on  February  9,  1928,  the  local 
newspaper  reported  that  Eugene  Bready,  the  sole  owner  of  the  Jefferson  Baking 
Company,  had  signed  a  deed  of  trust  turning  over  the  business  to  his  attorney, 
F.A.  Brown.    Only  two  months  later  Commissioner  Briscoe  asked  to  receive  proof 
of  the  debts  against  Bready  and  the  Jefferson  Baking  Company.    Public  sale  of  the 
business  and  equipment  was  held  the  following  month  in  front  of  Building 
34/35.112 

Charles  T.  Smith  purchased  the  bakery  on  June  27,  1928.    The  new  owner  held  a 
contest  to  select  a  trade  name  for  the  baked  goods.    The  winning  entry  was 
submitted  by  Mrs.  M.  Naill  of  Harpers  Ferry.    Her  suggested  trade  name  was 
"Marvel,"  and  the  new  loaf  of  bread  was  to  be  called,  "Smith's  Honest  Loaf."113 


105  Farmers  Advocate,  July  26,  1919,  p.  2,  col.  4. 

106  Ibid.,  June  12,  1920,  p.  1,  col   5. 

107  Farmers  Advocate ,  December  5,  1925,  p.  1,  col.  2. 
109  Spirit  of  Jefferson,  February  10,  1926,  p.  3,  col.  3. 

109  Ibid.,  Historical  and  Industrial  Edition  (supplement),  July  21,  1926. 

110  Ibid  .  December  8,  1926,  p.  3,  col.  2. 

111  Farmers  Advocate,  October  29,  1927,  p.  1,  cols.  1  and  2. 

112  Spirit  of  Jefferson,  February  9,  1928,  p.  3,  col.  5;  April  12,  1928,  p.  7,  col.  4;  and  May  31,  1928,  p.  6,  col.  3. 


113   Ibid.,  July  19,  1928,  p.  1,  col.  1. 

24 


The  business  must  have  prospered  for  in  1929,  Smith  moved  the  bakery  from 
Building  34/35  into  the  former  Presbyterian  Church  located  on  Shenandoah 
Street.114 

Little  other  evidence  exists  for  occupants  or  uses  of  Building  34/35  from  the  late 
1920s  until  1952,  when  the  State  of  West  Virginia  purchased  Lot  3,  Block  B.   In  a 
personal  interview  with  Mrs.  Mary  Cavalier  Dalgarn  and  her  brother,  Frank 
Cavalier,  both  of  Bolivar,  West  Virginia,  Mr.  Cavalier  remarked  that  he  had  made 
milk  deliveries  in  the  1930s  to  Mrs.  Bell,  who  lived  upstairs  over  the  Doran  stores. 
He  also  remembered  that  Mr.  Baumgardner  boarded  in  Building  34/35  when  he 
owned  the  bakery  in  the  Presbyterian  Church  building  ( 1934-39?). 115   Mr. 
Cavalier  also  remembered  that  Josephine  and  John  DeLauder  lived  in  Building 
34/35,  probably  early  in  their  marriage.   Josephine  DeLauder  was  the  daughter  of 
William  Doran  and  the  niece  of  Mary  Ellen  Doran. 

In  1947,  the  Doran  property  was  split  between  the  heirs,  with  William  Doran,  the 
son  of  William  and  Mary  Elizabeth  Doran,  receiving  the  portion  of  the  property 
containing  buildings  30,  31,  34,  34A,  and  35;  and  his  sister,  Mary  Cecilia  Doran 
receiving  the  rest  of  the  property.116   In  1952,  William  Doran  and  his  mother 
Mary  Elizabeth  (who  had  retained  a  dower  interest  in  the  property)  conveyed 
Building  34/35  to  the  state  of  West  Virginia.117   Within  the  next  year  the  State 
of  West  Virginia  turned  over  these  properties  to  the  National  Park  Service,  and 
they  were  incorporated  into  Harpers  Ferry  National  Monument. 

In  1943,  the  Sunday  Sun,  a  Baltimore  newspaper,  painted  a  vivid  picture  of 
Harpers  Ferry's  decaying  economy: 

Along  Shenandoah  Street,  from  the  Railroad  to  Herr's  Island  once  lined  with 
substantial  stores,  hotels  and  homes,  but  six  houses  are  occupied,  two  of  these 
being  stores.   The  hotels  are  gone,  the  brick  and  stone  business  houses  are  empty 
and  desolate,  the  dwellings  are  in  ruins. 


114  Ibid.,  October  10,  1929,  p.  8,  col.  1. 

115  Personal  interview  conducted  with  Mary  Cavalier  Dalgarn  and  Frank  Cavalier,  August  8,  1990,  by  Patricia  Craig.  It 
is  not  presently  known  when  the  Baumgardner  bakery  closed,  although  it  may  have  ceased  operation  after  being  damaged  in 
the  1936  floods.  On  the  other  hand,  Jefferson  County  property  records  note  that  Baumgardner  was  delinquent  on  his  taxes  for 
the  years  1939-1945  (Deed  Book  189,  p.  56,  JCC),  so  the  bakery  may  not  have  closed  until  1939. 

116  Deed  Book  170,  p.  133  (William  Doran)  and  p.  135  (Mary-Cecilia  Doran),  JCC. 

117  Deed  Book  190,  p.  315,  and  Deed  Book  191,  p.  41,  JCC. 

118  R.E.L.  Russell,  "Where  Waters  Won,"  an  illustrated  magazine  supplement  in  The  Sunday  Sun,  July  11,  1943. 

25 


The  rapidly  changing  history  of  buildings  32,  33,  and  34/35  during  the  twentieth 
century  illustrates  the  fact  that,  despite  abundant  power  and  excellent 
transportation  systems,  Harpers  Ferry  never  recovered  the  strong  industrial 
economy  it  enjoyed  during  the  mid-nineteenth  century. 


26 


Chronology  of  Building  Use:   Building  34/35 


1812-1818 


Two-story  brick  structure  is  built  by  Joseph  S.  Annin,  son  of 
Paymaster  Samuel  Annin.   Used  as  dwelling  and  apothecary  by 
Joseph  Annin  and,  beginning  in  1815,  by  his  retired  father 
Samuel. 


1818-1827 

1818-1830 
1821 

1827 

1830-1850 
1837 


Front  room  on  the  first  floor  of  Building  34  (room  103)  added  to 
original  structure. 

Armory  quarters  for  Master  Armorer  Armstead  Beckham. 

Government  settles  claims  of  Samuel  Annin  on  dwelling  and  lot 
with  Joseph  S.  Annin,  in  the  amount  of  $2500.    Federal 
government  regains  full  control  of  property. 

One  story  brick  addition  with  slate  roof  constructed  as  kitchen 
wing.   Dimensions:  20  feet  by  22  feet. 

Armory  quarters  for  Master  Armorer  Benjamin  Moor. 

Building  34/35  enlarged  to  a  2  1/2-story  building  with  six 
dormer  windows. 


1850-1854 
1854-1858 


11/1858- 
07/1859 


Armory  quarters  for  Master  Armorer  James  H.  Burton. 

Armory  quarters  for  Master  Armorer  Samuel  Byington 
(through  October,  1858). 

Armory  quarters  for  Paymaster's  Clerk  John  E.  Daingerfield. 


07/1859- 
11/1859 


Probably  vacant. 


11/1859- 
04/1860 


Recruiting  Office  and  possibly  quarters  for  Captain  Burton. 


04/1860- 
01/1861 


Probably  vacant. 


27 


Chronology  of  Building  Use:   Building  34/35,  continued 

1861-1865  Probably  used  intermittently  as  officers'  quarters  for  both 

Union  and  Confederate  troops. 

1864  Mrs.  Cornelia  Stipes  operates  a  boarding  house  in  an 

undetermined  portion  of  the  building. 

1869  Federal  government  sells  property  to  Margaret  T.,  Catherine 

A.,  and  James  C.  McGraw,  minor  children  of  James  McGraw, 
for  $5100. 

late  1860s  Occupied  by  Annie  E.  Kirby,  a  milliner. 

to  spring 

1870 

1870-1883  Residence  and  store  of  James  McGraw  and  children. 

1878  Abatement  claim  submitted  by  McGraw  family  to  reduce 

purchase  price  of  property. 

1880  Title  is  transferred  from  the  federal  government  to  Margaret 

T.,  Catherine  A.,  and  James  C.  McGraw  on  January  5,  1880.   A 
hat  and  bonnet-maker,  Frances  McDonnell,  and  her  sister, 
Annie,  may  have  rented  rooms  in  the  building. 

1882  McGraw  children  convey  the  property  to  their  father  on 

December  4,  1882. 

1883  McGraw  family  moves  residence  and  business  to  adjacent 
Building  33. 

1887  Post  office  moves  from  Building  36  into  Building  34/35, 

probably  to  the  first  floor  of  Building  35.  John  Koonce,  notary, 
rental  agent  and  rent  collector,  occupies  an  office  over  the  post 
office  in  Building  35. 

1888  M.  Cohen  &  Company,  clothiers,  begin  business  in  Building 

34/35  around  April  15,  1888. 

1891  McGraw  adds  a  third  story  to  Building  34/35,  resulting  in  a 

large  store  room  and  30  large  rooms  for  hotel  or  boarding  use. 
The  post  office  moves  into  a  "room  west  of  it  newly  fitted  for 
that  purpose,"  probably  Building  34. 

28 


Chronology  of  Building  Use:   Building  34/35,  continued 

1896  I.V.  Pentz  opens  a  general  store  in  Building  34/35. 

1897  Property  is  assigned  to  James  M.  Mason,  Jr.,  the  McGraw 

family  attorney. 

1899  William  Doran  purchases  property  for  $4775.   Doran  family 

operates  general  store,  with  rooms  or  apartments  rented  to 
tenants,  on  the  upper  floor  and  in  the  rear. 

1902  Variety  store  located  in  Building  34. 

1919  The  stock  and  fixtures  of  Wm.  &  S.L.  Doran  are  sold  to  the 

Pennsylvania  Underselling  Company.   However,  several 
months  afterward,  the  Dorans  restock  their  shop. 

1926  Mary  Ellen  Doran  announces  the  end  of  her  business.    The 

stock,  purchased  at  one  third  its  value  by  Viener  Bros.,  is 
disposed  of  by  The  Goodman  Sales  System  of  Baltimore.   The 
Jefferson  Baking  Company  begins  operations  in  the  entire 
brick  Doran  Building  (34/35). 

1927  Mary  Ellen  Doran,  together  with  her  niece  Mary  Cecilia  Doran, 

resume  the  dry  goods  business. 

1928  Jefferson  Baking  Company  is  sold  to  Charles  T.  Smith  on 

June  27,  1928.    Smith  takes  possession  of  the  building  on 
July  1,  1928. 

1929  Marvel  Bakery  moves  from  the  Doran  Building  to  the  Old 

Presbyterian  Church. 

1947  Doran  property  split  between  William  and  Mary  Cecilia  Doran. 

William  received  the  portion  of  the  property  containing 
buildings  30,  31,  34,  34A,  and  35;  and  Mary  Cecilia  received 
the  rest  of  the  property. 

1952  William  Doran  and  Mary  Elizabeth  Doran  (who  retained  a 

dower  right)  sell  property  to  the  State  of  West  Virginia. 


29 


PARTI 
THE  PROVOST  MARSHAL'S  OFFICE 


ANALYSIS  OF  HISTORIC  OCCUPANCY 

General  Duties  and  Organization 

As  the  enforcer  of  military  law,  the  Civil  War  provost  marshal's  responsibilities 
extended  to  both  military  and  civilian  life.   The  duties  of  his  office  included 
administering  the  oath  of  allegiance  to  civilians  and  deserters  from  the  opposing 
army,  regulating  civil  affairs,  issuing  passes  for  travel,  supervising  the  provost 
guard  and  prisons,  capturing  deserters  of  their  own  army,  seizing  contraband  and 
controlling  the  mail,  supervising  stragglers,  regulating  prices  and  preventing 
illegal  liquor  sales  to  soldiers,  as  well  as  completing  the  voluminous  paperwork 
involved  in  all  the  above.    Military  scholar  Kenneth  Radley  noted  that  "a  provost 
system  largely  based  on  British  precedent  existed  since  the  [American]  Revolution, 
but  it  had  been  restricted  to  purely  military  functions,"  whereas  during  the  Civil 
War  its  powers  were  extended  to  include  authority  over  civilians.119   The  duties 
of  Union  and  Confederate  provost  marshals  were  similar  except  for  variations 
necessitated  by  the  Confederate  ownership  of  slaves,  such  as  impressment  of 
blacks.120 

The  Provost  Marshal  Department  became  a  separate  function  under  the  War 
Office  as  a  result  of  the  Enrollment  Act  of  March  3,  1863.    Col.  James  Fry  was 
given  the  title  of  provost  marshal  general.    Under  this  act  the  federal  government 
took  control  of  recruiting  away  from  the  states,121  which  explains  why  the 
majority  of  official  orders  and  regulations  sent  to  provost  marshals  was  concerned 
with  issues  of  recruiting.122   The  recruiting  function  was  much  more  important 
for  provost  marshals  in  states  such  as  New  York  and  Connecticut.    In  military 
zones  and  border  states,  the  provost  marshal's  duties  concentrated  on  matters  of 
policing  and  security. 


119   Kenneth  Radley,  Rebel  Watchdog:  The  Confederate  States  Army  Provost  Guard,  (Baton  Rouge  and  London:  Louisiana 
State  University  Press,  1989),  p.  1. 

,2n   Ibid.,  pp.  51-52. 

121  Francis  A.  Lord,  They  Fought  for  the  Union,  (Harrisburg,  PA:  The  Stackpole  Company,  1960),  p.  125. 

122  Such  as  Regulations  for  the  Government  of  the  Bureau  of  the  Provost  Marshal  General  of  the  United  States.   Washington: 
Government  Printing  Office,  1863)  and  Index  to  Circulars,  Provost  Marshal  General's  Office,  (no  publication  information,  1863). 


:\o 


In  fact,  the  regulations  initiated  from  the  provost  marshal  general's  office  in  1863 
seemed  to  have  little  effect  on  those  provost  marshals  and  staff  detailed  for  duty 
in  military  zones  and  enemy  territory,  where  circumstances  and  prior  precedent 
shaped  action.   For  example,  the  regulations  allowed  the  provost  marshal  to 
employ  two  clerks,  whose  duties  would  include  acting  as  recorder  for  the  board  of 
enrollment.   In  military  areas,  the  size  of  provost  marshal  office  staffs  varied, 
since  they  were  detailed  from  military  units  as  needed.123 

The  proper  rank  for  a  provost  marshal  was  captain.124   These  officers  were 
expected  to  report  to  state  acting  assistant  provost  marshals  general  under  the 
provost  marshal  general  of  the  United  States,  although  provost  marshals  in 
military  areas  were  responsible  to  their  department  commanders.125   The  actual 
organization  was  not  as  clear  as  the  manual  defined,  as  hinted  in  the  statement 
by  Civil  War  General  Curtis  that  the  "creation  of  the  so-called  provost-marshal 
invented  a  spurious  military  officer.... Everybody  appoints  provost-marshals  and 
these  officers  seem  to  exercise  plenary  powers."   General  Schofield  argued  that  the 
officers  were  "entirely  independent  of  all  commanders  except  the  commander  of 
the  department,  and  hence  of  necessity  pretty  much  independent  of  them."126 
Many  other  officers  had  authority  to  issue  passes  as  well,  making  forgeries  easier 
and  causing  debates  over  jurisdiction.127 

Despite  concerns  over  the  provost  marshal's  authority  or  purpose,  the  officer,  his 
staff  and  guard  were  of  vital  importance  in  areas  under  martial  law,  such  as 
Harpers  Ferry,  West  Virginia.    The  provost  marshal's  office,  which  could  be  a  tent 
in  the  field  or  a  courthouse  in  the  center  of  town,  was  always  distinguished  by  the 
throngs  of  soldiers  and  civilians  waiting  their  turn  outside  its  doors.   The 
omnipresent  and  intrusive  nature  of  their  authority  in  areas  under  military  law  is 
evidenced  by  the  comments  of  contemporary  observers,  which  will  be  referenced 
later  in  this  report. 


123  Ibid.,  p.  2.;  also  Lord,  They  Fought  for  the  Union,  p.  125. 

124  Regulations... of  the  Provost  Marshal  General  (1863),  p.  2. 

126    Ibid.,  p.  3.    According  to  Dennis  Frye,  telephone  interview  September  19,  1990,  provost  marshals  of  military  areas 
actually  reported  to  the  commander  of  their  military  districts. 

126  Holland  Thompson,  "The  Provost  Marshal  and  the  Citizen,"  in  The  Photographic  History  of  the  Civil  War  by  Francis 
Trevelyan  Miller,  ed.,  (New  York:  Thomas  Yoseloff,  1957),  vols.  7  and  8,  p.  190. 

127  Alexander  Hunter,  Johnny  Reb  and  Billy  Yank,  (New  York  and  Washington:  The  Neale  Publishing  Co.,  1905),  p.  599; 
John  Beauchamp  Jones,  A  Rebel  War  Clerk's  Diary,  Earl  Schenck  Miers,  ed.  (New  York:  Sagamore  Press,  Inc.,  1958),  p.  69. 


31 


The  Provost  Marshal  in  Harpers  Ferry 

Harpers  Ferry  changed  hands  several  times  during  the  Civil  War,  but  the  Union 
army  occupied  the  town  for  the  majority  of  the  period.    The  Confederates  probably 
implemented  a  provost  system  during  the  longest  period  of  Confederate  occupation 
from  April  18  to  June  15,  1861.   Joseph  Barry,  a  resident  of  Harpers  Ferry  during 
the  war,  mentions  that  during  this  period  of  occupation  guards  were  posted  along 
the  streets  and  many  citizens  were  "confined  in  filthy  guard  houses"  by  the 
Confederates,  suggesting  that  military  law  was  in  effect.128   Little  is  known 
about  the  military  control  of  Harpers  Ferry  during  the  intermittent  Union 
occupation  during  1861  and  1862;  the  volatility  of  the  situation  during  that  time 
suggests  that  any  provost  system  in  place  was  not  on  the  intricate  and  organized 
level  of  the  1863-65  period.129 

In  Spring  1863,  the  34th  Massachusetts  was  the  first  Union  regiment  to  occupy 
Harpers  Ferry  after  the  Confederate  evacuation  of  that  year.130   With  the  arrival 
of  the  34th,131  a  provost  marshal's  operation  was  set  up  with  office  staff  and 
provost  guards,  which  remained  in  place  for  the  remainder  of  the  war,  except  for  a 
few  brief  occasions  when  Confederate  troops  forced  federal  evacuation.    The 
numbers  of  staff  which  worked  in  the  office  ranged  from  two  (a  provost  marshal 
and  clerk),  to  six  (four  clerks,  an  assistant  provost  marshal,  and  a  provost 
marshal),  to  at  least  eight,  including  six  clerks.132   The  staff  changed  quite  often, 
as  both  officers  and  clerks  were  ordered  back  to  their  regiments  at  intervals, 
replaced  by  soldiers  from  other  regiments. 

A  large  number  of  the  Harpers  Ferry  provost  marshal  staff  during  the  war  were 
detailed  from  the  34th  Massachusetts  regiment,  including  clerk  Charles  Moulton, 
who  arrived  with  his  regiment  and  was  detailed  as  provost  marshal  clerk  on 
October  8.   Two  of  the  provost  marshals  Moulton  reported  to  during  his  tenure, 
Captain  Potter  and  Captain  Pratt,  were  from  the  34th,  adding  to  the  camaraderie 
of  the  office  (Pratt  and  Potter  both  achieved  the  rank  of  major  before  the  end  of 
the  war).    Because  of  Moulton's  outstanding  writing  skills  and  efficiency,  he  was 


'  Barry,  The  Strange  Story  of  Harpers  Ferry,  pp.  100-02.  The  dates  of  confederate  occupation  have  been  taken  from 
National  Park  Service  The  Fortifications  at  Harpers  Ferry,  Virginia  in  1861  and  Jackson's  Attack,  May  1862,  prepared  by 
Charles  W.  Snell  (HFNHP,  February  9,  1960),  p.  5. 

9  For  an  eye-witness  description  of  life  in  Harpers  Ferry  in  the  early  years  of  the  war,  see  Barry,  The  Strange  Story  of 
Harper's  Ferry,  pp.  96-124. 

130  Charles  Moulton,  dispatch  to  Berkshire  Eagle,  August  20,  1863,  typescripts  of  original  letters,  HFNHP. 

131  Lee  C.  and  Karen  D.  Drickamer,  eds.,  Fort  Lyon  to  Harper's  Ferry:  On  the  Border  of  North  and  South  with  "Rambling 
Jour,"  (Shippensburg,  PA:  White  Mane  Publishing  Co,  Inc.,  1987),  p.  10. 

132  This  information  was  inferred  from  various  references  in  Charles  Moulton's  unedited  letters  and  dispatches,  HFNHP 

32 


saved  from  being  ordered  back  to  his  regiment  many  times  by  provost  marshals 
who  found  him  indispensable.  In  August  1864,  for  a  period  of  about  two  weeks, 
Moulton  was  transferred  to  the  quartermaster's  office  to  clerk  there.133 

Thus,  Moulton  was  able  to  comment  on  the  office  operations  from  1863  to  1865 
(after  Lee's  surrender)  through  his  position  as  provost  marshal's  clerk.   The 
Harpers  Ferry  office  performed  all  the  responsibilities  typical  of  provost  marshal 
offices  in  areas  under  martial  law:    administering  the  oath  of  allegiance, 
regulating  civil  affairs,  issuing  passes  for  travel  in  and  out  of  Harpers  Ferry, 
supervising  the  provost  guard,  reading  mail  and  opening  packages  looking  for 
contraband,  even  regulating  prices  and  controlling  the  illegal  liquor  sales  to 
soldiers.   In  the  five  hours  the  pass  room  was  open  each  day,  it  was  not 
uncommon  for  provost  marshal  staff  to  issue  several  hundred  passes.134   Staff 
were  on  duty  all  night  to  receive  prisoners  or  address  any  other  concerns  that 
might  arise.135  The  clerks  were  responsible  for  completing  reports  of  all  daily 
transactions  and  lists  of  prisoners,  as  well  as  compiling  them  into  weekly  and 
monthly  reports.    The  provost  marshal  was  even  responsible  for  supervising 
executions.   The  provost  marshal  staff,  like  others  in  the  army  who  worked  in  the 
Harpers  Ferry  business  district,  interacted  with  the  civilians  and  patronized  the 
local  restaurant  proprietors.   While  relations  were  at  times  strained,  assignment 
to  the  provost  office  apparently  was  considered  prestigious  by  the  local  population; 
the  staff  were  "the  favored  recipients  of  splendid  bouquets  every  day  from  the 
young  ladies  of  Bolivar."136 

Beginning  in  December  1863,  a  provost  marshal  general  also  was  stationed  at 
Harpers  Ferry,  heading  the  Department  of  West  Virginia.137  According  to 
Moulton,  his  office  was  "located  with  Gen.  Sullivan's  headquarters"  and  he  had 
command  "over  all  the  officers  in  the  Department  of  West  Virginia,  including  this 
Division."138  The  special  orders  naming  a  Captain  Inwood  as  Provost  Marshal  of 
Harpers  Ferry  on  April  7,  1865,  illustrates  the  division  of  power  between  the 
provost  marshal  and  commander  of  the  Middle  Military  District,  General 
Stevenson,  whose  headquarters  also  was  located  in  Harpers  Ferry  (in  park 
Building  36): 


133  Charles  Moulton  to  Fannie  Moulton,  July  29,  1864,  and  August  14,  1864,  typescripts  of  original  letters,  HFNHP. 

134  Ibid.,  October  18,  1863,  and  November  1,  1863,  typescripts  of  original  letters,  HFNHP. 

135  Charles  Moulton  to  Frank  Moulton,  December  9,  1863,  December  27,  1863,  and  February  5,  1864,  typescripts  of  original 
letters,  HFNHP. 

136  Charles  Moulton  to  Fannie  Moulton,  June  7,  1864,  typescripts  of  original  letters,  HFNHP. 

137  Charles  Moulton  to  Frank  Moulton,  December  9,  1863,  typescripts  of  original  letters,  HFNHP. 


138  Ibid. 

33 


Capt.  Inwood  will  have  charge  of  all  matters  relating  to  the  Provost  Marshal's  Dept. 
except  such  as  specially  relate  to  the  command  of  General  Stevenson.   All 
applications  for  passes  through  the  lines,  or  to  the  front,  all  invoices  and  permits 
for  sutlers  goods  for  troops  other  than  those  under  Gen.  Stevenson's  command,  and 
generally  all  business  concerning  troops  or  persons  beyond  Gen.  Stevenson's  lines 
must  be  presented  at  Capt.  Inwood's  office. 

Nothing  in  this  order  shall  be  construed  to  interfere  with  the  control  of  Gen. 
Stevenson  in  his  own  command  or  his  power  to  grant  passes  to  citizens  or  soldiers 
within  his  own  lines,  or  to  persons  in  the  military  service  or  duty. 

Gen.  Stevenson  will  furnish  a  company  of  Infantry  as  Provost  Guard  to  report  to 

139 

Captain  Inwood. 

The  duties  of  the  provost  marshal's  office  magnified  as  Harpers  Ferry  became  the 
base  of  operations  for  General  Sheridan's  Valley  campaign  in  August  1864.    The 
military  support  services  already  in  Harpers  Ferry,  such  as  storehouses  of 
supplies,  increased.    The  Harpers  Ferry  provost  office  now  supervised  all  other 
provost  marshals  in  the  military  district  of  Harpers  Ferry  ("some  half-a-dozen 
offices")  of  which  Harpers  Ferry  was  the  headquarters.   Approximately  100 
prisoners  were  sent  to  Harpers  Ferry  each  day  and  then  forwarded  to  northern 
prisons.    This  necessitated  larger  staff,  longer  working  hours,  and  relocating  the 
guard  house  to  a  larger  building  to  detain  these  prisoners,  as  well  as  an  increase 
in  the  amount  of  paperwork  coming  in  and  going  out.140   In  October,  the  base  of 
supplies  for  Sheridan's  army  was  moved  to  Martinsburg,  causing  some  relief  in 
Moulton's  workload  but  also  "a  less  lively  appearance"  for  Harpers  Ferry.141   By 
May  1865,  passes  were  no  longer  required  for  citizens,  and  on  the  twelfth  of  that 
month  Moulton  left  to  rejoin  his  regiment,  having  been  finally  ordered  back.142 

For  the  majority  of  Union  occupation  (mid-1863  to  mid-1865),  the  provost 
marshal's  office  was  located  in  a  brick  building  on  the  east  side  of  High  Street 
with  the  ordnance  and  quartermaster  offices  in  the  stone  buildings  immediately  to 
its  north.    The  location  of  the  provost  marshal's  office  in  the  vicinity  of  other 
military  or  government  offices  was  customary  procedure.143   In  his  July  27,  1865, 
inspection  report  of  government  property  at  Harpers  Ferry,  Brig.  Gen.  Edward  D. 
Ramsay  noted  that  the  building  occupied  as  the  provost  marshal's  office  was  "a 


139  NARA,  RG  393,  part  4,  vol.  4/7,8,  entry  528,  p.  224,  special  order  #87,  signed  by  Major  General  Hancock,  A.A.G., 
Headquarters,  Middle  Military  Division. 

140  Charles  Moulton  to  Frank  Moulton,  August  28,  1864,  typescripts  of  original  letters,  HFNHP. 
U1   Charles  Moulton  to  Fannie  Moulton,  October  7,  1864,  typescripts  of  original  letters,  HFNHP. 

142  Ibid.,  May  7,  1865,  and  May  12,  1865,  typescripts  of  original  letters,  HFNHP. 

143  Ibid.,  March  30,  1864,  typescripts  of  original  letters,  HFNHP  (Martinsburg)  and  Joseph  Ward.  "The  Civil  War  Letters 
of  Joseph  P.  Ward,  34th  Massachusetts  Regiment,  Co.  E,"  bound  transcripts,  HFNHP.  p.  60  (Washington). 

34 


three  story  brick"  building,  which  he  designated  as  number  16  on  his  report,  "in 
fair  condition,"  located  on  High  Street.144   Charles  Moulton  described  the 
building  as  "Number  45  High  Street."  145   Located  on  Wager  lot  20,  the  building 
was  owned  by  the  U.  S.  government  and  used  prior  to  the  war  as  a  dwelling  for 
armory  workers.   Armory  worker  William  Moore  may  have  lived  there  before  the 
Civil  War.146   Figure  5  indicates  the  probable  configuration  of  this  building  in 
the  1860s. 

The  office  was  briefly  moved  to  a  location  on  Shenandoah  Street  by  a  newly 
assigned  provost  marshal  in  late  July  1864,  and  quickly  moved  back  to  the  High 
Street  location  two  weeks  later  when  that  provost  marshal  was  reassigned  to 
nearby  Sandy  Hook.   The  High  Street  location  was  preferred  to  the  dusty  but 
more  visible  location  on  Shenandoah  Street.    Charles  Moulton  commented  that  the 
temporary  location  "near  the  depot,  in  a  corner"  allowed  the  interim  provost 
marshal  to  "'show  off  as  much  as  possible  on  the  Main  Street,"  but  in  actuality 
was 

the  poorest  location  that  could  have  been  procured,  it  being  in  the  central  part  of 
town,  where  the  street  is  blockaded  from  morning  till  night  with  army  wagons, 
rendering  the  rooms  very  warm  and  uncomfortable  and  a  cloud  of  dust  rising 
continually  filled  the  office  and  its  contents  with  dirt.   The  tables  and  desks  were 
covered  with  dust.... So  the  first  thing  we  done  was  to  place  the  property  and  effects 
back  again  in  our  old,  spacious,  cool  and  airy  rooms. 

The  office  may  have  been  located  elsewhere  prior  to  Moulton's  duty.    Stencil 
markings  probably  relating  to  the  provost  marshal's  department  exist  on  a  second 
floor  wall  of  a  Shenandoah  Street  building  (park  building  44);  the  lettering 
appears  to  have  been  intended  for  marking  barrels.   The  room  may  have  been 
used  for  storage  of  goods  or  quarters  for  provost  marshal  personnel.   Although 
there  appears  to  have  been  a  Confederate  provost  marshal's  office  during  that 
army's  occupation,  the  location  of  the  office  is  unknown. 


144  Brig.  Gen.  Inspector  Edward  D.  Ramsay,  to  Brig.  Gen.  A.B.  Dyer,  Chief  of  Ordnance,  July  27,  1865,  Map  Drawer  no.  10, 
HFNHP,  photocopy  from  NARA,  RG  156.  The  location  was  determined  by  comparing  the  Ramsay  list's  description  and  order 
of  buildings  to  the  physical  evidence  on  High  Street.  The  building  identified  as  the  former  provost  marshal's  office,  3  High 
Street,  is  currently  privately  owned  and  occupied  as  the  "Silver  and  Sun"  photographic  studio. 

145  Charles  Moulton  to  Fannie  Moulton,  April  17,  1864,  typescripts  of  original  letters,  HFNHP.  He  also  describes  the  "Green 
House,"  a  favorite  saloon  for  officers,  as  "No.  40"  High  Street.  (Charles  Moulton  to  Fannie  Moulton,  March  30,  1864,  transcripts 
of  original  letters,  HFNHP).  Since  Moulton  addressed  his  correspondence  in  this  manner,  it  is  assumed  that  these  numbers 
were  in  common  use  at  that  period,  although  this  has  not  been  corroborated  due  to  the  scarcity  of  information  on  the  physical 
appearance  of  wartime  Harpers  Ferry. 

146  National  Park  Service,  "Historic  Building  Site  Survey  Report:  Wager  Lots  No.  17-34,  1782-1869,"  prepared  by  Arthur 
L.  Sullivan  (HFNM,  February  18,  1959,  revised  May  15,  1959),  High  Street  Studies  Series,  no.  1,  pp.  64-65.  Sullivan's 
determination  that  Moore  lived  in  the  house  is  based  on  his  examination  of  the  1860  census. 

147  Charles  Moulton  to  Fannie  Moulton,  August  14,  1864,  typescripts  of  original  letters,  HFNHP. 

35 


Based  on  the  arrangement  of  other  provost  marshal  operations,  the  Harpers  Ferry 

provost  marshal  would  have  located  his  office  on  the  first  (ground-level)  floor,  the 

most  accessible  and  visible  location.148   The  provost  marshal's  clerks,  including  i 

Charles  Moulton,  lived  in  the  High  Street  building  at  least  part  of  the  time,149 

probably  upstairs;  the  use  of  the  basement  is  not  known.  It  may  have  been  used 

for  confiscated  goods  and  clothing,  since  there  is  evidence  for  such  use  of  the  ' 

basement  in  a  Richmond  Confederate  provost  marshal's  office.150 

In  addition  to  the  provost  marshal  general's  office  located  at  headquarters,  provost 

marshal  operations  also  included  the  prisons,  or  guard  houses.   Various  buildings 

were  used  as  guard  houses,  including  the  fire  engine  house,  known  as  John  ■ 

Brown's  fort.    Nathaniel  Hawthorne  mentioned  that  the  engine  house  was  "a  place 

of  confinement  for  rebel  prisoners"  when  he  visited  during  the  Civil  War.151  r 

Armory  factory  buildings  were  also  used.  One  Confederate  prisoner  held  there  in 

late  1863  to  early  1864  provided  this  description.    He  was 

i 
immediately  taken  before  the  provost  marshal  and  subjected  to  another 
examination. ...Then  [he]  was  placed  in  the  garrison  guard-house,  a  horrible  place, 
worse  by  far  than  a  jail. ...Originally  it  had  been  part  of  the  old  Armory  building,  i 

burnt  during  the  first  year  of  the  war.   Nothing  but  the  walls  had  been  left 
standing;  these  had  been  roofed  over.... There  were  three  large  rooms  connected  by 
doorways  which  had  no  doors,  but  instead  stood  a  sentinel  with  loaded  musket  to  m 

prevent  going  from  one  apartment  to  another.... The  room  upon  the  left  was  for  the 
use  of  the  officer  of  the  day;  that  in  the  center  was  for  Rebel  prisoners,  while  in  the 
one  on  the  right  were  confined  Yankees  held  in  durance  for  a  gamut  of  crimes,  ■ 

running  from  desertion  to  murder.... It  was  hard  to  become  accustomed  to  those  iron 
bracelets. 

Even  more  space  was  necessary  during  Sheridan's  campaigns.   As  Charles 
Moulton  noted, 

So  great  has  been  the  increase  in  our  prisoners  that  it  has  become  necessary  to 

remove  the  Guard  House  to  a  large  and  more  spacious  building.    It  is  now  located  ^ 

in  a  old  factory  building,  four  stories  high,  the  Federal,  Rebel  and  Citizen  prisoners 

being  placed  in  separate  rooms.   The  guard  occupies  the  remaining  floor... the 

building  being  higher  it  required  a  smaller  guard  than  before  as  the  prisoners  have 


MM 


149 


160 


161 


See  Illustrations,  specifically  figures  4-23. 

Charles  Moulton  to  Fannie  Moulton,  December  20,  1863,  typescripts  of  original  letters,  HFNHP. 

Jones,  A  Rebel  War  Clerk's  Diary,  p.  69. 

Cited  in  "Notes  on  John  Brown's  Fort  During  the  Civil  War,"  n.d.,  interpretive  materials,  HFNHP. 


162   Hunter,  Johnny  Reb  and  Billy  Yank,  pp.  480-82.    Hunter  provides  an  excellent  account  of  prison  life  in  Harpers  Ferry 
from  the  perspective  of  a  captured  Confederate  soldier. 

36  -a 


no  way  of  escape,  but  to  leap  out  the  windows.... One  of  the  Federal  prisoners  did 
jump  out  a  4th  story  window...." 

At  the  height  of  operations,  some  Confederate  prisoners  were  kept  in  Bolivar.154 
Even  the  upper  floors  of  the  Presbyterian  church  were  used  as  a  guard  house.155 
Also,  two  rooms  were  used  as  a  guard  house  on  property  owned  by  J.C.  Smith.156 

In  the  yard  of  one  of  the  guard  houses,  the  provost  marshal  had  placed  "a  little 
contrivance"  which  consisted  of  "4  sticks  driven  into  the  ground  and  the  criminal 
is  spread  out  and  his  hands  and  feet  tied  to  the  poles."   Moulton  implied  that  this 
"spread  eagle"  was  the  fate  of  citizens  who  illegally  sold  liquor  to  soldiers.157 

The  provost  marshal  organization  affected  the  physical  landscape  beyond  these 
few  structures,  however,  since  they  controlled  the  guards  who  were  stationed 
along  the  streets  and  at  town  borders,  and  who  met  every  train. 


EVIDENCE  OF  ORIGINAL  FURNISHINGS 

Discussion  of  Sources 

The  evidence  for  furnishing  the  Harpers  Ferry  provost  marshal's  office  has  been 
derived  largely  from  the  documentary  material  contained  in  Charles  Moulton's 
letters  and  supplemented  by  other  information  listed  below.   A  complete  listing  of 
the  sources  used  in  this  report  may  be  found  in  the  bibliography. 

No  comprehensive  study  of  the  provost  marshal's  function  in  the  civil  war  has 
been  written,  although  aspects  have  been  treated  in  surveys  of  the  war.   Rebel 
Watchdog:  The  Confederate  States  Army  Provost  Guard,  focuses  on  the  provost 
guards  under  the  marshal  and  is  useful  since  the  Confederacy  modeled  its  provost 
department  after  that  of  the  U.S.  Army. 


153  Charles  Moulton  to  Frank  Moulton,  August  28, 1864,  typescripts  of  original  letters,  HFNHP.  The  building  described  may 
have  been  the  cotton  factory  on  Virginius  Island. 

154  Ibid.,  September  23,  1864,  typescripts  of  original  letters,  HFNHP. 

155  Barry,  The  Strange  Story  of  Harper's  Ferry,  p.  147. 

156  Perry  Collection,  Virginia  Historical  Society,  Richmond.  CW-D-246,  Box  42,  letter  to  Quartermaster  General's  office  in 
Washington,  D.C.,  dated  Nov.  29,  1865.  Notes  of  Kira  Ramakrishna,  research  historian,  HFNHP.  The  location  of  J.C.  Smith's 
property  is  unknown. 

157  Charles  Moulton  to  Frank  Moulton,  October  20,  1864,  typescripts  of  original  letters,  HFNHP. 

37 


Official  correspondence  and  orders  located  in  the  Official  Records  of  the  Union  and 
Confederate  Armies,  and  in  bound  compilations  of  circulars  provide  information  on 
duties  and  staff.    The  Revised  U.S.  Army  Regulations  of  1861...  (1863)  offers 
guidance  on  what  furnishings  and  stationery  all  military  offices  were  allowed. 

The  only  source  indicating  specific  furnishings  information  for  the  Harpers  Ferry 
provost  marshal's  office  is  the  material  written  by  Charles  Moulton,  provost 
marshal's  clerk  at  Harpers  Ferry,  compiled  into  a  volume  entitled,  Fort  Lyon  to 
Harpers  Ferry:  On  the  Border  of  North  and  South  with  "Rambling  Jour." 
Transcriptions  of  the  complete,  unedited  letters  to  his  family  are  located  in 
Harpers  Ferry  NHP;  these  have  been  used  in  preference  to  the  edited  compilations 
except  for  commentary  by  editors  of  the  volume.    Moulton's  letters  appear  to  be 
the  best  known  source  of  the  daily  operations  of  any  provost  marshal's  office 
during  the  Civil  War.    Since  Moulton  worked  as  a  journalist  before  the  war,  his 
writings  are  frequent  (almost  ninety  letters  have  been  found,  many  totaling  four 
pages  each)  and  reflect  an  observant  personality.   Also,  Moulton's  skills  as  a  clerk 
kept  him  from  being  returned  to  his  regiment  or  reassigned  elsewhere,  so  he  was 
able  to  write  from  the  office  over  a  two-year  period. 

The  1865  Ramsay  inspection  and  the  1959  Sullivan  report,  as  well  as  physical 
evidence  from  the  extant  building,  provided  information  on  the  contemporary 
description  and  prior  use  of  the  High  Street  building  in  which  the  provost 
marshal's  office  was  located. 

Moulton  mentions  that  one  of  his  forms  was  printed  at  Harpers  Ferry  at  the  "new 
printing  office."   Descendants  of  a  local  family  have  donated  a  Civil  War  period 
printing  press  that  was  used  locally  after  the  war  and  may  have  been  located  in 
the  printing  office  to  which  Moulton  refers. 

Prisoner  reports  and  other  material  from  the  period  in  1863  when  Captain  Brady 
was  provost  marshal  at  Harpers  Ferry  and  correspondence  from  Captain  Flagg  of 
the  quartermaster's  office  are  located  on  microfilm  at  Harpers  Ferry  NHP. 
General  information  on  Harpers  Ferry  during  the  Civil  War  is  summarized  in  a 
series  of  reports  by  park  historian  Charles  Snell  listed  in  the  bibliography. 
Taylor's  The  James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook  includes  information  regarding  the 
military  presence  at  Harpers  Ferry.    The  letters  of  Joseph  Ward  and  Horace  Ball, 
two  Civil  War  soldiers  from  the  34th  Massachusetts  regiment,  discuss  the  life  of  a 
soldier  stationed  in  Harpers  Ferry.   The  Civil  War  reminiscences  of  Harpers  Ferry 
residents  Joseph  Barry  and  Anne  Marmion  offer  supplementary  material  on  the 
town  during  this  period.    Orders  contained  in  Record  Group  393  in  the  National 
Archives  provide  very  general  information  about  Harpers  Ferry  military 
personnel. 


38 


No  pictures  of  the  Harpers  Ferry  provost  marshal's  office  exist.    Civil  War  period 
images  of  Captain  Pratt,  provost  marshal  at  Harpers  Ferry,  are  extant. 

Some  general  comparative  evidence  of  other  provost  marshals'  offices  aided  in  the 
preparation  of  this  report.    Diaries  and  letters  of  civilians  and  soldiers  mention 
encounters  with  provost  marshal  staff  and  visits  to  their  offices.    These  sources 
tend  to  be  more  descriptive  than  official  records,  although  one  must  sort  through  a 
great  quantity  of  information  for  brief  mentions  of  physical  evidence  for  the  office. 
These  sources  are  listed  in  the  bibliography. 

Comparative  interior  sketches  of  provost  marshals'  offices  from  both  Leslie's  and 
Harper's  histories  of  the  war,  and  exterior  photos  from  several  sources  are  useful 
since  they  assist  in  determining  room  arrangement,  types  of  furnishings,  and 
exterior  treatment.   These  offices  were  not  all  furnished  the  same,  and  that 
diversity  is  evident  in  the  source  material.    Since  certain  regulations  pertained  to 
all  military  offices,  images  of  other  types  of  military  offices  are  included  in  this 
report,  as  well. 


Evidence  Specific  to  Harpers  Ferry 

From  the  book,  Fort  Lyon  to  Harper's  Ferry:   On  the  Border  of  North  and 
South  with  "Rambling  Jour",  The  Civil  War  Letters  and  Newspaper 
Dispatches  of  Charles  H.  Moulton.    (Evidence  is  arranged  by  type  of 
furnishings.) 

—  Passes  I  Pass  Book 

My  duty  is  to  write  passes  and  issue  them  to  the  persons  who  may  call  for  them, 
entering  every  name  in  a  book  with  the  place  of  their  residence,  number  of  the 
pass,  when  going,  for  how  many  days,  before  whom  they  took  the  oath,  etc. 
(October  18,  1863) 

Some  days  the  office  is  crowded  and  we  give  out  from  100  to  500  passes. 
(October  18,  1863) 

—  Desks  I  Furniture 

The  tables  and  desks  were  covered  with  dust....    (August  14,  1864) 

I  am  seated  at  the  desk. ...One  of  the  clerks  sits  half  reclining  at  one  of  the  desks. 
(December  27,  1863) 

Near  the  fireplace  lies  the  Lieut,  of  the  Guard  at  the  duty.. .on  a  bench  sleeping. 
(December  27,  1863) 


39 


I  took  down  the  list  book  to  record  [names  of  prisoners].    (February  5,  1864) 

I  sleep  in  the  office  now....    (February  5,  1864) 

...the  young  soldier  stood  on  the  opposite  side  of  the  railing,  some  three  or  four  feet 
from  her  while  she  sat  inside  and  remaining  seated....   (April  17,  1864) 

on  my  writing  desk   (June  21,  1864) 

The  official  documents  which  we  had  left  in  their  proper  places  in  the  'pigeon  holes' 
of  the  desks,  with  every  month's  papers  neatly  wrapped  together.... 
(August  14,  1864) 

I  have  got  us  a  new  desk  put  up  today.    (January  12,  1865) 

Confiscated  Goods  I  Contraband  in  Letters 

Every  trunk  and  all  the  private  baggage  that  comes  on  the  cars  is  searched  and  if 
anything  contraband  is  found  in  them,  the  whole  lot  is  confiscated.   This  gives  me 
the  chance  to  read  all  the  letters  and  correspondence  that  may  be  in  the  possession 
of  a  person.   (October  18,  1863) 

whenever  we  have  had  any  articles  of  food  or  clothing  on  hand  in  the  office,  I  have 
given  it  to  her  [his  landlady].   I  have  given  her  at  different  times,  one  or  two 
patterns  for  calico  dresses,  sugar,  tea,  or  any  other  little  things  we  may  be 
possessed  with.   (June  21,  1864) 

I  also  gave  them  [soldiers]  second-hand  pants  and  several  articles  of  cast-off 
clothing  that  we  had  in  the  office  and  would  have  gladly  given  them  more  if  we  had 
not  been  extensively  thinned  out  by  the  recent  raid....   (July  29,  1864) 

You  ought  to  see  the  pile  of  knives  [confiscated  jackknives]  and  other  "relics"  we 
have  on  hand-about  a  barrel  full.   (October  7,  1864) 

Stationery  I  Reports  I  Miscellaneous 

'two  or  three  placards  for  the  office'  which  Moulton  lettered.   (November  1,  1863) 

You  will  notice  the  heading  of  this  sheet  which  was  done  at  the  new  printing  office 
in  this  place.   (December  9,  1863) 

'papers  being  lying  [sic]  on  the  table'  with  Captain  Potter's  [provost  marshal] 
signature.   (February  5,  1864) 

Since  Johnny  left  I  have  taken  his  place  in  the  Capt.'s  Office  and  have  the  Morning 
reports  to  make  out  and  the  orders  and  lists  of  prisoners  to  write,  etc. 
(February  5,  1864) 


40 


I  never  was  so  mad  in  all  my  life.   Federal  Prisoner's  name  had  been  entered  on  the 
Rebel  Prisoner  or  Citizen  book,  Prisoners  of  War  in  the  Rebel  Deserter  book  and 
vise  versa.   (August  14,  1864) 

a  Weekly  Report  is  sent  from  each  office  [in  the  district],  and  at  the  end  of  the 
month  I  shall  have  to  form  a  consolidated  Monthly  Report  [consolidation  of 
prisoners  listings].... Our  sheets  for  this  purpose  are  2x3  feet  in  size. ..about  like  the 
paper  the  Courier  is  printed  on  in  size  and  ruled  fine,  half-spaces.  Lately  I  have 
been  obliged  to  splice  these  sheets,  having  some  200  names  to  enter,  their  charges, 
etc....   (August  28,  1864) 

Moulton  'posted  up  in  the  office'  1864  'Cattle  Show  bill'  from  home.   (April  17,  1864) 

tell  Frank  to  have  the  [Berkshire]  Courier  discontinued  until  he  hears  from  me. 
(March  25,  1865) 

one  of  the  clerks  reading  a  "volume  of  'yallow-kivered  litterture'. 
(December  27,  1863) 

We  are  the  favored  recipients  of  splendid  bouquets  every  day  from  the  young  ladies 
of  Bolivar.   (June  7,  1864) 

Comparing  quartermaster's  office  to  provost  marshal's  office:  'we  have  a  carpet  on 
the  floor.    I  hardly  knew  how  to  behave—it  seems  like  a  parlor  after  coming  out  of  a 
dirty  old  Prov.  Marshal's  habitat....'  (August  4,  1864) 


—  Clothing 


'Fatigue  sack  coats'  clerks  wore  as  opposed  to  dress  coats. 
(December  20,  1863) 

he  even  hung  his  overcoat  and  cap  in  another  room.   (March  1,  1864) 

Moulton  wears  'dark  blue  pants  and  sack  coat.'  (June  7,  1864) 

All  I  lost  was  what  I  left  in  the  office-two  dress  coats,  a  pair  of  shoes,  two  pairs  of 
socks  and  one  pair  of  drawers.   (July  18,  1864) 


From  the  book,  With  Sheridan  Up  the  Shenandoah  Valley  in  1864:  Leaves 
from  a  Special  Artist's  Sketchbook  and  Diary  [The  James  E.  Taylor 
Sketchbook] . 

Describing  High  Street:  "composed  of  habitations  of  brick,  stone  and  wood,  with 
slanting  roofs  and  dormer  windows,  and  railing'd  stoops—flush  with  the  sidewalk 
with  alternating  piazzas  and  balustrades  at  the  east  and  north  side  of  the  more 
pretentious  buildings."  (p. 43) 


41 


Taylor  mentions  dropping  a  mailpouch  off  at  headquarters  on  Shenandoah  (p. 38) 
and  later  comments  that  he  was  depositing  mail  in  the  mailbag  at  the  provost 
marshal's  office  (pp.  215,  250).    However,  given  his  documented  confusion  of 
provost  marshals  with  commanders,  it  is  not  likely  that  the  mailbag  was  located 
in  the  provost  office. 


Government  Regulations 

—  The  1861  Army  Regulations  (revised  1863) 

The  furniture  for  each  office  will  be  two  common  desks  or  tables,  six  common 
chairs,  one  pair  common  andirons,  and  shovel  and  tongs,   (p.  162,  par.  1088) 

The  following  books  are  to  be  allowed  to  each  company:  one  descriptive  book,  one 
clothing  book,  one  order  book,  one  morning  report  book,  each  one  quire,  sixteen 
inches  by  ten.  (p.  24,  par.  127.   For  a  list  of  the  quarterly  issue  of  stationery,  see 
Appendix  B.) 

The  regimental  and  company  desk  prescribed  in  army  regulations  will  be 
transported;  also  for  staff  officers,  the  books,  papers,  and  instruments  necessary  to 
their  duties,   (p.  164,  par.  1098) 

—  The  Index  to  Circulars,  Provost  Marshal  General's  Office,  1863 

Provost  Marshal  will,  hereafter,  make  a  Weekly  Report,  upon  Blank  forms  to  be 
furnished  from  this  Bureau,  of  all  officers,  soldiers,  and  citizens  employed  by  them; 
and  will  forward  the  same  to  this  office,  through  the  Acting  Assistant  Provost 
Marshal  General  of  their  State  or  Division,   (circ.  #105,  Dec.  2,  1863) 


U.S.  War  Department  Regulations  for  the  Government  of  the  Bureau  of 
the  Provost  Marshal  General  of  the  United  States  (1863). 

That  for  each  of  said  districts  there  shall  be  appointed  by  the  President  a  provost 
marshal,  with  the  rank,  pay,  and  emoluments  of  a  captain  of  cavalry,  or  an  officer 
of  said  rank  shall  be  detailed  by  the  President,  who  shall  be  under  the  direction 
and  subject  to  the  orders  of  the  provost  marshal  general.... 
(#6,  p.  2;  see  forms  in  Appendix  C.) 


Other  Provost  Marshals 

The  Richmond  Confederate  passport  office  "was  a  filthy  one;  it  was  inhabited—for 
they  slept  there-by  his  [General  Winder's]  rowdy  clerks.   And  when  I  stepped  to 
the  hydrant  for  a  glass  of  water,  the  tumbler  repulsed  me  with  the  smell  of 
whiskey.    There  was  no  towel  for  me  to  wipe  my  hands  with,  and  in  the  long 
basement  room  underneath,  were  a  thousand  garments  of  dead  soldiers,  taken  from 

42 


the  hospitals  and  the  battlefields,  and  exhaling  a  most  disagreeable,  if  not 
deleterious,  odor."   (Jones,  A  Rebel  War  Clerk's  Diary,  p.  69) 

The  [Richmond  Confederate]  Provost  Marshal's  office  kept  a  blackboard  on  which 
he  who  ran  might  read  the  names  of  the  regiments  sent  to  the  Peninsula.... and  not 
until  a  stranger  who  was  copying  from  it  fled  on  being  questioned  was  it  done  away 
with.   (Bill,  The  Beleaguered  City:  Richmond,  1861-1865,  p.  115.   Although  this  is  a 
fairly  trustworthy  secondary  source,  the  information  on  the  blackboard  should  be 
corroborated  since  the  author  did  not  quote  his  source.) 

Marsena  Patrick,  Provost  Marshal  General  of  the  Army  of  the  Potomac,  and  his 
staff  brought  furniture  along  when  he  moved  into  Richmond  to  be  Union  provost 
marshal  in  1865.    (Patrick,  Inside  Lincoln's  Army:  The  Diary  of  Marsena  Rudolph 
Patrick,  Provost  Marshal  General,  Army  of  the  Potomac,  p.  495) 

Of  the  Charleston  Confederate  provost  marshal  operations:   "many  a  luckless  wight 
in  military  or  semi-military  costume,  who  had  no  leave  of  absence  to  show,  was 
trotted  off  to  the  guard  house,  where  he  either  did  have  or  at  some  future  time  will 
have  an  opportunity  of  giving  an  account  of  himself."   (Hagood,  Memoirs  of  the  War 
of  Secession:   From  the  Original  Manuscripts  of  Johnson  Hagood,  p.  78) 

The  quiet  precincts  of  the  city  hall  were  suddenly  converted  into  a  veritable  camp, 
to  the  manifest  delight  of  the  urchins  who  thronged  the  railings  of  the  enclosure 
gazing  admiringly  upon  the  taut  canvass  walls.  There  was  a  great  rush  to  the 
passport  office.   (Hagood,  Memoirs  of  the  War  of  Secession:  From  the  Original 
Manuscripts  of  Johnson  Hagood,  p.  78) 

The  passport  office  was  now  at  leisure  and  finally  organized  by  establishing  two 
offices  in  different  departments,  one  for  citizens  with  separate  desks  of  application 
for  males  and  females  (whites)  and  for  negroes  bond  and  free;  another  for  the 
military  with  a  separate  desk  for  invalid  soldiers  from  which  all  other  applicants 
were  excluded.   (Hagood,  Memoirs  of  the  War  of  Secession:   From  the  Original 
Manuscripts  of  Johnson  Hagood,  p.  79) 

A  Confederate  soldier  named  Patterson  went  to  a  Confederate  provost  marshal's 
office  to  "procure  the  necessary  papers"  to  join  his  command  but  was  directed  to 
Sgt.  Crow's  office:    "As  I  stood  outside  waiting  my  time,  I  noticed  that  none  came 
back,  but  as  soon  as  they  received  their  papers  they  went  upstairs.  I  'began  to  smell 
a  rat'  and  as  I  had  no  notion  of  remaining  cooped  up  there  until  tomorrow 
morning.... I  thanked  my  stars  that  I  was  still  outside  and  left."   (Patterson,  Yankee 
Rebel:  The  Civil  War  Journal  of  Edmund  DeWitt  Patterson,  pp.  80-81) 


43 


FURNISHINGS  PLAN  (Provost  Marshal's  office) 

Overview 

Physical  evidence  of  the  High  Street  building  and  descriptions  in  the  Moulton 
material  indicate  that  the  Harpers  Ferry  provost  marshal's  office  consisted  of  a 
front  and  a  back  room.    The  furnishings  plan  takes  into  consideration  the 
configuration  and  size  of  the  High  Street  office,  although  this  can  only  be  done  in 
a  general  way  in  order  to  accommodate  the  architecture  and  interior  space  of 
Building  34. 158   In  the  High  Street  office,  all  traffic  went  through  the  front  room, 
which  was  used  primarily  as  a  passport  office  and  staffed  by  clerks  and  an 
assistant  provost  marshal.    The  provost  marshal  and  the  chief  clerk  occupied  the 
rear  office.159   The  passport  office  should  have  three  desks  with  chairs  for  the 
staff,  as  well  as  a  bench  to  accommodate  others  waiting.    The  staff  varied  between 
two  and  eight,  and  the  exact  number  of  desks  or  chairs  is  not  known;  therefore, 
the  number  of  desks  has  been  based  on  the  space  available  in  the  rooms.    The 
Army  Regulations  provide  for  "six  common  chairs"  for  the  whole  office.   The 
pictorial  evidence  indicates  that  the  chairs  probably  would  have  been  some  kind  of 
Windsor.160     There  was  a  railing  in  the  front  room,  placed  across  the  room  to 
divide  the  clerks'  desks  from  the  civilians  and  soldiers  waiting  for  passes.161   The 
desks  held  the  standard  desk  equipment,  as  well  as  mail  which  was  read  and 
confiscated  if  disloyal  sentiments  were  found.    There  are  several  references  to 
passes  in  Moulton;  since  the  front  room  was  the  pass  room,  it  would  be  logical  for 
pass  blanks  to  be  stored  in  the  front  room.162   Bibles  would  have  been  located  in 
the  front  office  on  desks,  readily  available  for  administering  the  oath  of 
allegiance.163   Fireplace  equipment  was  issued  by  the  government.164   Moulton 
mentions  a  bench,  probably  backless,  by  the  fireplace  in  the  front  room,  which 
may  have  been  pushed  out  of  the  way  or  moved  to  the  waiting  area  during  the 
day.    Locating  the  bench  by  the  fireplace  would  hamper  the  flow  in  Building  34, 


168  See  working  drawings  of  proposed  furnishings  included  in  this  report. 

169  Moulton,  October  18,  1863;  February  5,  1864. 

100  The  army  regulations  only  allow  for  "two  common  desks  or  tables"(p.  162);  given  the  fact  that  officers  purchased  their 
own  desks  which  they  brought  with  them  to  their  various  assignments  (personal  interview  with  Bill  Brown,  July  16,  1990),  this 
number  for  the  clerks  is  less  than  that  mentioned  by  Moulton.  The  type  of  desks  varied,  as  shown  by  the  pictorial  evidence, 
and  by  the  fact  that  Moulton  mentions  "tables  and  desks." 

161  Moulton,  April  17,  1864.  For  examples  of  railings  used  in  interiors  for  similar  purposes,  see  figures  22  and  23.  The 
railing  in  the  Harpers  Ferry  Provost  Marshal's  office  may  have  been  more  temporary  in  nature. 

162  See  Appendix  B  for  a  list  of  the  quarterly  issues  of  stationery  from  the  Revised  U.S.  Army  Regulations  of  1861...,  see 
Moulton,  October  18,  1863,  for  evidence  of  mail. 

163  See  figure  7  in  the  Illustration  section  of  this  report. 

164  Revised  U.S.  Army  Regulations  of  1861....  (1863)  p.  162,  para.  1088. 


44 


therefore  the  bench  should  be  used  as  a  supplemental  bench  in  the  waiting 
area.165 

Each  month's  papers  were  placed  in  pigeonholes,  probably  in  the  desks  in  the  back 
room,  since  that  is  where  the  monthly  reports  were  filled  out.   The  monthly 
reports  of  prisoners  were  2  by  3  feet  in  size  and  would  have  been  folded  to  fit  in 
the  pigeonholes.   The  weekly  reports  sent  from  each  provost  office  in  the  division 
would  also  have  been  stored  in  the  back  room,  as  well  as  other  papers  and 
ledgers.166  The  office  had  at  least  one  bed,  most  likely  a  hospital  cot,  for  clerks 
to  sleep  on  when  on  duty,  and  probably  temporary  bedding,  such  as  bedrolls. 
Since  Moulton  describes  four  deserters  sleeping  in  the  "adjoining  room"  when  he  is 
writing  from  what  appears  to  be  the  front  room,  the  cot  should  be  placed  in  the 
back  room. 

Other  furnishings  included  hooks  or  pegs  in  the  wall  on  which  to  hang  coats  and 
hats.167   Moulton  also  fabricated  placards  in  his  own  handwriting,  possibly  the 
names  of  the  staff  for  each  desk  (or  at  least  the  officers  with  their  titles)  or  a  sign 
posted  with  the  pass  room  hours  (9-11  a.m.  and  1-4  p.m.).168   The  provost 
marshal's  office  had  a  large  quantity  of  confiscated  goods,  clothing,  and  food  on 
hand  at  any  given  time.   While  it  is  not  clear  whether  these  would  have  been 
stored  in  the  office,  or  perhaps  in  the  basement,  it  would  not  be  inaccurate  to  have 
a  sampling  in  the  office. 

The  excerpt  below  from  a  letter  written  by  Charles  Moulton  describing  the  evening 
shift  helps  to  explain  the  arrangement  of  the  office: 

It  is  Sabbath  evening  half  past  10  o'clock. ...I  am  seated  at  the  desk,  passing 
industriously  the  hour  of  my  "turn"  at  sitting  up  at  night,  waiting  for  the 
train.... inside  there  is  a  blazing  fire. ...Near  the  fire-place  lies  the  Lieut,  of  the 
Guard  at  the  depot,  on  a  bench  sleeping... just  before  going  on  his  tedious  night's 
duty.    One  of  the  clerks  sits  half-reclining,  at  one  of  the  desks,  deeply  absorbed  in 
the  pages  of  a  volume  of  "yallow-kivered  litterture."   In  the  neighboring  room  are 
four  persons  who  have  "put  up"  as  guests  of  the  hospitable  "P.M.  Hotel-de- 
Ville."169 


165  Moulton,  December  27,  1863. 

Ibid.,  August  14,  1864;  August  28,  1864. 
Ibid.,  November  1,  1863;  fig.  8. 
Ibid.,  November  1,  1863. 
Ibid.,  December  27,  1863. 

45 


|M, 


11.7 


1CH 


ii;:) 


The  office  should  also  include  objects  that  reflect  the  staffs  connection  to  their 
hometowns,  since  many  of  the  staff  were  from  Massachusetts  and  some  even  came 
from  the  same  regiment.    Evidence  indicates  that  Moulton  posted  a  cattle  show 
notice  from  Pittsfield,  Massachusetts,  on  a  wall  in  the  office.    Since  Moulton 
subscribed  to  The  Berkshire  Courier,  and  others  in  the  office  read  it  as  well,  a  copy 
should  be  placed  on  one  of  the  desks.170   Moulton's  family  addressed  his  mail  to 
the  provost  marshal's  office;  therefore,  letters  from  home  would  probably  be 
located  on  or  in  the  desks.   As  the  above  quotation  suggests,  the  office  could  also 
contain  reading  material  used  to  pass  the  long  evening  hours.    Local  female 
citizens  gave  the  clerks  daily  "bouquets"  in  the  spring,  probably  consisting  of  fruits 
and  vegetables,  which  should  be  placed  on  the  desks  or  tables.171 

The  exterior  of  the  building  is  integral  to  the  furnishings  plan.    The  building  had 
to  be  immediately  identifiable,  since  everyone  traveling  in  and  out  of  town  was 
required  to  stop  there  first.    Based  on  photographs  and  sketches  of  exteriors  of 
other  provost  marshal  offices,  the  exterior  should  have  a  large  sign  in  black 
lettering  over  the  door  reading  "Provost  Marshal"  and  possibly  an  American  flag 
hanging  outside.172 

All  of  the  furnishings  should  look  well-used,  since  hundreds  of  people  passed 
through  the  office  in  a  day  and  buildings  used  by  the  military  during  the  war  did 
not  survive  in  very  good  condition.    Brigadier  General  Ramsay  remarked  that  "the 
costly  quarters  of  the  Superintendent  of  the  Armory,  of  the  Paymaster,  and  other 
conspicuous  and  valuable  buildings  belonging  to  the  government,  have  been 
wantonly  abused,  and  I  am  sorry  to  say,  as  I  am  credibly  informed,  mostly  by  our 
own  troops  [during  the  course  of  the  war]."173   Since  this  building  had  been  an 
armory  worker's  dwelling  prior  to  the  war,  fixtures  appropriate  to  comparable 
domestic  living  spaces  of  the  period  should  be  installed. 

As  the  pictorial  evidence  indicates,  interiors  of  provost  marshal's  offices  varied 
widely.   This  may  be  a  result  of  the  expediency  often  necessary  in  setting  up  such 
an  office  and  instituting  martial  law.    The  building's  previous  use  also  affected  the 
furnishings  since  the  military  used  domestic,  commercial,  and  municipal  buildings. 
The  furnishings  could  reflect  the  furniture  and  fixtures  of  previous  occupants  who 
were  forced  in  many  instances  to  flee  from  the  area.    The  furnishings  also 


170  Ibid.,  April  17,  1864,  and  March  25,  1865.  The  cattle  show  to  which  Moulton  refers  was  a  descendent  of  the  first 
agricultural  fair  in  America.  (Telephone  interview  with  Carolyn  Banfield,  Director,  Berkshire  County  Historical  Society, 
September  24,  1990). 

171  Ibid.,  June  7,  1864. 

172  See  figures  10-12  in  the  Illustration  section  of  this  report. 

173  Ramsay  to  Dyer,  July  27,  1865,  p.  4,  HFNHP. 


46 


reflected  the  relative  permanency  of  the  office;  certainly  the  relative  stability  of 
the  Harpers  Ferry  provost  marshal's  office  suggests  that  it  would  contain  more 
objects  from  the  "settling  in"  process,  than  would  an  office  at  the  onset  of  Union 
occupation  (see  figure  6,  the  illustration  of  the  Charleston,  South  Carolina,  provost 
marshal  office  for  an  example  of  the  latter). 

Although  the  evidence  indicates  that  Harpers  Ferry  had  a  printing  office,  a  Civil 
War  printing  press  has  been  included  in  the  furnishings  plan  for  the  provost 
marshal's  office.   An  original  press  with  a  local  provenance  has  been  donated  to 
the  park.    The  press  was  probably  used  by  Union  forces  during  the  occupation, 
possibly  in  a  building  once  located  on  the  second  lot  east  of  Bridge  Street.174 
Printed  forms  and  handbills  were  important  to  the  operation  of  a  provost 
marshal's  office.    Therefore,  furnishings  division  and  park  staff  felt  that  the 
printing  press  should  be  displayed  in  the  provost  marshal's  office  unless  another 
more  appropriate  location  is  found  for  it. 


Interpretive  Objectives  and  Operating  Plan 

The  provost  marshal's  office  will  allow  an  interpretation  of  the  impact  of  the  Civil 
War  on  Harpers  Ferry,  allowing  the  visitors  to  understand  what  life  was  like  here 
for  local  citizens,  military  personnel  stationed  here,  and  visitors  passing  through 
town.   An  important  aspect  of  the  interpretation  is  the  interaction  of  local  civilians 
with  military  personnel  from  the  north.    Moulton  comments  on  many  differences 
between  New  England  and  Virginia/West  Virginia,  and  the  attempt  to  preserve 
their  northern  culture  through  objects  displayed  in  the  office.   The  office  may  also 
stimulate  discussions  about  the  people  who  traveled  through  Harpers  Ferry  during 
the  war,  including  prisoners,  and  their  different  impressions  of  the  town. 

During  the  busiest  tourist  seasons,  the  exhibit  will  be  staffed  and  visitors  will  be 
invited  into  the  front  room.  The  back  room  will  be  viewed  from  the  doorway  at  the 
rear  of  the  building,  which  will  be  fitted  with  a  hinged,  full-length  glass  or  acrylic 
plastic  door  in  addition  to  its  historic  door.    By  special  arrangement  with  park 
staff,  visitors  with  mobility  limitations  will  be  escorted  through  this  doorway  and 
through  the  back  room  so  that  they  can  view  the  front  room  through  doorway  110. 
When  unstaffed,  visitors  will  enter  room  102  from  Shenandoah  Street  and  view 
the  room  from  behind  the  historic  barrier.    An  alarm  will  sound  if  visitors  attempt 
to  cross  this  barrier.    The  rear  room  will  still  be  viewed  from  the  rear  doorway. 
Interpretive  panels  located  inside  the  front  and  rear  doors  will  provide  background 
information  when  the  building  is  unstaffed. 


174  Memorandum  from  Dennis  Frye  to  Supervisors,  et  al.,  April  1,  1993,  p.  1.  This  memo  draws  its  conclusions  from  a 
document:  "Statement  of  Abandoned  Property  at  Harpers  Ferry  and  Bolivar,  Jefferson  Co.  Va.,"  February  24,  1864,  No.  19698, 
Cotton  and  Captured  Property  Records,  Entry  370,  located  in  U.S.  Dept.  of  Treasury  Records,  NARA,  RG  56. 

47 


Documentation  for  provost  marshal's  and  clerks'  wear  may  be  gleaned  from 
Moulton  evidence  and  comparative  pictorial  documentation.    Costumed  females 
are  appropriate  waiting  on  a  bench,  but  never  behind  the  desks.    The 
interpretation  of  this  exhibit  would  be  enhanced  if  a  sentry  were  stationed  at  the 
entrance,  since  this  was  a  frequent  practice  at  provost  marshal's  offices. 


48 


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o 

Oh 


Recommended  Furnishings 

Provost  Marshal's  office,  room  103,  (front)  Building 


34. 


Object  and  Location 

TABLE  with  fall-front 
MILITARY  DESK  (NE 
corner) 

TABLES,  2  (SW  corner) 


DESKS,  tabletop,  2  (on 
tables  in  SW  corner) 

CHAIRS,  Windsor,  3  (one 
behind  each  desk  or  table) 


BENCH,  Windsor  (against 
west  wall  in  NW  corner) 

BENCH,  common  backless 
(against  north  wall  in  NW 
corner) 

RAILING  (two  sections  of 
railing  separating  NW 
corner  from  rest  of  room) 

LAMP,  lard  oil,  with  paper 
shade  (on  desk  in  NE 
corner) 


CANDLESTICKS,  2  (on 
fireplace  mantel) 

CANDLES,  5  (two  in 
candlesticks,  three  on 
mantel  near  candlesticks) 

MATCHBOX,  with  matches 
(on  mantel  near 
candlesticks) 

ANDIRONS,  SHOVEL,  and 
TONGS  (near  fireplace) 


Documentation 

Moulton  letters,  12/27/63, 
6/21/64,  8/14/64,  1/12/65; 
figure  6. 

Moulton  letters,  8/14/64; 
figures  6,  8,  17,  18,  19,  21. 

Moulton  letters,  6/21/64, 
8/14/64,    1/12/65,  figure  6. 

Moulton  letters,  12/27/63; 
figures  6,  8,  17,  18,  20,  and 
21. 

Moulton  letters,  4/17/64; 
figure  17. 

Moulton  letters,  12/27/63. 


Moulton  letters,  4/17/64; 
figures  22  and  23. 


Moulton  letters,  12/27/63 
letter  indicates  that  clerks 
were  required  to  work  at 
night  and  would  require 
artificial  illumination. 

Moulton  letters,  12/27/63. 
Moulton  letters,  12/27/63. 

Moulton  letters,  12/27/63. 


Army  Regulations  of  1861 
(1863),  p.  162,  par.  1088. 


Recommendation 


Acquire  reproduction. 


Acquire  reproductions. 


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Use  HAFE  5141,  paint  red. 


Reproduce. 


Acquire  period  piece. 


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Acquire  reproductions. 

Acquire  period  pieces. 


50 


Provost  Marshal's  office, 

Object  and  Location 

PENS,  INK  BOTTLES, 
PAPER  SPEARS  (assorted 
on  desks) 


PAPERS  and  FORMS,  asst. 
(a  quantity  of  papers  and 
forms  on  each  desk) 

LETTERS,  12  (on  table) 

PLACARD,  handwritten  (on 
desk  in  NE  corner) 

BOOK,  popular  fiction, 
with  yellow  cover  (on  table 
in  SW  corner  near  wall) 

ARTIFICIAL  FRUITS  and 
VEGETABLES,in  redware 
bowl  (on  fireplace  mantel) 

NEWSPAPER,  Berkshire 
Courier  (on  table  in  SW 
corner  near  center  of  room) 

NOTICE  of  Pittsfield, 
Mass.  Cattle  Show  (on  west 
wall  between  windows) 

PEGS,  wooden,  3  (on  east 
wall) 

SACKCOATS,  2  (on  pegs  on 

east  wall) 

DRESS  COAT  (on  peg  on 

east  wall) 

HAT,  1,  and  CAPS,  2  (two 
on  pegs  on  east  wall,  one 
on  table  in  SW  corner) 

BIBLES,  3  (one  on  each 
desk  or  table) 


room  103,  continued 

Documentation 

Moulton  letters,  10/18/63  et. 
al.  indicate  that  the  clerks' 
primary  occupation  was 
writing;  figures  6,  8,  7,  17, 
18,  19,  and  21. 

Moulton  letters,  10/18/63, 
8/14/64,  12/9/63,  2/5/64, 
8/28/64;  figures  6  and  7. 

Moulton  letters,  10/18/63. 

Moulton  letters,  11/1/63. 

Moulton  letters,  12/27/63. 


Moulton  letters,  6/7/64. 


Moulton  letters,  3/25/65. 


Moulton  letters,  4/17/64. 


Moulton  letters,  3/1/64; 
figure  7. 

Moulton  letters,  12/20/63; 
6/7/64. 

Moulton  letters,  7/18/64. 


Moulton  letters,  3/1/64; 
figures  7,  18,  19,  and  20. 


Moulton  letters,  10/18/63; 
figure  6. 


Recommendation 


Acquire  reproductions. 


Acquire  reproduction, 
papers  and  forms 


Acquire  reproductions. 
Acquire  reproduction. 

Acquire  period  piece. 


Acquire  artificial  fruits  and 
vegetables  and  period  bowl. 


Acquire  reproduction. 


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51 


Provost  Marshal's  office,  room  103,  continued 


Object  and  Location 


Documentation 


Recommendation 


WATER  COOLER  (on 
small  table  against  south 
wall) 

TABLE,  small  (against 
south  wall) 

TUMBLER,  glass  (on  small 
table  near  water  cooler) 

CURTAINS,  5  pr.  (one  pair 
at  each  window) 


WINDOW  SHADES,  5  (one 
shade  at  each  window) 


MAPS,  2  (one  above 
mantel,  one  on  south  wall) 


Jones,  A  Rebel  War  Clerk's 
Diary,  p.  69. 


Jones,  p.  69. 
Jones,  p.  69 


Since  the  provost  marshal's 
office  occupied  a  former 
home,  curtains  are 
appropriate  window 
coverings. 

Since  the  provost  marshal's 
office  occupied  a  former 
home,  window  shades  are 
appropriate  window 
coverings. 

The  provost  marshal's  office 
needed  maps  of  the  local 
area  to  conduct  business. 


Acquire  reproduction  or 
period  piece. 


Use  HAFE  7002. 


Acquire  reproduction. 


Acquire  reproductions. 


Acquire  reproductions. 


Use  HAFE  collection  and 
acquire  reproductions. 


NOTICES,  handwritten 
and  printed  (on  north  and 
west  walls) 


TRAIN  SCHEDULE  (on 
south  wall) 


WASTEBASKETS,  3  (one 
near  each  desk  and  table) 


Notices  of  standing 
regulations  and  other 
orders  were  typically  posted 
in  a  provost  marshal's 
office. 

The  provost  marshal 
needed  to  be  aware  of  the 
local  train  schedule  in  order 
to  carry  out  his  duties. 

The  amount  of  paperwork 
generated  in  this  office 
indicates  a  need  for 
wastebaskets. 


Acquire  reproductions. 


Acquire  reproduction. 


Acquire  period  pieces. 


52 


s 

o 
o 

o 

<L> 
O 

J/) 


c/3 

O 
> 

o 


Recommended  Furnishings 

Provost  Marshal's  office,  room  104,  (back)  Building 


34. 


Object  and  Location 

DESK,  1  (against  north 
wall  in  NW  corner) 

TABLE  with  fall-front 
MILITARY  DESK  (between 
window  and  door,  against 
west  wall) 

CHAIRS,  Windsor,  2  (one 
behind  each  desk) 

CABINET  (north  wall  near 
door) 


WASTEBASKETS,  2  (one 
near  each  desk) 


LAMP,  solar  (on  desk 
against  north  wall) 

CANDLESTICK  (on 
windowsill  in  west  wall) 


CANDLES,  3  (one  in 
candlestick,  others  on  sill 
next  to  candlestick) 

MATCHBOX,  with  matches 
(on  sill  next  to  candlestick) 

STOVE,  with  stovepipe 
(south  wall) 

SANDBOX  (under  stove) 


Documentation 

Moulton  letters,  8/14/64; 
figures  17,  18,  and  20. 

Moulton  letters,  8/14/64; 
figures  17,  18,  and  20. 


Moulton  letters,  12/27/63; 
figures  6,  8,  17-21. 

Military  offices  that 
generated  large  quantities 
of  paperwork  required  large 
cabinets  to  file  and  store 
documents. 

The  amount  of  paperwork 
generated  in  this  office 
indicates  a  need  for 
wastebaskets. 

Figure  19. 


Moulton  letters,  12/27/63, 
indicates  that  clerks  were 
required  to  work  at  night. 

Moulton  letters,  12/27/63. 


Moulton  letters,  12/27/63. 
Figure  7. 


A  sandbox  was  a  common 
period  practice  to  protect 
the  floor  underneath  a 
stove. 


Recommendation 


Use  HAFE  6343. 


Acquire  reproduction. 


Acquire  reproductions 


Acquire  reproduction. 


Acquire  reproductions. 


Acquire  period  piece. 
Acquire  period  piece. 

Acquire  reproductions. 

Acquire  period  piece. 
Acquire  period  piece. 
Acquire  reproduction. 


54 


Provost  Marshal's  office,  room  104,  continued 
Object  and  Location  Documentation 


Recommendation 


SHOVEL  and  TONGS 
(near  stove) 

PENS,  INK  BOTTLES, 
PAPER  SPEARS  (assorted 
items  on  desks) 

PAPERS  and  FORMS 
(assortment  of  papers  and 
forms  on  each  desk  and  in 
cabinet) 

PLACARD,  handwritten  (on 
desk  against  north  wall) 

PEGS,  wooden,  2  (on  east 
wall) 

SACKCOAT  (on  peg  on  east 
wall) 

DRESS  COAT  (on  peg  on 
east  wall) 

CAPS,  2  (one  on  peg  on 
east  wall;  one  on  desk 
against  west  wall) 

LEDGERS,  2  (on  desk 
against  west  wall) 

BARREL,  with  ASSORTED 
KNIVES  (in  southwest 
corner) 

SHELL  JACKETS, 
Confederate,  2  (draped  over 
barrel) 


TRUNK,  traveling,  small 
(in  southwest  corner  near 
barrel) 

SUGAR,  in  sack  (in 
southwest  corner  near 
barrel) 


Army  Regulations  of  1861 
(1863),  p.  162,  para.  1088. 

Moulton  letters,  10/18/63; 
figures  6,  7,  8,  17-19,  21. 


Moulton  letters,  10/18/63, 
8/14/64,  12/9/63,  2/5/64, 
8/28/64;  figures  6,  8,  and  9. 


Moulton  letters,  1171/63. 


Moulton  letters,  3/1/64; 
figure  7. 

Moulton  letters,  12/20/63, 

6/7/64. 

Moulton  letters,  7/18/64. 


Moulton  letters,  3/1/64; 
figures  7,  18,  19,  and  20. 


Moulton  letters,  8/14/64. 


Moulton  letters,  10/7/64. 


Confederate  clothing  and 
other  items  were  frequently 
confiscated  by  the  provost 
marshal. 

Moulton  letters,  10/18/63. 


Moulton  letters,  6/21/64. 


Acquire  period  pieces. 


Acquire  reproductions. 


Acquire  reproduction 
papers  and  forms. 


Acquire  reproduction. 


Acquire  reproductions. 


Acquire  reproduction. 


Acquire  reproduction. 


Acquire  reproductions. 


Acquire  reproductions. 


Acquire  reproductions; 
secure  knives  in  barrel. 


Acquire  reproductions. 


Acquire  period  piece. 


Acquire  reproduction. 


55 


Provost  Marshal's  office,  room  104,  continued 


Object  and  Location 


Documentation 


Recommendation 


HOSPITAL  COT,  with 
MATTRESS  (in  southeast 
corner) 

BEDROLL  (on  cot  in 
southeast  corner) 


Moulton  letters,  2/5/64, 
11/1/63. 


Moulton  letters,  2/5/64, 
11/1/63. 


Acquire  reproductions 


Acquire  reproductions 


CURTAINS,  4  pr.  (one  pair 
at  each  window) 


WINDOW  SHADES,  4  (one 
shade  at  each  window) 


MAPS,  2  (one  on  east  and 
north  walls) 


PRINTING  PRESS,  on 
storage  box  (against  east 
wall) 


NOTICES,  printed  (above 
printing  press  on  east  wall) 


Since  the  provost  marshal's 
office  occupied  a  former 
home,  curtains  are 
appropriate  window 
coverings. 

Since  the  provost  marshal's 
office  occupied  a  former 
home,  window  shades  are 
appropriate  window 
coverings. 

The  provost  marshal 
needed  maps  of  the  local 
area  to  conduct  business. 

The  provost  marshal 
needed  to  produce  a  variety 
of  printed  passes  and 
notices. 

A  variety  of  printed  notices 
were  issued  by  the  provost 
marshal. 


Acquire  reproductions 


Acquire  reproductions 


Acquire  reproductions 


HAFE  uncataloged 
(recently  donated) 


Acquire  reproductions 


56 


Recommended  Furnishings 
Exterior. 


Object  and  Location 

LITHOGRAPH,  from 
Harpers  Weekly  (on  west 
wall  above  clerk's  desk) 

PLACARD,  with  pass  room 
hours  (posted  on  door) 

U.S.  FLAG,  ca.  1863-64,  on 
flagpole  (mounted  on 
exterior  wall  near  door) 

SIGN,  "Provost  Marshal" 
(mounted  on  exterior  over 
door) 


Documentation 

Lithographs  are 
appropriate  informal  wall 
decorations 

Moulton  letters,  11/1763. 


Figure  11. 


Figures  10,  12,  and  16. 


Recommendation 
Acquire  reproduction 

Acquire  reproduction 
Acquire  reproduction 

Acquire  reproduction 


Concept  for  Interpretive  Panels 

The  purpose  of  these  panels  will  be  to  explain  the  functions  of  a  provost  marshal's 
office  and  to  describe  what  it  was  like  to  live  in  an  occupied  town  during  the  Civil 
War.   One  panel  will  be  located  in  the  front  room  and  one  in  the  back  room. 

Certain  duties  of  the  provost  marshal's  office,  such  as  issuing  passes  for  travel, 
seizing  contraband,  controlling  the  mail,  administering  the  oath  of  allegiance, 
regulating  prices,  and  preventing  illegal  liquor  sales  to  soldiers  impacted  directly 
on  the  lives  of  the  inhabitants  of  Harpers  Ferry. 

Other  duties  included  supervising  the  provost  guard  and  prisons,  capturing 
deserters,  supervising  stragglers,  and  completing  the  voluminous  paperwork 
involved  in  all  of  the  above. 

Possible  illustrations: 

—  Citizens  of  Charleston,  S.C.,  Taking  the  Oath  of  Allegiance  Soon  After  the 
Evacuation  of  the  City  by  General  Hardee,  figure  6. 

—  Issuing  Passes  at  St.  Louis,  figure  7. 

—  The  Provo  Marshal's  Office  on  the  East  Side  of  Loudoun  Street  North  of  Water 
St.,  figure  11. 


57 


PART  II 
THE  GENERAL  STORE 

ANALYSIS  OF  HISTORIC  OCCUPANCY 

General  Stores  in  Harpers  Ferry  During  the  Mid-Nineteenth  Century 

The  geographical  and  physical  location  of  Harpers  Ferry  helped  to  promote  the 
growth  and  expansion  of  its  mercantile  trade.   With  its  close  proximity  to 
Washington,  D.C.  and  its  access  to  both  land  and  water  routes,  Harpers  Ferry  was 
ideally  situated  for  commercial  enterprises.   By  1851  Harpers  Ferry  was  connected 
to  the  outside  world  by  two  bridges  that  accessed  three  major  turnpikes,  had  a 
well  established  canal  system  along  its  riverbanks  and  was  located  on  the  route  of 
two  railroad  companies.175 

The  residents  of  Harpers  Ferry  obtained  the  necessities  of  life  from  a  variety  of 
sources.   Those  with  access  to  land  undoubtedly  kept  a  garden  and  perhaps 
livestock  as  well.   Residents  could  also  purchase  food  at  the  Harpers  Ferry 
farmers  market,  described  by  war  correspondent  James  Taylor  in  late  summer 
1864: 

On  the  shore  beside  the  North  Abutment,  a  subject  presented  in  the  Harpers  Ferry 
Market  in  full  blast  which  holds  forth  each  day,  Sunday  excepted-a  privilege,  from 
necessity,  granted  the  farmers  of  the  East  bank  of  the  Shenandoah  [e.g.,  Loudoun 
County,  Virginia-Confederate  territory]  irrespective  of  their  political  affiliations, 
providing  they  guarded  their  tongues  and  attend  strictly  to  the  business  in  hand, 
the  disposal  of  their  merchandise. 

The  truck,  as  I  made  note,  comprised  butter,  head  cheese,  eggs,  poultry,  beef, 
bacon,  lamb,  hams,  spare  ribs,  new  potatoes,  and  blackberries  which  were  brought 
in  sufficient  quantities  to  supply  the  wants  of  the  Ferryites  and  army  mess 
caterers. 

Without  the  roped  off  space,  or  market,  was  a  cordon  of  vigilant-eyed  provo  guards 
with  loaded  Enfields  and  orders  to  prevent,  at  all  hazards,  surreptitious 
communications  passing  between  the  disloyal  residenters  [sic]  and  secret  emisaries 
[sicl  of  the  Confederacy  in  the  guise  of  hucksters,  and  to  guard  against  spies 
slipping  through  the  bound. 


176  National  Park  Service,  A  Compendium  of  the  Commercial  and  Industrial  Advertisements  of  the  Business  and 
Manufacturing  Establishments  of  Harpers  Ferry  and  the  Island  ofVirginius,  18241861,  prepared  by  Charles  W.  Snell  (Denver 
Service  Center,  1973),  pp.  11-14. 

176  Taylor,  The  James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook,  pp.  30-31. 

58 


Items  that  could  not  be  purchased  at  the  farmers  market  could  usually  be  found  in 
a  wide  variety  of  retail  establishments  located  in  the  lower  town,  including  ready- 
made  clothing  stores,  confectioneries,  drug  stores,  and  dry  goods  stores,  among 
others.   During  the  period  1850-1865  at  least  fifteen  merchants  sold  dry  goods  in 
the  Lower  Town  section  of  Harpers  Ferry,  but  there  were  never  more  than  six 
conducting  business  in  the  same  year.177  At  the  end  of  this  chapter  is  a  map 
locating  Harpers  Ferry  merchants. 

Actually,  the  terms  "dry  goods"  and  "general  store"  are  both  essentially 
misnomers.   Virtually  all  of  these  stores  sold  a  wide  variety  of  goods,  including  but 
not  limited  to  food,  liquor,  medicine,  tobacco  products,  housewares,  ready-made 
clothing,  hardware,  books,  stationery,  as  well  as  dry  goods  and  notions.   In 
Harpers  Ferry,  many  of  the  stores  specialized  in  one  aspect  of  this  trade.   For 
example,  Singleton  Chambers  sold  a  huge  variety  of  dry  goods  but  virtually  no 
food.178   On  the  other  hand,  Isaac  Fleming  sold  a  variety  of  food  but  no  dry 
goods  at  all.179  Merchants  seldom  referred  to  their  establishments  as  dry  goods 
or  general  stores,  instead  simply  listing  the  merchandise  available,  the  name  of 
the  proprietor,  and  occasionally  the  location  of  the  store.180  For  the  purposes  of 
this  report,  all  stores  selling  a  variety  of  merchandise  will  be  called  general  stores. 

Jefferson  and  Loudoun  County  general  store  inventories  reveal  the  types  of 
supplies  available  in  nearby  stores.  Very  little  fresh  meat,  fruits,  or  vegetables 
appear  in  the  inventories,  although  perishables  must  have  been  available 
occasionally  at  stores  that  took  farm  produce  in  trade.   Probably  most  customers 
purchased  fresh  foods  at  the  local  market.   The  fact  that  fresh  foods  do  not  appear 
on  the  inventories  may  also  indicate  that  trustees  sold  off  perishable  items  quickly 
instead  of  waiting  until  the  main  auction  was  held. 

Stores  did  stock  foods  that  had  a  long  shelf  life,  like  preserved  meats  and  fish, 
crackers,  cheese,  dried  fruit,  and  fruits  preserved  in  jars.   Although  fruits  and 
vegetables  preserved  in  metal  cans  were  available  in  the  United  States  as  early  as 
1837, 181  evidence  from  inventories  indicates  that  canned  food  was  not  regularly 


177  This  information  is  condensed  from  National  Park  Service,  "The  Business  Enterprises  and  Commercial  Development  of 
Harpers  Ferry's  Lower  Town  Area,  1803  to  1861,"  prepared  by  Charles  W.  Snell  (HFNHP,  NPS  Historic  Resource  Study,  1973). 

178  Singleton  Chambers  Inventory,  October  16,  1859,  Will  Book  16,  pp.  252-57,  JCC;  also  see  inventories  in  Evidence  of 
Original  Furnishings  in  Part  II,  General  Store  section  of  this  report. 

179  Isaac  Fleming  Inventory,  September  23,  1853,  Will  Book  14,  pp.  47-49,  JCC;  also  see  inventories  in  Evidence  of  Original 
Furnishings  in  Part  II,  General  Store  section  of  this  report. 

180  See  evidence  section  of  this  report  for  examples  of  advertisements. 

181  Alec  Davis,  Package  and  Print:  The  Development  of  Container  and  Label  Design,  (New  York:  Clarkson  N.  Potter,  Inc., 
1967),  p.  81. 

59 


stocked  in  local  general  stores  in  the  1850s.182  The  expense  of  canned  food 
generally  justified  its  use  only  in  situations  where  food  could  not  be  regularly 
obtained  in  the  usual  fashion,  for  example,  during  long  journeys  overland  or  by 
sea  or  during  a  war.183   In  fact,  the  widespread  use  and  acceptance  of  canned 
food  probably  dates  to  the  years  after  the  Civil  War,  when  many  soldiers  became 
introduced  to  the  concept  of  food  in  tins. 

The  foodstuffs  most  commonly  found  in  local  stores  are  staple  goods,  including 
flour,  sugar,  rice,  salt,  coffee,  tea,  spices,  extracts,  tobacco  (including  cigars,  snuff, 
and  loose  tobacco),  molasses,  oils,  vinegar,  and  a  variety  of  medicines.   Stores  also 
sold  a  surprising  variety  of  condiments  such  as  mustard,  bottled  pepper  sauce,  and 
catsup,  leading  one  to  speculate  on  the  need  to  spice  up  what  was  probably  a  fairly 
monotonous  diet. 

Storekeepers  who  obtained  a  license  were  allowed  to  sell  liquor  and  wines  in  their 
stores.   Probably  the  most  widely  available  item  besides  tobacco  was  candy, 
indicating  that  general  stores  catered  to  the  vices  of  both  old  and  young. 

A  variety  of  housewares  could  be  purchased  at  many  general  stores,  including 
dishes,  knives  and  cutlery,  tinware,  ironware,  glassware,  stoneware,  lighting 
supplies,  and  cleaning  supplies.   Some  stores  sold  blind  paper,  wallpaper,  rag 
carpeting,  bedding,  and  other  furnishing  goods.   The  availability  of  indigo  and 
other  dyes  indicates  that  some  cloth  finishing  took  place  in  local  households. 

The  large  quantity  and  variety  of  textiles  in  the  inventories  suggests  that 
members  of  local  households  also  sewed  their  own  clothes  on  a  regular  basis.   The 
quality  of  cloth  varied  from  rugged  jean,  a  twilled  cloth  made  from  linen  and 
cotton,  to  fine  silks  and  satins.   Crepe,  a  light  silk  fabric  frequently  used  for 
mourning  clothes,  is  often  found  on  inventories.   Stores  that  stocked  a  large 
quantity  of  cloth  usually  also  stocked  the  patterns,  buttons,  thread,  and  other 
notions  required  for  completing  the  garment. 

Items  of  clothing  that  could  not  be  easily  or  fashionably  made  at  home  were  also 
available  at  many  general  stores.   Hats  and  caps,  boots  and  shoes,  and  accessories 
such  as  fans,  parasols,  handkerchiefs,  belts,  socks,  gloves,  ties,  bonnets,  and 
collars  appeared  most  commonly  on  the  inventories.   Pants,  shirts,  and  vests 
appeared  rarely,  probably  because  the  general  store  could  not  compete  with  the 


182  References  to  canned  food  indicate  that  it  was  scarce  and  expensive.  Two  cans  of  peas  appear  in  the  listing  of  the  sale 
of  the  Isaac  Rose  property  in  Jefferson  County  in  1854  selling  for  $.31  each.  In  the  same  inventory,  a  working  shirt  sold  for 
$.40,  and  four  pounds  of  prunes  for  $.24. 

1M  Admiral  William  Edward  Parry  took  canned  roasted  veal  on  his  voyage  in  search  of  a  northwest  passage  in  1824.  Alec 
Davis  asserts  that  "the  first  satisfactory  method  of  food  preservation  in  containers  was  evolved  in  France  early  in  the  nineteenth 
century,  to  feed  Napoleon's  armies."    Davis,  Package  and  Print:  Development  of  Container  and  Isabel  Design,  p.  80. 

60 


price  and  variety  available  in  the  local  ready-made  clothing  stores.   Personal  items 
like  hair  accessories,  cologne,  toothbrushes,  and  luggage  were  also  available. 

Some  stores  stocked  stationery  and  books.   Generally,  the  majority  of  books  were 
schoolbooks,  including  such  classics  as  the  McGuffey  Reader  series.   Bibles  and 
hymnbooks  were  also  popular.   Naturally,  writing  paper,  pens,  pencils,  ink, 
envelopes,  slates,  and  slate  pencils  were  also  readily  available.   The  musically 
inclined  could  acquire  jews  harps  or  violin  strings. 

The  stores  that  carried  hardware  usually  stocked  a  variety  of  hand  tools,  locks, 
nails,  and  other  fasteners.   Harness  and  grooming  supplies  were  often  listed  in  the 
inventories.   Plows  and  other  agricultural  equipment  were  available  for  the 
farmer.   The  hunter  could  supply  himself  with  guns  and  ammunition,  while  the 
fisherman  could  acquire  fishing  line  and  hooks.   Those  who  preferred  to  be 
independent  of  the  local  shoemaker  and  repairer  could  purchase  shoemaking 
supplies. 

Illustrations  of  general  stores  in  the  nineteenth  century  invariably  show  a 
cramped  and  cluttered  interior.   Some  stores  tried  to  impose  an  order  on  the 
display  by  putting  grocery  items  on  one  side  of  the  store  room  (usually  the  right) 
and  dry  goods  on  the  other.   Glass,  hardware,  and  crockery  were  often  located  to 
the  rear  of  the  store.184   Certain  store  fittings  appear  to  have  been  standard. 
Candy  was  typically  stored  in  large  glass  jars  and  tea  in  metal  canisters,  both  on 
shelves  behind  the  counter.   Frequently  barrels,  sacks  of  food,  or  other  large  items 
were  slumped  on  the  floor.   At  least  one  set  of  scales  and  weights  stood  on  the 
counter,  as  well  as  wrapping  paper  and  string.   Paper  bags,  which  did  not  become 
widely  available  until  after  the  Civil  War,  appear  locally  in  the  1863  inventory  of 
goods  in  Thomas  Rawlins  hardware  store.185  More  commonly,  tea,  coffee,  spices 
or  other  "dry"  items  would  be  weighed  and  wrapped  in  paper,  as  evidenced  by 
such  entries  as  the  listing  of  "7  papers  polishing  powders"  in  an  1857  inventory  of 
Israel  Russell's  business.186 

Goods  once  viewed  as  luxury  items  became  increasingly  common  as  improvements 
in  the  transportation  systems  of  the  latter  half  of  the  nineteenth  century  affected 
the  volume  and  variety  of  merchandise  offered  for  sale.   As  railroads  replaced  the 
canals  as  the  major  transporter,  merchants  were  able  to  purchase  goods  at  lower 
prices.   Better  and  cheaper  transportation  also  encouraged  farmers  to  specialize  in 
cash  crops,  freeing  farmers  from  the  need  to  patronize  a  single  store  which 


1M   Larry  Freeman,  The  Country  Store,  (Watkins  Glen,  NY:   Century  House,  1955),  p.  18. 
1M  Will  Book  16/17.   Addendum,  p.  15,  JCC. 
186  Deed  Book  15,  pp.  236-40,  JCC. 

61 


assigned  them  credit  for  groceries  and  clothing.187   In  Harpers  Ferry,  deed  books 
document  the  local  practice  of  assigning  the  wages  and  powers  of  attorney  of 
armory  workers  to  town  merchants  as  settlement  on  outstanding  bills.188 

The  increasing  trend  towards  a  cash-based  system  in  the  mid-nineteenth  century 
helped  to  offset  the  control  of  merchants  over  workers  and  farmers.   The  stores  in 
Harpers  Ferry  reflect  this  change  in  business.   In  an  announcement  of  his  store's 
opening  (in  park  building  45),  John  Price  notifies  the  public  that  since  his  dry 
goods  and  grocery  establishment  will  be  "selling  exclusively  for  Cash,  he  is 
enabled  to  sell  at  lower  prices  than  at  credit  Stores...."  189  Thomas  Peacher,  who 
operated  a  business  at  the  corner  of  Shenandoah  and  High  Streets  (park  building 
12)  advertised  in  1856  that: 

....[he]  would  respectfully  inform  his  friends  and  the  public  generally,  that  he  has 
opened  a  large  and  well  selected  stock  of  Dry  Goods,  Groceries,  Queensware,  Books, 
Shoes,  Hats,  Caps,  &c.  in  the  Store  Room  known  as  "Stephenson's  Corner"  [sic] 
being  on  the  corner  of  Main  and  High  Streets,  to  which  he  invites  the  attention  of 
all  who  desire  to  buy  CHEAP  for  cash.   Our  goods  having  been  purchased  for  cash 
we  are  enabled  to  sell  25  to  50  per  [sic]  cheaper  than  can  be  bought  elsewhere.190 

However,  some  merchants  continued  to  accept  produce  in  exchange  for  goods. 
James  McGraw,  who  operated  grocery  and  liquor  stores  on  Shenandoah  Street, 
advertised  that  he  would  take  corn  in  exchange  for  merchandise  as  late  as 
1876. 191 

In  the  early  nineteenth  century,  most  merchants  made  yearly  buying  trips  to 
major  cities  or  wholesale  centers.   Since  goods  tended  to  be  scarce  in  the  earlier 
years,  merchants  purchased  whatever  was  available.192  However,  by  mid- 
century  transportation  had  improved  to  the  point  that  merchants  could  easily 
travel  twice  a  year  to  large  eastern  cities  where  a  hugh  selection  of  dry  goods, 
clothing,  and  other  items  were  readily  available.   Most  merchants  purchased  stock 
in  spring  and  fall  to  accommodate  their  customers  clothing  and  dry  goods  needs 
during  the  changing  seasons.   Over  and  over  the  headlines  announce  the  arrival  of 
new  stock: 


Freeman,  The  Country  Store,  p.  23. 


Deed  Book  31,  p.  25,  JCC.    In  this  example,  A.  McCan,  an  armory  worker,  gave  his  power  of  attorney  to  W.  Anderson 
&  Co.,  as  well  as  assigning  his  wages  to  Anderson  &  Co.  for  January-July,  1850. 


IM 


1DO 


Virginia  Free  Press,  January  24,  1856,  p.  2. 

Ibid. 

1,1   NPS,  HAFE  Package  116,  Historic  Structures  Report,  History  Section,  p.  24. 
192  Freeman,  The  Country  Store,  pp.  24-25. 

62 


Great  excitement!   Fresh  and  New  styles  of  spring  and  summer  Goods 


193 


Latest  Arrival.   We  have  now  completed  opening  our  stock  of  Fall  and  Winter 
Goods.194 

Just  arrived,  new  and  cheap.   The  undersigned  has  just  returned  from  the  Eastern 
Markets  with  the  largest  and  most  complete  stock  of  Goods  he  has  ever  offered  at 

,,  •        i  195 

this  place. 

Both  railroad  and  canal  facilitated  the  transportation  of  these  goods  to  Harpers 
Ferry.   By  the  Civil  War,  a  complex  transportation  network  allowed  the 
distribution  of  an  amazing  quantity  of  goods  across  most  of  the  country.   Although 
many  products  were  sold  in  sophisticated  packages,  the  bulk  of  items  in  a  general 
store  were  sold  the  way  they  had  been  for  centuries,  singly  or  in  packages  made 
up  by  the  storekeeper.   To  become  more  competitive,  many  storekeepers  insisted 
on  a  cash  only  policy,  although  the  barter  system  hung  on  in  small  towns  through 
the  nineteenth  century.   Thus,  before  the  Civil  War,  the  groundwork  was  laid  for 
the  great  changes  in  merchandising  that  would  occur  in  the  last  decades  of  the 
century. 


193  Virginia  Free  Press,  August  11,  1859,  p.  1,  col.  2. 

194  Ibid.,  October  21,  1858,  p.  3,  col.  2. 
198   Ibid.,  April  20,  1854,  p.  3,  col.  2. 

63 


&     Location  of  General  Store/Dry  Goods  Merchants  in  Harpers  Ferrv   1850-1865 

y  v:  x 


EVIDENCE  OF  ORIGINAL  FURNISHINGS 

Discussion  of  Sources 

The  furnishings  plan  for  the  general  store  is  based  on  evidence  from  inventories, 
advertisements,  and  illustrations  from  the  mid-nineteenth  century.   Inventories 
were  collected  from  Jefferson  and  Loudoun  counties  for  the  years  1850-1860.   An 
inventory  was  selected  if  it  specifically  mentioned  that  it  contained  articles  from  a 
general  or  dry  goods  store;  if  it  was  the  inventory  of  a  known  general  or  dry  goods 
merchant;  or  if  it  seemed  to  contain  a  quantity  or  variety  of  items  too  large  for 
personal  use.   A  total  of  11  potentially  useful  inventories  were  collected  and  are 
reproduced  in  this  report. 

Some  inventories  are  more  complete  than  others.   Generally,  inventories  or  lists  of 
sales  of  the  estate  of  a  deceased  merchant  have  been  judged  to  be  the  most 
complete  and,  therefore,  most  accurately  reflect  the  contents  of  the  store.     A  list  of 
items  in  a  deed  of  trust  is  useful  because  it  indicates  the  kinds  of  things  in  a 
particular  store,  but  it  is  probably  not  complete  since  the  owner  usually  selected 
specific  items  to  use  as  collateral. 

Inventories  were  examined  from  both  Jefferson  and  Loudoun  counties  in  order  to 
get  a  broad  view  of  store  merchandise  while  staying  in  the  same  geographic  area. 
With  a  few  minor  exceptions,  the  list  of  furnishings  is  based  solely  on  the 
inventory  of  Thomas  Dorrell  of  Loudoun  County.   Close  comparisons  of  all  the 
inventories  revealed  that  the  Dorrell  inventory  was  the  most  appropriate  choice 
for  this  exhibit  in  terms  of  time  period,  quantity  of  merchandise,  and  variety  of 
stock.   Using  one  inventory  exclusively  assures  that  the  refurnishing  represents 
the  actual  contents  of  a  particular  store,  and  is  not  simply  a  compilation  of  typical 
general  store  items.   This  approach  will  result  in  the  most  historically  accurate 
interior  possible,  given  the  constraints  of  available  evidence. 

However,  inventories  do  not  usually  give  information  concerning  the  placement  of 
each  item.   For  this  information  this  report  depends  on  comparative  pictorial 
evidence,  consisting  largely  of  lithographs,  paintings,  drawings,  billheads,  and 
advertising  material.   This  pictorial  evidence  dates  from  the  1850s  through  the 
end  of  the  nineteenth  century,  although  considerably  more  weight  has  been  placed 
on  the  earlier  evidence. 

Finally,  advertisements  from  local  newspapers  for  shops  in  Harpers  Ferry  and  the 
surrounding  communities  supplied  information  on  what  was  available  at  nearby 
stores. 


65 


Inventories 

The  following  inventories  have  been  edited  and  reorganized  into  categories  to 
facilitate  comparisons.   In  most  inventories  the  prices  for  each  item  listed  have 
been  deleted  to  save  space.   No  objects  have  been  deleted  from  the  inventories; 
however,  some  items  have  been  combined.   For  example,  if  100  yards  of  calico  was 
listed  in  the  original  inventory  in  five  20  yard  lots,  the  fabric  was  listed  in  the 
edited  inventory  simply  as  "100  yards  calico."   The  items  have  been  divided  into 
the  following  categories:   food  and  containers;  housewares;  clothing  and 
accessories;  dry  goods  and  notions;  hardware;  books  and  supplies;  and  store 
supplies.   This  arrangement  assists  the  reader  in  ascertaining  the  particular 
specialty  of  a  store,  if  one  existed,  or  at  least  the  relative  emphases  placed  on 
different  kinds  of  stock. 

The  following  inventories  are  reproduced  in  this  report: 

Thomas  S.  Dorrell,  Loudoun  County,  Va.,  1854 

Harpers  Ferry  or  Bolivar  inventories: 

William  Chambers  (Harpers  Ferry  or  Bolivar),  1858 
Israel  Russell  (Harpers  Ferry),  1857 
Beckham  and  Coons  (Harpers  Ferry),  1856 
Isaac  Fleming  (Harpers  Ferry),  1853 

Other  Jefferson  County  inventories: 

Singleton  Chambers,  1859 

Margaret  House,  1856 

Joseph  T.  Grantham,  1853 

Isaac  Rose,  1854 

Dolphin  Drew,  1856 

Joseph  Myers  (Myerstown),  1867 

Thomas  Rawlins,  1863 

Other  Loudoun  County  inventories: 

James  Johnston,  1854 
Benjamin  D.  Rathie,  1859 
S.  Mahlon  Nichols,  1859 
James  H.  Nichols,  1856 


66 


INVENTORY  of  THOMAS  S.  DORRELL 

Loudoun  County 

1854 


Food  and  Containers 


99  [lbs?]  Rice 

Jar  &  Prunes 

26  Pepper 

11  Jars  &  Candy 

387  [lbs?]  Brown  Sugar 

Lot  of  Pickels 

14  lbs.  Ginger 

1  Box  &  Wafers 

1  Box  Cigars 
222  [lbs?]  Coffee 
30  Molasses 
Barrell  &  Mackrell 

2  Barrells  &  Herring 
Lot  of  Lard  Gross 
Barrell  &  Salt 

43  1/4  lbs.  Tea 
6  lbs.  Tea 
11  lbs.  Salratis 
Meat  Hogshead 

5  Midlings  New  lbs.  92 
Lot  Nettlest?] 

15  lbs.  Allspice 
Pipes  Gross 

1  Bot  Snuff 

I  3/4  lbs.  Nut  Megs 
Box  &  Ginger 

4  [lbs?]  Palm  Nuts 

6  doz  Bottles 

6  1/2  p  Bottles 
8  Twists  Tobacco 
146  lbs  Tobacco 
Chocolate 
8  Mustard 

16  lbs.  Coffee 

3  Bunches  Nettlest?] 
Beans 

II  Castor  Oil 

1  Doz.  Peppermint 

Cloth  &  Sage 

1  1/4  Cloves 

1  Paper  Baking  Pd 

20  Ga.  Malaga  Wine 

1  Bottle  of  Cod  Liver  Oil 

Lot  of  meat 

Segars 


2  Doz  Bottles 
Bag  of  Onion  Seed 
Damaged  lbs.  50 
4  Black  Tea 
Bag  &  Coffee 
87  Ga.  Whiskey 
Barrell  &  Crackers 

2  lbs.  Tea 

3  Whiskey  Barrels 

4  Black  Tea  Ballance 
Lot  of  Oatmeal 

5  Flour  Barrels 
5  Soles  lbs.  40 

3  Shoulders  lbs.  46 

3  Hams  lbs.  78 

5  Shoulders  lbs.  96 

35  Ga.  French  Brandy 

Salt  &  Sack 

5  1/2  Potatoes 

5  Potatoes 

5  Midlings  New  lbs.  102 

38  Ga.  Rum 

4  Hams   lbs.  64 

5  Potatoes 

Housewares 

6  Bowles 

8  Glass  Plates 

5  Brooms 

3  Teapot 
2  TeaPot 

4  Knives 
2  Jugs 

6  Chambers 

5  Dishes 

2  Pictures  &  Frames 
8  Pen  Knives 

6  Tumblers 

26  Small  Mugs 

6  Bowles 

6  Bowls  Common 

4  Bowles 

1  Stone  Jar 

5  Bowles 


67 


T.S.  Dorrell  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


2  pr  Pitchers 

1  pr  Decanters  broke 
8  pr  Decanters 
38  Tumblers 
12  Soap 
1  pr  Dish 

3  Plates 

1  pr  Decanters 

2  Comforts 
1  Waiter 

1  Waiter  Large 
10  Blankets 

1  Bottle 
6  Bowles 

3  1/2  Doz  plates 

5  Comforts 

2  Pitchers 

2  Glass  Lamps 
Cups  &  Saucers 
15  [?]  Soap 
Waiters 

3  Pitchers 
2  Teapots 

6  Bowles 

4  Jugs 

2  Cream  Mugs 

5  1/2  Starch 

Wash  Bowl  &  Pitcher 
8  P.  Knives 

6  lbs.  Starch 

101  1/2  [lbs?]  Soap 
Soap  Fat 
Bedstead 

4  Knives 

3  Linen  Towels 

1  Table 

2  Stone  Jars 

116  3/5  boxes  B.  Candles 
98  Cups 

1  Long  Eight  Day  Clock 

2  Spittoons 
Stove  &c 

6  Butcher  Knives 

5  Salt  Sets 
10  Soap 

2  Brooms 
1  Broom 
Lounge 


6  Cups  &  Saucers 

Sad  Irons 

12  [lbs?]  Soap 

1  Sconce  &  Pitcher 

1  Pitcher  &  Bowles 

3  Shaving  Glasses 

Lot  of  Carpet 

Sieve 

Tray  &  Spoon 

Shovel  &  Tongs 

lRug 

20  Salts 

3  1/2  Doz.  Spoons 
6  Pictures 

15  Mugs 

6  Cups  &  Saucers 

5  Grators 

Lot  of  Cracked  Jugs 
1  P.  Kettle 
Lot  Bowles  &c 

16  Bowles 

6  Plates 
Dish  &  Plates 
1  Jug 

1  Large  Basket 
1  Sieve 

Clothing  and  Accessories 

4  pr.  Shoes 

1  Bead  Bag 
48  pr.  Shoes 

2  pr.  Boots 
2  Colongne 
10  pr.  Combs 

2  Coats 

3  pr.  Boots 
10  pr.  Gloves 

9  prs  Boots 

2  Vials  No.  6 
8  pr  Shoes 

10  pr.  Gloves  Ballance 

3  pr.  Pants 

2  pr.  Boots 

3  Vests 

1  pr.  Pants 
8  Umbrellas 

4  Hands 


68 


T.S.  Dorrell  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


25  Silk  Hands 
8  Blk  Hands 

1  pr  Drawers 

2  Net  Shirts 

3  pr.  Pants 
2  Coats 

2  Vests 

4  Pr  Drawers 
4  Shirts 

2  Shirts 
4  Hats 

4  Carpet  Bags 
2  Port  Monies 
32  pr.  Hose 

15  Purses 

4  B  Purses  paid 

8  pr  Socks 

9  P.  Books 
Lot  combs 
22  pr.  combs 

10  pr.  Gloves 
7  Straw  Hats 
60  Combs 

6  side  combs 

12  pr.  side  combs 
50  Combs 
2  Vests 

1  Shawl 

2  Combs 
Lot  Combs 

2  Neck  [Handkerchiefs?] 

7  Silk  Hats 
1  Shawl 

8  P.  Suspenders 
6  Side  Combs 
24  Combs 

1  Hdf. 

1  Shawl 

1  Shirt 

Socks  Little 

12  Pocket  [Handkerchiefs?] 

Marbles 

16  prs.  Shoes 
41  Fine  Combs 

1  Handkerchief 

2  Razor  Strop 

5  Umbrellas 

1  Handkerchief 


2  Handkerchiefs  Gingham 

3  Handkerchiefs  Cotton 
13  pr.  Shoes 

ICoat 

30  Caps 

1  pr  Shoes 

5  Coats 

20  Vests 

5  pr.  Pants 

5  Vests 

Lot  Shoe  Strings 

7  Vests 

1  Satin  Vest 

1  Handkerchief 

20  Gingham  Hdf 

1  Vest 

5  Coats 

1  Shawl 

7  pr  Pants 

3  Coat  Pants 

1  pr  Pants 

22  pr  Suspenders 

2  Vests 
1  Coat 

1  Carpet  Bag 

9  Pocket  Boxes 

2  Cloth  Coats 

3  Vests 

5  Handkerchiefs 

10  Handkerchiefs 

1  Carpet  Bag 
ICoat 

3  pr  Socks 

2  Trunks 
Coat  &  Hackle 
I.O.O.F.  Regalia 
I.O.O.F.  Regalia 
1  Gold  Watch 

11  pr  Shoes 

I  Brush 

II  Suspenders 
1  pr  Shoes 

1  Vest 
Trunk 
1  Cloth  Coat 

3  pr  Shoes 

5  Slippers 

6  pr  Boots 


69 


T.S.  Dorrell  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


27  pr  shoes 

3  pr  Shoes  Woman 

6  pr  Shoes  Mens 

Trunk 

1  Trunk 

1  pr  Girls  Shoes 

1  Shawl 

Pants  &c 

1  Parasol 

1  Vest 

1  Coat 

1  Parasol 

1  pr  Pants 

15  Handkerchiefs  Gingn 

1  pr  Shoes 
Coat  Linen 

2  Razor  Strops 

2  pr  Shoes  Off 

3  pr  Shoes 
1  Vest 

1  pr  Pants 
1  pr  pants 

1  Green  Jacket 

6  pr  Gloves 

Dry  Goods  and  Notions 

Lot  of  Remmants 

31  Twilled  Cotton 

74  3/4  yds.  Cotton  Drilling 

33  V2  Calico 

11  yds.  Netting 

65  yds.  Laurel  DB 

29  yds.  Laurel  D.  Cotton 

39  yds.  Shirting 

15  yds.  Long  Cloth 

39  yds.  Cotton  B 

54  1/2  Calico 

23  Calico  Mouslin 

311/4  yds.  Laurel  B 

96  1/2  yds.  Cotton 

7  yds.  Cotton 

2  Lots  of  Needles 

8  Balls  Tape 
Box  &  Cord 
Lot  of  Thimbles 
14  yds.  Calico 
Box  &  Buttons 


Lot  of  Knitting  n 
1  Gross  Whalbone 

3  Gross  Buttons 
1  Lot  Buttons 

42  Cotton  Wadding 

12  1/2  yds.  Alpaca 
1  Lot  Vest  Buttons 
Lot  Buttons 

9  Doz.  sfkeins?]  Silk 

Lot  of  Pins 

1  Lot  Buttons  Coat 

1  Doz.  stkeins?]  Silk  Twist 

1  Lot  of  Buttons  &c 

13  Flannel 

27  yds.  Flannel 

30  Gingham 

24  Furniture  Calico 

4  1/2  Plad  Cotton 

24  yds.  Satin  Drilling 
16  yds.  Calico 
102  yds.  Calico 
111/4  Paper  Gingham 
26  yds.  Gingham 
511/2  yds.  Gingham 

5  yds.  Calico 

8  Satinette 
12  Cotton 

16  Red  Flannel 

1  yds  Jeans 

4  1/2  yds.  Tweed 

24  yds.  Linen  Drilling 
7  3/4  yds.  Hollan 

238  yds.  Calico 
40  1/4  yds.  Calico 

32  yds.  Cotton 
196  3/4  yds.  Calico 
4  3/4  yds.  Gingham 
11  3/4  Plaid  Cotton 

9  1/4  Flannel  White 
69  1/2  yds.  Calico 

17  1/4  Gingham 

25  Plad  Cotton 

2  Lots  Boss 

6  yds.  Calico 
1  Coat  Cloth 

33  1/2  Cambric 
4  Marino 

1  Coat  Cloth 


70 


T.S.  Dorrell  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


1  Bomba.  Cloth 

215  yds.  Black  Cotton 

2  Cloth 

3  1/2  Cottonade 
8  Cottonade 
178  1/2  Calico 

8  1/2  yds.  Undressed 

10  Calico 

7  Calico  Ballance 
32  Calico 

40  Calico 
24  Calico 
3  Cotton 

19  1/2  Canton  Flannel 

11  Linen  Drilling 
3  3/4  Linsey 

1  3/4  Cambric 
6  Calico 

27  yds.  Edging 
Thimbles 

F.  Hooks 
15  Calico 

6  yds  Cotton 
Tape 

2  Hooks  &  Eyes 
Lace 

2  Boxes  Hooks  &  Eyes 
Bundle  Tape 
Hooks  &  Eyes 
Hooks  &  Eyes 
Coat  Check 
Coat  Check 

7  yds  Cotton 
19  yds  Cotton 

8  Padding 

17  Cotton  Jeans 

28  yds  Cambric  Green 
5  yds  Tweed 

41  1/2  Ticking 
8  Flannel 

10  yds  Twilled  Cotton 

Jeans 

7  Cottonade 

7  3/4  Table  Diaper 

2  Vest  Patrons 

2  yds  Tweed 

19  Cotton  Jeans 

20  yds  Twilled  Cotton 


6  Linen  Drilling 
21  Bed  Ticking 
1  Doz.  Boss 

9  1/2  Calico 

1  Piece  of  Cloth 
54  yds.  Calico 

107  3/4  yds.  Calico 

2  Vest  Patrons 
23  yds.  Cotton 

2  yds.  Casimore 

5  1/2  yds.  Calico 

11  3/4  yds.  Mouslin 

3  1/2  yds.  Ticking 
13  yds.  Calico 

10  yds.  C.  Cambric 
8  [?]  Thread 

11  Doz.  Boss 
Lot  of  Boss 

20  172  yds.  Calico 

19  yds.  Green  Cambric 

7  1/2  yds  Cotton 

20  yds.  Cambric 

11  yds.  Cambric  Ballance 
16  Calico 

7  3/4  yds.  Gingham 

6  Check 

15  3/4  yds.  F.W.D.  Cotton 

10  yds.  Cotton 

2  1/2  yds.  Flannel 

Box  &  Buttons 

6  Check 

Box  &  Buttons 

10  1/2  Cottonade 

10  Check 

2  yds.  Vesting 

3  yds.  Satinette 
Vest  Patron  Satin 
2  1/2  yds.  Sirge 

27  3/4  yds.  Irish  Linen 

8  Linsey 
10  Ticking 

2  Jeans 

3  Satinet 

9  3/4  Satinet 


71 


T.S.  Dorrell  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


Hardware 

IKeg 

1  Wheel 

2  Barrels 
1  Hinge 

Lot  Brick  Mould 
Shot  &  Box 

1  Shot  Gun 
Chain  &c 
Barrel  Keg 

4  Barrels 
Keg 
Tub 

5  Old  Barrels 
5  Barrels 

Lot  of  Old  Lumber 

Lot  of  Plank 

Barrell  &c 

Lot  of  Plank 

Wheel  Barrow 

Ax 

Ax  &  Saw 

2  Water  Buckets 
Large  Iron  Pot 
Dog  Iron 
Barrell 

IKeg 
Wheel 

1  Barrell 
Wood 
Hogshead 

Lot  of  Lumber  (House) 

Saw 

Castor 

72  lbs.  Shot 

14  3/4  lbs.  Powder 

Rope  &  Brown? 

Barrell  &  Lime 

8  Lock  Pad 

Mowing  Scythe 

2  Barrels 
Keg  &  Pot 
Spade 
Shingles 
Hoe 

Sheep  Shears 
Percussion  Caps 


2  Spades 

77  lbs.  8  p[?]  Nails 

Flints 

2  lbs.  Indigo 

1  Pistol 

2  Doz.  Tacks 
2  Castors 
3835  P.  Caps 
Box  of  Glass 

4  1/4  doz.  Tacks 
Tap  Borer 
Curry  Comb 
4  1/2  Saltpeter 
Lot  of  Cork 
20  lbs.  Saltpetre 
19  Pasteboard 

2  Gross  Matches 
Peg  Cutter  &c 
15  Blacking 

I  Spade 
Saddle  Bags 

9  Blk  Brushes 

18  Lines  or  Bed  Cord 

15  Cow  Hides 

7  Lines 

4  Buckets 

4  White  Wash  B 

Books  and  Supplies 

3  Books 

II  Pencils  Lead 

1  Testament 

2  Vol.  History  of  the  World 
2  Books 

Robinson  Crusa 
30  Paper 

8  Books 

9  1/2  Quires  Paper 
Lot  Slate  Pnecils 
Book  &c 

1  Book 

2  Boxes  Pens 
Envelopes 


72 


T.S.  Dorrell  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


Store  Supplies 

Sundries 

Lot  of  Bags 

Sundries 

Lot  of  Boxes 

Boxes  &c 

Fancy  Box 

Lot  of  Old  Barrels 

1  Ream  W  Paper 

2  Balls  Twine 
Lot  of  Boxes 
Tobacco  Knife 
14  Small  Boxes 
Sundries 

21  Canisters 

1/2  Bushel  Measure 

Counter  Scales 

2  Canisters 
Scales  &  Weights 

3  Sacks 
2  Scoops 

1  Gal  Measure  &c 
Lot  of  Measure 
Boxes  Lot 
Box  &c 

1  Box 

Lot  of  Boxes 
Boxes  &c 
Wrapping  Paper 

2  Sacks 

1  Ledger 
Scale  Beam  &c 
Wrapping  Paper 

Personal  Items 

4  Shirts 

2  Towels 
Straw  Bed 
Straw  Bed 
1  Blanket 
1  Blanket 

3  Quilts 

Lot  of  Curtains 
Table  Cloths 
Looking  Glass 
1  pr.  Bolster  Cases 


4  Pillow  Slips 

Cradle 

1  Counterpane 

1  Box 

Lot  of  Sundries 
Lot  of  Boxes 

2  Bags  Shot 

3  Boxes  &c 
Box  &  Wood 
Straw  Bed 
Feather  Bed  2  pieces 

4  Quilts 
Cot 

Lot  of  Sundries 

Feather  Bed  2  pieces 

26  yds  Carpet  (good) 

Lot  of  Ironware 

Table  Cover 

Griddle 

Cupboard 

Cook  Stove 

Box  &  Bucket 

Bedstead  Trundle 

1  Stove 

1  Bureau 

1  Clock 

Table 

Stuffer 

Oven  &  Lid 

1  pr.  Bedstead 

15  yds  Carpet  (rug) 

Looking  Glass 

1  Table  &  Cover 

1  Table  &  Cover  (good) 

6  Chairs,  Cane  Seats 

6  Chairs 

Skillet 

Sofa 

Sad  Irons 

Shovel  &  Tongs 

1  pr  Blankets 

Unknown 

Lot  of  Bats 
Soats[?] 


73 


INVENTORY  of  WILLIAM  CHAMBERS 

Harpers  Ferry  or  Bolivar 

1858 


Food  and  containers 


Housewares 


270  Cigars 
Calomel 

19  Bottles  Essences 

5  Bottles  No.  6 

6  Bottles  S.  Lavender 

1  Bottle  Laudanum 

6  Bottle  hive  syrup 
13  Bottles  paregoric 

2  Bottles  Castor  oil 

21  Bottles  packages  -  E.  Coffee 

22  lbs.  s.  snuff 
4  lbs  Candies 
2  lbs  Lickorice 

2  3/4  lbs  Allspice 
49  Tobacco 

32  lbs.  black  Pepper 

1  1/2  Tea 

33  lbs.  Ginger 

7  lbs  Al spice 
11  lbs.  B.  soda 

3  gals,  molasses 

2  W.  Barrels 

10  gals,  vinegar 

1  vin-Barrel 

32  bush  Bran  &  shorts 
61  lbs.  S.  sugar 
173  bble  mackerel 

20  1/4  lbs.  Candy 
6  Bush  potatoes 
6  12  oz.  mace 

93  1/2  lbs.  coffee 
120  lbs.  sugar 

21  lbs.  Rice 

2  sacks  of  salt 


24  B.  Candle  Wick 
2  salt  Boxes 

9  sheets  wadding 
15  Comforts 

8  Blacking  Brushes 

2  brass  -  C.  sticks 

4  pair  snuffers 
17  lbs.  Candles 

25  yds.  blind  paper 

3  tin  Buckets 

7  wash  pans 

3  tin  dinner  Buckets 

1  tea  Kettle 

5  coffee  pots 

11  tin  cups 

2  frying  pans 

2  Grid  Irons 

10  common  Pitchers 

3  Tea  pots 

55  glass  Tumblers 

12  -  Dishes 
12  -  plates 

8  -  mugs 

6  -  sugar  Bowls 

1/2  doze,  cups  &  saucers 

9  clothes  Lines 

7  w.  wash  Brushes 
64  cakes  soap 

1  1/8  lbs  starch 

100  Candles 

5  1/4  yds.  Rag  Carpet 

42  lbs.  Hard  soap 

1  Glass  Jar  and  Camphene 

1  pair  C.  sticks 

1  stone  Jar  &  Bowl 

29  lbs  -  washing  soda 

37  Corn  Brooms 

10  Buckets 
35  lbs  starch 
20  lbs.  Powder 

1  stone  Jar 

2  pans  &  Bucket 

4  flat  irons 


74 


W.  Chambers  Inventory,  1858  (con't) 


Clothing  and  accessories 

1  B.  fur  Hat 
1  pair  T  Clothes 

1  pair  pants 
13  Fans 

2  W  shawls 

2  Parasols 

15  L.  Handkerchiefs 
1  shawl 

163  pairs  of  shoes  (various  prices) 

21  pairs  of  Boots 

52  pairs  white  Hose 

61  pairs  colored  Hose 

8  pair  Black  Hose 

13  pair  m?  &  B  sock 

38  pair  C.  stockings 

3  Fans 

6  Watch  Guards 
3  purses 

29  silk  Handkfs. 
57  Cotton  Handkfs. 

I  Cotton  shawl 

3  razor  strops 

10  pairs  white  C.  Gloves 

16  pairs  Ladies  kid  Gloves 

4  pair  Gentleman's  kid  Gloves 
49  pairs  black  C  Gloves 

10  pairs  woollen  Gloves 

7  pairs  Bows  Suspenders 

II  pairs  mens  Suspenders 
1  pair  B.  Hose 

21  pairs  hair  pins 

8  pairs  S.  Combs 

18  1/2  pairs  tuck  Combs 

20  pairs  pocket  Combs 

7  fine  pocket  Combs 

10  straw  Hats 

4  neck  ties 

3  B  silk  Handkf 

7  Hats 

12  Caps 

1  black  satin  vest 


7  yds  of  green  Flannel 

28  1/2  yds  of  white  Flannel 
38  1/2  yds  of  Red  Flannel 
1/2  yds  of  white  Flannel 
26  yds  of  Cassinett 
10  1/4  yds.  Casimere 

8  1/2  yds.  Tweed 

17  3/4  yds.  K  Jeanes 
2  1/2  yds.  Plaid 
70  Cotton  Bats 

25  yds.  Lawn 

5  1/4  yds.  Gingham 
17  1/8  mouslin 
122  3/4  black  Cambric 
10  3/4  yds  K  -  Jeans 
68  yds  Cambric 

34  yds  Calico 

283  yds  Gingham  (various  prices) 
117  3/4  yds  Domestic  Cotton 
22  1/2  yds  Plaid 
55  yds  Alpacka 
19  1/4  yds.  mouslin 

35  1/2  yds.  Alpacka 
22  1/2  yds  Linen 
42  yds  P.  Cambric 
19  1/4  yds  B  Holland 
22  1/2  yds.  C.  Diaper 
41  1/2  yds.  B.  cotton 
34  yds  B.  Holland 

26  yds.  C.  Drilling 
40  yds.  Check 

37  yds.  Ticking 
5  yds  Cotton 

34  3/4  yds  Drilling 

197  yds  Cotton  (various  prices) 

7  1/4  yds.  of  C.  Shirting 

16  1/4  yds.  of  Gingham 

38  yds.  of  Der  Baise 

1  3/4  yds.  of  B  Holland 

768.75  yds  Calico  (various  prices) 

14  3/4  yds.  Nankeen 

212.25  yds.  unbleached  cotton 

27  1/4  yds.  Cotton  Flannel 


Dry  goods  and  notions 

Dry  goods  sold  in  126  lots. 
18  1/2  yds  of  cotton  Flannel 


75 


W.  Chambers  Inventory,  1858  (con't) 


29  1/4  yds.  C.  Calico 

47  3/4  yds  Irish  Linen 

30  1/4  B.  muslin 

6  1/4  yds.  Casimuslin 
10  yds.  Casinet 

23  3/4  yds  C.  Fringe 
15  yds  B.  mouslin 

50  1/4  yds  Debaise 
12  1/4  yds  Diaper 
10  5/8  yds.  satinet 
3/4  yd.  B.  silk 

2  3/8  yds.  B.  satin 
75  1/4  yds.  Cambric 

7  1/4  yds.  Green  Bilrage(?) 

2  yards  Brown  Bilrage(?) 
77  3/4  worsted 

17  1/2  doz.  Brass  Buttons 

57  2/3  B.  horn  Buttons 

9  5/6  B.  w.  Buttons 

14  2/3  doz.  B.  Lasting  buttons 

12  1/2  doz.  B.  horn  Buttons 
17  5/6  doz.  B.  Lasting  Buttons 
9  Doz.  B.  silk  Buttons 

3  1/2  doz  B.  Jet  Buttons 

8  doz.  mole  Buttons 

75  1/4  doz  C  shirt  Buttons 
19  1/2  doz.  pearl  Buttons 
7  doz.  Pins 

48  3/4  yds.  of  B.  Crepe 
79  pieces  Black  Binding 

13  pieces  Tape 

3  1/2  lbs.  skein  Cotton 
1  lb.  Thread 

7  1/4  doz  whalebones 
42  Bunches  Bobinet 
6  steel  p.  Beads 

93  Thimbles 

8  pieces  silk  Braid 

1  1/2  doz.  gilt  Buttons 
1/2  lbs.  sewing  silk 
1  vest  pattern 
Remnant  of  Calico 

51  1/12  doz.  spool  Boss 
3  5/12  doz.  Cord 

3  doz.  Braid 

4  spools  Floss 

39  skeins  worsted 

1  1/2  lbs.  knitting  Cotton 


9  paper  needles 
7  sets  knitting  needles 
17  cards  hooks  &  eyes 
13  1/2  doz  silk  Buttons 
62  3/4  yds.  Fringe 
245  3/4  yds.  Lace 
415  1/4  yds.  Ribbon 

Hardware 

3  Curry  Combs 

2  paint  Brushes 

1  gross  screws 

4  pairs  shears 

9  pairs  scissors 

5  plane  Bitts 

6  large  Gimblets 
11  small  Gimblets 
16  saw  Files 

29  doz  Screws 

5  pad  Locks 

3  butcher  Knives 

26  pairs  4  in.  Hinges 

7  1/2  pairs  3  in.  Hinges 

8  pairs  1  1/2  in.  Hinges 
11  pen  Knives 

11  barlow  knives 

6  small  pen  knives 
179  papers  of  Tacks 
3  1/2  lbs.  Indigo 

3  Hoes 

3  mason's  Lines 

10  balls  Twine 

13  1/4  dose  F.  Hooks 

4  Latches 

2  Door  Locks 
39  lbs.  shot 

1  Tobacco  Knife 
273  lbs.  nails 

8  pitchforks 

2  Rakes 

2  spades  &  Hoe 

11  mason's  Lines 


76 


W.  Chambers  Inventory,  1858  (con't) 


Books  and  supplies 

15  1/2  quires  F.C.  Paper 
19  quires  Letter  Paper 
1  lot  slate  pencils 

15  copies  of  Bon(?)  spellers 

16  McGuffey's  1st.  Reader 
5  McGuffey's  2  Reader 

14  McGuffey's  3  Reader 
3  McGuffey's  speller 

1  McGuffey's  4th  Reader 
9  "  W.  Dictionary 

26  "  P.  Arithmetic 

8  "  S.E.  Grammar 

9  "  Copy  Books 
12  Primers 

3  copy  swift  N.  Philosophy 

10  picture  Books 
5  Slates 

9  lead  pencils 
14  pen  holders 

2  gross  pens 

4  packages  Envelopes 
16  bottles  Ink 

2  Reams  paper 
57  dose  Pens 


77 


INVENTORY  of  ISRAEL  RUSSELL 

Harpers  Ferry 

1857 


Food  and  containers 

18  Boxes  Blackberry 
6  Boxes  Mustard 

6  Sacks  table  salt 

1  lot  cloves  &  Jar 

2  Jars  preserved  damsons 
1  Lot  of  Mace  &  Jar 

8  lbs  dried  currants 
23  lbs  Black  Tea 
17  Boles  Black  Tea 
26  lbs  Blk  pepper 

1  lot  allspice  &  pepper 
6  1/2  lbs  Grouse  Ginger 

19  papers  cut  &  dried  tobacco 

4  wky  Barrels 

3  half  Barrels 

2  molasses  galls 

5  empty  flour  bblls 

Housewares 


6  pr.  Ladies  slippers 
6  pr.  Gent  canvas 
5  pr.  shoes 

10  pr.  Ladies  pumps  heeled 
2  pr.  shoes 

Hardware 

2  Bottles  Varnish 
1/2  lb  Indigo 
28  lbs  salt  Petre 

11  lbs  madder 
31  lbs  copperas 
23  lbs  sal  cratns 
2  lbs  alum 

1  Tobacco  knife 
1  Peg  cutter  punch  &  scrape 
1  1/2  Boxes  Glass  10x12 
1  lot  of  spiggots 

Books 


7  clay  pipes 

7  papers  polishing  powders 

8  1/2  lbs  Epsom  slats 
6  Glass  Jars 

1  Stone  Jar 

13  Boxes  Blacking 

14  lbs  sla.  soda 

6  Polishing  Powders 

2  Water  Buckets 
230  brooms 

4  pair  Candlesticks 

Clothing 

2  pr.  Boys  Boots 
10  pr.  Boys  shoes 
1  pr.  add  shoes  [?] 

8  pr.  coarse  boys  shoes 
1  pr  fine  Boots  no  11 

1  pr.  fine  Boots  no  12 
1  pr.  coarse  Boots 

9  pr.  Brogans 

3  pr.  fine  shoes  misses 
3  pr.  Ladies  shoes 


1  perpetual  Almanac 
Store  supplies 

2  Tea  Cannisters 
5  Sugar  Boxes 
10  Barrel  covers 

2  Reams  wrapping  paper 

1  pr.  scales  &  weights 

1  24  Hour  clock 

1  coal  stove  &  pipe 

1  writing  desk 

5  Empty  Boxes 

1  Lot  measures  and  [??1 

1  pr.  platform  scales 

1  Peck  &  half  Peck  measure 

1  Thermometer 
7  glass  Jars 

2  tea  canisters 

2  pairs  scales  &  weights 

1  ten  plate  stove  &  pipe 

2  half  bushels  &  peck  measure 


78 


INVENTORY  of  BECKHAM  and  COONS 

Harpers  Ferry 

May  1856 


Food  and  containers 

1  Bll  oil 

40  or  more  whiskey  oil  and  other  empty  Blls 
80  galls  Sperm  &  oil 
20  Blls  Whiskey,  Brandy 
and  other  Liquors 

2  dz  bottles  french  Brandy 
3 "      "       Champagne  Wine 
80  Gallons  Vinegar 

12  "  Mustard 
40  Galls  Molasses 

4  dz  Eperen(?)  Coffee 

100  lbs  Imperial  &  other  tea 
300  lbs  Coffee 

500  lbs  Brown  &  White  Sugar 
75  lbs  tobacco 

Housewares 

5  trunks 

24  tubs  Assorted  Sizes 

1  Dz  looking  glasses 

5  Bureaus.  6  Tables,  4  Safes 

4  pr  Bedsteads  4  Washstand 

150  yds  Ingrain  list  and  Rag  Carpet 

12  pr  Blankets 

150  yds  ticking 

40  lb(?)  Starch 

1  copper  Tea  kettle 

3  iron  Do 

1  Hearth  rug 

24  pair  Table  Cloths 

2  Clocks 

2  dz  glass  and  other  Lamps 

4  dz  willow  and  other  baskets 
1  Dz  Lanterns 

10  Dz  Corn  Brooms 
10  sets  knives  and  forks 
200  lbs  Tallow,  Sperm  and  adam(?) 
candles 

1  Dz  Coffee  mills 

100  lbs  Rozin  and  Castile  soap 

2  Cooking  Stoves 

2  Coal  egg(??)  Stoves 
1  Tailor  Stove 


1200  more(?)  SiRers 

2  dz  iron  pans 

400  or  more  tinpans 
40  dz  Silver  Britania  Tin  & 
other  Spoons 

3  Bellmetal  Kettle 

1000  or  more  Queensware 
such  as  Dishes,  Cups,  Saucers 
Bowls  plates,  tea  ware 
Dining  ware  Pitchers  &  c 

51  glass  Bottles  Assorted 

3  Stocks  of  Stock  Dyes 
100  Stone  &  other  Jugs 
2  Dz  Waiters  Assorted 

4  dz  or  more  glasses  and  tumblers 

Clothing  and  Accessories 

12  Blanket  shawls 
2  Dz  umberelleas 
1  2(??)  carpet  Bags 
80  pr  Half  Hose 

80  pr  stockings 
4  Dz  Suspenders 
1  Dz  Vests 

1  Dz  pants 

75  pr  Boots  &  Shoes 

4  dz  or  more  Silk  B(?)  and  other 

hats 
4  dz  Bullskin  gloves 

Drygoods,  notions 

81  lbs  (?)  cotton  thread 
24  doz  spools  boss 

80  or  more  pieces  Calico 
1000  skeins  silk 

50  or  more  pieces  Brown  Cotton 
1  Gross  Brass  and  other  buttons 
4  pieces  check 
8  pieces  Linsey 
21  pieces  cloth  and  Cassimere 
200  yds  irish  and  other  Linen 
4000  yds  Insertion  Edging 
200  yds  Cambric 
&  Lace 


79 


Beckham  and  Coons  Inventory,  1856  (con't) 


100  yds  flannel 

200  yds  Blk  and  Col'd  Silk 

4  pieces  Linen  Cotton  &  c 

300  yds  osnaburg  &  cottondrills 

100  cuts  of  yarn 

200  yds  Bleach  (??)  cotton 

2  dz  Calf  Skin 

50  yds  Swiss  muslin 

2  dz  Sheep  Skins 

100  yds  Linen  Cambric 

400  lbs  sole  Leather 

Hardware 

2  cross  cut  Saws 

4  doz  shovels  and  spades  and  forks 

1  mill  Saw 

2  Galls  Varnish 

150  lbs  Tow  &  and  other  Rope 

3  Dz  Bed  Cords 

10  lbs  wrapping  twine 
1/2  dz  Halter  chains 
6  Dz  Balls  Hemp  twine 
1/2  "   Spring  valances 
10  lbs  candle  wick 
150  lbs  white  lead 

2  Blocks  and  tables 

1  Saddle  2  Dz  Bridles 

4  pr  cart  (?)urs  4  hip  straps 

3  Sprit  Levels 

4  dz  wooden  &  metal  Spigots 
3  dz  Augurs  and  Augur  Bits 

1  Dz  Steel  &  other  Squares 

5  pr  Scales  and  Weights 

12  or  more  Hand  and  other  Saws 

3  dz  or  more  Broad  and  other  axes 

12  Doz  Planes 

300  lbs  Cart  and  Blester  steel 

450  lbs  or  more  of  cutnails 

300  lbs  Horseshoe  nails 

50  or  More  Assorted  Buckets 

2  tons  or  more  (??)  Iron 

3  dz  Trace  and  other  Chains 
50  or  more  Mineral,  Knob 

Tad(?),  house  and  other  Locks 
3000  Second  Hand  &  new  files 
30  Gross  or  more  wood  Screws 
2  Double  Bll  Guns  1  Rifle 


2  Blacksmith  Anvils 
1  do  Vice 
1  do  Bellows 

Books  and  school  supplies 

800  Book  Bilbles  [Bibles]  Testaments  &c 

Store  supplies 

24  Glass  Candy  Jars 


80 


INVENTORY  of  ISAAC  FLEMING 

Harpers  Ferry 

1853 


Food  and  Containers 

25  papers  Extract  of  coffee 

5  bottles  Ess.  Peppermint 
1  1/2  lbs  Cinnamon 

14  oz.  Figs 

12  lbs  Ginger 

7  Boxes  Mustard 

6  boxes  yeast  powder 
90  13/16  lbs  loaf  suger 
1  box  Mustard 

738  segars 

1  Jar  nutmegs 

6  Glass  Jars  with  candy 

1  do.  med 

11  1/2  lbs  prunes 
6  3/4  Allspice 

2  3/4  of  Salt 

6  lbs  black  pepper 
43  1/2  crushed  Sugar 
46  172  Tobacco 
39  lbs  Tobacco 
Lot  of  dried  apples 
Lot  of  dried  peaches 
9  papers  Black  Tea 
23  lbs  Hyson  Tea 

73  1/2  lbs  snuff 
214  lbs  coffee 

238  lbs  Brown  sugar 

15  1/2  lbs.  Rice 
1/2  bbl  Herring 
1  Bbl  vinegar 

1  Bbl.  salt  in  sand 

27  Flour  Bbls 

9  lbs  Flour 

5  3/4  Bush,  corn  meal 

8  Galls  molasses 

74  1/2  Galls  mollasses  &  bbl 
97  lbs  lard 

Housewares 

Tin  can 

39  cakes  soap 

1  Glass  Jar 

13  Boxes  matches 


22  1/2  starch 

4  Boxes  blacking 

Tin  can 

20  lbs  palm  Soap 

20  3/4  lbs  mould  candles 

284  3/4  lbs  Rags 

3  Baskets 
Foot  Mat 

4  stove  pipe  crocks 
15  Earthen  jars 

2  Earthen  chambers 

43  crocks 

Lot  of  pipes 

Basket 

Case  of  Drawers 

2  Stone  Jars 

Clothing 

32  Bush  shirts 

Hardware 

5  3/4  of  madder 
8  lbs  Pearlash 
Tobacco  knife 

Books  and  supplies 

3  Bottles  Ink 

22  No.  Family  Devotion 

4  quires  paper 
8  quires  cap 

Store  supplies 

Wrapping  paper 

2  Scales  &  Weights 

27  in  Scoops 

4  Tin  measures 

Funnel 

Lot  of  Bbls  &  boxes  awning 


81 


INVENTORY  of  SINGLETON  CHAMBERS,  dec'd 

Jefferson  County 

1859 


Food  and  containers 

3  pepper  Boxes  (sold  in  2  lots) 
3  Hives  Bees  (sold  sep.) 

Housewares 

1  Teapot 

2  china  Bowls  @  15 

3  Dishes  (sold  sep.) 

4  Bowls  (sold  in  2  lots) 
2  china  Bowls  @  9 

1  candle  mould 

1  [carmel?]  coal  lamp 

32  Marbles  (sold  in  4  lots) 

4  tin  cups  (sold  in  2  lots) 

2  coffee  Boilers  (sold  sep.) 

1  Dish 

2  Butter  plates  @  3 

2  sets  [?]  plate  (sold  sep.) 
1  coffee  Boiler 

1  set  china  plates 

1  Pitcher 

1  fcannel?]  coal  Lamp 

1  large  Dish 

1  Pitcher 

1  Teapot 

1  pr.  Slat  cellars 

3  Teapots  (sold  sep.) 

2  Bowls  @  4 
2  Bowls  @  4 

2  china  Bowls  @  13 

2  sets  cups  &  saucers  (sold  sep.) 

1  Pitcher 

2  Blankets  @  1.40 

5  Dishes  (sold  in  3  lots) 

2  Bowls  @  4 

10  Dishes  (sold  in  5  lots) 

3  sets  china  plates  (sold  sep.) 
2  Tea  pots  (sold  sep.) 

2  Pitchers  @  8 

1  set  cups  &  saucers 

4  Bowls  (sold  in  2  lots) 

12  Tumblers  (sold  in  2  lots) 
1  sugar  Bowl 
1  Tea  pot 


Clothing  and  accessories 

4  prs.  Lambs'  wool  Hose  (sold  in  3  lots) 

1  Shaving  Box  &  Brush 

2  prs.  children's  Hose  @  12  \J2 
16  prs.  Hose  @  8  (sold  in  8  lots) 
2  prs.  kid  Gloves  (sold  sep.) 

2  cotton  Hdkfs.  @  4 

2  prs.  Woolen  Gloves  (sold  sep.) 

1  Leather  Belt 

2  pr.  cotton  hose  @  8 
1  Buffalo  comb 

10  prs.  Lambs'  Wool  hose  (sold  in  4  lots) 
1  Round  comb 

4  Bottles  cologne  (sold  sep.) 
1  port  monie 

1  Buffalo  comb 

2  Silk  Hdkfs.  (sold  sep.) 
1  Buffalo  Comb 

1  pr.  Gloves 

9  prs.  Suspenders  (sold  in  5  lots) 

2  pr.  cotton  Hose  @  7 
2  Palm  Leaf  Fans  @  2 

10  Leather  Belts  (sold  in  9  lots) 

1  Silk  Handkerchief 

2  Round  combs 
1  Port  monie 

5  Silk  Hdkf.(sold  separately) 

5  port  monies  (sold  separately) 
1  pr.  kid  Gloves 

1  Port  monie[?J 

6  silk  Handkerchiefs  @  37  V2 

2  cotton  Hdkfs.  @  7 

6  Round  combs  @  5  (sold  in  3  lots) 
1  pr.  Gloves 

1  Leather  Belt 

5  prs.  Suspenders  (sold  sep.) 

2  Bottles  Cologne  (sold  sep.) 

1  Shaving  Box  &  brush 

2  cotton  hdkfs.  @  4  (sold  sep.) 
1  pr.  cotton  hose 


82 


S.  Chambers  Inventory,  1859  (con't) 


Dry  goods  and  notions 

6  1/4  yds.  cambric  @  7 

8  yds.  Calico  @  8 

10  yds.  mouselin  @  15 

8  yds.  Gingham  @  7  1/2 

9  yds.  Gingham  @  7 

8  yds.  cambric  @  7 
6  yds.  cambric  @  7 

3  yds.  cambric  @  7 

32  yds.  Furniture  calico  @  6  1/2 
14  yds.  Lawn  at  6  1/4 
12  yds.  cotton  @  3 

9  yds.  Lawn  at  6  1/4 

32  yds.  Lawn  at  6  174 

4  yds.  calico  @  7 

12  yds.  Furniture  calico  @  6  1/4 

10  yds.  cotton  @  3 

1  3/4  yds.  Berage  @  35 

11  yds.  cotton  @  3 

20  yds.  cotton  @  12  1/2 
14  yds.  Lawn  @  6  1/4 
1  yd.  Lawn 

4  yds.  Lawn  @  12  1/2 

10  yds.  Gingham  @  8  1/2 
6  yds.  Gingham  @  8 
6  3/4  yds.  Jeans  @  16 
14  yds.  bleach'd  Cotton  @  5 

33  1/2  yds.  Calico  @  8 
1  Lot  Brass  hoops 

1  lot  Buttons 

12  yds.  bleach'd  Cotton  @  4 
8  yds.  bleach'd  Cotton  @  4 
10  yds.  mouselin  @  20 

14  yds.  Gingham  @  7 
14  yds.  Drilling  @  6 
10  yds.  Drilling  @  5  1/2 
10  yds.  Drilling  @  6 

5  yds.  Edging  @  2 

32  yds.  Brown  cotton  @  12  1/2 
14  yds.  Linsey  @  17 
4  yds.  Edging  @  2 

6  yds.  Jean  @  26 
4  yds.  Jean  @  29 

10  yds.  Calico  @  7  1/2 

6  yds.  Jean  @  19 

111/4  yds.  Ticking  @  13  1/2 

13  yds.  Ticking  @  15 

3  Dress  Patterns  (sold  separately) 


33  1/4  yds.  Edging  @  2 

3  yds.  cotton  Flannel  @  9 
6  yds.  cotton  Flannel  @  8 
42  yds.  Calico  @  7 

5  yds.  cotton  Flannel  @  8  1/2 
10  yds.  cotton  Flannel  @  8  1/2 

14  yds.  Furniture  calico  @  10 

4  yds.  cotton  Flannel  @  9 
111/4  yds.  Ticking  @  14 

13  3/4  yds.  Furniture  Calico  @  10 
12  3/4  yds.  Calico  @  10  1/2 

6  yds.  Jean  @  18 

6  yds.  Gingham  @  15 
6  yds.  Linsey  @  24 
9yds.  Calico®  11  1/2 

6  yds.  Linsey  @  20 
48  yds.  Linsey  @  20 

24  7/8  yds.  Linsey  @  20 
311/2  yds.  Linsey  @  12  1/2 
20  yds.  Calico  @  9  1/2 

3  1/2  yds  Flannel  @  20 

7  yds.  Cambric  @  8  1/2 

5  yds.  Flannel  @  38 
7  yds  Flannel  @  25 

9  yds.  Gingham  @  18  3/4 
3  yds.  cotton  Flannel  @  9 

10  yds.  Gingham  @  15 

2  yds.  Brown  cotton  @  10 

3  yds.  Gingham  @  15 

32  yds.  Gingham  @  7  1/4 
10  yds.  calico  @  9  1/4 
10  yds.  Brown  cotton  @  11 
29  1/2  yds.  cambric  @  6  1/2 
10  yds.  cambric  @  6  1/2 
18  yds.  calico  @  5  1/2 
39  yds.  calico  @  6  1/2 

25  yds.  Brown  cotton  @  11 

3  1/2  yds.  Brown  cotton  @  10 
27  yds.  Brown  cotton  @  10  1/4 
17  yds.  calico  @  8  1/2 

15  yds.  Black  cotton  @  6  1/2 

4  1/4  yds.  cotton  Diaper  @  18  3/4 

6  yds.  cotton  Diaper  @  18  3/4 

32  1/2  yds.  Brown  cotton  @  10  3/4 
10  yds.  cotton  Diaper  @  19 
32  yds.  calico  @  6  1/2 

9  yds.  calico  @  6  1/2 

10  yds.  Gingham  @  13 

2  1/4  yds.  Blk  alpaca  @  26 


83 


S.  Chambers  Inventory,  1859  (con't) 


1  1/8  yds.  Blk  Alpaca  @  19 
30  yds.  cambric  ©6  1/4 
7  1/2  yds.  Gingham  @  14 
29  1/2  yds.  Calico  ©8  1/2 
10  yds.  ticking  ©11 

9  1/2  yds.  calico  ©  11 
29  yds.  calico  ©  8  3/4 
1  Remnant  calico 

12  yds.  calico  ©  7 

5  yds.  cambric  ©  7  1/2 

10  yds.  cambric  ©  7  1/2 
5  yds.  cambric  ©  8 

Dry  goods  and  notions 

5  yds.  cambric  ©  7  1/2 
10  yds.  calico  ©  9 

Hardware 

1  Ten  plate  stove 

1  tin  Bucket 

1  Cooking  Stove  &  apparatus 

1  Rifle 

Store  supplies 

1  empty  Barrel 
1  Empty  Barrel 


84 


INVENTORY  of  MARGARET  HOUSE 

Jefferson  County 

1856 


Food  and  Containers 

3  glass  jars 

1  can  of  allspice 

1  m  tea 

1  box  of  tobacco 

9  lbs  Impl  tea 

21  lbs  tea 

1  jar 

3  glass  jars 

1  can  of  mustard 
40  11/16  lbs  tea 
1  w.  tea 
62  nutmegs 

1  lot  segars  250 
25  lbs  saleratus 

2  lbs  ginger 
5  lbs  mace 
cinnamon 

8  nutmegs 

1  jar  preserved  ginger 

1  jar  preserved  ginger 

4  lbs  allspice 
14  nutmegs 

Housewares 

1  wash  bowl 

2  tin  cups 

14  balls  candlewick 
1  tin  pan 

3  balls  candle  wick 
1  tin  pan 

5  balls  candlewick 

Clothing  and  Accessories 

1  glazed  cap 

1  pr  boots 

2  pr  boots 

3  pr  shoes 

1  cloth  cap 

2  cotton  umbrellas 

13  cotton  handkerchiefs 

4  boys  caps 
1  cap 


2  pr  ladies  shoes 

1  pr  shoes 

2  pr  ladies  boots 
1  pr  boots 

1  pr  gingham 
1  pr  boys  boots 

1  cotton  handkerchief 

2  pr  ladies  shoes  no.  1 
1  pr  shoes 

1  cap  glazed 

1  wool  hat 

2  kossuth 

2  p.  leaf  hats 
1  velvet  cap 

I  pr  Fine  boots 

4  caps  with  covers 

II  pr  black  gloves 
1  pr  shoes 

1  cap 

1  pr  crepe 

5  pr  gloves 

6  cloth  caps 

1  pr  shoes 
10  pr  shoes 

2  caps 

1  pr  boots  boys  fine 

3  pr  suspenders 

4  military  caps 
1  pr  boots 

3  caps 

1  pr  shoes 
3  pr  shoes 

2  caps 

1  cap 

3  pr  boys  fine  boots 

2  pr  coarse  boots 

1  pr  ladies  shoes 

2  pr  mens  fine  boots 
2  p.  leaf  hats 

1  straw  hat 

2  pr  H.  shoes 

1  glazed  cap 

3  pr  shoes 

4  p.  leaf  hats 

2  pr  shoes 

1  slouch  hat 


85 


M.  House  Inventory,  1856  (con't) 


1  pr  boots 
1  umbrella 
3  pr  Kid  shoes 

6  m  suspenders 
1  pr  boots 

1  pr  shoes 

1  pr  small  shoes 

2  pr  slippers 

9  1.  pocket  handkerchiefs 

2  pr  shoes 

1  silk  pocket  handkerchiefs 

1  pr  coarse  boots 

2  pr  lad  leather  boots 
1  p.  leaf  hat 

7  silk  handkerchiefs 

1  pr  heavy  shoes 
6  pr  slippers 

2  white  kossuth  hat 
1  mans  slouch  hat 

1  boys  cap 

2  pr  shoes 

2  pr  slippers 

1  pr  suspenders 

1  cotton  handkerchief 

3  pr  suspenders 

1  cloth  cap 

2  pr  woman  heavy  shoes 
1  pr  shoes 

3  pr  woman  heavy  shoes  50 

1  pr  boys  boots 
3  pr  boys  shoes 

2  pr  boys  boots  little 
2  pr  shoes 

1  cloth  coVd  cap 

2  cotton  handkerchiefs 
1  pr  mits 

1  glazed  cap 

3  pair  shoes 

1  pr  boots  no:  11 

2  pr  boys  shoes 

2  cotton  handkerchiefs 
1  black  wool  hat 

1  slouch  hat 

3  straw  hats 

2  pair  shoes 
1  pr  socks 

1  pr  boys  boots 
6  pr  gloves 


1  pr  boots 
1  pr  Fine  boots 
1  glazed  cap 
1  pr  slippers 

Dry  Goods  and  Notions 

3  pr  ribbon 
1  vest  pattern 
12  doz  insertions 

3  doz  skeins  black  boss 

4  3/4  doz  agate  buttons 
1  doz  vest  buttons 

14  5/6  doz  brass  buttons 

12  doz  vest  buttons 

3  doz  hooks  &  eyes 

14  1/6  doz  black  vest  buttons 

17  1/2  yds  bonnet  ribbon 

3  vest  patterns 

1  lot  thread 

1  doz  agate  buttons 
12  balls  black  tape 

3  vest  patterns 

12  1/2  yds  bro  drilling 

2  vest  patterns 
17  1/2  yds  table  ? 
1  vest  pattern 

38  1/4  yds  ticking 
28  yds  cotton  drilling 
6  3/4  yds  muslin 

5  doz  agate  buttons 
140  skeins  silk 

12  skeins  silk 

4  bunches  whalebone 

1  lot  buttons 

4  1/2  yds  black  calico 

10  yds  insertion 
lot  of  edging 

19  1/2  doz  buttons 
28  yd  bonnet  ribbon 

2  bunches  whalebones 
27  3/4  yds  muslin 

11  yds  calico 

5  vest  patterns 
11  yds  calico 

9  1/4  yds  muslin 
1  yd  black  cambric 
22  3/4  yds  calico 


86 


M.  House  Inventory,  1856  (con't) 

31  yds  edging  1  pen  holder 

5  1/2  yds  lace  1  pen  holder 
26  1/4  yds  colored  cambric  46  lead  pencils 

6  doz  buttons 

1  vest  pattern  Store  Supplies 

4  bunches  whalebone 

7  yds  calico  1  box 

22  yds  swiss  1  pr  counter  scales 

2  yds  linen  1  show  case 
1  doz  buttons 

edging  Unknown 

3/4  doz  buttons 

19  yds  shirting  calico  1  bro  (??) 

16  yds  edging  14  musk[?]  bags 

7  3/4  yds  black  cotton 

8  1/2  yds  black  cambric 

6  yds  gingham 

5  doz  buttons 
1  yd  calico 

1  vest  pattern 

Hardware 

1  lot  salt  petre 
1  lot  fire  works 
10  roman  candles 

1  shoe  cutter 

8  lb  Venetian  red 

7  1/4  lbs  shot 

Books  and  Supplies 

4  slate  pencils 

8  lead  pencils 

3  quires  paper 

6  pen  holders 

2  lead  pencils 
2  lot  pens 

2  slate  pencils 
2  gross  pens 
2  pen  holders 
12  lead  pencils 
2  pen  holders 
1  lead  pencil 
6  lead  pencils 
1  lead  pencil 
1  lot  slate  pencils 
22  lead  pencils 


87 


INVENTORY  of  JOSEPH  T.  GRANTHAM,  dec'd 

Jefferson  County 

1853 


Food  and  containers 

4  Barrels  Brown  sugar  637  1/2  nett  5  1/2 
22  lbs.  Pepper  12c 

6  1/4  lbs.  Allspice  16c 
324  lbs.  Coffee  9  3/8 

1  Barrel  Brown  sugar  194  1/2  lbs.  6  3/4 

4  1/2  doz.  Extract  Coffee  1.00 

19  d.  Tea  80c 

145  lbs.  crushed  sugar  9c 

72  1/2  lbs.  Loaf  sugar  9  l/4c 

3  oz.  nutmegs  7  1/2 

62  1/2  Tobacco  16 

3/4  lb  mace  112  1/2 

3  1/4  Ground  Ginger  8c 

1  lot  molasses  Barrels  2.50 
1  Lot  fine  Salt  75 

4  R.  Ginger  10 

1  3/4  cloves  37  1/2 
3/4  Boxes  Pipes  1.00 
24  lb.  Tobacco  33 
1/4  lb.  Cinnamon  35 
Tobacco  25 

7  Sacks  G.A.  Salt  1.12  1/2 

Housewares 

4  Setts  Teaspoons 

2  Sett  Tablespoons  29 

5  jugs  12  1/2 

1  lot  of  Tubs 

2  wooden  Buckets 
5  stone  Jugs  25c 
4  jars  12  1/2 

3  1/2  pc.  candlewick  20c 
3  clay  jugs  18  3/4 

2  Doz.  Blacking  25 

1  pc.  shoe  thread  50c 

3  stone  jars  25 

1  10/12  Doz.  Blk.  wadding  5c 

4  painted  Buckets 
1  small  Tub  25c 

1  --  soap  10 

29  1/4  Salt  Petre  9 

2  Dishes  50c 
2  Dishes  60c 


2  Dishes  40c 

1/2  Doz.  Bot.  1.  oil  3.25 

10  chambers  21.— 

5  pr.  Snuffers  1/- 

4  clay  chambers  9 

1  pr.  Japan  Snuffers  .50 

1  Gross  clothes  pins  1.00 

1  1/2  pc  Shoe  Thread  .50 

29  lbs.  Venetian  Red  5c 

4  washing  machines  l/9c[?] 
Slate  Pencils  25c 

1  Doz.  Kurls  vermifuge  1.75 
1  Bot.  1.  oil  8c 

1  Doz  oil  spitter[?]  37  1/2 

5  Li therv agen[?] 

2  foot  mats  .12  1/2 
1/3  Doz.  1.  oil  2.00 

7  1/2  Doz.  matches  8  1/3 

3  clay  jugs  12  1/2 
40  lbs.  starch  25c 
2  clay  jugs  6c 

1  Lot  clay  crocks  $8.33 
1  Doz.  Brooms  56 

1  Coffe  Mill  .42 

9  papers  8  oz.  tacks  8  l/2c 

9  papers  6  oz.  Tacks  8c 

5  papers  British  Lustre  8c 

4  waiters  10  1/2 

2  Tea  Canisters  8c 

1  large  Tub  75 

3  Bed  Cords  25c 

5  Bot.  B.  oil  3 

2  Tea  Kettles  31 

3  paper  [tacks?]  8c 

1  Doz.  Fiddle  strings  37  1/2 
16  papers  4  oz.  tacks  2c 

2  Dishes  30c 
mouse  traps  10 

2  1/2  Doz.  plates  40c 
2  white  Dishes  2/20  1/40 

10  sets  Teas.  12  1/2 

2  Doz.  Plates  45c  Blue  edged 

1  sett  Plates  45c 

2  Dishes  16c 
2  Dishes  10c 
2  Dishes  8 


88 


J.T.  Grantham  Inventory,  1853  (con't) 


10  Bowls  5c 

2  white  Dishes  40c 

11  Tumblers  7  l/2c 

14  Tumblers  8c 

10  Bowls  3  1/2 

2  Wash  Bowls  &  Pitchers  40c 
1  white  Dish  30c 

11  Bowls  4c 

1  3/4  camphor  45 

2  Dishes  25c 
2  Dishes  20c 

5  mugs  8c 

2  Dishes  20c 
4  Pitchers  12  1/2 

1  Looking  Glass  62  172 

2  setts  cups  &  saucers  1/40  1/20 
1  Dish  16c 

1  Dish  10c  Mat  Dishes 

1  Looking  Glass  311/4 

3  White  Dishes  15c 

2  Looking  Glasses  50c 
20  cakes  square  soap  3c 
1  1/4  C.  Indigo  1.10 

3  pr.  scissors  4- 
36  Fiddle  strings  5 
1  white  Dish  60c 

6  Pitchers  25 

15  cruets  6 

1  gross  soap  92 

Clothing  and  accessories 

2  pr.  side  combs  29 

4  pr.  suspenders 
1  Brush  18c 

1  pr.  Boys  Boots  1.45 

3  Umbrella  @  1.00 

4  pr.  suspenders  @  12  1/2 
1  Umbrella  50c 

3  Silk  Hdkfs.  @  43 

4  pr.  Blk.  cotton  Gloves  12  1/2 
3  Black  wool  hats  80c 

3  pr.  chil.  shoes  37  1/2 
1  by  uml[?]  Hat  37  172 

5  Boxes  Hair  pins  18c 
3  Silk  Hats  2.25 

3  pr.  chil.  shoes  20 
15  pr.  women's  shoes  4 


3  Reading  combs  Pocket  4c 
2  Reading  combs  Pocket  8 

4  Reading  combs  1/2 
19  wooden  combs  2  1/2 

2  silk  Hats  sep[?]  3.00 

4  1/2  pes.  curtain  Paper  37  1/2 

8  Linen  Hdkf.  8c 

3  pr.  hose  8 

9  Linen  Hdkf.  37  1/2 

3  worked  collars  18  34 

4  1/2  B.  J.  Gloves  8.00 

10  Reading  combs  8c 

8  Tooth  Brushes  8c 
6  Linen  Hdkf.  25 

6  pr.  Kid  Gloves  25 

1/3  Doz.  hair  brushes  2.00 

Dry  goods  and  notions 

1  pc.  Blk.  cassimere  2  3/4  yds.  1.75 
1  pc.  black  cloth  4  yds.  @  2.50 
1  pc.  blue  cloth  4  yds.  @  2.00 

1  pc.  Fancy  cassimere  3  1/2  yds.  75 

2  Gross  Buttons  12  1/2 

1  pc.  Plain  cassimere  2  3/4  1.10 

1  pc.  Grey  mixed[?]  cassimere  3  yds.  1.00 

1  pc.  Irish  Linen  5  yds.  35 

1  pc.  Brown  Holland  11  yds.  16 

1  pc.  Brown  Cotton  6  6  1/4 

1  pc.  Bobinett  21  yds.  2c 

1  pc.  Lace  8  yds.  @  5 

1/4  col'd  sewing  silk  6.00 

1  1/2  Doz.  spool  Boss  45 

9  yds.  bobing  edge  1/3 

1  white  cambric  4  1/2  yds.  18  3/4 

3  Nankeen  12  yds.  10c 

1  pc.  swiss  edging  14  1/2  yds  18c 
1  pc.  white  cambric  5  3/4  yds.  @  33c 
22  spool  Boss  50 

4  Doz.  linen 

7  top  8c 

5  top  3c 

6  yds.  Blue  satin  Riband  6c 

10  gross  Agate  Buttons  6c 
4  papers  pins  5c 

4  Doz.  Linen  15c 
26  papers  needles  5 
1/4  Darning  needles  15c 


89 


J.T.  Grantham  Inventory,  1853  (con't) 


1  crash  10  3/4  yds.  8 
1  mouslin  2  1/2  yds.  18  3/4c 
1  pc.  Bleached  cotton  23  yds.  9  1/2 
1  pc.  Bleached  cotton  28  yds.  10c 
1  pc.  Bleached  cotton  48  yds.  5  3/4 
1  pc.  Bleached  cotton  8  yds.  8c 
1  pc.  two  Ragging  42  yds.  11 
1  pc.  heavy  24  1/2  yds.  12  1/2 
1  pc.  7/8  osnaburgh  32  yds.  9 
1  pc.  3/4  Osnaburg  14  3/4  10 
1  pc.  cotton  flannel  2  yds.  8c 
1  pc.  Bleached  cotton  15  yds.  7 
1  pc.  Bed  Ticking 

1  calico  12  1/2  yds.  10c 

4  calico  12  1/2  yds.  10c 

2  calico  18  yds.  9  1/2 
1  Diaper  4  yds.  @  18c 

3  Blankets  3  yds.  75c 

1  Bed  Ticking  26  yds.  10c 
1  Table  Diaper  18  yds.  18  3/4 

1  Bed  Canvass  9  yds.  10c 

8  pes.  cotton  245  yds.  @  5  3/4 

2  1/2  wh  Sa  Riband  8c 

1  pc.  cotton  71  3/4  yds.  @  8 
1  pc.  Cotton  123  yds.  @  12 
1  pc.  check  24  yds.  @  10 
1/4  Thread  1.25 

5  Doz.  coat  Buttons 

1  1/2  Gross  coat  Buttons  6c 

10  Doz.  coat  Buttons 

1  Gross  vest  Buttons  lc 

1  pc.  red  Flannel  3  yds.  @  16 

1  pc.  red  Flannel  8  1/4  yds  @  28 

60  cotton  Bats  4 

7  3/4  lb.  cotton  yarn  18c 

23  lb.  c.  yarn  17c 

1  1/2  oz.  sewing  silk  50 

part  Ball  Twist  1.25 

1  pc.  white  Flannel  21  yds.  @  37  1/2 

1  pc.  white  Flannel  25  yds.  @  19 

5  1/2  Doz.  Buttons  3 
1  1/2  Tapes  25 

7  yds  Black  [satin  Ribandl  4c 
1  lot  H.  &  Eyes  8 
1/2  gross  pins  33c 

4  1/2  green  [satin  Ribandl  6 

9  1/2  yds.  crimson  satin  Riband  6c 

6  yds.  Blue  satin  Riband  6c 


9  yds.  white  [satin  Riband]  2  1/2 
2  pes.  cotton  16  1/2  yds.  @  5  1/2 
8  doz.  Pearl  Buttons  6c 

8  spool  white  boss  3 
14  c  H.  &  Eyes  2c 

1  Gross  vest  Buttons  37  1/2 
34  spools  col'd  boss  40c 

1/2  sewing  boss  40c 

Hardware 

17  pd.  Rifle  Powder  22 

10  mason's  lines  5 

2  1/2  Brimstone  6 
12  d[?]  Lead  3  1/2 
7c  Lead  6c 

5  cords  12  1/2 

1  Dirk  50 

20  Gal  Bll.  Whale  oil  85 

2  Gals.  spt.  Turpentine  62  1/2 
1  Peg  cutter  .25c 

10  curry  combs  7  l/2c 
1  Shoe  Punch  18  3/4c 

3  pr.  Traces  .75c 

1  Box  saloratus  29  lb  8c 

32  1/4  lb.  shot  6  lb  62  1/2  lb 

2  pad  locks  8c 

1  Hatchet  40 

3  4  prong  Forks  .50 

2  long  hard[?]  50 

2  Boxes  10/12  Glass  broken  for  3.12  1/2 

2  Boxes  8/10  Glass  broken  for  2.92  1/2 
198  lbs.  nails  3  7/8 

4  Halters  7c 

1/3  Doz.  W.W.  Brushes  2.25 
1/4  Doz.  W.W.  Brushes  3.50 
1  gross  screws  .26 
1  Lot  sandpaper  25 
1  penknife  1/- 

3  Pen  knives  25c 

11  handsaw  files  8 
3/4  Butt  hinges  .50 
1  chest  lock  6 

1/2  Doz.  penknives  4.00 

1  gross  screws  30c 

1  sett  latches  1/- 

1/2  Doz.  penknives  1.00 

1  lot  screws  10 

3  Han[?]  Fish  Hooks  18  3/4 


90 


J.T.  Grantham  Inventory,  1853  (con't) 


Books  and  supplies 

2  Han  Envelopes 

10  Doz.  paste  boards  3.50  gross 

3  Bottles  Ink  29 

3  gr.  writing  paper  10 

5  papers  sand  5c 

10  Quire  Letter  paper  10c 

3  Indelible  Ink  18  3/4 

6  spelling  Books  7c 

Store  supplies 

1  Lot  scales  2.00 

2  measures  37  1/2 

3/4  Ream  wrap  paper  80c 

1  Lot  measures  25 

2  Ream  wrap  paper  .40c 
1  sand  box  8c 

Lot  scoops  &c  1.00 
1  Tea  canister  .50 

4  Ream  wrap  paper  62  1/2 


91 


INVENTORY  of  ISAAC  ROSE 

Jefferson  County 

1854 


Food  and  Containers 

4  lbs  Prunes 

1  Lot  Tea 

2  Bottles  Catsup 

3  papers  extract  coffee 
1  lb  Blk  Tea 

3  papers  Blk  Tea 

1  lb  Green  Tea 

2  Bottle  Catsup 

2  papers  Blk  Tea 
11  lbs  Prunes 

1  Paper  Blk  Tea 

2  Papers  Blk  Tea 

1  paper  extract  coffee 

3  Papers  extract  coffee 
8  papers  extract  Coffee 
1  Paper  Blk  Tea 

1  pack  F.  Crackers 

5  lb  Green  Tea 

1  molasses  Gate 

3  papers,  Blk,  Tea 
5  Papers  Blk  Tea 

4  lbs  Prunes 

2  papers  Tea 

1  Piece  Tobacco 
1  Paper  Blk  Tea 
10  lbs  Green  Tea 
4  lbs  Prunes 

1  Pack  F.  Crackers 

2  Papers  Blk  Tea 
4  lbs  Prunes 

1  Pack  F.  Crackers 
4  lbs  Prunes 
4  lbs  Prunes 
1  Lot  Cigars 

1  Paper  Blk  Tea 

4  lbs  Prunes 

13  1/2  lbs  Prunes 

5  Packs  F.  Crackers 
8  papers  pepper 

2  Packs  F.  Crackers 
1  Paper.  Blk.  Tea 

1  paper  Tea 

3  Paper  Blk  Tea 
1  lb  Green  Tea 


3  Paper  Blk  Tea 
12  lb  Dates 

4  papers  extract  Coffee 
4  papers  Gum  drops 
10  papers  pepper 

4  Bunches  Cigars 

3  lbs  Green  Tea 
540  Cigars 

4  Pack  F.  Crackers 

2  lbs  Green  Tea 

1  paper  extract  Coffee 

3  Papers  extract  Coffee 

1  Rhubarb 

3  papers  extract  coffee 

2  Cans.  Peas 

1  Bottle  catsup 
1  Bottle  Rasberry 
1  Bottle  cherries 
1  Bottle  Rasberry 
1  paper  tea 
1  Jar  Raisins 

1  Whortleberry 

7  Packs  F.  Crackers 

3  papers  extract  Coffee 

2  Small  Bags  suckers 

2  papers  pepper 

1  Paper  G.  Drops 

3  pr  Babies  suckers 
1  Paper  Blk  tea 

1  Glass  Jar 

1  paper  Blk  tea 

2  papers  Blk  tea 
2  papers  Blk  Tea 

4  papers  pepper 
1  lb  Green  Tea 

1  Paper  warts  &  corn  powder 

1  Vial  Tooth  ache  drop 

2  Papers  Tea 

1  plug  tobacco 

2  papers  Blk  Tea 
1  paper  tea 

1  paper  Blk  Tea 

1  paper  Blk  Tea 

1  paper  extract  Coffee 

1  Can  peas 

1  Paper  Blk  Tea 


92 


I.  Rose  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


1  Bottle  Goosberies 

10  papers  extract  Coffee 

1  Paper  Blk  Tea 

2  plugs  tobacco 
1  Plug  tobacco 
1  paper  tea 

1  Paper  Blk  Tea 

1  Plug  Tobacco 

2  papers  Blk  Tea 

1  paper  xtract  Coffee 
1  paper  Blk  Tea 

1  paper  Blk  Tea 

2  Boxes  Tooth  powder 
1  paper  Blk  Tea 

1  paper  Blk  Tea 
1  paper  Blk  Tea 

1  paper  Blk  Tea 

2  Bottles  tooth  ache  drops 
1  Bot.  Corn  Drops 

1  paper  Blk  Tea 
1  paper  Blk  Tea 
1  Paper  Blk  Tea 

1  Plug  Tobacco 

2  Papers  Blk  Tea 
2  Papers  Blk  Tea 
1  paper  Blk  Tea 

1  paper  Blk  Tea 
6  papers  Blk  Tea 

2  plugs  tobacco 
2  lb  Hyson  Tea 
1  Plug  tobacco 

1  Bottle  Sarsparilla 
1  Paper  Blk  Tea 
1  Lot  Dried  Apples 
1  molasses  Gate 

1  Lot  Cut  &  Dried  Tobacco 

Housewares 

2  doz  ?????  taper 
1  Comfort 

6  Cakes  Soap 
4  Cakes  Soap 
1  Comfort 

1  lb  R.  Soap 

2  Comforts 

1  Boys  Comfort 
1  Bunch  Feathers 


22  Cakes.  S.  Soap 
1  Comfort 
1  Lot  Towling 

1  Pitcher 

2  lbs  Ros?  Soap 

1  Comfort 

2  Comforts 

2  Setts  Tea  Spoons 
2  Bars  white  soap 

1  Table  Cloth 

7  Linen  Towels 

2  Table  Cloths 
Meadre  (madder?) 

1  Comfort 

30  Cakes  S.  Soap 
32  yds  Carpeting 

2  1/2  yds  Carpeting 
1  Cake  soap 

1  Set  Tea  spoons 
1  Worsted  Comfort 
1  Childs  Comfort 
1  Comfort 

1  Comfort 

7  Cake  Rosin  Soap 

2  yds  Carpeting 
10  lb  White  Soap 
1  Boys  Comfort 

1  Market??  Bag 
1  Cake  Soap 

3  lb  soap 

18  Cakes  Soap 

1  Cake  soap 

3  White  Comfort 
Meadre  (madder?) 

2  Comforts 
1  Comfort 
1  Comfort 

1  Cake  S.?  Soap 

4  Table  cloths 
7  Cakes  soap 

1  set  of  spoons 

2  Comforts 

2  Table  Cloths 

1  Bar  soap 

2  artificial  flowers 

1  Mouse  Trap 

2  Window  Blinds 
1  Comfort 


93 


I.  Rose  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


1  Looking  Glass 
12  Bars  Soap 
Broom 

3  Cakes  soap 

12  Diaper  Towels 

2  Cakes  soap 
1  Comfort 

6  Cakes  Soap 

1  Comfort 
8  Comforts 

2  Pictures 

4  Window  Curtains 
2  Pictures 

2  Cakes.  S.  Soap 
1  Lot  Homade  Soap 
1  sett  knives  &  forks 

5  lb  Rosin  Soap 

1  Looking  Glass  Frame 

1  Picture 

1  Picture 

1  picture 

1  picture 

1  Parasol 

1  Comfort 

Clothing  and  Accessories 

5  Inside  Hdkfs 

2  Combs 

1  Coat 

3  Pr  Blk  Hose 

22  Linen  B.  Shirts 

2  Linen  Hdkf 
1  Accordian 

1  Fur  muff 

1  Summer  Coat 

3  Inside  Hdkfs 

7  oil  Dress  "  Hdkfs 
1  Collar  44 

1  silk  Cravat 

1  stock 

1  Boys  Hdkf 

1  pr  mans  socks(?) 

2  coats 
1  vest 

6  Cloth  Caps 

1  Pr  Ear  Rings 
1  pair  Blk  ???? 


1  Plush  Cap 

1  Casent  vest 
3  Shirt  Collars 

2  Cotton  Hdkfs 

1  Blk  vest 

2  Pr  C.  Socks 

3  Cotton  Hdkfs 
1  Corded  Shirt 
1  Fancy  Shirt 
1.  B.  Pin 

1  Corded  shirt 
1  knight  Cap 

1  Glazed  Cap 

2  White  G.  Hdkfs 
1  Pr.  Ladies  Shoes 
1  Bro.  Coat 

1  Trunk  2.50, 
Exchange  in  pants 

2  Blk  Hats 
1  Silk  Hdkf 

1  pr  Red  Drawers 

2  pr   Hose 

1  pr  Blk  Hose 

1  Pr  pants 

2  worked  Collars 
1  Shawl 

1  pr.  C.  pants 
1  vest 

1  Wool  Hat 

2  Stocks 

1  Carpet  Bag 

3  Pr  shoes 

1  Pr  Gaiters 
3  Pr  Socks 
1  Pr  pants 
1  Worsted  Shawl 
1  Fancy  B.  shirt 

1  Coat 

2  shirt  Colars 

2  worked  Collars 
1  Tuck  Comb 

3  Handkerchiefs 

5  Worsted  Caps 
1  pr  shoes 

1  Cash  Coat 

6  pr  Chil.  Hose 

1  Linen,  B.  Shirt. 
1  pr  Shoes 


94 


I.  Rose  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


1  pr  Worsted  drawers 

1  neck  ribbin 

1  Blk,  Dress,  Coat 

1  Blue,  Silk  stock 

3  Pr,  worstead  drawers 

1  Wool  hat 

1  French  work  Collar 

1  vest 

1  worsted  shirt 

2  vests 
ICoat 

1  Frock  Coat 
1  Breast  pin 

1  Blk  Satin  vest 

2  Pr  stockings 

3  Working  shirts 

4  shirt  Collars 
1  Pr  Blk  pants 
1  Inside  Hdkf 
1  Pocket  Book 

1  Hdkf 

2  Glazed  Caps 
8  cotton  Hdkf 
1  Breast  pin 

1  Pr.  Lambs  W  Drawers 

3  Red  Flannel  shirts 
1  Cotton  shirt 

1  Small  Shawl 
1  Cotton  Hdkf 
1  Brown  Shawl 
1  Cotton  Shirt 
1  Worsted  Cap 
1  Finger  Ring 
1  Walking  Stick 
1  Tuck  Comb 
1  Cotton  Hdkfs 

I  silk  Hdkf 

II  Finger  Rings 
1  P??  Hdkf 

1  Pr  C.  Pants 
1  Pair  C.  ? 

4  Hdkfs 

1  Ladies  Collar  "   " 
1  Pr  Chil  Shoes 
1  pr  pants  &  vest 
1  over  Coat 
1  Pr  Gray  Stockings 
1  Silk  Hdkf 


2  Silk  Stocks 

3  Pr  Casinett  pants 
1  Worsted  Cap 

1  White  Hat 
1  Coat 

1  Bro.  Shirt 

2  Cotton  Hdkf 
1  Blk  wool  Hat 

1  Pr.  Blk.  Pants. 
1  Fancy.  B.  Shirt  " 
1  Blk  stock 
1  Blue  S.  Stock 

1  Pr.  C.  Pants 

2  Breast  pins 
1  Comb 

1  Muslin  Hdkf 

2  over  Coats 
1  Pr  Socks 

1  Carpet  Bag 

1  Lot.  Chil,  Hose 

2  pr  Babies  Socks 
1  pr  Pants 

1  Carpet  Bag 
1  Worsted  Habit 
1  white  Hat 
1  pr  Drawers 
1  Pr  Pants 
muff 
1  vest 

1  Pr  Small  Shoes 
Red  Hat 

2  Small  Hdkfs 
1  Large  Collar 

1  Childs  Hdkf 

2  Blk  over  Coats 
1  Pr  Gloves 

1  worsted  vest  1.25 
1  pr  Small  Socks 
1  Glazed  Cap 

3  Linen  Hdkfs 

I  Blk  Coat 

II  Pr  Gloves 
1  Cloth  Cap 

1  Pr  Cash  Gloves 
1  Pair  pantaloons 
1  Pr  Shoes 
1  Pr  shoes 
1  Trunk 


95 


I.  Rose  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


1  pr  shoes 
1  Cash  vest 
1  Breast  Pin 

1  Pr  C.  Drawers 

2  Pr  Gloves 

1  Pr  Drawers 

2  Blk,  Felt,  Hats 

1  Fur  muff 

2  pr  Gloves 
lHdkf 

1  Cap 

1  pr  pants 

1  Pr  Pantaloons 

1  Green  P.  Jackett 

1  Collar 

1  Cap 

1  Coat 

2  Hdkfs 

4  Blk  Wool  Hat 

1  Hat 

1?  Cotton  Handkf 

1  over  Coat 

4  Linen  Coats 

1  pr  Shoes 

1  Coat  &  pants 

1  Finger  ring 

1  Brown  Hat 

1  Habbit 

7  Breast  pins 

1  Cotton  Hdkf 
1  Ladies  Habit 
4  Shirt  Collars 

3  Pr.  C  Socks 
1  Breast  pin 

8  Finger  rings 
1  pr  Blk  pants 
1  pr  Ear  rings 
1  Cloth  Cap 

3  Cotton  Hdkfs 
1  Pr  worsted  mitts 
1  Blk  Coat 

1  Pr  Pantiloons 

2  pr  Gloves 

2  Small  Collars 

1  Fancy  shirt 

1  vest 

1  vest 

1  Blk.  Trunk 


2  Collars 

1  Pr  mitts 

Shoes 

1  Fur  muff 

1  Green  Pea  Jackett 

6  Blk  Hats 

1  Boys  Cap 

1  pr  mitts 

Coat  &  pants 

1  pr  Gloves 

1  Llaynd?Cap 

1  Red.  F.  Shirt 

1  white  Hat 

1  shirt 

1  Silk  Cravat 

3  Cloth  shawls 
1  Green  Coat 
ICap 

1  Blk  Coat 

2  Inside  Hdkfs 
2  Pr  Gloves 

1  Small  over  Coat 

1  Cloth  Cap 

1  Hat 

1  pr  Gloves 

1  pr  Hose 

1  Breast  pin 

1  vest 

1  Pr  Boots 

1  pr  Socks 

1  pair  pants 

1  Sack  Coat 

2  Shirts 

1  Monkey  Jacket 

8  Linen  Hdkfs 

1  Cash  Coat 

1  Fur  Hat 

1  Boys  Coat 

1  Pr,  Blk,  Hose, 

1  pr  Gloves 

1  Blue  Cloth  Coat 

1  Pr.  Pants 

1  woolen  Shawl 

1  over  Coat  &  vest 

1  silk  vest 

1  Blanket  shawl 

6  Inside  Hdkfs 


96 


I.  Rose  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


1  Pr  Cas.  pants 
12  Pr  pants 
Coat  &  vest 
1  pr  Shoes 
1  D.  over.  Coat 
1  Breast  pin 
16  Pr  Gloves 

4  Linen  Bosom  shirts 
1  Cotton  Shirt 

1  Blk  Dress  Coat 

2  Pr  C.  Gloves 
1  vest 

1  Pr  Gloves 

1  Pr  Gloves 

1  Pr.  Bracelets 

1  Petersham  Coat 

1  Silk  stock 

1  vest 

1  Pocket  Book 

1  woolen  shawl 

1  Coat 

1  vest 

lHat 

1  Trunk 

lHdkf 

5  vests 

27  Pr  Gloves 

1  Work  Collar 

1  Pr  Casinett  pants 

1  Blk  Coat 

1  Straw  Hat 

1  pr  Silk  Gloves 

3  pr  Cotton  Gloves 
1  Blk  Hat 

1  Fur  muff 

1  pr  woolen  mitts 

5  Green  P.  Jacketts 

1  Pr  pants 

1  pr  Woolen  Socks 

1  Boy's  Cap 

1  Pr  Braceletts 

1  Cloth  Shawl 

10  Silk  Stocks 

1  Boys  vest 

1  over  Coat 

1  pr  shoes 

1  Pr  Gaiters 

3  shirt  Collars 


1  Green  Pea  Jackett 
1  Pr.  Pants 
1  Box  Finger  Rings 
16  prs  stockings 
1  pr  kid  Gloves 
1  Boys  wool  hat 

1  over  Coat 

2  vests 

3  Blk  Sat?  vest 
5  pr  stockings 

1  Striped  Vest 
13  Inside  Rd  gloves 
1  Breast  pin 
1  knight  Cap 

1  Pr  Suspenders 

2  wool  hats 

1  Coton  Hdkf 

1  Shawl 

2  over  Coats 

3  Inside  Hdkfs 
1  Shawl 

1  Short  overcoat 

2  Over  Coat 

1  morino  vest 

52  pr  Cotton  Hose 

1  coat 

1  coat  &  vest 

1  plaid  vest 

4  Cotton  shirts 

1  Vest 

2  Summer  vests 
1  Silk  Cravat 

1  over  Coat 
1  Carpet  Bag 
1  Shirt 

1  Linen.  B.  Shirt 
1  Satinett  coat 
1  Buisness?  Coat 
1  Silk  Stock 
1  Fancy  Shirt 
4  over  Coat 
1  Trunk 
1  Shirt  Collar 
1  Coat 

1  Flannel  Shirt 

2  pr  Gloves 
1  vest 

1  pr  Ear  Rings 


97 


I.  Rose  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


5  Fans 

1  pr  small  shoes 

3  pr  Gloves 
Pr  Small  Shoes 
pair  mitts 

4  Pr  White  Hose 
Lot  Rings 
Tuck  Comb 
vest 

Worsted  Cap 
Coat 

2  Inside  Hdkfs 

6  Pr  Cotton  Hose 
White  Hat 

2  vests 
scarf 
overcoat 
pr  Boots 
Blk  Coat 
Collar 
over  coat 

3  Cotton  Hdkfs 
pr  over  halls 
pr  shoes 
pr  over  Hawls 
Pea  Jacket 
Razor 
satin  stock 
umbrella 
pr  Woolen  Gloves 

3  Inside  Hdkf 
Brown  Coat 
pr  over  Halls 
Fancy  Box  Hair  pins 
Breast  pin 
Comb  &  Box 
Pr  Socks 
Plush  Cap 
pair  Cotton  Hose  " 
vests 
Blk  Coat 
Cashamat??  Coat 
pair  ear  Rings 
Pr  Laterwitt??  pants 
Satin  Stock 
small  Hat 
Pr  Boots 
Gray  over  Coat 


25  shirt  collars   at  12  1/2 

5  pair  Infant  Socks 

1  Collar  &  Cap 

1  Linen  B.  Shirt 

1  pair  C.  Stockings 

1  Boy's  vest 

1  Blk  Hat 

1  Linen  B.  Shirt 

1  Pr  Drawers 

1  Pr  over  Hauls 

1  Tweed  Coat 

5  Worsted  Shawls 
20  Pr  Blk  C.  Hose 

6  pr  cotton  Socks 

2  Silk  Hadkf 

3  cotton  Hdkfs 
2  Pr  Gaiters 

1  Woolen  Shawl 
1  Striped  Shirt 

1  Madrass  Handkerchief 

2  Coats 

1  Cashamat  Coat 

2  Breast  pins 

5  pr  Cotton  Hose 

1  Pr  kid  gloves 

5  Finger  Rings 

1  umbrella 

1  Fine  Handkerchief 

1  Brest  pin 

1  Green  Veil 

1  Linen.  B.  Shirt 

4  Boys  suspenders 

2  pr  net  drawers 

36  pr  assorted  Col  stocks 
1  Fur,  muff  &  Box 
1  Cotton  Hdkf 

3  pr  Socks 

1  Blk  silk  Cravat 
10  pr  Cotton  Hose 
1  Small  Satchell 
1  Port  money 

1  Pr  Stocking 

4  pen  knives 

2  Breast  pins 
1  Port  money 

1  ????  watch  chain 
4  pr  white  C.  Hose 
1  misses  Shawl 
1  pair  Ear  Rings 
1  Box  B.  Ear  Rings 
1  Blue  silk  stock 


98 


I.  Rose  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


1  Cloth  Cap 

1  Linen  Bosom  shirt 

15  pr  Lead  C.  Stockings 

1  Corded  skirt 

32  pr  Stockings 

4  Blk  silk  stock 

Working  shirt 

1  Corded  skirt 

1  Cash  vest 

4  pr  socks 

2  Shirts 

5  pr  white  Cotton  Hose 
1  pr  cotton  Gloves 
ICoat 

26  Pr  Blue  Stockings 
1  Coat 

1  Ladies  Fur  muff 

2  muffs 

1  Fur  muff 

1  Coat 

1  Plush  Coat 

1  Pr  kid  Gloves 

2  shirts 

1  Green  pea  Jacket 

2  Pr  yarn  Socks 

1  Collar 

2  pr  woolen  Socks 
1  pr  Socks 

1  Pr  Casimere  pants 

3  pr  cotton  socks 
Coat,  vst,  pants  &  Hdkf 
Collars  &??? 

1  pr  Suspenders 

2  pr  Blk  stockings 
1  Linen.  B.  shirt 

1  pr  C.  Shoes 

1  Long  Shawl 

3  Cloth  Caps 

2  Cotton  Hdkfs 
lmuff 

1  vest  70 

5  Pr  Woolen  Socks 

1  Coat 

ICoat 

1  Pr  Woolen  mitts 

2  pr  C  hose 
1  over  Coat 
Coat  &  pants 


1  vest 

1  Coat  &  pants 

1  Coat 

3  pr  cotton  socks 

1  Coat  &  pants 

1  Coat  to  Baker 

1  Coat  &  pants 

1  Dark  Shawl 

1  pr  Suspenders 

1  pr  Pants 

1  Cas.  coat 

2  white  Hats 
1  shirt 

1  Worsted  Shawl 
1  Pr.  Pants  unmade 
1  Pr  Woollen  socks 
1  pr  woolen  Socks 
1  Breast  pin 
1  Cashmere  vest 
1  Breast  pin 
1  pair  pants 

1  umbrella 

2  pr  shoes 

1  Inside  Hdkf 

2  Silk,  stocks 
1  Hand  Trunk 
1  Small  Coat 

1  Pr  Gloves 

1  Hand  Trunk 

2  pr  Small  shoes 

3  pr  Socks 
2  Shawls 

4  Boys  Hdkfs 

4  Boys  Handkerchiefs 

1  working  shirt 

1  pr  Cash  Gloves 

1  pr  cotton  socks 

1  pr  cotton  socks 

4  Boys  Hdkfs 

1  Vest 

1  pr  cotton  Socks 

Pr  cotton  socks 

1  White  Hat 

6  standing  Collars 

1  Pr  Cotton  Gloves 

1  Pr  Suspenders 

6  Shawls 

1  Blue  overcoat 


99 


I.  Rose  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


11  Cravats 
1  pr  pants 

1  silk  stock 

2  Changable  Hdkf 
1  Silk  Hdkf 

3  Inside  Hdkfs 

1  Blk.  S.  Hat 

2  Finger  Rings 

1  pr  Small  shoes 
10  finger  rings 

2  pair  shoes 

1  pr  yarn  Socks 

3  Blk  Hdkf 

1  Pr  Ladies  shoes 

4  Worstead  collar 
8  Silk  Hdkf 

2  Pr  under  sleeves 

1  vest 

2  vests 

5  Boys  Hdkfs 
2  pr  shoes 

2  silk  Hdkfs 
7  pr  silk  Gloves 
1  velvet  vest 
1  Collar 
1  pr  Gloves 
1  pr  Suspenders 
10  finger  rings 

1  Shawl 

2  Water  P.  Coats 

1  pr  pantaloons 

2  Pr  Woolen  Hose 
1  Glazed  Cap 

5  prs  cotton  socks 

1  Boys  Cap 

1  vest 

27  Boys  Handkfs  "   at  14 

1  Boys  Coat 

1  Plush  Cap 

2  pr  miss.  Hose 

3  under  Shirts 

2  pr  Silk  Gloves 

3  pr  Drawers 
2  Gold  Rings 

1  pr  Socks 

2  pr  Socks 

1  Casemere  vest 
1  vest 


4  C.  Handkfs 
1  Pr  Gloves 

1  pr  pantaloons 
3  Handkerchiefs 
3  pr  C  hose 
7  C.  Hkfs 
3  Pr  Small  shoes 
7  pr  yarn  Socks 

1  Lot  Hdkfs 

2  pair  shoes 
2  Coats 

1  Pr  pants 

2  Silk  vests 

1  Casimere  Coat 
1  Coat 
1  vest 
1  Scarf 
1  over  Coat 
1  Handkerchief 

1  Pr.  C.  Socks 

5  silk  Hdkfs 

13  mens   Hdkfs 

2  Hand  Trunks 

3  pr  Socks 

2  pr  socks 

3  Breast  pins 

2  over  Coats 

3  Boys  Hdkfs 
1  vest 

1  Tweed  Coat 

1  Hat 

1  Pr  moracco  shoes 

1  Second  Hand  vest 

1  Pr  Cotton  Pants 

1  vest 

1  Pr  Casmere  pants 

1  Chip?  Hat 

1  Tweed  Coat 

1  Brown  Coat 

1  Casmere  Coat 

1  Casmere  Coat 

1  Buff  vest 

1  Blk  Hat 

1  pair  pants 

1  Pair  pants 

2  Pr  Pants 

3  Pr  under  sleeves 
1  Worked  Collar 


100 


I.  Rose  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


1  Tweed  Coat 

1  Childs  Hat 

1  Blue  Cloth  Cap 

1  Gingam  Coat 

pants 

1  Tweed  Coat 

1  Tweed  Coat 
Coat  &  pants 

2  straw  Hats 
1  Pr  Drawers 

1  Second  Hand  Coat 

1  pr  Linen  pants 

2  Pr  Stockings 
1  Pr  pants 

22  Chip  Hat 

1  Blk  Frock  Coat 

2  Pr  pants 

3  vests 

7  alapacca  Coats 
10  Linen.  B.  Shirt. 
5  Tweed  Coats 

3  pr  stockings 
2  pr  pants 

1  pair  of  Pants 
1  Fancy  Shirt 
1  Casmere  Coat 

4  Cotton  Hdkfs 
1  pair  of  Pants 
1  shirt 

1  Pr  over  Hawls 
1  Straw  Hat 

1  pair  of  Ear  rings 

2  Breast  pins 

1  Second  Hand  0.  Coat 
1  Coat 
1  Pr  Pants 

5  Cotton  Hdkfs 

1  Breast  pin 

2  Linen  Brown  Shirts 
17  Chip  Hats 

1  white  vest 

2  Pr  Gloves 
1  Pr  pants 
Lot  of  Hats 
4  pr  pants 
1.  R.  shoes 
Green  Cloth  Coat 
1  Glove  stitcher 


1  Coat 

1  vest 

1  Pr  pants 

neck  ribbon 

1  Pr  pants 

1  vest 

vest  60 

1  Flute 

ICoat 

3  Fans 

1  Summer  Vest 

1  pr  shoes 

1  Blk  Coat 

1  Pr  Blk  Gloves 

2  Pr  pants 

1  Finger  Ring 

3  Cotton  Hdkfs 
1  Gingam  Coat 
12  Chip  Hat 

1  Breast  pin 
1  Pr  shoes 

1  Cotton  Handkerchief 

2  pr  over  Hawls 

3  Fancy  shirts 

3  Pr  Woolen  Gloves 
1  Marsailes  Vest 
1  Cloth  Cap 

1  Blk  Silk  Hat 

2  Pr  Gloves 

1  Brown  muslin  shirt 
1  pr  over  Hawls 

3  Finger  rings 
1  Marsails  vest 

1  Brown  C.  Shirt 

2  Hats 

1  Pr  Shoes 
1  pair  pants 
1  Pr  over  Hawls 
1  Tweed  Coat 
30  Pr  Pantiloons 
1  Pr  pants 

1  Silk  hat 

2  Linen  Coats 
1  Pr  Gloves  8 

3  pr  Silk  Gloves 
1  Worked  Collar 
1  Pair  pants 

5  Cotton  Hdkfs 


101 


I.  Rose  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


2  pr  Gloves 
2  Pr  Gloves 

13  pr  Cotton  Hose 
2  pr  C.  Hose 

1  marsails  vest 
1  Dress  Coat 
1  Pr  Gloves 

1  pr  Pants 

2  Coats 

1  Pr  Coarse  shoes 
1  Brown  Cal.  shirt 

1  pr  pants 

2  Cotton  Hdkfs 
1  Pr  pants 

1  Blk  Frock  Coat 
41  Summer  Coats 
1  Blk  Coat 
1  over  Coat 
1  pr  Cash  Pants 

1  Pr  Gloves 

2  Breast  pins 

1  Blk  Cloth  Coat 

1  Blk  Dress 

2  pr  pants 

1  Pr  Cot  pants 

1  Fan 

1  Breast  pin 

3  Finger  rings 

1  pr  Cotton  pants 

3  Rings 

2  Finger  rings 
1  pr  overhawls 

1  Corded  shirt 

2  Tweed  Coats 
1  Breast  pin 

1  Fancy  shirt 

4  Breast  pins 
1  Breast  pin 
1  vest 

1  Pr  pants 

1  Pr  pants 

4  pr  pantaloons 

1  Glove  stitcher? 

29  Boys  vests 

1  Hat 

1  Pr  Pants 

1  Casimere  Coat 

14  Inside  Hdkf 


1  pair  shoes 
1  Box  Hair  pins 
3  F  Ring 
1  Tweed  Coat 
3  Tweed  Coats 

3  Pr  specks 

1  Linen  Coat 

4  Breast  pins 

1  collar 

2  Collars 

1  Blue  shirt 

2  worked  Collars 
1  Worsted  Collar 
1  Pr  shoes 

1  Pr  shoes 
1  Blk  Hat 
30  Collars 
1  Pr  Cot  Pants 
1  small  Coat 
1  Boys  Coat 

1  pr  pants 

2  pen  knifes 

3  Summer  Coats 

3  Pr  shoes 

1  Cotton  Coat 
1  Boys  vest 
1  Tweed  Coat 
1  Tweed  coat 

4  Straw  Hats 

5  Boys  coats 

4  parasols 
1  Blk  fan 

5  alapaca  Coats 

1  parasol 

2  Alapacca  Coats 
10  Fans 

1  Linen  Coat 

1  pr  Summer  Pants 

23  Coats 

1  vest 

2  Collars 

3  Hats 

1  Leemur??  Coat 

4  Corded  shirts 

1  Pr  Cotton  pants 

1  silk  Hat 

4  Tweed  Coats 

2  vests 


102 


I.  Rose  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


lhat 

1  Tweed  Coat 

1  vest 
ICoat 

2  Boys  Hats 

3  Hats 

1  white  Crepe  Shawl 

2  pr  Gloves 

2  Worked  Collars 

4  Finger  rings 

6  Finger  Rings 
2  Shawls 

2  pr  pants 
2  vests 

I  Large  Sack  Coat 

II  Linen  B.  Shirt 
1  pr  pants 
lHdkf 

1  Handkerchief 
1  Blk  Hat 

1  vest 

2  pr  pants 

1  pr  over  Hawls 
1  Breast  pin 
8  Pr  pantiloons 

1  Boys  vest 

2  Linen  Coats 
1  Straw  Hat 

1  Small  vest 
10  Straw  Hats 

2  Pr  Cas  Pants 
1  Inside  Hdkf 
1  Linen  Coat 

28  palm  Leaf  Hats 
1  Summer  Coat 
1  Pr  Summer  Pants 
1  Pr  Cash  pants 
1  Blk  Silk  Hat 
1  Inside  Hdkf 

3  Shawls 

1  Second  Hand  Coat 

4  Fine?  Sack  Coats 

1  Small  Hdkf 

7  Linen  Coats 

2  Inside  Hdkfs 
1  pr  overhawls 
pr  pants 

1  Boys  Tweed  Coat 


1  Tweed  Coat 
1  Summer  Coat 

3  Linen  B.  Shirts 
1  Pr  Gloves 

1  pr  Pantiloons 
1  Silk  hat 
1  Collar 
1  Finger  Ring 
1  Silk  hat 

4  Pr  pants 

1  Linen  Coat 
1  pr  pants 
1  Pr  pants 
1  silk  Hat 

1  Tweed  Coat 

3  pr  Gloves 

2  Pr  pantiloons 

3  Tweed  Coats 
1  Breast  pin 

4  vests 

4  pr  pants 

1  Breast  pin 
1  Blk  Coat 
7  Pr  pants 
1  Pr  Gloves 

1  Hat 

3  Pr  shoes 

2  Pr  pants 

2  vest 

1  pr  pants 

1  vest 

1  Tweed  coat 

1  Green  Sack  Coat 

1  Breast  pin 

3  Tweed  Coats 

1  Pair  Satinett  pants 
3  Inside  Hdkfs 

1  Pr  Cas.  pants 

2  Pr  Cotton  Hose 
1  Blk  Dress  Coat 
1  Straw  Hat 

1  Pr  over  Hawls 

1  pr  Pants 

1  Pr  Shoes 

1  Linen  Bosom  shirt 

1  Pr  Shoes 

2  Linen  Bosom  shirts 
1  Linen  Brown  shirt 


103 


I.  Rose  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


4  Cloth  Caps 
1  Blk  Hat 

1  Blk  Coat 

2  Silk  Scarves 

1  Flannel  Shirt 
1  Inside  Hdkf 
Gloves 

1  Breast  Pin 

2  pair  Cash  Gloves 
4  Cotton  Hdkf 

11  Pr  Ear  rings 
1  Cotton  Hdkf 

1  Pr  side  Combs 

2  pr  Gloves 

2  Breast  pins 

3  Pr  Gloves 

2  Breast  pins 
6  Breast  pins 
6  cotton  Hdkfs 
1  Pr  Shoes 

1  Hdkf 

1  Cloth  Cap 

1  Pair  Shoes 

3  Linen  B.  Shirts 
1  Hat 

4  Tuck  Combs 
1  Pair  Shoes 

3  Silk  hats 
1  Coat 

1  Pr  Cash  pants 
3  Breast  pins 

2  Satinett  Coats 
1  vest 

I  Pr  Satinett  pants 

II  Cotton  Cravats 
1  vest 

5  Silk  Cravats 
1  Coat 

1  Pr  pants 
1  Breast  pin 
1  Blue  Silk  vest 

1  pr  Gaiters 

2  Shirt  Collars 
2  Silk  vests 

2  Satinett  vests 
1  mourning  Collar 
1  Silk  Scarf 
1  Pr  Ear  Rings 


1  Silk  Hat 
1  Plush  Coat 

1  Satinett  Coat 

2  Shirt  Collars 

2  Silk  vests 
1  pr  Pants 
Shirt  Collars 

1  Pr  Cashmere  pants 

1  pair  Cash  pants 

3  Silk  vazeit? 

3  Inside  Hdkf 

2  Pr  Ear  Rings 
ICoat 

2  Shirt  Collars 
1  Blue  C.  Cap 
ICoat 
1  Blk  Coat 
1  Pr  Ear  Rings 
1  Silk  Cravat 

4  Finger  Rings 

1  Brown  Fur  Hat 

1  Pen  knife 

2  Pr  side  Combs 
1  White  Hat 

1  Razor 
1  Watch  chain 
1  Finger  ring 
1  Pr  Bracelets 
1  Breast  pin 

3  Inside  Hdkfs 
6  Pr  Ear  Rings 
1  pr  Ear  Rings 
1  Hat  Damaged 
1  Pr  spectickles 
1  Pocket  Book 

1  Pr  pants 
1  Pr  Cotton  Pants 
1  Pr.  Ear  Rings 
1  Linen  B.  Shirt 
1  Cloth  Cap 

1  pr  Shoes 

2  Cotton  Hdkfs 
1  Pocket  Book 

1  Razor  strop 

2  pr  Ear  Rings 
15  pr  side  Combs 
1  Pr  Cash  Pants 
1  Tuck  Comb 

1  Gray  Casinett  Coat 
1  Pocket  Book 
1  Breast  pin 


104 


I.  Rose  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


1  pr  L.W.  Gloves 
1  Watch  Chain 
1  Blk  Cloth  Coat 
28  Linen.  B.  Shirts 
3  Pr  Ear  Rings 

1  Brown  Coat 

2  Pr  Gaiters 

1  Pr  kid  Gloves 

1  Lot  Ear  Rings 

3  Breast  pins 

7  pair  Gloves 

2  Breast  Pins 

4  studs 

10  Breast  pin 

1  Pr  shoes 

2  pr  small  Shoes 

1  Pr  Gloves 

2  Pr  shoes 

1  Pr  Gloves 

1  Pr  Gaiters  &  Box 

2  Pr  Boots 
1  Blue  vest 

6  Breast  pins 

5  Linen  B  shirts 
9  Breast  Pins 

1  Ladies  skirt 

1  Collar 

2  Cotton  Hdkfs 

8  Linen.  B.  Shirts 
15  Pr  Ear  Rings 

9  Finger  Rings 

1  Blk  Satin  vest 
4  Cotton  Cravats 
1  over  Coat 

1  Pr  pants 

2  doz  Shirt  Collars 

3  Breast  pins 

3  Linen  Bosom  Shirts 

1  Pr  Gaiters 

1  Pr  pants 

1  vest 

1  Blk  Coat 

3  Ladies  Shirts 

1  Silk  Hat 

1  Pair  pantaloons 

1  Satin  vest 

1  Pr  under  Sieves 

1  Blk  vest 


1  Pr  pants 

1  Pen  knife 

2  Breast  pins 
1  Blk  Coat 

1  Boys  Cap 

2  Shirt  Collars 

1  pr  shoes 

2  shirt  Collars 
1  Fan 

4  Shirt  Collars 

1  Green  Pea  Jacket 

1  pr  Cotton  Hose 

16  Inside  Hdkfs 

1  Pr  pants 

lHat 

1  Pr  pants 

3  Silk  Cravats 

1  Breast  pin 
ICoat 

2  Coats 

1  Pr  pants 

5  Pr  pants 

4  Shirt  Collars 
1  Pr  shoes 

1  Silk  vest 
1  Cotton  Hdkf 

1  Ridicule 

2  Pair  pants 

1  Pr  pantaloons 

3  pr  Silk  gloves 

1  Satinett  vest 

Dry  Goods  and  Notions 

2  yds  Calico 

2  3/4  yds  Gingam 

2  spools  Boss 

1  yard  &  Bard  Muslin 

1  yd  muslin 

7  yds  C.V.  Ribbon 

3  yds  morino 
Wadding  &  Boss 
Lot  of  Wadding 
Silk 

1  Remnant  Cambric 
1  Card  Buttons 
9  1/2  yds  Blk  Alapaca 
5/8  yd  Cambric 


105 


I.  Rose  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


2  1/4  yds  Cambric 

3  Lots  of  Buttons 

2  1/2  doz  Buttons 

3  yds  Velvet  ribbon 
Buttons  &  thread 

20  yds  Cambric  &  Box 

4  3/4  yds  Calico 
1  1/2  yds  Lace 

4  yds  Cashmere 

I  Remnant  muslin 

II  yds  Calico 
172  yd  Calico 

1  Piece  Edging 
3/4  yd  Alapaca 

2  skeans  silk 

1  yd  Irish  Linen 

1  yd  Bobinett 

3  Green  Cambric 

2  yds  mull  muslin 

7  3/4  yds  Bed  Ticking 

15  yds  Bed  Ticking 

4  yds  Bleach  Cotton 

1  yd  Blk  Alapaca 

3  1/4  yds  alapaca 

2  Remnants  silk 

2  yds  Linsay 

10  172  yds  Calico 

3  yds  S.  Silk 

1  yd  Irish  Linen 

4  skeans  S.  Silk 
6  yds  Cambric 

16  yds  Alapacca 

2  yds  Ginham 

14  1/4  yds  Ginham 
2  yds  Cambric 
2  yds  Drilling 
4  Cards  Buttons 

1  yd  Drilling 

16  yds  Bed  Ticking 

2  3/4  yds  muslin 

1  1/4  yds  Blk  Alpaca 
211/2  yds  Bleached  muslin 
1  Remnant  Cotton 

1  Lot  Edging 
24  yds  Gingam 

8  1/4  yds  Plaid  Cotton 
30  yds  Salicia 

2  1/4  "  Bed  Ticking 


9  yds  Ticking 
Drilling  &  Cambric 
16  yds  muslin 

1  1/2  "  Dress  silk 
6  yds  Col  Cambric 
29  yds  Furniture  Calico 
6  1/2  yds  Blue  Cotton 

27  1/2  "  French  Lawn 
1  Remnant  Lawn 

34  yds  Calico 
4  Hanks  Thread 

1  Remnant  Lawn 
3  spools  cotton 
172  yd  Bobinett 
111/2  yds  mull  muslin 

3  yds  Calico 

4  Spools  Boss 

8  1/2  yds  mouslin 

13  1/2  yds  mouslin  de  lain 

2  3/4  yds  muslin 
46  yds  Drilling 

3  yds  Lawn 

6  yds  Jaconett  Cambric 

7  spools  Boss 

2  yds  Alapacca 
6  1/4  "  Cambric 

1  Card  Buttons 

3  Remnants  Cotton 
6  yds  drilling 

10  yds  Gingham 

2  Cards  vest  Buttons 
34  yds  Bro  muslin 

8  1/2  yds  Calico 
8  1/2  yds  Lawn 
24  Spools  Boss 
1000  needles 
1000  needles 

1  doz  Spools  boss 
1000  S.  needles 
18  1/2  yds  muslin  " 

5  3/4  yds  Linen  Crash 
10  yds  Summer  Silk 
111/2  yds.  C.  Fringe 
10  yds  nankeen 

48  spools  Boss 
5  Lots  spool  Boss 

28  yds  Muslin 
10  yds  nankeen 


106 


I.  Rose  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


16  yds  trilled  cotton 
6  pieces  tape 

13  yds  Muslin 

2  lots  Satin  Buttons 

1  lot  Whale  Bone  Buttons 

14  doz  Satin  Buttons 

8  1/2  yds  Cotton  Fringe 
72  yds  Calico 
1  piece  Blk  lace 
26  yds  Bro.  Holland 

5  3/8  yds  L.  Diaper 
10  yds  Calico 

8  7/8  yds  L.  Diaper 

25  5/8  yds  Linen  L.  Cloth 

16  yds  Gingham 

1  1/4  yds  Silk 

1  Remnant  Calico 

12  yds  F  Calico 

32  1/2  yds  Blue,  muslin 

36  Skeans,  Blk,  silk 

25  1/2  yds  Lawn 

16  1/2  yds  Lawn 

1  Remnant  mouslain 

10  yds  Calico 

1  Remnant  Lawn 

2  1/4  "  Calico 
1250  needles 
10  yds  Calico 

1  1/2  doz  Spools  Boss 
350  needles 
12  yds  Eng.  morina 
12  1/2  yds  Blue  Cotton 

1  Card  Buttons 

2  Lots  Buttons 

6  1/4  yds  mouslain 
24  Skeans  Blk  silk 
1  Lot  Calico 

1  Remnant  V.  Ribbon 

7  1/4  yds  Calico 

8  yds   Calico 

1  Remnant  Calico 

7  yds  Calico 

1  Lot  Edging 

7  1/8  yds  Calico 

23  1/4  "  mouslin  de  laine 

1  Rem  Ribbon 

12  yds  mouslain 

1  Box  Boss 


22  yds  Calico 

10  3/4  yds  muslin 

1  Remnant  Gingham 

2  Rem  C.  Calico 
10  yds  Calico 

1  lot  Fancy  Buttons 
1  Lot  Vest  Buttons 
24  doz  Buttons 
Buttons  &  Boss 
20  yds  cotton 
20  yds  shirting 
10  yds  nankeen 

1  doz  spools  Boss 

10  Bird  Eye  Lourls" 

2  Hand  Buckles 

1  yd  Casimer 

2  pair,  C.V.  Ribbon 

1  ?  white  G.  Boss 

2  Gross  Buttons 

1  Card  Buttons 

11  1/2  "  muslin 
5  1/2  yds  cotton 
11  Cards  Buttons 
34  3/4  yds  muslin 
4  Buckles 

2  Doz  Spools  Boss 
2  yds  Irish  linen 

1  card  Buttons 
1  card  Buttons 
15  cards  Buttons 
1  can  Buttons 
1  Card  Buttons 
1  Doz  spools  Boss 
1  Doz  spools  Boss 
1  Doz  spools  boss 
15  doz  spools  boss 
1  Doz.  spools  Boss 
4  1/2  yds  table  cloth 
1  Buckle 
1  Lot  Boss 
1  Boss 

8  doz.  spools  Boss 
1  Lot  tape 

4  1/2  yds  Blk  Cloth 

5  doz  Spools  Boss 
142  spools  Boss 

1  Lot  Skean  Boss 
10  yds  nankeen 


107 


I.  Rose  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


5  1/4  "  Irish  Linen 
42  yds  Cambric 
84  yds  Drilling 
1  Lot  of  remnants 
411/4  yds  Lawn 
27  1/4  yds  irish  Linen 
26  1/4  yds  shirting 
4  Cards  Vest  Buttons 
1  Lot  spool  Boss 
4  Doz  Spools  Boss 
1  Lot  Buttons 
9  Card  Buttons 

15  yds  Blk  Drilling 
1  yd  Blk  Lace 

9  yds  Bro.  Cotton 

9  ???  French  Linen 

1  doz  spools  Boss 

2  1/8  yds  Irish  Linen 

11  Spools  Linen  Floss 
34  1/2  yds  B.  Shirting 

12  1/2  yds  Crash 
7  3/4  yd  Casimere 
44  1/2  yds  Osnaburg 

10  yds,  Bed,  Ticking 

2  5/8  yds  French  Linen 

16  ??  Cambrick 
1  Card  Buttons 
18  yds  Cambric 

4  yds  French  Linen 

10  doz  Buttons 
1  Gross  Buttons 

3  3/8  yds  French  Linen 
1  Lot  needles 

9  yds,  Blk,  Allpacca 
9  yds  Calico 
400  needles 
1  yd  Bl.  Drilling 
1  Dress  Patern 

17  yds  Blk  Calico 
9  yds  Calico 

1  Remnant  Cambric 

11  1/2  doz  Buttons 
1  Remnant  Mouslin 
3  3/4  yds  muslin 

1  lb  Blk  Thread 

1  yd  Blue  cotton 
26  1/4  yds  Lawn 

2  Cards  Buttons 


1  Remnant  Irish  Linen 
Thread 

1  lb  Blk  Thread 

2  1/2  yds  velvet 

2  Remnants  V.  Ribbons 
1  yd  Cambric 

1  Remt  Ribbon 

2  yds  Calico 

12  1/2  yds  Ribbon 
1  yd  Alapacca 
Lot  Boss  &  thread 
1  Piece  Edging 
4  Skeans  Silk 

9  yds  muslin 

4  yds  Gingham 

12  1/2  yds  Blk  Calico 
1  3/4  yds  Gingham 
1  Remnant  Lawn 
8  yds  Green  mouslin 

1  Dress  Pat  of  mouslin 

3  Cards  Buttons 

10  yds  Gingham 
3  1/2  yds  Calico 

5  yds  +Bard  muslin 
15  1/2  yds  muslin 
18  yds  Calico 

2  Remnants  Calico 

6  1/4  yds  Blk  Calico 
1  skean  silk 

1  Lot  of  Buttons 

1  Remnant  Col.  Cambric 

8  1/2  yds  mouslain 
Cotton  &  Buttons 

7  yds  Blk  V.  Ribbon 
a  doz  Spools  Boss 

2  pieces  tape 

5  1/2  yds  Bw.  morino 
1  doz  spools  Boss 

6  doz  Buttons 
20  yds  Calico 
6  yds  Gingam 

9  yds  mouslain 

1     Remnant  Furniture  Calico 

9  yds  Blk  Calico 

12  yds  Gingham   "   at  10 

12  yds  Bleach  drilling  17  2.04 

14  yds  Crash 

8  yds  mouslain 


108 


I.  Rose  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


600  sewing  needles 
2  Boxes  Buttons 
1  lb  Thread 
1  1/2  yds  Ribbon 
1  Lot  Buttons 
Lot  Thread 

1  Remnant  yellow  calico 

2  Cards  Buttons 
50  oz  thread 

8  yds  Calico 
24  yds  Silk 

2  Card  Buttons 

1  oz  Blk  Silk 

12  skeans  silk 

2  Remnants  linen 
2  Pieces  Edging 

1  Remnant  Linen 
1  Piece  Edging 

1  1/2  yds  Gingham 

13  7/8  yds  Calico 

14  1/4  yds  muslin 

2  1/2  yds  mouslains 
13  1/2  yds  Calico 

2  spools  Boss 

3  skeans  S.  Silk 

1/2  Card  shirt  Buttons 
1/4  yds  Swiss 

1  doz  Buttons 

4  yds  Bleached  Cotton 
12  yds  Calico 

2  yds  Calico 

1  3/4  yds  Blk  silk  for 
24  "  oil  Calico 

2  yds  Allpacca 

6  1/2  yds  muslin 
32  yds,  oil,  Calico 

7  1/2  yds  Cambric 

6  yds  Mouslin 

2  yds  Gingham 

3  1/2  "  Red  Calico 

7  1/2  yds.  morino 

5  yds  striped  Cotton 
1  skein  Silk 

1  5/8  yds  Blk  Silk 

9  yds  mouslin  delain 

6  3/4  "  oil  Cloth 

2  yds  Blk  silk 

1  Remnant  Cambric 


3/8  yds  cotton 

1  Remnant  Muslin 

15  1/2  yds  Bleach  Cotton 
1  1/2  yds  twilled  Cotton 
5  yds  Ribbon 

Calico  &  mouslin 

4  Skeans  silk 

5  yds  Lace 

I  yd  Calico 

II  yds  velvet 

5  yds  Mouslain 

16  1/2  yds  Muslin 
1  Remnant  Calico 
1  1/2  yds  Gingham 
3/4  yds  Irish  Linen 

6  yds  mouslain 

7  yds  alapaca 
1  yds  alapaca 
1  Spool  Boss 

1/2  yds  C.  Goods 

4  yds  Bobinett 

10  3/4  yds  Ribbon 

1  1/2  yds  Bleached  Cotton 

3  oz.  Thread  &  2  col  spools 

3  Worked  strips 

52  1/2  yds  Blue  cotton 

1  Lot  Thread 

5  Cards  Buttons 

20  yds  Twilled  osnenburg 

2  spools  Boss 
78  3/4  "  Calico 

3  yds  Calico 

44  yds  mouslind  delain 
10  1/2  yds  Green  Calico 
1  Lot  Blk  Thread 
3  1/2  yds  Blue  Cotton 
25  yds  Brown  Holland 
32  1/4  yds  dotted  swiss 

6  Remnant  Lawn 
14  1/2  "  white  lace 
13  3/4  yds  Cambric 
12  yds  check 

23  1/2  yds  Curtain  Calico 

38  1/2  yds  Blk  Lace 

10  yds  nankeen 

1  Remnant  Gingam 

19  3/4  yds  Blue  Plantation 

10  yds  R.  Stuff 


109 


I.  Rose  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


29  1/2  yds  mouslin  delain 
13  1/4  yds  shirting 
20  174  yds  Silk  Luster 

1  Remnant  Lawn 

2  1/2  yds  Cambric 
2  1/4  yds  muslin 

1  Remnant  Calico 
49  yds  Blk  Calico 

28  yds  Calico 

2  yds  Irish  Linen 
10  yds  Gingam 

1  Remnant  Lawn 
8  yds  mouslin 

39  1/2  yds  muslin 

2  spools  silk 

4  Pieces  ribbon 

20  yds  Cambric 

1  Remnant  Irish  Linen 

8  3/4  yds  Gingam 

1  oz  sewing  silk 

20  yds  Col  Cambric 

3  yds  muslin 

29  yds  Calico 

42  yds  mous  delain 
6  yds  Calico 

4  yds  Gingam 

4  1/2  yds  ribbon 
20  yds  Blue  Cotton 
18  yds  Calico 

10  yds  Cotton 
27  3/4  yds  Calico 

5  yds  Penitentiary  plaid 

1  Lot  Thread 

2  Remnants  Calico 
1  piece  Blk  Lace 
12  spools  Boss 

5  papers  needles 

3  yds  Irish  Linen 

1  Piece  edging 

25  yds  mous  delain 

2  spools  silk 

5  yds  Irish  Linen 

6  cards  Buttons 
2  Pieces  Tape 

26  172  yds  Cotton 

4  Spools  Boss 

24  1/2  yds  mous  delain 
1  paper  needles 


3  yds  Calico 

1  paper  needles 

2  Pieces  Edging 
18  spools  Boss 

12  yds  Summer  Silk 
8  doz  Pearl  Buttons 
1  Remnant  Cotton 

1  Lot  Cotton 
8  1/4  yds  ribbon 

10  yds  Summer  Silk 
20  yds  Blk  Calico 

1  Plain?  Bobinett 

1  Pr  Bobinett 

38  yds  Frgd  (fringed?)  Bobinett 

1  Piece  Frgd(fringed?)  Bobinett 

4  yds  Cambric 

35  yds  Jaconett  cambric 

2  spools  Boss 

1  Sett  Buttons 

7  yds  +  bard  goods 
20  1/2  yds  Alapacca 

3  spools  silk 

8  papers  Buttons 
1  Bunch  thread 

1  Lot  Buttons 

65  yds  Col  Cambric 
3  Pieces  swiss 

13  1/2  yds  Bard  goods 
6  Pieces  Edging 

2  papers  Buttons 

1  Coat  Buttons 
16  yds  Lace 

2  Dress  Paterns 
1  Remnant  Lawn 
1  Remnant  Lawn 
1  Lot  Buttons 

3  Dress  paterns 
3  Card  Buttons 

3  1/4  yds  Calico 
8  yds  Muslin 

1  paper  Buttons 

33  yds  Striped  Cotton  at  10 

11  yds  Cambric 

2  spools  Boss 

4  yds  Cambric 

1  Remnant  muslin 

1  spool  silk 

2  papers  Buttons 


110 


I.  Rose  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


2  Dress  paterns 

2  yds  Lace 

37  yds  Bard  good 

5  yds  Lawn 

811/4  yds  plaid  Cotton 

24  yds  Blk  Calico 

2  Remnants  S.  muslin 
1000  needles 
Gingham  10  yds 
20  yds  Blk  Calico 

9  yds  Blk  Lawn 
14  3/4  yds  Calico 

1  pr  Buttons 

2  Boxes  Bone  Buttons 

6  Remnants  Lawn 

3  Gross  Buttons 

5  yds  Calico 

10  Calico 

2  yds  Ribbon 

3  3/4  "  Irish  Linen 
Tape 

1  yd  Drilling  &  Hooks  eyes 
41  yds  Mouslin 

10  yds  mouslin 

2  yds  Irish  Linen 

3  yds  Shirting 
Buttons 

1  1/4  yds  Cambric 

6  Spools  Boss 

20  3/4  yds  twilled  Cotton 

16  yds  Calico 

Patent  Thread 

19  1/2  yds  Blk  Lawn 

1  yd  Gingam 

1  Card  Buttons 

3  Paterns  of  Pants  stuff 

34  yds  Calico 

111/2  yds  mouslain 

3  3/8  yds  Cambric 
12  yds  Gingam 

1  Patern  of  Pants  stuffs 
1  Spool  Boss 
10  yds  Irish  Linen 
30  1/2  yds  Calico 

25  "  Mouslin 

10  yds  Striped  Cotton 

4  yds  Pink  Gingam 
4  pants  paterns 


1  pants  pattern  for  Boy 

9  yds  muslin 

16  yds  alapacca 

5  yds  mous  delain 
14  yds  Cotton 
12  "  Watered  Silk 

5  Cards  Buttons 
711/4  yds  Calico 
1  Box  Buttons 

1  lot  buttons 

Thread 

1  Card  Buttons 

1  Lot  Shirt  Buttons 

49  "  mouslain 

1  Bunch  Thread 

26  yds  Penitentiary  Plaid 

24  yd  Gingam 

4  yds  Curtain  Calico 

I  Remnant  Silk  Braze 

II  yds  Alapacca 
14  yds  Calico 

8  yds  Alapacca 
1  Bunch  Thread 

20  yds  Bleached  Drilling 

7  yds  morino 

29  yds  Penitentiary  plaid 

10  yds  mouslin 
24  yds  mouslain 

17  yds  Beraze  delain 
33  yds  mouslain 

18  yds  Calico 

14  1/2  yds  mouslain 

6  1/4  yds  morino 

46  yds  mouslain  "at  11 
42  yds  Braze 

21  yds  Braze 

33  yds  mouslindelain 

15  1/2  yds  Gingam 

8  yds  col  Cambric 

12  1/2  yds  Blue  Cotton 
1  Remnant  Silk 
32  yds  mouslain 

22  yds  Calico 

6  yds  Penitentiary 

1  Piece  C.  Lace 

56  3/4  yds  Blue  ribbon  at  8 

4  Boxes  Buttons 

18  yds  mouslain 


111 


I.  Rose  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


6  yds  Silk 

6  1/2  yds  mouslain 

8  1/2  yds  Alapacca 
33  yds  Blk  Calico 
33  yds  Blk  Calico 

27  1/2  yds  Gingam 
36  yds  Lead  Drilling 

18  172  yds  Cotton  tweed 

18  yds  domestic  cotton 

9  yds  mixed  tweed 
13  yds  Shirting 

5  3/4  yds  Bard  tweed 
5  3/4  yds  Alapacca 
31  yds  Mouslain 

4  yds  Drilling 

5  1/2  "  Bonnett  Ribbon 
64  yds  Calico 

39  yds  striped  shirting 
23  1/4  yds  Calico 

19  yds  Check 

8  yds  +  bard  goods 
Buttons 

8  doz  Silk  Buttons 

I  Card  Buttons 

9  yds  Calico 

28  yds  Calico 

3  papers  needles 

II  yds  ribbon 

1  Bunch  thread 

41  yds  Checked  goods 

2  doz.  S.  Buttons 

2  yds  Check 

56  yds  mouslain 

1  Gross  Buttons 

17  3/4  yds  mouslian 

3  yds  Check 

45  1/4  yds  Calico 
9  yds  mouslin 

4  yds  Swiss  muslin 

2  doz  Silk  Buttons 

20  1/2  yds  Plead  Cotton 
1  Bunch  thread 

1  3/4  yds  ribbon 

Buttons 

22  yds  Calico 

1  yd  Check 

9  yds  Cashmere 

7  skeans  silk 


1  yd  Cambric 

1  Piece  Ribbon 

12  3/4  yds  Cambric 
4  skeans  silk 
3  1/2  Doz  spools 
23  yds  Check 

3  yds  Drilling 

2  Spools  Silk 

4  Thimbles 

14  1/2  yds  shirting 

Hardware 

1  Lot  Buckets 
1  oil  Can 
1  Pr  Gears 
1  Pr  H.  Locks 
15??  Shot 

1  pr  Blk  Irons? 

2  Tin  ? 

1  Jack  Hammer 

Books  and  Supplies 

7  Pen  holders 

1  Pen  Holder 
9  Pen  Holders 
Book 

8  quires  Paper 

2  pen  holders 

1  quire  Ruled  paper  " 

1  Bag  Paper 

2  Qr  W.  Paper 

3  Grahams  Magazines  at  4 
1  Lot  German  Books 

1  Frenology  Book 

1  Slate 

2  Pen  holders 

3  quires  W.  Paper 

Store  Supplies 

7  qr  Rapping  paper 
1  Store  Box 

1  Jar  &  candy 

3  Bank  note  reporters 

2  qr  wrapping  Papers 
1  Table  Clock 

1  5$  Broken  Bank  note 
1  Rail  Road  Guide 

3  Balls  rapping  Thread 


112 


I.  Rose  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


Box  &  Bottle 
1  Tape  measure 
1  Box 

1  Tobacco  knife 
1  Sand  Box 
1  Lot  Bottles 

1  yd  stick 

2  Tin  Scoops 
1  Box 

1  Sett  Scales  &  weights 

2  Paste  Board  Boxes 
1  Pr  scissors 

1  Box 

1  show  Case 

1  Box  &  contents 

1  Box,  Bilt  slides 

1  paste  Board  Box 

1  Ream  Wrapping  paper 

3  tin  measures 

1  Show  Case 

2  Paste  Board  Boxes 
1  Glass  Case 

6  Balls  Twine 
Paste  Board  Box 
1  Hat  Box 
1  Lamp  &  fixtures 
1  Tape  measure 
1  Box 

3  Paste  Board  Boxes 
1  Paste  Board  Box 

3  Boxes 

1  Basket 

1  Pair  scales 

1  Ten  plate  Stove  &c 

1  Box  &  contents 

1  Bottle 

1  Ring  Box 

1  Box 

1  Cloth  Brush 

1  sign  Frame 

1  Box 

10  Wrapping  thread 

1  Box 

3  Bottles 

1  Box 

1  Box 

1  Box 

1  Pr  Scissors 


1  Gal  measure 
1  Box  &  Lining 

Personal  Effects 

1  Childs  Cradle 

1  Common  Table 

1  Chicken  Box  &  saw 

6  Chairs 

1  Lot  stove  pipe 

1  Bedstead  &  Bedding 

Glass,  Tin  &  China  Ware 

1  Crib 

1  8  day  Clock 

1  steam  Bed  Tick 

1  Bed  stead 

2  Tables 

1  Bath  Tub 

7  pictures 

1  Childs  Chide? 

1  Lounge  &  mattrass 

1  Mattrass 

9  Common  chairs 

2  Looking  Glass 

1  Wash  Stand  B  &  Pitcher 
Trunk  &  Chest 

1  Cooking  Stove  &  fixtures 

2  Candle  sticks 

1  mattrass  &  quilt 
1  Small  Bureau 
1  Rain  Bbl 

1  Ten  plate  stove 
kitchen  furniture 

2  mantle  Clocks 
5  Chairs 
Bedding 

2  Rocking  chairs 

1  mahogany  Bookcase 

Unknown 

?eal  of  matt,  Ward 

4  Blk  Satu? 

1  Rigalette 

1  Blk  Sat? 

4  Steam 

Lot  of  meun? 

3  Lots  S.H.  Faulls? 


113 


INVENTORY  of  DOLPHIN  DREW 

Jefferson  County 

1856 


Food  and  Containers 

5  Plugs  Toba 
4  lb  Pepper 
2  Box  Waifers 
54  Plugs  Toba 
1  box  Pipes 
Tobacco 
Pills  &  Cards 
smoking  Toba 
Ginger 
1  Lot  nut  megs 

1  Wafers 
Rash  Powder 
15  lb  Toba 
snuff 

4  lb  Candy 
sugar  crackers 

2  Lot  Pipes 

Housewares 

Biking  &c 

1  pair  Pitcher 
Bowl 

2  setts  K  &  Forks 
2  salt  salvers 

4  pair  snuffers 

soap 

4  Box  matches 

1  clock 

1  pair  curtains 

2  pair  snuffers 

2  carving  knives 
1  Sugar  Box 

3  Brooms 

1  pair  scissors 

2  Butter  knives 
10  Balls  wick  &c 
knives  &  Forks 

1  Table  cloth 

2  Forks 
Pitcher 

Waffling  Irons 
14  Plates 
Tea  kettle 


2  Look  Glasses 
1  clock 

3  Candlesticks 

1  shade 

2  Sugar  Bowls 
Candlesticks 

2  sugar  Bowls 

1  Pan 

2  culenders 
Snuffers 

2  Dishes 
1  Dipper 
1  Tumblers 

1  wash  Pan  &  candle  moles 

2  coffee  Pots 

2  comforts 

1  coffee  Pot 

1  Looking  Glass 

1  Pitcher 

1  coffee  Pot  &  Pan 

1  Broom 

Cake  Cutters 

9  Tin  Cups 

1  Lot  spoons 

4  Chambers 

3  carving  knives 
knives  &  Forks 

2  Flower  Pots 
scissors  &c 

1  Bed  Cord 
Epsom  Salts 
1  andirons 

1  sett  Knives  &  Forks 

Clothing  and  Accessories 

3  Handkfs 

5  Hats 

2  shirts 

2  cravats 
suspenders 

3  Bonnet 

1  Straw  Hat 

Cravat 

13  Tuck  combs 

1  pair  Boots 


114 


D.  Drew  Inventory,  1856  (con't) 


4  night  caps 
1  Lot  clothes 
7  Pock  combs 

1  pair  Buck  Gloves 
4  pair  Drawers 

2  Handkfs 
1  shawl 

1  check  shirt 

7  tin  combs 
1  Hat 

1  shawl 

Veil 

1  Baby  (bonnet?) 

1  pair  socks 

1  pair  shoes 

1  Bonnet 

3  pr  stockings 

3  Hair  Brushes 
1  Straw  Hat 

1  white  Hat 
1  old  Coat 
1  pair  shoes 
Shaving  Brush 

1  Lot  Watch  Chains 

4  Pock  Books 
Razor  Paste 

2  Breast  Pins 
snuff  Box  &c 
spectacles 

4  pair  side  Combs 

1  Lot  Shaving  Brushes 

3  shirts 

2  pair  shoes 
shoe  strings 
Silk  Cravat 
shoe  Thread 
11  pair  shoes 
Hair  Pins 
shoe  Thread 

8  Handkfs 
Box  &  Gloves 
2  pair  Boots 

1  C  cravat 
1  umbrella 
1  vest 
1  Lot  Pipes 
violin  strings 
1  cravat 


Dry  Goods  and  Notions 

10  yds  Calico 
12  yds  Calico 
10  yds  Calico 
10  Calico 
6  yds  C.  Flannel 
12  Boxes  Buttons 

2  1/2  yds  Calico 
Box  Buttons 

36  mouslain 

12  J.  Linen 

5  1/2  selicia 

1  Lot  Buttons 

12  1/2  yds  Holland 

1  Lot  Cotton 

3  pr  Ribons 

1  Lot  needles 
Bobinett 
1  pr  Linen 
1  Box  Islets 

4  Bolts  Ribon 

1  piece  of  Linen 

1  box  Islets 
silk 

2  lots  silk  &  Thread 
White  Cotton 

Boss 

Boss 

2  yds  cotton 

55  yds  mouslin 

4  yds  Cambric 

Boss 

Pants  Patern 

shirt  Buttons 

1  Hook  &  eyes 

1  Lot  Buttons 

1  Lot  Ribbons 

1  Box  needles 

1  Lot  Buckels 
Buckels 

25  prs  Tape 

2  yds  Linen 
121  yds  Calico 
Buckels 

22  yds  Gingham 
Silk  &  Tape 
Calico 


115 


D.  Drew  Inventory,  1856  (con't) 


9  yd  Ticking 
117  yds  Calico 

12  yds  Calico 
nankeen 

9  yds  Grecianette 
foundation  muslin 
15  Bobinett 

Hardware 

4  shoe  knives 

2  Files 

3  Pa  Tacks 
6  Box  Caps 

1  Lot  Files 
Lock  &  key 
spicote 

2  mason  Hammers 
axe  Helves 
Knobs 

Red  Precipitate 
6  whet  stones 

13  Pinsers 

1  Lot  Gimlets 
Tobacco  knife 
1  Bag  shot 
1  Lot  awls 
Rat  Trap 
1  Lock 

3  Tin  Buckets 

1  Lot  Hinges 
6  Bars  Lead 

2  Pad  Locks 

1  keg  copperas 
Lot  Irons 

2  Locks 

2  Pr  Powders 
1  Bucket 
Fish  Lines 

1  Box  Caps 
salt  Peter  &  box 
Camphor 

2  Pa  Tacks 
1  augur 

1  Lot  screws 

1  Powder  Flash 

2  Locks 

2  spicotes 


3  Curry  Combs 
1  Latch 

1  Curry  Comb 

2  Lots  Screws 
1  Pa  Tacks 
steel  yards 
Salt  Peter 

3  cow  hides 

1  Lot  Fish  Hooks 

Augurs 

charcoal 

1  Lot  Tacks 

2  small  Buckets 

4  pair  Locks 
Ring  &  Lock 

3  Lots  screws 
1  oil  Can 
Hinges 

1  Lot  Hinges 

Books  and  Supplies 

5  Ink  stands 

2  Atlas's 
Pen  Holders 

3  qrs  Paper 
2  Books 

12  qrs  paper 
1  Lot  Books 
slate  Pencils 
1  Bundle  Pencils 

1  Lot  Books 

Store  Supplies 

Box  &  Cards 

2  yds  sticks 
scales 

Box  &  Contents 

Box  &  contents 

Keg 

Box  &  contents 

1  Ball  Twine 

Paste  Boards 

1  Box  sand 

1  Box  &  Contents 

Bottle  &c 

scoop 


116 


D.  Drew  Inventory,  1856  (con't) 


1  pair  scales 
1  Sand  Box 
ICan 
1  qt  cup 

Unknown 

3  Pa  Land? 
1  Ball  Girting? 


117 


INVENTORY  of  JOSEPH  MYERS 

Jefferson  County 

1867 


Food  and  Containers 

1  Bottle  C  Oil 

2  Bottles  Laudenum 

4  Bottles  Laudenum 
Dried  apples 

1  Plug  Tobacco 

5  Bottles  W  Medicines 

2  Bottles  Essence 

1  Bottle  Laudenum 

2  Bottles  Escence 

1  Bottle  C  oil 

2  Bottles  Lemon 

2  Bottles  Medicine 
1  Box  coffee  Ess 

3  Bottles  C  oil 

1  Bottle  H  oil 

3  Boxes  crackers 

2  Bottles  C  oil 
1  Bottle  oil 

1  Bot  Ess  Lemon 

2  Bottles  Esc  Lemons 
2  Bottles  Peppermint 
2  Bottles  Laudenum 
2  Bottles  C  Oil 

2  1/2  lbs  C  Candy 
2  Bottles  Es  Lemons 
2  Bottles  Peppermint 
2  Bottles  Es  Lemon 
2  Plugs  Tobacco 

6  Plugs  Tobacco 

4  Plugs  Tobacco 
1  Jar  &  Pepper 

1  Jar  Tartaric  Acid 

2  Plugs  Tobacco 
4  Plugs  Tobacco 

8  Plugs  Tobacco 

9  Plugs  Tobacco 
6  Plugs  Tobacco 

1  Box  Tobacco  Wt  62  lbs 
4  Sacks  G.A.  Salt 

12  Plugs  Tobacco 
6  Plugs  Tobacco 
18  Plugs  Tobacco 
4  Plugs  Tobacco 

2  Plugs  Tobacco 


3  Plugs  Tobacco 

1  1/4  Lbs  Rappee???  Snuff 
1  Bottle  C  Oil 

1  Bottle  Es  Lemon 

2  Plugs  Tobacco 
15  Plugs  Tobacco 
1/4  Lb  Campbor 

1  1/2  Cream  Tartar 

2  Plugs  Tobacco 

1  Crock  &  Figs 

2  Plugs  Tobacco 
2  Plug  Tobacco 
2  Plugs  Tobacco 
Mace 

2  Bottles  C  oil 

1  Paper  F  Crackers 

2  1/2  lbs  Lemon  Candy 
1  Bottle  bears  oil 

1  Bottle  Es  Lemon 
Bottle  sweet  oil 
1  Bottle  S  oil 

Housewares 

1  Wash  Board 
1  Cream  Jug 

1  Dipper 

2  Fruit  Jars 
2  Cakes  Soap 

1  Pitcher 

2  Small  Tin  Cups 
Ge???  Madding 

2  Tin  Cups 
1  Molasses  Jug 

1  Thunder  Mug 

2  Cakes  Soap 
Tin  pan 

1  Sett  cups  &  Saucers 
1  Sett  Cups  &  Saucers 
1  Sett  Table  Spoons 
1  Wash  board 

4  Jars 

1  Frying  Pan 

2  Window  Blinds 

1  Cream  Jug  Stone 

2  Veg  Dishes 


118 


J.  Myers  Inventory,  1867  (con't) 


1  Sett  Knives  &  forks 

2  Shaving  soap 
2  Rugs 

2  Tin  Pans 

Milk  Crock  &  Thunder  Mug 

2  Milk  Crocks 

2  Milk  Crocks 

2  Blinds 

1  Bowl 

2  Cakes  soap 
2  Bowels 

1  Sett  White  Plates 

2  Tin  Pans 
2  Tin  Cups 
5  Blinds 

1  Bowl 

2  Milk  Crocks 
2  Fruit  Jars 

2  Tin  Cups 

1  Chamber  Bucket 

2  Crocks 

2  Cakes  Soap 
2  Pr  Scissors 
4  Milk  Crocks 

1  Tin  Pan 

2  Jars 

2  Fruit  Jars 

1  Piece  Sponge 
4  Pie  Plates 

2  Fruit  Jars 
2  Tin  Pans 

2  Fruit  S  Jars 
1  Veg  Dish 

1  Sett  Stone  &c 
4  Comforts 

2  Tumblers 

2  Veg  Dishes 
2  White  Mugs 
1  Wash  Board 
1  Dish 
1  Cream  Mug 

1  Wash  Board 

2  Fruit  Jars 
2  S  Knives 

7  Milk  crocks 
4  mugs 
2  Cakes  soap 
4  Rugs 


1  Cream  Jug 
lTub 

2  Setts  cup  &  Saucers 
4  mugs 

1  Earthen  bowl 

2  cakes  soap 

1  Doz  Stone  china 
172  Doz  B.E.  Plates 
1  Knife 

4  Earthen  crocks 
1  Bacon  Knife 

5  Fruit  Jars 

6  Milk  crocks 

1  White  C  Jug 
1  Box  G  Madding 
1  Jar 

1  White  Pitcher 

2  Jugs,  1/2  gal 

1/2  Doz  Tin  Plates 

2  Mugs 

1  Stone  Pan 
4  Fruit  Jars 

4  G.P.  Rugs??? 

3  Stove(?)  Pans 
Plates 

2  Vegetable  Dishes 
10  G.P.  Box  Rugs??? 
8  Tumblers 

1  Sett  cups  &  saucers 

2  Setts  cups  &  saucers 

1  Jug  1/2  gal 

2  Setts  Cup  &  Saucers 
Lot  of  Plates 

2  Cakes  Soap 
2  White  Pitchers 
2  Cakes  soap 
1  Pr  Scissors 
1  Flat  Broom 

1  Broom 

2  tin  Cups 

1  Wash  Board 
1  Sett  B  E  Plates 
1  Bacon  Knife 
1  White  Dish 
6  Tin  Cups 

1  Box  G  Madding 

2  6  Shaving  soap 

1  sett  Knives  &  forks 


119 


J.  Myers  Inventory,  1867  (con't) 


2  Broad  flat  Brooms 

4  Box  Blacking 
1  Pair  Scissors 

1  Frying  Pan 
Blacking  Brush 

2  box  blacking 

1  Molasses  Gait 
1  Stone  Jar 
1  Hat  Rack 

3  Earthen  Crocks 
1  Sett  Tea  Spoons 
3  Vegetable  Dishes 
1  White  Dish 

1  Pair  Scissors 
1  Box  G  Madding 
1  Frying  Pan 
1  Cake  soap 

1  Plug  Tobacco 

2  cakes  C  soap 
1  Bacon  Knife 
1  Frying  Pan 
Bucket  and  Jar 
1  Box  Blacking 

1  Sett  B.E.A.  Plates 

1  Sett  White  Tea  Plates 

2  Blacking  Brushes 

3  Setts  B.E.  Tea  Plates 

5  Starch 

2  Wash  Boards 

6  Fruit  Jars 
1  Dipper 

4  Cakes  Soap 

5  Starch 

1  Starch 

2  Cakes  soap 

1  Starch 

2  Cakes  soap 

4  Cakes  honey  soap 
1  Wash  Board 
1  Mug 
1  Mug 

3  Bowls 

1  Wash  Board 

2  Cakes  Soap 

1  Wooden  Bowl 
Lampwick 

3  Tin  cups 

1  Chamber  Bucket 


1  zink  board 

1  Water  Dipper 

2  Cakes  Soap 
1  Bowl 

1  Frying  Pan 

1  wash  bowl 

2  Cakes  soap 

12  Window  Blinds 

2  Knives 

1  Sett  Plates 

3  Window  Blinds 
Chest  Lock  &  Key 
1  Glass  Jar 

1  Sett  Plates 
1  Fruit  Jar 

4  Tin  cups 
1  Plates 

4  Cakes  Soap 

1  Sett  Knives  &  forks 
4  Cakes  Soap 

2  Cakes  Soap 
1  Dipper 

Clothing  and  Accessories 

1  Pr  Blk  Kid  Gloves 

1  Pr  Suspenders 

2  Pr  Kid  Gloves 

1  Pen  Knife 

2  Shirts 

1  Straw  Hat 
1  Palm  hat 
1  Scarf 

1  Pr  shoes 

4  Tissue  Vails 

2  Pr  Blk  Hose 
2  Tissue  Vails 

2  Pr  White  Hoes 
1  Pr  Buck  Gauntlet 

1  Pr  Blk  Hose 

2  Plaid  Shawls 
2  Linen  Hdkfs 
1  Pen  Knife 

1  Pr  Ladies  Gauntlets 

1  Pr  Gloves 

1  Pr  Suspenders 

1  Pr  silk  Mitts 

2  Linen  Hdkfs 


120 


J.  Myers  Inventory,  1867  (con't) 


1  Crepe  shawl 

2  setts  cuff  &  collar 
6  Hdkfs  Linen 

1  Pr  shoes 

1  Pr  Suspenders 

1  Pr  shoes 

2  Shoe  Brushes 

1  Pr  Buck  Gauntlet 

1  Pr  fine  Boots 

1  Pr  Buck  Gaunts 

1-2  Blades  P  Knife 

1  Collar 

1  Small  Hat 

1  Shawl 

1  Infant  Hood 

1  Pr  shoes 

1  Pen  Knife 

1  Pr  Blk  Kid  Gloves 

2  Tissue  Vails 

1  Pr  B.  S.  Gauntlets 

4  Pr  Blk  Hose 
Comb 

1  Pr  Shoes 

1  Tissue  Vail 

1  Pr  Small  Shoes  No  4 

1  pr  Small  Shoes 

5  Pr  Gaunts 
1  Tissue  Vail 
1  Pr  Shoes 

1  Pr  Boots 

4  Nett  Shirts 

2  Pr  Blk  Hose 

1  Pr  Silk  Gloves 
1  Pr  S  hose 
1  Tissue  Vail 

3  Pr  Woolen  Gloves 
3  Slate  pencil 

1  Pr  Silk  Mitts 

1  Pr  Small  Hose 

1  Collar 

1  Pr  Small  Shoes  No  1 

1  Pr  Black  hose 
9  Pr  Blk  Gloves 
Pocket  book 
Jew  harps 

2  Pr  Blk  Gloves 
1  Tissue  Vail 

1  Palm  fan 


1  pr  Small  Shoes 

2  Razor  Strops 
1  Palm  Fan 

1  Pocket  Knife 

2  Pr  Blk  Gloves 

5  Pr  Ladies  Gaunts 
2  Pr  Blk  Mitts 

1  pr  B  &  S  Gloves 

1  Tissue  Vail 

2  Fine  Combs 

1  pr  Nett  Mitts 

2  Pr  Ladies  Gaunts 

2  Tissue  Vails 
1  Pr  Mitts 

6  Ladies  Collars 
1  Pr  Blk  Hose 

3  Tissue  Vails 

1  Pr  Blk  Hose 

8  Pocket  Knives 

2  Hdkfs 

1  Pr  Blk  Hose 

2  Pr  Suspenders 

1  Knife 

2  Linen  Hdkfs 
2  Tissue  Vails 

2  Pr  Kid  Gloves 
1  Pr  Blk  C  Hose 
Side  Combs  &  Box 
1  Tuck  Comb 

1  Pr  Blk  Gloves 
1  Pr  Silk  Mitts 

3  shoe  brushes 
1  Pr  Shoes 

1  Pr  Shoes 
1  Pr  Boots 
3  Hoop  Skirts 

1  Pr  Boots 
Side  Combs 

2  finger  rings 

1  Pr  Gents  Gauntlets 
1  Pair  side  combs 
1  Hat 

1  Redding  Comb 
1  Pr  Small  Shoes 

1  shaving  brush 

2  Pr  Blk  C  Hose 
2  Pr  Blk  Gloves 
2  Hdkfs 


121 


J.  Myers  Inventory,  1867  (con't) 


1  Pr  Blk  Gloves 

2  Linen  Hdkfs 

2  Pr  White  hose 
6  Pen  Knives 

2  Pr  Kid  Gloves 

1  Balmoral  Skirt 

3  Pr  Shoes 

2  Pr  Blk  Gloves 

1  Pr  Minx  Gaiters 

1  Pr  Sing?  Shoes 

1  Pr  Shoes 

1  Pr  Shoes 

1  Pr  Hose 

1  P  Copper  T  Shoes 

1  Ladies  Collar 

1  Pr  Blk  Hose  &  Gloves 

1  Pr  Small  Shoes 

1  Redding?  comb 

1  Pen  Knife 

1  Bunch  Jews  harps 

4  Side  Combs 

2  Side  Combs  &  box 
1  shirt  Bosom 

1  straw  hat 

1  pr  Ladies  Black  Gaunts 

4  Pr  Shoes 

IComb 

1  Pr  Cuffs 

1  Razor  Strop 

4  Pr  suspenders 
4  Pocket  books 

2  Fans 

2  Linen  Hdkfs 
2  Hoop  skirts 

2  pr  Mens  Shoes 

4  Pr  Shoes 

3  Pr  Shoes 

5  Linen  Hlfs? 

2  Pocket  Knives 

8  Pr  Suspenders 

1  Tissue  Vail 

1  Fan 

1  Pocket  Knife 

1  Palm  hat 

1  Pen  Knife 

1  Pr  Blk  C  Gloves 

1  Sett  Hoops 

2  Pair  Ladies  W  Hoes 


2  Corsetts 

2  Linen  Bosoms 

4  Linen  Collars 

1  Shaker  Bonnett 

Jews  harps 

lLHat 

1  Linen  bosom 

1  Pr  suspenders 

1  Leg  horn  hat 

4  Side  Combs 

1  Pen  Knife 

1  Hood? 

8  Side  Combs 

1  Pr  cotton  Gloves 

2  straw  hats 
INett 

1  Veil 

Pocket  Comb 

1  pr  shoes 

1  Razor 

1  Sett  Hoops 

1  Pr  Childs  cuffs 

1  Razor 

1  Tissue  Vail 

2  Jews  harps 

1  Small  Hat 

2  Tissue  Vails 
2  Bosoms 

2  Pair  Black  Hoes 

Jews  harps 

1  Bosom 

Garters 

Jews  Harps 

6  Cuffs  &  Collars 

1  Pr  Boots 

1  sett  children's  cuffs 

1  Pr  shoes 

2  Pr  C  Gloves 
1  Razor 

3  Shaving  Brushes 
1  Tissue  Vail 

1  Redding?  Comb 
1  Pocket  book 
1  Box  P  Collars 
1  Pr  Ladies  Shoes 

1  Pr  Shoes 

4  Pr  Hose 

2  Plain  Hats 


122 


J.  Myers  Inventory,  1867  (con't) 


1  Pocket  comb 

2  Gold  rings 
1  Palm  fan 

1  Pr  Boots 
1  Razor  Strop 

1  Pr  shoes 

2  Tissue  Vails 

1  Pr  side  combs 
9  Linen  Hdkfs 
1  Pen  Knife 

1  Tuck  Comb 
lHat 

2  Pr  S  Shoes 

1  straw  hat 

2  Tissue  Vails 

3  Fiddle  string 
1  Shoe  Brush 

1  Pr  Boots 
1  Sett  L  Hoops 

1  sett  cuff  &  collar 

2  Pocket  combs 
1  Box  Collars 

1  Pocket  book 

2  Pr  Gloves 
1  Pen  Knife 

1  Pocket  Knife 
1  Corsett 
1  Pr  hair  Balls? 
1  Pocket  Book 
1  Razor 

1  Razor 

2  Shawls 

2  Redding  Combs 
1  Pen  Knife 

4  D  L  Hdkfs 
1  Tuck  comb 

3  Pen  Knives 

1  Pen  Knife 

Dry  Goods  and  Notions 

2  1/2  Yds  Blk  Cloth 

1  Doz  Knitting  pins 
Lot  Tape 

13  1/2  Yds  Mouslin 
12  172  Yds  Lawn 

2  Bunches  red  braid 
1  Gross  H  Buttons 


10  Yds  Blk  Calico 

21  Yds  chale 

2  Gross  Buttons 

1  Doz  skeins  of  cotton 

Ruffles 

1  Gross  Buttons 

4  Doz  Buttons 

Lot  Dress  Buttons 

Tape  &  Buttons 

15  yds  Bleached  Muslin 

Skeins  Boss 

1  Card  Dress  Buttons 

2  Gross  Buttons 
2  Yds  muslin 

9  Yds  Shirting  Calico 

24  bunches  braid 

25  yds  mergantique 
1  Doz  Bunches  braid 

1  Box  Buttons 

34  Yds  Calico 

2  Cards  H  &  Eyes 

13  1/2  yds  Linsey  check 
27  spools  Silk 

2  3/4  yds  Lawn 

20  1/2  Yds  Bleach  Muslin 
20  Yds  Craip 

15  Yds  Mozambique 
24  Yds  B  C  Cambric 

10  1/2  Yds  L  C  Cambric 

9  1/4  Yds  Brilliant 

14  Yds  Lawn 

32  Yds  Mozambique 

26  Yds  Lawn 

7  3/4  Yds  G  Berege 

35  Yds  Brown  Cambric 

12  1/2  Yds  Jaconett 
211/2  Yds  Paper  Cambric 
1  pin  cushing 

10  Yds  Brown  Paper  Cambric 

13  Yds  Lawn 

1  Piece  Flannel  (Red) 

36  Yds  Chale 

18  Yds  Mozambique 

16  1/4  Yds  Lawn 

12  Yds  Lawn 

3  Yds  Jaconett  Cambric 

13  178  Yds  Mouslin 

19  1/2  Yds  Paper  Cambric 


123 


J.  Myers  Inventory,  1867  (con't) 


24  Yds  Mozambique 

52  Yds  Brown  Lawn 

31  1/2  Yds  Lawn 

24  Yds  Lawn 

???  Yds  Lawn 

11  Yds  Chali 

40  Yds  Brown  Cambric 

9  1/2  yds  Blue  Man??Gingham 

20  Yds  Cambric 

24  Yds  Lawn 

35  Yds  Mozambique 

48  1/2  Yds  Mosell 

50  1/2  Yds  Brown  Lawn 
11  Yds  Vest  Paddings 

5  3/4  Yds  Berege 

33  Yds  mozambique 

21  Yds  Brown  Berege 

34  Yds  Blk  Cambric 

20  3/16??  Yds  Mozambique 

49  Yds  Led  Col'd  Cambric 

3  Blk  Cloth 

35  1/4  Yds  Mozambique 

14  Yds  Mozambique 

1  Piece  Flannel  (White) 
20  3/4  Yds  Mouslin 

10  yds  Shirting  Calico 
35  1/2  yds  S  Calico 
Remnant  Calico 

10  3/8  yds  Chale 

Lot  Braid 

1  Piece  Pantaloons  stuff 

25  Yds  Lawn 

15  yds  Lawn 

1  Box  fancy  S  Cotton 

20  1/2  Yds  White  Flannel 

4  Yds  White  Flannel 

6  Yds  Blue  Flannel 
8  Bunches  braid??? 
38  Yds  Black  Silk 

2  Boxes  Pins 

1  Doz  Knitting  Pins 

21  Yds  Blk  Calico 
1  1/4  yds  calico 

1  Gross  H  Buttons 
18  Skeins  Silk 

35  Yds  chale 

2  7/8  Yds  Brilliant 
20  Yds  Mozambique 


10  Yds  Swiss  Muslin 
42  Skeins  Silk 

6  Sheets  Wadding 

12  Yds  Morrella 

52  Yds  Brown  Lawn 

7  1/2  Yds  Kanton  Flannel 

10  3/4  Yds  Red  Flannel 
9  1/2  Yds  Brown  Berage 
18  Yds  Brilliant 

24  Yds  Lawn 

7  3/4  Yds  Grey  Flannel 

47  Yds  Blk  Calico 

16  1/2  Yds  Yellow  chali 

2  Yds  White  Flannel 

2  Yds  Brown  Berage 

1  Yd  Blue  Berage  vail 

20  Yds  Morrella 

22  1/4  Manchester  Gingham 

13  1/2  Yds  Blk  Drilling 

6  3/8  Yds  Paper  Cambric 
77  3/4  Yds  Chali 
9  Yds  Jaconet 

11  Yds  alpacca 
1  Box  Buttons 

1  Box  Pins 
Buttons 

Remnants  Calico 
6  Spool  Boss 

2  Cards  Hooks  &  Eyes 
2  spools  cotton 

Lot  Buttons 

6  spool  Boss 

2  Cards  Buttons 
15  yards  calico 

7  1/4  yds  W  Muslin 

3  Yds  Jacinet 

12  yds  Lawn 

1  Card  Buttons 

2  Gross  Buttons 
1  Box  Buttons 

1  Doz  Skeins  Cotton 
22  5/8  Yds  Blk  Calico 

2  Box  Buttons 

1  Card  Buttons 

15  7/8  yds  Drilling 

2  Bunches  Braid 
12  S  Cotton 

6  Spools  Cotton 


124 


J.  Myers  Inventory,  1867  (con't) 


2  Paper  Pins 
4  Boxes  Pins 
Buttons 

2  Doz  Buttons 

4  Rows  Blk  pins 

12  1/2  yds  Bl  Muslin 
1  Gross  Buttons 
1/2  Doz  spools  Boss 
10  7/8  yds  Chali??? 
Lot  Buttons 
6  Balls  Tape 

5  Braid 

1  Box  Buttons 

1  Doz  Knitting  Pins 

6  Spools  Boss 

1  Card  Buttons 
18  spools  Boss 
Buttons 

3  1/2  Blk  calico 
3  Cards  Buttons 

2  1/4  yds  Blk  Cloth?? 
Box  &  Buttons 

10  yds  Cali 

2  Gross  Buttons 

6  Spools  Boss 
Green  Buttons 

12  1/4  yds  Mozambique 

7  Boxes  pins 

3  Yds  plaid  casimere 

23  yds  Calico 

1  Box  Pins  &  Spool  Boss 

2  Box  Pins 

1  Bunch  braid 
1  Card  Buttons 
1  Card  Buttons 

24  Yds  Chali 
12  yds  check 

1  Lot  of  Braid 
12  yds  check 

11  Setts  Knitting  Pins 

2  Spools  Boss 

12  Yds  Lawn 

10  1/4  Yds  Lawn 
1  Gr  of  Buttons 

5  3/4  yds  Blue  Muslin 
1  Box  Buttons 

3  yds  diaper 

6  spools  Boss 


31  1/2  Yds  Calico 

6  spools  boss 

2  Paper  Beads 

2  Bunches  S  Binding 

2  Cards  G  Buttons 

1  Box  G  Buttons 

Box  Buttons 

Lot  Tape  &c 

22  3/4  yds  Lawn 

12  Bunches  Braid 
1  Lot  Buttons 

18  spools  cotton 

6  yards  White  Drilling 

1  Card  Buttons 
4  Balls  Tape 

2  Spools  boss 
10  Yds  Lawn 

3  Paper  Pins 

2  Gross  Buttons 
1  Box  pins 
1     D     Spools  Boss 
Pins  &  Boss 

1  Lot  Buttons 

19  5/8  Yds  Plaid  Casimere 
6  1/4  B  E  Diaper 

2  Bunches  Red  Braid 

3  Box  Pins 

13  1/2  yds  manchester 
3  Setts  Knitting  Pins 
2  ??  Buttons 

2  Doz  Skeins  S  Cotton 

3  Bunches  Braid 

Hardware 

1  Gentlemans  Saddle 
1  small  Tub 

1  Paper  Finishing  Nails 

2  Bridle  Bitts 

1  Paper  fire  cracker 
1  Horse  Brush 
1  Small  Tub 

1  Bucket 

2  Grith  (Girths?) 
lTub 

1  horse  brush 

2  Pr  Small  Hoes 

1  Pr  Shovel  &  Tongs 


125 


J.  Myers  Inventory,  1867  (con't) 


1  Small  Tub 

2  Wooden  Buckets 

18  V2  lbs  Box  E  L  Wood 
10  Papers  Furnishing  Nails 
Jar  &  S  Petre 
2  fish  lines 

5  Doz  fish  hooks 

4  Buckets 

1  Paper  Brimstone 
1  Bridle  Rein 
Fire  Crackers 
1  Horse  Card 
1  Horse  brush 
1  Gents  Saddle 
1  Blind  Bridle 
1  Horse  Brush 

6  Halter  strings 
1  Light  Halter 

1  Blk  Halter 

1  Girth 

2  Blk  Brushes 

1  Paper  nails 

2  fire  Crackers 
1  W.  W.  Brush 
1  Cow  hide 

1  Girth 

1  Gentleman s  Saddle 

1  Bridle  Bitt 

2  Grith  (Girths?) 

3  Buckets 

1  chest  Lock 

5  Pr  Blk?  Tongs  &  shovel 
1  Pr  Tongs  &  shovel 

3  Paper  shoe  nails 

1  Paper  Finishing  nails 
1  Sett  Hooks 

1  Cow  hide 

2  S  Girths 

1  Horse  card 

1  Pr  Tongs  &  shovel 

2nd  C  Nails 

1  Snaffled  Bridle  bit 

1  Bridle  Bitt 

1  Girth 

1  Light  B.  Rein 

1  Lot  all  kinds  awls 

4  Blind  Bridles 

1  Bunch  Blk  Board 


1  Blk  B.  Rein 

1  H  Halter  Rein 
10  oz  Chalk 
Jar  Salt  Peter 

2  Halters 

2  Chest  Locks 
1  shoe  bush 

3  Lancers 

1  Gentlemans  Saddle 
1  Shoe  bush??? 
1  shoe  Knife 
1  Bridle  Rein 
1  Saddle  Girth 
1  Lathe  W  guard 

1  Wooden  Bucket 

2  Horse  Collars 

1  Blk  B  Rein 

2  Girths 

1  Blind  Bridle 

3  Papers  fin  Nails 
8  Gum  Shellac 

4  Paper  F  Nails 

8  Papers  Furnishing  Nails 
1  Bridle  Reins 

1  Saddle  Girth 

12  Papers  Furniture  Nails 

2  Papers  Furniture  Nails 
1  Gross  Screws 

1  Bridle  Bitt 
1  Pa  of  Nails 
Paper  Rosin 
1  S  B  Bitt 

3  Water  Buckets 
Fire  Crackers 
Paper  Sulpher 

1  Cow  Hide 

Two  Papers  Finishing  Nails 

1  Paper  Nails 

2  Horse  Brushes 
6  sky  Rockets 
Lot  Shoe  Pegs 

2  Blind  Bridles 
1  Blind  Bridle 
1  Horse  Collar 

3  Cow  Hides 

3  Roman  Candles 
Lot  of  Pegs 
1  Haulter 


126 


J.  Myers  Inventory,  1867  (con't) 


Fire  Crackers 
113  1/4  Shot 
1  Wooden  Bucket 
1  horse  brush 

1  Bucket 

3  Wagon  Whips 

2  Gentlemans  Saddle 
1  Pack  Fire  Crackers 

1  4  Prong  Fork 

2  Packs  Fire  Crackers 

4  Sky  Rockets 

1  Pair  Saddle  Reins 

1  S.B.  Bitt??? 

1  Saddle  Girth 

1  Horse  Collar 

1  box  fishing  hooks 

1  Bunch  fishing  lines 

1  Saddle  Girth 

1  Wooden  Bucket 

2  Wooden  Buckets 

Books  and  Supplies 

1  quire  Paper 

4  Books 

6  Books 

6  quires  Paper 

1  spelling  book 

1  Pass  book 

1  Comlys  S  book 

Lot  Slate  Pencils 

1  Quire  Paper 
Fifth  Reader 

2  Comly's  spelling  book 
1/2  Doz  pen  holders 

1  Pass  book 

2  Comlys  S  Books 
1  Geography 

1  Arithmetic 

6  Books 

Pass  book 

1/2  Doz  Pen  Holders 

1  Arithmetic 

2  Arithmatics 

1  Book 

2  quires  Paper 

3  Pen  Houlders 
1  Doz  L  Pencils 


6  Comlys  Books 

1  Reader 

Store  Supplies 

4  lots  Sundries 
17  Ballance 

2  Counter  Brushes 
Sundries 
Sundries 

1  Counter  Brush 

Box  &  Contents 

Sundries 

1  Box  Sundries 

Sundries 

Unknown 

5  Let??? 

3  A????? 

1  Tulip  Masher??? 

1  Steam???? 

5  Cocabs??? 

1  Pr  S  Princers???? 

1  Pr  S  Princhers??? 

1  Ladys  cloud??? 

10  ?????? 

1  Lemon  Stove???? 

1  Bro??? 

3  Skews 

1  Steine 


127 


INVENTORY  of  THOMAS  RAWLINS 

Jefferson  County 

1863 


Food  and  Containers 


Hardware 


Tin  spice  can 
33  Pepper  boxes 
Tobacco  box 
Tea  chest 
rice? 

Housewares 

andirons 

2  sugar  nippers 

11  Stair  Rod  Slides 
24  carpet  slides? 

6  pr  Curtain  bands? 

4  Waiters 

3  Wooden  spoons 
2  clocks 
curtain  Rings 
Set  Tea  spoons 
coal  hod 

Bottles  D.  Cordial 
Tea  kettle 

12  Tassels 

Pair  curtain  pins 

5  mustard  spoons 

Clothing  and  Accessories 

7  slates 

12  Pr  side  combs 
2  pr  skates 

8  Fiddle  bridges 
2  Flutes 
Fiddle  aprons 

Dry  Goods  and  Notions 

Lot  knitting  needles 
Thimbles 
Mattress  Needles 
128  Hooks  &     Eyes 
brass     buttons 
1  Tailor's  scale 

9  knitting  Pins 
Lot  Eyelets 


9  Lbs.  iron  bolts 

4  Trowels 

16  Rat  tail  Files 

5  1/3  Doz.  of  coat  hooks 
door  ketches  a  Doz. 

8  Files 

18  Files 

2  Iron  spoke  shaves 

Lot  of  Gouges 

2  Socket  Chisels 
16  chisels 
Paint  brush 

20  check  lines 

4  Key  hole  saws 

8  1/3  Doz  coat  hooks 
1  Priming  Saw 

9  coat  hooks 

34  Window  fastenings 

carpenter's  Ruler 

12  Gages 

Turning  chisels 

B?  Knobs 

4  Harness  Bitts 

15  Dudgeon  boxes 

4  Shutter  fastanings 

3  Gouges 

3  pr  spring  bars 

1  old  bit 

Gross  sash  fastenings 

12  Till  Locks 

21  pr  Butt  hinges 
pair  stirrups 

1  carpenter  Lock 
Pelham  bit 

1  snaffle 

2  Harness  bits 
Spalding's  Glue 

16  Brass  Drawer  Locks 
Lot  of  slides 

43  fish  lines 

6  Braking  Bitts 

13  Gouges 
9  chisels 

12  brass  knobs 


128 


T.  Rawlins  Inventory,  1863  (con't) 


saddlebag  ketches 
5  Brass  Hooks 

5  Cooper's  compasses 

6  Sash  Knobs 
Pair  of  stirrups 

19  papers  finishing  nails 

3  saw  sets 
Brass  nails 

4  pr  martingale  rings 

4  Brass  cupboard  fastenings 

5  cupboard  fastenings 
Brass  Till 

14  Doz.  Trunk  nails 
L/2  Gross  Brass  nails 
2  Hand  saws 
4  Knob  Catchers 
14  Escutcheons 

2  Lignum  vita  Rubbers 
Lot  loose  screws 

7  shoe  makers  irons 

8  Brass  sash  fastenings 
8  auger  bits 

3  cup  Locks 

73  mortice  Locks 

2  sash  fastenings 
23  1/2  escutcheons 

4  small  Locks 
13  Shell  bits 

7  cupboard  Locks 
21  Brass  Till  Locks 

8  Saws 

3  Saws 

3  Gun  screws 

4  Saw  sets 

28  Gross  screws 
7  awls 

47  Plane  bits 
23  pr  Jam  Hooks 
3  M.  Locks 
2  inside  locks 

6  White  knobs 

5  Bolts 
1  Latch 

6  Brass  belts 

1  Mortice  Lock 

2  knife  sharpeners 
1  Shoemaker's  iron 
1  Lock 


2  White  knobs 

7  Rim  Locks 

4  Mortice  locks 
44  Rim  Locks 
10  pr  Butt  hinges 

2  saw  sets 

32  saddler's  awls 
4  snaffle  bits 

3  snaffle 

3  Sets  castor 
Sleigh  bells 

4  Fawcets 

6  collars 

1  Rim  Lock 

3  spades 

1  Drawer  Lock 

2  Drawers  of  screws,  hinges  &c 
2  carpenter  Locks 

4  Bolts 

8  Fawcets 

1  Eagle  lock 
Double  Gage 

7  lbs  Steel 

1  Snaffle  &  2  Harness  Bits 
2034  lbs  bar  Iron 

15  doz.  picture  rings 

2  mould  Boards 
Iron  Rollers 
Log  chains 

1  Punch 

3  curtain  fixtures 
wagon  tongue 

6  brass  hooks 

2  auger  bits 
1  Saw 

6  Dung  forks 

1  Truck 

Pitch  fork 

56  pr  Butt  hinges 

churn 

750  lbs  nails 

1  carver? 

8  New  Haven  Locks 
churn 

Gun 
sledge 

5  carpenter  Locks 

3  lock  screws 


129 


T.  Rawlins  Inventory,  1863  (con't) 


22  wooden  spigots 

2  Carpenter  Lock  latches 

1  Rim  Lock 

1  Western  (Lock?) 

1  Tonge  &  Groove  bit 
15  Garden  hoes 

47  sets  shutter  hinges 
5  weight?  Locks 

2  guns 

5  castors 

10  brass  bolts 

4  Jiggling  irons 
Venetian  red 
Lot  of  Ohio  paint 
Lot  of  Glue 

13  spring  bolts 

5  Gallons  copal  varnish 

4  brass  bolts 
41  ox  bolts 

7  boxes  Glass 

816  lbs  Pots  large  &  small 

2  spring  bolts 

5  pr  Table  hinges 
Lot  of  Rozin 

Lot  of  chalk 

2  stiff  bits 

3  Doz.  brass  sash  knobs 
1  Gross  sash  knobs 

1  Snaffle 

2  Harness  bits 

3  Harness 

4  brass  casters 
Set  hinges 
Lot  of  Flints 

1  1/8  Doz.  Carpenter's  Pencils 
147  lbs.  wagon  boxes 

S.  whiting. 

6  flush  bolts. 
3  hoe  handles 

2  sets  castors 

3  Pulleys 

18  Picture  rings 

Hooks 

5?  Escutcheons? 

wagon  boxes 

3  Bolts 

12  Pulleys 

20  Bell  works 


Doz  Pulleys 
13  Plane  bits 
2  Doz.  roller  ends 
6  Paint  Brushes 

2  Yard  Pumps 
stair  rod  slides 

3  saddle  trees 
110  feet  Glass 
12  spring  bolts 

Window  shade  brackets  5  doz. 

3  bolts 

old  iron 

6  paint  brushes 

Books  and  Supplies 

Webster's  Dictionary 
Lot  of  Penholders 

Store  Supplies 

Scales  &  weights 

Safe 

Wrapping  paper 

case  of  Drawers 

Desk 

2  Bushel  measures 

Extra  Wrapping  paper 

Paper  bags 

Shew  case 

measures 

Unknown 

2  crowd  sticks 

2pr  s? 

15  Elm  City 

94  wa?  rubber?  ? 

2  Rural 


130 


INVENTORY  of  JAMES  JOHNSTON 

Loudoun  County 

1854 


Food  and  Containers 

bottle  J.[?]  ointment 
8  lb  chocolate 

1  Bot.  S.  Oil 
bottle  s.  oil 

2  boxes  mustard 
bot.  S.  oil 

1  tea 

2  boxes  pills 
bottle  s.  oil 
2  Bot  S.  Oil 

4  cakes  chocolate 

2  boxes  James  pills 
10  C.  chocolate 
2  tea 

1  spice 

2  lb  chocolate 
bottle  s.  oil 

5  lbs  tea 

2  C.  chocolate 
[?]  tea 
lib  tea 
Bot.  S.  Oil 
bottle  B.  drops 
2  bottles  vermfuge 
2  boxes  mustard 
bottle  s.  oil 
bottle  sweet  oil 
2  boxes  J.  pills 
2  bottle  salts 
2  snuffboxes 

1  spice 
lib  tea 

6  B.  pills 

2  Boxes  mustard 

1  bottle  s.  oil 

2  lbs  tea 

2  Boxes  Mustard 
2  boxes  mustard 
2  bottles 

Housewares 

1  Set  T.  spoons 
1  set  T.  Spoons 


1  pr  Snuffers 
table  cover 
3  boxes  Blacking 
1  S.  blanket 
172  doz  Plates 
172  doz  Plates 
1  pr  shears 
set  plates 
3  tea  pots 
1  pr  shears 

1  B.  knife 

2  pitchers 
lot  T.  spoons 
set  K.  forks 
1  P.  knife 

1  pr  sheets 

1  S.  bowl 

2  C.  soap 

3  sets  plates 

4  P.  knives 
2  pitchers 
2  Pitchers 
2  s.  knives 
2  bowles 

2  dishes 

Box  S.  Powder 

1  cream 

2  bowls 
blacking 

2  sets  cup  and  saucers 

3  dishes 

2  sets  plates 
2  tin  pans 

1  pr  scissors 

lot  knives  &  forks 

2  brooms 

2  1/4  R.  soap 
box  tapers 
1  lard  lamp 
1  Coffee  Mill 

1  tea  pot 
6  bowls 

2  dishes 

3  sets  Knives  &  Forks 
set  K  &  forks 


131 


J.  Johnston  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


2  boxes  blacking 

3  B.  Knives 

2  box  blacking 
2  box  blacking 
blacking 

1  blanket 

2  S.  knives 

2  pr.  Scissors 

set  cup  and  saucers 

1  pr  shears 

5  lb  B.  soap 

Clothing  and  Accessories 

2  pr  shoes 

1  pr  suspenders 

2  silk  handkerchief 
1  pr  suspenders 

1  pr  gloves 

2  hats 

1  shawl 

2  pr  boots 

3  pr  shoes 
1  pr  shoes 
3  F.  cap 

6  handkerchiefs 
3  pr  shoes 

3  silk  handkerchiefs 
10  pr  slippers 
1  silk  handkerchief 
1  pr  gum  shoes 
1  handkerchief 
1  trunk 

3  cotton  handkerchiefs 
1  handkerchief 

1  pr  black  gloves 

2  handkerchiefs 
5  combs 

1  pr  suspenders 

4  hair  caps 
4  combs 

1  pr  spectacles 

2  pr  shoes 
2  hair  caps 
4  caps 
lhat 

1  handkerchief 

2  silk  handkerchiefs 


2  pr  gloves 

1  silk  handkerchief 
pr  cotton  hose 

2  pr  gloves 
6  T.  combs 
2   C.  combs 

2  handkerchiefs 

1  pr  gloves 

2  belts 
2  combs 

1  stock 

2  handkerchiefs 

1  silk  handkerchief 

1  handkerchief 

2  handkerchiefs 

1  silk  handkerchief 
9  pr  shoes 

1  handkerchief 

2  pr  combs 
2  collars 

2  handkerchief 
J.  Harp  &  S.  Brush 
2  combs 
1  handkerchief 
1  pr  gloves 

1  handkerchief 

2  handkerchiefs 

3  pr  suspenders 
3  belts 

lhat 

1  silk  handkerchief 

2  handkerchiefs 

1  P.  book 

2  Leg  H.  hats 
1  veil 

5  combs 

1  handkerchief 

1  handkerchief 

2  cotton  hose 
11  tuck  combs 
1  handkerchief 
1  pr  shoes 

1  pr  gloves 

1  veil 

2  collar 
combs 

1  P.  book 

2  F.  combs 


132 


J.  Johnston  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


2  combs 
2  handkerchiefs 
2  handkerchiefs 
1  P.  book 

1  pr  suspenders 
7  pr  combs 

12  C  strings 

2  pr  combs 

3  rings 

2  H.  caps 

lhat 

23  T.  combs 

4  pr  side  combs 

2  collars 

3  pr  shoes 
combs 

3  P.  book 

2  pr  combs 

1  handkerchief 

1  pr  spectacles 

1  silk  handkerchief 

1  P.  knife 

2  combs 

3  combs 

4  combs 
1  cap 

1  pr  shoes 
1  pr  socks 
3  veils 

1  black  S.  cravat 

2  cot  handkerchiefs 

3  combs 

2  tuck  combs 
1  pr  cotton  hose 

1  handkerchief 
6  combs 

35  T.  combs 

2  handkerchiefs 
1  pr  puff  combs 

1  pr  gloves 

2  pr  cotton  hose 

3  P.  knives 
2  veils 

1  pr  slippers 
1  pr  suspenders 
1  P.  book 

4  handkerchiefs 
1  pr  shoes 


1  handkerchief 

2  Y.  combs 

1  handkerchief 
1  pr  shoes 

1  collar 

2  combs 
9  combs 

1  umbrella 

1  hose 

2  combs 

3  combs 

1  cotton  handkerchief 

2  pr  combs 
15  combs 

3  combs 

1  handkerchief 

2  pr  gloves 
1  shawl 

1  pr  suspenders 
lhat 

2  stocks 

1  handkerchief 

4  pr  suspenders 

3  combs 

1  silk  handkerchief 
3  stocks 
1  hat 

1  handkerchief 

2  combs 

1  handkerchief 

1  handkerchief 

2  handkerchiefs 

3  pr  1/2  hose 

1  pr  suspenders 

1  pr  hose 

2  P.  knife 

2  pr.  Spectacles 

3  cotton  handkerchiefs 

1  shawl 

3  cotton  handkerchiefs 

2  C.  combs 
1  shawl 

1  black  veil 
1  pr  shoes 

3  veils 

1  shawl 
3  Combs 
1  ridicule 


133 


J.  Johnston  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


1  handkerchief 
3  P.  books 
1  P.  book 

1  comb 

5  belts 

2  pr  gloves 

6  pr.  Suspenders 

3  pr.  Cotton  gloves 
2  pr  gloves 

5  combs 

1  pr  boots 

2  P.  S.  Hats 
2  P  boots 

4  P.  Hats 

5  S.  combs 

1  P.  book 

2  combs 
4  rings 

2  P.  knives 
1  wool  hat 

7  cotton  Handkerchiefs 

8  pr  shoes 

6  combs 

1  pr  shoes 

3  shawls 

1  handkerchief 
1  fur  hat 
1  wool  hat 

3  Shawls 

1  cotton  handkerchief 
1  silk  handkerchief 

1  handkerchief 

2  handkerchiefs 

1  shawl 
brush 

2  pr  silk  gloves 
2  combs 

1  handkerchief 

2  combs 

2  pr  suspenders 

2  pr  side  combs 
1  handkerchief 
1  pr  shoes 

4  rings 

1  silk  cravet 

3  silk  handkerchiefs 

4  T.  combs 
1  C.  comb 


2  cotton  handkerchief 

3  rings 
2  clasps 

1  shawl 

2  pr  shoes 

1  fur  cap 

2  fur  caps 
2  pr  gloves 
1  pr  boots 

1  handkerchief 

2  pr  suspenders 

4  pr  combs 

1  pr  kid  gloves 
4  pr  gloves 

3  pr  gloves 

1  handkerchief 
1  handkerchief 
1  handkerchief 

1  purse 

2  pr  S.  combs 

3  rings 

1  pr  hose 
1  pr  shoes 

1  pr  shoes 

Dry  Goods  and  Notions 

4  3/4  yds  tweed 

6  1/2  yds  black  cotton 

5  yds  bombazine 

6  yds  tweed 

2  yds  cord 

1  vest  pattern 

2  yds  cloth 

10  yds  gingham 
14  yds  calico 

32  yds  brown  cotton 
8  3/4  yds  alpaca 

13  yds  calico 

2  yds  cashmere 

3  blue  cashmere 
ribbon 

18  1/2  yds  calico 

33  yds  calico 

3  yds  linen  drilling 

19  1/4  calico 
1  B.  cotton 


134 


J.  Johnston  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


2  lots  buttons 

2  vest  pattern 
belt  buckle 

1  vest  pattern 
4  1/4  yds  drilling 
lot  edging 
18  yds  gingham 

3  yds  kersey 
18  bed  ticking 

1  1/2  yds  B.  lawn 

4  yds  dot  muslin 
7  1/2  yds  linen 

1  linen 

22  yds  calico 

4  1/2  yds  linen  drill 

15  1/2  yds  cotton 

10  yds  calico 

3  thimbles 

box  and  buttons 
12  B.  boss 
18  yds  gingham 
lot  thimbles 
6  doz  1  buttons 

2  doz  buttons 

3  1/2  yds  cashmere 

26  yds  brown  cotton 
1  1/2  doz  buttons 

1  vest  pattern 
1  vest  pattern 

1  vest  pattern 
48  yds  edge 

44  yds  brown  cotton 

2  rolls  tape 

1  1/2  yds  berage 
lot  thimbles 

11  yds  gingham 

4  1/4  tweed 
10  1/2  alpaco 
17  yds  calico 

35  yds  brown  cotton 

28  yds  calico 

10  yds  bombazine 

27  1/2  yds  calico 

5  yds  berage 

21  vest  patterns 

4  yds  cambric 
30  3/4  yds  calico 
1  vest  pattern 


1  vest  pattern 

2  vest  patterns 

4  1/2  yds  cotton  drilling 

3  vest  patterns 
39  yds  calico 

10  yds  gingham 

17  yds  P.  cambric 

10  172  Calico 

11  yds  Calico 

36  3/4  yds.  Gingham 
3  yds  merino 

13  3/4  Merino 

14  yds  Lawn 
7  yds  alpaca 
52  1/2  calico 

3  yds  black  cashmere 

15  Gingham 

2  vest  patterns 
10  1/2  alpaca 
27  yds  calico 

3  yds  Tweed 

6  yds  L.  Drilling 

12  3/4  Gingham 

2  vest  patterns 
14  yds  lawn 

3  vest  patterns 

7  vest  patterns 

2  yds  blue  cloth 
9  yds  calico 

3  yds  cassimer 

18  yds  bagging 
ribbon 

16  yds  gingham 
18  yds  gingham 
3  blue  cassimer 
20  yds  bagging 
1  vest  pattern 
18  yds  calico 

9  1/8  yds  ribbon 
3  yds  clothe 

27  yds  calico 

13  yds  bagging 

8  1/4  cassimer 

10  yds  calico 

9  yds  tweed 
12  yds  calico 
30  yds  calico 
18  yds  calico 


135 


J.  Johnston  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


40  yds  brolot 
6  1/2  yds  merino 
2  yds  black  cloth 
22  1/2  Calico 
6  yds  lining 
6  yds.  Calico 
10  yds  Calico 
10  yds  Lawn 
C.  S.  silks 
25  1/4  yds  Calico 
8  yds  calico 

8  yds  Berage 

2  doz  M.  buttons 
vest  pat. 

6  yds  claico 
1  pa.  pins 

3  yds  cord 
vest  pattern 

6  yds  calico 

1  vest  pattern 
3  yds  casimer 

7  1/2  yds  calico 
3  yds  cassimer 

9  1/2  yds  nankeen 
14  yds  cottonade 
lot  thread 

1  pa.  pins 

9  Calico 

6  3/8  yds  gambroon 
14  1/2  yds  gingham 

61  3/4  yds  calico 

1  pa.  pins 

2  1/2  cassimer 

62  3/4  calico 

5  1/2  bombazine 
2  vest  pat. 
18  yds  mouselain 
Bunch  Cotton 

10  yds  Calico 
1  pa.  pins 

28  yds  Gingham 

1  1/4  doz  buttons 
28  yds  Calico 

2  doz  button 
lot  buttons 
5  1/4  ribbon 

31  yds  Bro.  Cotton 

3  1/4  ribbon 


10  1/2  yds  bombazine 

11  yds  mousseline 

5  3/4  yds  M.  Memo 

3  yds  cassimer 
7  B.  S.  braids 

6  B.  camb. 

18  1/2  yds  calico 
1  vest  pattern 

1  1/2  yds  satin 

7  yds  B.  cord 

4  S.  thread 

12  yds  lawn 

3  yds  B.  lawn 
28  yds  bleach 
12  yds  bleach 
21  yds  plaid 

8  1/2  yds  serge 
18  1/2  gingham 

11  3/4  yds  velvet  ribbon 

2  yds  D.  muslin 

2  1/2  yds  S.  muslin 
14  1/2  yds  gimp 
28  1/4  yds  calico 
buttons 

5  3/4  cottonade 
18  yds  calico 

7  1/4  yds  ribbon 

ribbon 

7  yds  ribbon  wire 

18  yds  calico 

2  doz  buttons 

1  vest  pattern 

2  1/2  yds  C.  green 
111/2  yds  ribbon 
2  yds  ribbon 

1  1/4  yds  brown  cloth 
lot  edgeing 

17  1/2  yds  edge 
7  yds  bombazine 

2  3/4  yds  cord 
1  B.  cotton 

30  3/4  yds  brown  cotton 
1  3/4  yds  lining 

4  cassimer 

1  1/2  yds  crepe 

5  3/4  yds  linen 

9  1/4  yds  berage 


136 


J.  Johnston  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 


4  yds  linen  drilling 

7  1/2  yds  brown  linen 
1  vest  pattern 

6  yds  Janes 

8  doz  buttons 

26  yds  brown  cotton 

3  yds  linen 

3  1/4  yds  black  velvet 

1  vest  pattern 

7  doz  buttons 

2  doz  buttons 

3  yds  blue  drill 

3  vest  patterns 
1  vest  pattern 

1  1/2  Yd.  Linsey 

5  buttons 

6  yds  tweed 

1  1/2  doz  buckles 
5  1/2  Mouselan 
12  1/2  Calico 

21  yds  nankeen 
10  1/2  yds  drilling 
33  yds  janes 

15  yds  brown  linen 

9  yds  Jane 

4  1/2  doz  buttons 

22  yds  bombazine 
57  doz  buttons 
26  yds  bleach 

8  yds  cottonade 

1  3/4  bombazine 
lot  thread 

Hardware 

lock 

2  B.  Bits 
2  Gimlets 
Gimlets 

4  S.  locks 

2  gimlets 

3  H.J.  Files 
2  pad  locks 
2  Augers 

1  Bottle  Black  Varnish 

1  horn 

2  16  blade  knives 
2  Augers 


4  Shoe  Knives 

1  pad  lock 
lot  gimlets 

3  pints  linseed  oil 

5  C.  hides 

2  W.W.  Brushes 

6  gimlets 

7  Pad  Locks 
2  hones 

4  oz  camphor 
2  whips 

2  gimlets 
4  latches 

8  glass  knobs 

4  bolts 
Hock 
2  locks 

1  b.  bit 

2  quarts  linseed  oil 
Hock 

2  hones 

1  doz  P.  hinges 

3  hones 

8  set  locks 
3  hones 
11  bitts 

2  hones 

2  gallon  linseed  oil 

3  hones 

2  hones 

3  latches 

2  pad  locks 

5  doz  buckets 
1  lock 

8  lbs  nails 
20  lbs  nails 
20  lbs  nails 
1  hone 
tin  bucket 
tin  bucket 

6  hones 

1  keg  nails 
1  W.  W.  brush 
1  pr  but  hinges 
1  pr  pincers 
1  pr  pincers 
1  horn 
N.  kegs 


137 


J.  Johnston  Inventory,  1854  (con't) 

4  pr  but  hinges 

Books  and  Supplies 

2  slate 
6  Qr.  paper 
2  pencils 
2  C.  pencils 

1  slate 

2  books 

16  Q.  paper 

3  pencils 

2  ink  stands 

4  Books 

2  books 
4  pencils 

1  writing  paper 

3  pencil 

4  books 

Store  Supplies 

box  and  contents 
box  &  contents 
lot  boxes 
box  &  contents 

Personal  Items 

1  bureau,  book  case,  and  contents 

1  eight  day  clock 

1  bureau,  lounge  &  small  stove 

1  pr  tables  &  1  cupboard 

1  Looking  Glass  &  2  Waiters 

1  Bed  &  Bedding 

1  Bureau 

chairs  &  carpet 

Bed  &  Bedding 

1  silver  watch 

1  Bar  shear  plow 

1  Single  shovel 

House  &  Lot  4  acres  land 

Dwelling  House  &  Lots 

10  Tubs  iron  hoops 

1  Bbl.  Churn 

2  Beds  &  Bedding 
Bureau 

2  Chairs  &  Washstand 


1  Bed  &  Clothes 
Bed  Clothes 
House  &  Lot  No.  1 

2  Goats 

1  Horse  cart 

1  Barouche 

1  Wagon 

1  Sow  &  eight  pigs 

Sow 

table  &  lounge 

Stack  Hay 

Rack  Hay 

Patent  Bedstead 

House  &  Lot  No.  2 

1  colt 

pot  ovens  &  kitchen  furniture 

chairs 

1  ten  plate  stove 

lot  gear  &  bridles  &  shot  gun 

2  saddles 
1  stove 

1  cow 
5  fat  hogs 


138 


INVENTORY  of  BENJAMIN  D.  RATHIE 

Loudoun  County 

1859 


Food  and  Containers 

Part  of  a  Box  Segars  .45 

1  Box  Segars  1.05 

1  Box  Segars  .50 

4  Sacks  Salt  @  1.32  1/2  5.30 

1  Box  Segars  1.15 

1  Box  Segars  1.00 

1  Lot  Pipes  .20 

2  Tea  Caddies®  11  .22 

12  Bottles  Snuff  @  15  1.80 

8  Sacks  Salt  @  1.20  9.60 

1  Sack  Salt  1.40 

1  Sack  Salt  1.40 

1/2  lb.  Cloves  @  45  .22 

17  3/4  lb.  Rice  @  6  1.06 

3  Papers  Chocolate  @  13  .39 
6  Papers  Pepper  @  3  .18 

6  Papers  pepper  @  2  1/2  .15 

4  Tea  Cans  @  75  3.00 
1  Box  Raisins  .50 

1  Sack  Salt  1.32 

I  Barrel  .30 

12  Papers  Pepper  @  2  1/2  .30 
45  Papers  Pepper  @  2  1/2  1.12 

II  1/4  lb.  Tobacco  @  33  3.71 
1  Demijohn  .52 

12  1/4  lb.  Tobacco  @  27  3.31 

3  lb.  Tobacco  @  26  .78 

40  papers  Smoking  Tobacco  @  4  1/2  1.80 
38  lb.  Tobacco  @  20  7.60 
1/2  lb.  Cloves  @  45  .22 

5  old  Barrels  .30 
1  Keg.  10 

16  Gal.  Sweet  Wine  @  29  4.64 

1  Keg  .37 

30  Gal.  French  Brandy  @  30  9.00 
25  Gal.  Rum  @  25  6.25 

2  Empty  Kegs  @  22  .44 

2  Gal.  Peach  Brandy  @  1.10  2.20 

5  Gal.  Rum  @  31  1.55 

1  Molasses  Barrel  &  Contents  2.25 

1  Molasses  Gate  .28 

1  Barrel  &  Why  1.75 

28  Gal.  Why  @  27  1/2  7/70 

4  Gal.  Brandy  @  91  3.64 


34  Gal.  Why.  @  26  8.84 

1  Molasses  Gate  .25 

1  Molasses  Barrel  &  Contents  2.10 

1  Meal  Chest  1.50 

39  Bottles®  3  1.17 

1  Why.  Barrel  &  contents  .30 

1  Demijohn  &  Why.  .50 

9  lbs.  Pepper  @  10  1/2  .94 

7  1/2  lb.  Alspice  @  7  .52 

Housewares 

1  Pr.  Liverpool  Dishes  .36 
1  Pr.  Liverpool  Dishes  .32 
1  Pr.  Small  Dishes  .16 

1  Pr.  Vegetable  Dishes  .15 

2  Vinegar  Cruits  @  4  .08 
2  Tumblers  @  3  .06 

1  Large  Bowl  .25 

1  White  washbowl  &  Pitcher  .70 

4  Snuffers  @  8  .32 

9  Pocket  Bottles  @  4  .36 

1  Pr.  Liverpool  Dishes  .30 

1  Looking  Glass  .32 

1  Pr.  Small  Dishes  .15 

4  Tumblers  @  8  .32 

1  Large  Bowl  .26 
7  Stone  Plates  .52 

2  Glass  Cans  @  19  .38 

5  Soup  Plates  .22 

1  Glass  Can  .20 

2  Glass  Cans  @  40  .80 

6  Tumblers  @  9  .54 

7  Dinner  Plates  .28 

1  Glass  Can  .10 

9  Liverpool  Plates  42 
4  Stone  Plates  .20 

2  Glass  Cans  @  40  .80 

1  Gravy  Bowl  &  Dish  .22 

2  Butcher  Knives  @  19  .38 
1--3  Gal.  Stone  Jar  .46 
1--3  Gal.  Stone  Jar  .35 
1--3  Gal.  Stone  Jar  .36 
1--3  Gal.  Stone  Jar  .37 

4  Stone  Pans  @  15  .60 
2  Stone  Jars  @  18  .36 


139 


B.D.  Rathie  Inventory,  1859  (con't) 


1  Tin  Can  &  Matches  .68 
6  Stone  Pans  @  12  1/2  .75 

2  Stone  Jars  @  15  .30 
1  Stone  Pitcher  .15 

1  jar  .40 

6  1/2  lb.  Starch  @  9  .58 
18  lb.  Soap  @  6  1/2  1.17 
1  Candle  Box  &  Mug  .08 
ITin  Coffee  Pot  .18 

1  Stone  Spittoon  .12 

2  Pitchers  @  14  .28 

2  Chambers  @  17  .34 

2  Chambers  @  18  .36 

1  Table  Cloth  .52 

Cord  for  Window  Curtains  .30 

11  Cakes  Shaving  Soap  @  3  .33 

3  Comfort  @  4  .12 

2  Butcher  Knives  @  8  .16 
6  Stone  Plates  .45 

3  Spoons  .16 

1/2  Doz.  Spoons  .25 
6  Spoons  .12 

5  Spoons  .14 

1/2  Doz.  Knives  &  Forks  1.05 
1  Butcher  Knife  .18 
1  Coffee  Mill  .12 

1  Coffee  Mill  &  Tacks  .37 

2  Coffee  Mills  @  35  .70 

1  Coffee  Mill  &  Gloves  .22 
1  Floor  Brush  1.02 

3  Knives  @  12  1/2  .37 
3  Knives  @  19  .57 

3  Knives  @  10  .30 

1  Knife  .55 

6  Spoons  .15 

2  Comfort  @  3  .06 
2  Mugs  @  5  .10 

5  Plates  .32 

2  Large  Stone  Jars  @  65  1.30 

2  Large  Stone  Jars  @  40  .80 

1  Lot  Paper  .10 

2  Sugar  bowls®  6  .12 

3  Mugs  @  5  .15 

2  Sugar  bowls  @  6  .12 
2  Sugar  bowls  @  6  .12 
1  Lot  Paper  .35 
1  Lot  Bordering  Paper  .45 

12  Rolls  Yellow  Paper  @  8  .96 


15  Pieces  Paper  @  24  3.60 

1  Lot  Paper  .17 

1  Large  Stone  Jar  .15 

6  Rolls  Yellow  Paper  @  20  1.20 

8  Rolls  Yellow  Paper  @  21  1.68 

1  Lot  Paper  6  Rolls  @  18  1.08 

2  Rolls  Paper  @  15  .30 
1  Lot  Paper  1.00 

6  Bowls  @  5  .30 

1  Ten  Plate  Stove  2.50 

1  Pr.  Vegetable  Dishes  .25 

1  Pr.  Vegetable  Dishes  .25 

1  White  Sugar  Bowl  .25 

1  White  Sugar  Bowl  .33 

1  Cream  Cup  .12 

1  Pr.  Vegetable  Dishes  .26 

1  Pr.  Small  Dishes  .18 

1  Pr.  Glass  Pitchers  .45 

4  Pitchers  @  17  .68 
1  Pr.  Salt  Cups  .36 

1  Pr.  Small  Dishes  .23 

1  Pr.  Small  Dishes  .30 

1  Liverpool  Tea  Pot  .20 

1  White  Tea  Pot  &  Dish  .50 

1  Pitcher  .16 

Tea  Pot  &  Sugar  Bowl  @  22  .44 

1  Liverpool  Tea  Pot  .20 

1  Pr.  Pitchers  .45 

ITea  Pot  .11 

1  Sugar  Bowl  &  2  Mugs  @  6  .  18 
ITea  Pot.  12 

Clothing  and  Accessories 

6  Gingham  Hdkfs  @  11  .66 
8  Pr.  Cotton  Gloves  @  13  1.04 

5  Pr.  Kid  Skin  Gloves  @  40  2.00 
4  Gingham  Hdkfs  @  16  .64 

2  Cotton  Shawls  @  6  1/4  .12 
4  Small  Shawls  @  7  .28 

2  Pr.  Shoes  @  80  1.60 

2  Pr.  Buck  Gloves  @  87  1.74 

1  Pr.  Dog  Skin  Gloves  @  28  2.24 

1  Pr.  Buck  Gloves  .80 

2  Gingham  Hdkfs  @  15  .30 

3  Small  Shawls  .08 

1  Pr.  small  Boots  .40 
1  Pr.  Shoes  .95 


140 


B.D.  Rathie  Inventory,  1859  (con't) 


5  Pr.  Cotton  Gloves  @  10  .50 
1  Pr.  small  Boots  .50 

1  Pr.  Shoes  1.05 
1  Pr.  Shoes  .95 

1  Pr.  Fine  Shoes  1.10 

2  Pr.  Fine  Shoes  @  1.20  2.40 

3  Pr.  small  Boots  @  65  1.95 
2  Pr.  small  Boots  @  85  1.70 
1  Pr.  Shoes  .95 

1  Pr.  Shoes  1.15 

4  Gingham  Hdkf  s  @  9  1/2  .38 
l.Pr.  Shoes  .95 

1  Pr.  Boots  1.08 

1  Pr.  Home  Made  1.05 

7  Gingham  Hdkfs  @  15  1.05 

1  Pr.  Fine  Shoes  1.00 

2  Penknives  @  14  .28 

1  Penknife  .45 

2  Port  Monies  @  14  .28 

1  Vest  .50 

6  Pr.  Buck  Mitts  @  27  1.62 

2  Penknives  @  13  .26 
1  Penknife  .40 
Purses  &c  .04 

3  Shirt  Collars  12  1/2  .37 
Buckles  &  Purses  .12 
Scissors  &  Toy  Pistols  .30 
1  Doz.  Combs  .14 

1  Penknife  .42 

6  Pr.  Buck  Mitts  @  27  1.62 
1  White  Shirt  .50 

1  Fine  Comb  .08 

2  Fine  Combs  @  14  .28 

7  Pr.  Cotton  Mitts  @  4  .28 

3  Shirt  Collars  @  12  1/2  .37 
7  Pr.  Cotton  Gloves  @  8  .56 
2  Pr.  Boots  @  1.90  3.80 

1  Pr.  Boots  1.90 

12  Tuck  Combs  @  3  .36 

2  Red  Shirts  @  62  1/2  1.25 

4  Combs  @  6  .24 

4  Under  Shirts  @  45  1.80 
7  Pr.  Boots  @  2.00  14.00 
1  Pr.  Cotton  Gloves  .06 

I  Coat  .70 

II  Pr.  White  Gloves  @  8  .88 
12  Pr.  Side  Combs  @  3  .36 
5Pr.  Side  Combs®  2  .12 


Lot  Combs  .  10 

6  Pr.  Side  Combs  @  3  1/2  .21 

5  pr.  Blk.  Gloves  @  1  .05 

1  Vest  .50 

1  Vest  .75 

1  Cloth  Coat  7.00 

5  pr.  Suspenders  @  25  1.25 
12  Pr.  Lined  Gloves  @  22  2.64 

2  Silk  Hkfs  @  40  .80 

10  Pr.  Socks  @  8  1/2  .85 

1  Brush  &  Corset  Strings  .42 

17  Cotton  Hdkfs  @  7  1.19 

18  Packs  Playing  Cards  @  5  .90 

2  Pr.  Socks  @  9  .48[?] 

6  Pr.  Socks  @  9  .54 

1  Silk  Veil,  Mug  7c  .33 

3  Pr.  Socks  @  10  .30 
3  Pr.  Socks  @  11  .33 
1  Vest  1.10 

12  Pr.  Side  Combs  @  4  .48 
1  Pr.  pants  1.25 

1  Pr.  White  Pants  .65 

2  Shirts  @  40  .802  Shirts  @  37  .74 
2  Shirts  @  37  .74 

2  Shirts  @  40  .80 

2  Pr.  Boys  Pants  @  75  1.50 
1  Pr.  Boys  Pants  .60 

1  Pr.  Gloves  .12 

3  Pr.  Socks  @  18  .54 

4  Prs.  Gloves  @  12  .48 

2  Pr.  Shoes  @  26  .52 

1  Coat  1.15 

2  Shirts  @  37  .74 
1  Pr.  Pants  1.65 
1  Coat  .40 

1  Pair  Pants  1.75 
1  Sack  Coat  .55 
1  Coat  .50 
1  Roundabout .50 
1  Pr.  Pants  2.00 
1  Coat  .70 

Dry  Goods  and  Notions 


1  Lot  Thread  .35 
19  Yds.  Bleached  Cotton 
14  Yds.  Padding  @  3  .42 
1  Lot  Thread  .32 


10  1.90 


141 


B.D.  Rathie  Inventory,  1859  (con't) 


1  lot  stays,  Cord  &c  .09 

1  Collar  &  Buttons  .16 

8  Yds.  Twilled  Baging  @  8  172  .68 

1  Yd.  Ticking  .06 

30  Yds.  Canton  Flannel  @  7  2.10 

46  1/4  Yds.  Ticking  @  9  1/2  4.19 

1  lot  Combs  &  Buttons  .10 

12  Spools  Cotton  @  4  .48 
1  lot  Vest  Buttons  .06 

1  lot  Needles  &c  .15 
1  Lot  Brass  Buttons  .16 
1  lot  Buttons  .12 

1  Lot  Needles  &  Tacks  .20 
Vest  Buttons  &  Purses  .12 

10  7/8  Yds.  Alpacca  @  17  1.89 

Silk  &  Needles  .09 

10  Yds.  Cotton  Jeans  @  18  1.80 

13  1/4  Yds.  Cotton  Jeans  @  17  2.25 
6  Yds.  Tweeds  @  21  1.26 

3  7/8  Yds.  Hard  Times   @  18  .72 

6  3/4  Yds.  Cotton  Jeans  @  18  1.25 
12  Spools  Cotton  @  4  .48 
12  Spools  Cotton  @  3  1/2  .42 
10  1/2  Yds.  Tweeds  @  20  2.10 
5  Yds.  Sattinet  @  17  .85 
27  Yds.  Calico  @  6  1.62 

14  1/4  Yds.  Calico  @  7  1/2  1.08 
12  Yds.  Calico  @  6  1/4  .75 

2  1/2  Yds.  Cotton  Drill  @  15  .37 
17  1/2  Yds.  Sattinet  @  16  2.80 

4  1/2  Yds.  Red  Flannel  @  18  .81 
4  1/2  Yds.  Fulled  Cloth  @  30  1.35 
29  Yds.  Calico®  7  1/4  2.13 
Needles  &  Buttons  .16 

1  Lot  Thread  .09 

4  1/8  Yds.  Casinet  @  38  1.57 
1  lot  Vest  Buttons  .09 

1  lot  Brass  Buttons  .25 
1  lot  Vest  Buttons  .22 
1  lot  Combs  &  Buttons  .15 
1  Lot  Boss  .12 

5  Spools  Cotton  @  3  1/2  .17 

1  3/4  Yds.  Fulled  Cloth  @  59  1.04 

1  Lot  Tape  .37 

44  Yds.  Calico  @  5  1/2  2.22 

34  Yds.  Calico  @  5  1/2  1.87 


Hardware 

1  --  2  Horse  Wagon  &  Bed  15.00 

1  Lot  Manure  1.05 

1  Horse  Bucket  .12 

1  Buggy  No.  1  75.00 

1  lot  old  Wheels,  Boxes  &c  .40 

1  low  top  Wagon  31.50 

2  Saddle  Blankets  @  55  1.10 
2  Saddle  Blankets  @  52  1.04 
12  Papers  Tacks  @  3  1/2  .42 
1  Barouche  18.00 

1  Buggy  No.  2  58.00 
1  Cart  &  Geer  25.00 

1  Fork  &  Shovel  .45 

2  Horse  Covers  @  55  1.10 
1  one  Horse  Sleigh  .80 

1  one  Horse  Wagon  5.00 
7  Bags  @  9  .63 
1  Feed  Box  2.40 
Collars  &c  .12 
1  Water  Can  .40 
1  Feed  Trough  1.00 
1  Lot  Manure  3.60 
12  Papers  Tacks  @  4  .48 
1  Crowbar  1.00 

1  lot  Singletrees  .90 

2  Wood  Stands  .25 
1  Lot  Old  Iron  .35 

3  Lime  Boxes  &  Lime  .62 
1  Old  Bellows  1.00 

1  Wheelbarrow  2.65 

1  lot  Blacksmith's  Tools  .30 

1  Bucket  .35 

1  Lot  old  Iron  2.00 

1  lot  Plank  .37 

1  Lot  Old  Iron  .12 

1  Feed  Box  1.70 

2259  Shingles  @  32  1/2  7.24 

2  Doors  @  25  .50 

1  Ladder  .25 

2  Jacks  @  35  .70 

1  Lot  Sand  &  boards  1.15 

2  1/4  lbs.  Madder  @  3  .06 
24  lbs.  Saltpetre  @  4  .96 
1  lot  Wagon  Bows  .40 

1  Carriage  Tongue         1.75 
1  Harness  Box  1.00 


142 


B.D.  Rathie  Inventory,  1859  (con't) 


3  Whetstones  for  .06 

3  Shovels  @  40  1.20 

3  Shovels  @  42  1.26 

3  Manure  Forks  @  39  1.17 

1  Barrel  Frame  1.00 

3  Whips  @  65  1.95 

2  Curry  Combs  @  8  .16 

4  Curry  Combs  @  7  .28 
2  Curry  Combs  @  8  .16 
2  Curry  Combs  @  7  .14 
2  Small  Brushes  @  8  .16 

2  Carriage  Whips  @  50  1.00 

Brushes  &c  .18 

1  Curry  Comb  .08 

Harness  for  two  Horses  20.00 

1  Stretcher  .25 

12  Papers  Tacks  @  5  .60 

1  Lot  Awls  &c  .50 

1  Peg  Cutter  .20 

2  Small  Brushes  @  6  .12 
2  Cards®  8. 16 

2  Gimblets  @  10  .20 
8  Gimblets  @  4  .32 
Single  Set  Lead  Geer  4.25 
Fish  Hooks,  Combs  &c  .10 
Fish  Hooks,  Gun  Caps  &c  .20 
1  Hatchet  &  Gimblet  .35 
Harness  for  two  Horses  15.25 
4  Cards  @  7  .28 

3  Cards®  6  1/2.19 
1  Curry  Comb  .06 

Harness  for  one  Horse  Traces  &c  1.10 

Harness  for  one  Horse  1.00 

6  Cowhides  @  7  .42 

Harness  for  one  Horse  1.30 

Pins&  Spicket  .15 

3  Papers  Tacks  @  6  .18 

Augers  Chains  &c  .50 

1  Saddle  &  Bridle  4.10 

1  Saddle  &  Martingale  11.50 

2  Old  Anvils  .50 

1  Rake  &  Fork  .45 
8  Rakes  @  10  .80 

2  Cutting  Boxes  2.50 

2  Leather  Staps  .30 

3  Pad  Locks  @  7  .21 

1  Set  Single  Harness  10.25 
1  Pad  Lock  .12 


38  Iron  Pulleys  @  2  .76 

Single  Harness-Minus  Traces  6.50 

Books  and  Supplies 

1  Box  Pen  Handles  .16 

4  Ink  Stands  @  4  .16 

Store  Supplies 

8  Why  Barrels  @  12  172  1.00 

5  Why  Barrels  @  16  .80 
1  Pr.  Tables  4.00 

9  Old  Barrels.  12 

5  Why  Barrels  @  20  1.00 

1  Show  Case  1.55 

1  Peck  Measure  .15 

1  lot  Funnels  .12 

1  Clock  5.00 

1  Pr.  Balances  12.00 

1  Pr.  Scales  &  weights  1.30 

1  Coal  Stove  &  Pipe  2.50 

1  Pr.  Scales,  Lanthern  &c  .14 

1  Peck  Measure  &  Bucket  .25 

2  Half  Bushels  @  14  .28 

3- 1/2  Gal.  Measures  @  10  .30 
1  Desk  .40 

1  Pr.  Scales  &  Weight  1.50 
1  Pr.  Scales  &  Weight  .62 

3  Tin  Scoops  .35 
1  Stove  3.00 

1  Show  Case  2.75 
1  Box  &  Contents  .55 
1  Ash  Hod  .12 
1  Yardstick  .09 
1  Glass  Jar  .26 
1  Tobacco  Knife  .80 
1  Glass  Jar  (broke)  .06 
1  lot  Tin  Measures  .14 

1  Table  .35 

2  Tin  Scoops  .32 

Personal  Items 

1  Looking  Glass  1.00 

1  Bureau  8.00 

2  Clothes  Baskets  1.00 

1  Bed,  Bedstead  &  Bedding  25.00 


143 


B.D.  Rathie  Inventory,  1859  (con't) 


1  Rug  3.00 

Carpet  on  Parlor  Floor  10.00 

1  Rocking  Chair  in  Parlor  5.00 

1  Rag  Carpet  3.00 

1  Split  Bottomed  Rocking  Chair  .75 

3  Pictures  .37 

1  Table  .50 

1  Looking  Glass  1.00 

1  Mantle  Ornament  .25 

1  Candle  Stand  2.50 

1  lot  Lumber  in  Garret  .50 

1  Parlor  Stove  5.00 

1  Cupboard  .50 

Fender,  Andirons,  Shovel  & 

Tongs  &  Screen  5.00 
China  &  Glass  ware,  Dishes  &c  2.00 
1  Rag  Carpet  .25 
1  Candle  Stand  .50 
1  Bedstead  1.00 
1  Rag  Carpet  1.00 
1  Bedstead,  Bed  &  Bedding  15.00 
1  Small  Bedstead,  Bed  &  Bedding  5.00 

1  Willow  Clothes  Basket  .50 

3  Pictures  .25 

2  Glass  Jars  .25 

1  Dark  Bay  Horse  75.00 
1  Black  Mare  63.00 

4  Shoats  @  2.50  10.00 
1  lot  Dairy  ware  5.00 

Carpet  &  Rods  on  Stair  Steps  1.50 

1  Sorrel  Horse  101.00 

1  Piano  24.00 

6  Chairs  @  25  1.50 

1  Wash  Bowl,  Pitcher  &  Stand  1.00 

1  Clock  1.00 

1  Looking  Glass  1.40 

1  Pr.  Andirons  1.00 

1  lot  Kitchen  Furniture  10.00 

1  George  Washington  1.2 

2  Pictures  @  25  .50 

1  Lounge  in  Passage  1.00 

1  Oil  Carpet  on  Passage  Floor  1.50 

1  Sideboard  10.00 

2  Small  Waiters  on  Mantle  .25 

1  Carpet  on  Dining  Room  Floor  1.00 

2  Stone  Spittoons  .25 
1  Rocking  Chair  .50 

1  Carpet  2.00 


1  Desk  5.00 

Unknown 

1  lot  old  plunder  .20 
1  Lot  Sundries  .12 
Sundries  .09 
1  Lot  Sundries  .30 
1  Lot  Sundries  .30 
1  Paper  Sprigs  .27 
1  lot  Sundries  .35 
4  Cotton  Laps[?]  @  3  V2 
1  Lot  Sundries  .55 


14 


144 


INVENTORY  of  S.  MAHLON  NICHOLS,  dec'd. 

Loudoun  County 

1859 


Food  and  Containers 

1  Box  &  Contents 
1/2  lb.  Blk  Tea 
1/4  lb.  Cloves 
1  lb.  Allspice 
1/2  lb.  Blk  Tea 
1  Bot.  Castor  Oil 

1  oz.  Cloves 

2  Bot  Sweet  Oil  (sold  sep.) 
1  lb.  Allspice 

6  Pipes 

1  lb.  Candy 

1  Box  &  contents 

1/2  lb  Snuff 

1  Bot  Worm  Mixture 

1  Bot.  Castor  Oil 

1  lb.  Ground  Ginger 

1  Viol  Laudanum 

1  oz.  Nutmegs 

1  lb.  Tea 

1/2  doz.  Pipes 

1  Bot.  Embrocation 

2  Cans  Mustard  2 
1  lb.  Tea 

4  Bot  Castor  Oil  (sold  sep.) 

1  Plug  Tob 

1  Bot.  Cordial 

9  Bottles  Pain  Killer  (sold  in  4  lots) 

1  Bot.  Tricopherous[?] 

1  Bot  Oil  Spike 

1  Plug  Tob 

1/2  lb.  Blk  Tea 

1  Viol  Pain  Killer 

2  Cans  Mustard  2 

1  Viol  Infant  Cordial 
1  Box  Mustard 

1  Bot.  Embrocation 

2  Boxes  Mustard  4 

2  Boxes  &  1  Barrel 

3  Flour  barrels 
3  Flour  barrels 

15  Barrels  Corn  (sold  in  3  lots) 
3  Stacks  Hay  (sold  sep.) 

2  Pepper  Boxes  (sold  sep.) 

3  Boxes  &  1  Keg 


3  Boxes 

3  papers  Pepper  3 

1  Box  Pills 
1/2  lb.  Tea 

1/2  lb  Rapper  Snuff 

2  oz.  Cloves 

2  Boxes  &  3  Kegs 

2  Boxes  &  1  Keg 
1  Box  &  Contents 
1  Viol  Ladanum 

1  Keg  Box  &  Barrel 
1  Viol  Cinnamon 
1  Bot  Ox  marrow 
1  lb.  Alspice 

3  papers  Ground  Pepper  3 

1  Viol  Laudanum 

Housewares 

2  cans  Mustard  4 
1  Tea  Pot 

1  Cake  Soap 

1  Dish 

2  Papers  Soda  2 

3  oz.  Indigo  (sold  in  two  lots) 
2  papers  Soda  3 

1  Box  Tapers 

1  Box  Blacking 

2  Papers  Soda  3 
1  Cullendar 

1  Picture  &  Frame 
1  Picture 

1  Picture  Frame 

2  papers  Soda  2  1/2 
1  Mug 

3  Cakes  Soap  (sold  sep.) 
1  Box  Wafers 

1  Cake  Soap 
1  Box  Wafers 

1  Tea  Kettle 

2  Papers  Soda  2 

1  Picture  &  Frame 

18  Yds.  Bordering  Paper  lc 

1  Cabbat?] 

1  pr.  Salt  cellars 

1  pr.  Glass  Dishes 


145 


S.M.  Nichols  Inventory,  1859  (con't) 


2  pr.  Scissors  (sold  sep.) 

7  Pie  Plates  (sold  in  2  lots) 

3  pr.  Scissors  (sold  sep.) 
1  pr.  Shears 

1  Pr.  Shears 
1  Basket 

8  Cakes  Soap  (sold  sep.) 
1  Tea  Pot 

1  Knife 

1  Butcher  Knife 

1  Dish 

2  Pr.  Plates  4 

5  plates  6 

1/2  doz.  Cups  &  Sausers[sic] 
1  Pitcher 

1  Picture 

2  pr.  Snuffers  (sold  sep.) 
1  Box  Tapers 

1  Picture  &  Frame 

1  Can  Powder 

1  Knife 

1  Box  Blacking 

1  pr.  Scissors 

1  Knife 

1  cake  Soap 

1  Sham 

1  Picture  &  Frame 

1  Knife 

4  Iron  Spoons  (sold  sep.) 

1  Set  Spoons 

2  Shams  (sold  sep.) 

1  pr.  Scissors 

2  Cloth  Blankets  (sold  sep.) 
1  Flat 

1  Basket 

6  pr.  Scissors  (sold  sep.) 
1  Coffee  Mill 

1  Box  Tapers 

4  Papers  Soda  (sold  in  2  lots) 

2  Boxes  Wafers  1/2 
1  Bot  White  Oil 

1  Butcher  Knife 

1  comfort 

1  Can  Powder 

1  Box  Blacking 

13  1/3  lbs  Sad  Irons  4  172 

1  pr.  Snuffers 

1  Tin  cup 


1  Comfort 
1  pr.  Shears 
1  Knife 
1  Can  Powder 
1  Ball  Soap 
1  Blk.  Teapot 

1  Knife 

2  Box  Blacking  4 
2  Pie  Plates  3  1/2 

1  Castor 

2  Cakes  Soap  2 
2  Cakes  Soap  7 
2  Papers  Soda  2 
1  Coffee  Mill 

1  Can  Powder 

2  Papers  Soda  2 
1  pr.  Pincers 

1  Cake  Soap 

1  Cake  Pan 

2  Liggots[?]  (sold  sep.) 

1  Set  Knives  &  Forks 

2  Tin  Cups  5 
1  Culendar 

1  Knife 

1  Quart  Cup 

1/2  doz.  Knives  &  Forks 

2  Papers  Soda  2 
1  Comfort 

1  Mug 
1  Cabbat?] 
1  pr.  Snuffers 
1  Tea  Pot 
1  Box  Tapers 
1  Cake  Soap 

Clothing 

3  pr.  Hose  (sold  sep.) 
1  Bonnet  Rouche 

1  Scarf 

1  Linen  Collar 

4  Blk  Silk  Hats  (sold  sep.) 
1  Blk  Hat 

1  Fine  Comb 
1  pr.  Hose 
1  Pr.  Socks 
1  Belt 
1  pr.  Gloves 


146 


S.M.  Nichols  Inventory,  1859  (con't) 


1  Viol  Philocome 
1  pr.  Hose 
1  Bot.  Cologne 
1  Blk  Hat 
1  Lot  Hoops 
1  Violin  Bow 

1  Leghorn  Hat 

2  pr.  Socks  (sold  sep.) 
1  Leghorn  Hat 

4  Straw  Hats 
1  Shaving  Brush 
1  Gum  Overcoat 

1  Stock 

7  "  Marbles 

2  pr.  Shoes  (sold  sep.) 
1  pr.  Socks 

1  pr.  Shoes 

1  Pr.  Puff  Combs 

1  Blk  Satin  Vest 

1  Comb 

1  Pr.  Combs 

7  Shirt  Collars  (sold  sep.) 

1  pr.  Shoes 

2  Rings 

4  Bonnets  (sold  sep.) 

5  pr.  combs 

1  Blk  Silk  Hat 

1  pr.  Berlin  Gloves 

1  Straw  Hat 

1  pr.  Gloves 

1  Pocket  Knife 

1  pr.  Socks 

1  pr.  Berlin  Gloves 

3  Cotton  Handf  s  8 

4  Bonnets  (sold  sep.) 
1  pr.  Gloves 

1/2  doz.  Marbles 

1  Bead  Reticule 

1  Straw  Hat 

1  Blk  Hat 

1  Hat 

1  pr.  Gloves 

1  pr.  Shoes 

1  pr.  Puff  combs 

1  Pr.  Gloves 

1  Bot.  Philocome 

1  Box  Shaving  Cream 

1  Fine  Comb 


1  pr.  Socks 

1  pr.  Gloves 

3  pr.  Hose  (sold  sep.) 

2  Fine  Combs  2  172 

1  pr.  Home  made  Socks 
1  pr.  Shoes 
1  Viol  Cologne 

1  Fine  comb 

2  Silk  Handf  s  62  1/2 
1  Razor  Strop 

1  pr.  Shoes 

1  Shoe  Brush 

2  Straw  Hats  4 

3  Straw  Hats  2 

2  Straw  Hats  2  1/2 

1  pr.  Kid  Gloves 

2  Boxes  Razor  Powders  4  1/2 
2  Bun  Cup  Wire  4 

4  Jews  Harps 
1  pr.  Gloves 

1  pr.  Gloves 
1  Fine  Comb 
1  Pr.  Shoes 
1  Hat 
1  Purse 

4  Hats  (sold  sep.) 
1  Chemizette 
6  Bun  Braid 
1  Chemizette 

1  pr.  Gloves 

2  pr.  Socks  (sold  sep.) 
4  pr.  Gloves  (sold  sep.) 
1  Fine  Comb 

1  pr.  Gloves 
1  pr.  Gloves 
1  pr.  Gloves 

3  Bot.  Cologne  (sold  sep.) 
1  Shawl 

1  Satin  Vest 

1  pr.  Shoes 

2  Fine  Combs  5 

2  pr.  Gloves  (sold  sep.) 
lHat 

1  Umbrella 

2  pr.  Half  Hose  (sold  sep.) 
1  Watch 

1  Cane 
1  pr.  Hose 


147 


S.M.  Nichols  Inventory,  1859  (con't) 


1  pr.  Gloves 

1  pr.  Gauntlets 

2  Bun  Cup  wire  4 

2  Fine  Combs  (sold  sep.) 

1  Viol  Cologne 

1  Spectacle  Case 

IComb 

1  Comb 

1  pr.  Suspenders 

1  Silk  Hat 

1  pr.  Small  Shoes 

1  Hat 

1  Small  Hat 

1  Ring 

1  Hat 

2  Port  Monnaie  (sold  sep.) 
1  pr.  Gum  Shoes 

1  port  Monnaie 
1  Port  Monnaie 
1  pr.  Hose 
1  Pen  Knife 
1  Hat 
1  Bot  Cologne 

1  pr.  Ladies  Buck  Gloves 

2  pr.  Hose  (sold  sep.) 
1  pr.  Socks 

1  Umbrella 
1  pr.  Hose 

1  Tuck  comb 
4  Jews  Harps 

2  Tuck  Combs 

6  Reed  Pipe  Stems 

1  Pocket  Knife 

2  Round  Combs  (sold  sep.) 

3  Straw  Hats  2 
1  Silk  Hand'f 

1  pr.  Suspenders 

2  Cravats  (sold  sep.) 

1  pr.  Suspenders 

2  Boxes  Shaving  Cream  (sold  sep.) 
2  Straw  Hats  3 

1  Cravat 
1  pr.  Gum  Shoes 
1  pr.  Suspenders 
1  Fine  comb 
1  pr.  Gloves 
1  Pocket  Comb 
1  comb 


2  Silk  Handkfs  51 
1  Watch  Guard 
1  Razor  Strop 
1  pr.  Puff  combs 
1  Horn  Comb 
1  Bot  Bears  Oil 

1  Box  Shaving  Cream 

2  Bot  Cologne 
1  pr.  Hose 

1  Bot  Cologne 

4  Hats  (sold  in  2  lots) 
4  Combs 

2  Bot  Cologne  (sold  sep.) 
1  Shoe  Brush 

1  Silk  Cravat 

2  pr.  Homemade  Socks  (sold  sep.) 
2  pr.  Gloves  (sold  sep.) 

1  pr.  Hose 

1  pr.  Gloves 

1  pr.  White  Kid  Gloves 

1  Port  Monnaie 

1  Pocket  Book 

1  Bonnet  Frill 

1  Bot.  Cologne 

1  pr.  Shoes 

1  Box  of  Marbles 

7  Marbles 

1  Silk  cravat 

2  pr.  Hose  (sold  sep.) 
1  pr.  Hose 

1  Bot.  Hair  Oil 

1  Bot.  Bears  Oil 

2  Combs  (sold  sep.) 

1  Bot  Hair  Oil 

2  pr.  Hose  (sold  sep.) 
1  fine  Comb 

1  Comb 

1  Viol  Bears  Oil 

2  Watches  (sold  sep.) 
1  pr.  Hose 

1  Pr.  Cotton  Socks 

22  marbles  (sold  in  3  lots) 

2  pr.  Gloves  (sold  sep.) 
1  Silk  Hand'f 

1  Doz.  Marbles  (sold  in  2  lots) 

2  Shirt  fronts  (sold  sep.) 
1  pr.  Gloves 

1  pr.  Shoes 


148 


S.M.  Nichols  Inventory,  1859  (con't) 


1  Bonnet  Rouche 
1  pr.  Hose  &  Box 
1  doz.  Marbles 
1  Pr.  Gloves 
1  comb 

1  pr.  Ladies  Shoes 
1  Wolenfsic]  Cap 
1  Spectacle  Case 
1  pr.  Shoes 

9  pr.  Hose  (sold  sep.) 
1  Straw  Hat 

1  pr.  Small  Hose 
1  pr.  Gloves 

1  Straw  Hat 

2  pr.  Home  made  Socks  (sold  sep.) 
1  Violin  Bow 

1  pr.  Small  Socks 
4  Jews  Harps 

1  Tuck  Comb 

2  Tuck  Combs  5 

3  Buns-Worsted  (sold  sep.) 

2  Bun  Whalebones  2 
1  pr.  Mens  Stogast?] 
1  pr.  Hose 

1  Straw  Hat 
1  Viol  Cologne 
1  Bot.  Cologne 

Dry  Goods  and  Notions 

10  Yds.  Blea'd  Cotton  13  172 
23  1/4  Yds.  janes  17  172 

3  Hanks  Thread  1 

1  3/8  Yds.  Turkey  Satin  54 

3  Yds.  Fancy  Alpaca  33 
6  3/4  Yds.  merino  40 

6  Yds.  Janes  17 

12  Yds.  Canton  Flanel  12  1/2 

2  cards  Hooks  &  Eyes  2  1/2 

11  Yds.  Beraise  18 
9  Yds.  Merino  31 

9  1/4  Yds.  Merino  29 
6  Spools  Boss  2 

4  Spools  Boss  1 

9  Yds.  Merino  29 

1  Slip  Thread 

4  1/2  Yds.  Lawn  2  1/2 

8  1/4  Yds.  Blea'd  Cotton  12  1/2 


2  Yds.  Cloth  3.50 

12  Yds.  Blea'd  Cotton  13 

17  Spools  Boss  (sold  in  3  lots) 
42  Spools  Boss  (sold  in  7  lots) 
14  1/2  Yds.  Cotton  17  1/2 

6  Thimbles 

3  Spools  Floss  4 

2  cards  Hooks  &  Eyes  2  1/2 
12  Yds.  Ribbon  1  2/3 

8  Yds.  Swiss  Muslin  22 

10  Yds.  Calico  7  1/4 
1  Lot  Buttons 

11  Yds  Fringe 

12  Yds.  Velvet  Ribbon  2  1/2 

10  Yds.  Calico  7 

1  Yd.  Green  Beraize 

11  Gilt  Buttons 
19  Yds.  Calico  10 

12  3/4  Yds.  Linen  12  1/2 

1  Gross  Buttons 

9  Yds.  Blk  Calico  8 

10  Yds.  Gingham  13 

4  Bolts  capwire[?]  (sold  in  2  lots) 
16  Spools  Boss  (sold  in  3  lots) 

18  Yds.  B.  Cotton  7  3/4 
1/4  Yd.  Velvet  3.50 

2  1/2  Cards  Hooks  &  Eyes  3 

1  5/8  Yds.  Cassimere  34 

11  Yds.  Blk.  Calico  8 

10  Yds.  Beraise  delane  12  1/2 
6  Balls  Tape  (sold  in  3  lots) 

12  Yds.  Fancy  Linen  10 

2  1/4  Yds.  Fringe 

11  Balls  Tape  (sold  in  5  lots) 

3  3/4  Yds.  Janes  19 

4  Yds.  Towell  Linen  13  1/2 

5  Yds.  Crash  16  1/2 

2  Yds.  Irish  Linen  57 
1  Box  of  Buttons 

1  doz.  Buttons 

3  3/4  Yds.  Calico  6  1/2 

4  Yds.  Linen  15 

2  Sets  Buttons  (sold  sep.) 
10  Yds.  Nankeen  11 

1  3/4  Yd.  Alpaca  68 

28  Yds.  5/4  Sheeting  14 

2  Yds  Cloth  5.51 

5  1/2  Yds.  11/4  Sheeting  32 


149 


S.M.  Nichols  Inventory,  1859  (con't) 


5  Yds.  1174  Sheeting  35 
2  Yds.  Irish  Linen  48 
10  Yds.  Nankeen  10 

7  Yds.  Swiss  Mouslin  27 
2  Yds.  Cloth  3.05 

2  Yds  Cloth  3.00 
1  Vest  patern 

3  Yds.  Bonnet  Ribbon  9 

4  Yds.  Cambrick  6 

7  1/4  Yds.  Blue  Cotton  9 
3  Yds.  Calico  6  1/2 
3  Yds.  Blk  Satinette  52 
3  Cards  Hooks  &  Eyes 

6  Yds.  Cherokee  Plaid  10 

6  Balls  White  Tape  (sold  in  3  lots) 
3/4  Yd.  Cambrick  7  1/2 

16  3/4  Yds.  Challi  15 

7  1/2  Yds.  Calico  9 
1  Box  of  Boss 

1  Spool  Silk 

1  Box  Pills  &  Buttons 

3  1/8  Yds.  Cassimere  1.65 
21  Yds.  Mouslin  7 
12  Spools  Boss  (sold  in  2  lots) 
12  1/4  Yds.  Gingham  23 

7  1/4  Yds.  Twill  cotton  8 

2  balls  Tape  1 

15  3/4  Yds.  Flanel  25. 

3  Yds.  Yellow  Flannel  33 

6  3/8  Yds.  Stripe  Cotton  15  1/2 
2  1/2  Yds.  Linen  Lustre  10 

1  Card  Buttons 

2  Cards  Hooks  &  Eyes  3 

1  lb.  Cotton  Yarn 

2  1/2  Yds.  Cassimere  80 

3  Balls  Tape  2 

3  Cards  Hooks  &  Eyes  4 
20  Yds.  Calico  7 

8  Yds.  Mori  Antique  6  1/4 
3  3/4  Yds.  Delaine  11 

3  1/2  Yds.  challi  13  1/2 
8  1/2  Yds.  Nankeen  9 
2  Yds.  Nankeen  9  1/2 
14  Yds.  Blk.  Calico  8  1/2 
10  Yds.  Gingham  12  172 
10  Yds.  Nankeen  9 

7  1/4  Yds.  Nankeen  9  1/2 

8  Yds.  Twilled  cotton  22 


3  1/2  Yds.  Ky  Janes  22 

13  1/2  Yds.  Mouslin  23 

2  Yds.  Cloth  3.50 

2  1/2  doz.  Buttons  5 

5  3/4  Yds.  Bed  Ticking  14 

1  doz.  Buttons 

8  1/8  Yds.  Gray  Cloth  2.10 

1  Lot  Buttons 

8  Yds.  Gingham  16 

2  Yds.  Beraizo  26 


150 


S.M.  Nichols  Inventory,  1859  (con't) 


9  Yds.  Merino  26 

2  7/8  Yds.  Cassimere  97  1/2 

3  Yds.  Cassimere  55 
1  Yarn  Hood 

1  Yarn  Hood 

2  Balls  Tape  1/2 

8  Yds.  Blue  twill  Cotton  16. 

3  Yds.  Janes  22  1/2 

5  Yds.  Bed  Ticking  9  174 
3  Cards  Hooks  &  Eyes  3 

1  Work  Box 

3  Cards  Buttons  (sold  sep.) 

2  Balls  Tape  1/2 
28  Yds.  Lawn  4  1/2 

5  1/8  Yds.  Irish  Linen  38 

1  Card  Green  Buttons 

1  Gross  Buttons 

1  Set  Buttons 

12  1/4  Yds.  Calico  9  1/2 

1  Card  Pearl  Buttons 

1  Paper  Buttons 

3  Yds.  Nankeen  7  172 
1  Gross  Buttons 

4  Cards  Hooks  &  Eyes  (sold  in  2  lots) 
1  Gross  Buttons 

5  Yds.  Gingham 

5  3/4  Yds.  Calico  8  1/2 

1  Box  Buttons 

2  Cards  Buttons 

5  3/4  Yds  Cassimere  62  1/2 

6  Yds.  Striped  Linen  10  1/2 

2  Gross  Buttons  (sold  in  2  lots) 

1  7/8  Yds.  Striped  cotton  10  1/2 
8  3/4  Yds.  Calico  5 

2  1/2  Yds.  Calico  6  1/2 
22  3/4  Yds.  Calico  7  1/2 

3  1/3  Yds.  Ribed  cotton  12  172 

1  Spool  Floss 

2  Cards  Buttons  (sold  sep.) 

3  Balls  Tape 

1  doz.  Buttons 
6  3/4  Yds.  Calico  7 

1  3/8  Yds.  Lawn  5 

2  doz.  Vest  Buttons  (sold  sep.) 
1  Card  Buttons 

12  Yds.  Velvet  Ribbon,  1 
1  7/8  Yds.  Mouslin  9  1/2 
1  Card  Buttons 


2  Yds.  Flannel  29 

4  Cards  Hooks  &  Eyes  3 
1  Lot  Linen  Buttons 
10  Yds.  Calico  7  1/2 
1  7/8  Yds.  Calico  5  1/2 

4  Yds.  Calico  4  172 

10  3/4  Yds.  Calico  8 
9  Yds.  Calico  8 

6  1/4  Yds.  Calico  8 
23  3/4  Yds.  Mouslin  13 
23  Yds  White  drilling  17 
1  Card  Pearl  Buttons 

13  Yds.  Fringe  12  172 

8  1/2  Yds.  Gingham  15 

14  1/2  Yds.  Plaid  Mouslin  23 

9  Yds.  Gingham  16  1/4 

6  Darning  Needles 

3  Yds.  Nankeen  9 

23  Yds.  nankeen  8  172 

I  Vest  patern 

4  1/4  Yds.  Cassimere  90 

5  1/2  Yds.  Cassimere  75 
8  Yds.  Beraise  16 

14  Buttons 

5  3/8  Yds.  Cassimere  90 
26  Yds.  Paper  Camb  5 

4  1/2  Yds.  Gingham  8 

13  1/4  Yds.  Janes  21 

14  Yds.  Blue  Drills  10 

12  Yds.  Blue  Drills  11  172 

11  Yds.  Calico  11 

8  Yds.  Lawn  5  1/2 

7  1/2  Yds.  lawn  5 

II  Yds.  Mouslin  17 

15  Yds.  Ticking  12  172 

10  Yds.  Ticking  12  172 

9  Yds.  Ticking  12  172 

1  Work  Box 

3  Yds.  Cassinette  65 

2  Yds  Mouslin  10 
1  Box  of  Needles 

5  5/8  Yds.  Mouslin  10  1/2 
17  3/4  Yds.  Mouslin  13  172 

8  1/2  Yds.  Calico  7 

6  1/2  Yds.  Gingham  13 
1  lb.  Cotton  Yarn 

6  3/4  Yds.  Calico  8 

3  Yds.  Gamboon  34 


151 


S.M.  Nichols  Inventory,  1859  (con't) 


11  Yds.  Jac  Camb  22 

11  Yds.  Mouslin  13 

2  Yds.  Green  Beraise  28 
6  Yds.  Summer  Cassimere  21 
4  Yds.  Tweed  Cassimere  60 
2  3/4  Yds.  Blk  Cassimere  1.27 
2  3/4  Yds.  Cassinette  82  1/2 

12  1/2  Yds.  Cotton  Check  16  1/2 
1  Carpet  Sack 

10  3/4  Yds.  Challi  19 
1  Pin  cussion[sic] 

18  Yds.  debaze 

6  1/2  Yds.  Blk  Calico  6 

7  7/8  Yds.  Linen 
1  Carpet  Sack 

4  1/2  Yds  Cassimere  71 

1  Cards  Hooks  &  Eyes  3 
15  5/8  Yds.  Blue  Drills  10 

2  Yds.  Camb  9 

3  Cards  Hooks  &  Eyes 

3  1/2  Yds.  Cloth  3.06  1/4 

8  1/2  Yds.  Mouslin  18 

4  Yds.  Beraise  Delane  13 

12  1/2  Yds.  Beraise  Delane  17 
3  Yds.  Italiano  Cloth  60 

9  Yds.  Beraizie  16 

12  Yds.  Stripe  Cotton  10  1/2 

8  Yds.  Stripe  Cotton  11 

19  Yds.  Gingham  12  1/2 

3  Yds.  Gingham  11 

7  Yds.  Calico  8c 

1/2  doz.  Spools  boss  4 

9  Yds.  Gingham  14 

4  Cards  Hooks  &  Eyes  3 

8  Yds.  Stripe  cotton  11 

11  5/8  Yds.  Janes  21 
1  Set  Buttons  11 

5  Yds.  Gingham  16 

6  3/4  Yds.  Swiss  Muslin  26 
4  Yds.  Beraise  Delane  14 

1  Vest  Paternfsic] 

12  Yds.  Swiss  Muslin  24 

1  lb.  cotton 

2  Cards  Hooks  &  Eyes  2  1/2 

12  3/4  Yds.  Lawn  5 

13  Yds.  Cambrick  9 

10  Yds.  Challi  12  1/2 
2  1/8  Yds.  Cloth  3.75 


1  remnant  Velvet 

10  1/4  Yds.  Mouslin  27 
12  Yds.  Cambrick  9 

2  1/8  Yds  Jac.  Camb  31 
8  3/4  Yds.  Jac  Camb  30 

3  Cards  Hooks  &  Eyes  2  1/2 
6  Yds.  Jaconette  Camb  22 
12  Yds.  Challi  26 

10  3/4  Yds.  Mouslin  14  1/2 

23  3/4  Blue  Drills  9 

1  lb.  Cotton 

10  Yds.  Mouslin  12  V2 

Hardware 

4  Rifles 

1  Saw  Handle 
6  Sheets  Sand  paper 
1  Gimblet 
1  Gimblet 

1  Hand  Saw  File 

2  Gimblets  3  1/2 
1  Mill  Saw  file 

1  File 

4  Chalk  Lines  (sold  sep.) 

2  papers  Tacks  3 
1  Bridle  Bit 

1  pr.  Compasses 

3  Handsaw  files  7 
1  Fishing  Line 

1  White  Wash  Brush 
1  paint  Brush 
1  Paint  Brush 

3  Handsaw  files  6 
1  cow  Hide 

1  Horse  Rasp 

2  Gimblets 
1  Bolt 

1  Viol  Oil  Stone 

6  Mouse  Traps  (sold  sep.) 

2  Steel  Mouse  Traps  (sold  sep.) 
1  Bolt 

1  Awl  Handle 
1  Chalk  Line 
1  File 
1  Box  Gun  Caps 

4  Gimblets  (sold  in  2  lots) 
1  Small  Hammer 


152 


S.M.  Nichols  Inventory,  1859  (con't) 


3  Handsaw  Files  8 

1  Round  Rasp 

1  Lot  Cradle  fingers  stuff 

1  Shovel  Dung  Hook  &c 

1  Chaff  Fork 

1  Fifth  Chain 

1  crow  barr 

2  Doubletrees  &  1  Shovel  Plow 
1  Lot  of  Old  Iron 

1  Gimblet 

1  Chisel 

2  Chisels  (sold  sep.) 
1  Grubing  Hoe 

1  Doubletree 

1  Trammel  &  Hammer 

1  Wagon  Bed 

1  Pad  Lock 

1  Horse  Rasp 

1  File 

1  Gimblet 

6  Hand  Saw  Files  6  3/4 

1  pr.  Sheep  Shears 

1  Chissel 

1  Box  Gun  caps 

3  Gimblets 

1  Box  Gun  caps 

1  Axe 

1  Gimblet 

1  Hoe 

1  White  Wash  brush 

1  Viol  Oil  Stone 

6  Boxes  Caps  (sold  in  3  lots) 

1  File 

1  Whip 

1  Cowhide 

2  Gimblets  3  1/2 

1  White  Wash  Brush 
1  Flesh  Ball 
1  chalk  Line 

1  File 

2  Gimblets  2 
2  Gimblets  2 
1  4/4  Auger 

1  Shot  Gun 

2  Gimblets  3 
1  Square 

1  Chalk  Line 
1  Iron  Shovel 


1  Spike  Gimblet 

3  Augers  (sold  sep.) 

1  Chalk  Line 

1  Draw  Knife 

1  Shot  Gun 

1  3/4  Auger 

1  Lot  Fish  Lines 

1  Spike  Gimblet 

2  Gimblets 
1  File 

1--5  [?]  Auger 

1  Rasp 

1  Mill  Saw  File 

1  File 

2  Gimblets  2  1/2 
1  Auger 
lSaw 

ISaw 

1  Square 

2  pat[?]  Rifles  2  1/2 
1  Hoe 

1  Bolt 

1  chalk  Line 

1  Paint  Brush 

2  Boxes  Caps  5 
1  Lot  Bridles 

1  Bench  Screw 

1  Paint  Brush 

2  Gimblets  2 

1  Buggy  Whip 

2  Boxes  Gun  Caps  4 
1  Chalk  Line 

1  Small  Hammer 
1  Cowhide 

Books  and  Supplies 

1  Bot  Ink 

1  Bot  Red  Ink 

2  Pencils  (sold  sep.) 
1  Lead  Pencil 

1  Pencil 

1  pack  Envolopesfsic] 

1  Bot.  Ink 

1  Bot.  Ink 

2  packs  Envelopes  4 
1  Inkstand 

1  McGuffey's  Reader 


153 


S.M.  Nichols  Inventory,  1859  (con't) 


1  Blank  Book 

1  Inkstand 

1  Blank  Book 

1  Pencil 

1  Blank  Book 

1  Pencil 

1  Ink  Stand 

1  Pencil 

1  Grammar 

3  packs  Envelopes  6 

3  Packs  Envelopes  3 

l--4th  Reader 

l--4th  Reader 

1  Philosophy 

1  Bible 

1  pack  Envolopes 

1  2nd  Reader 

1  Ink  Stand 

1  Blank  Book 

1  Hemans  Reader 

1  Pack  Envolopes 

1  Bot  Ink 

1  Blank  Book 

1  Pack  Envolopes[sic] 

1  Pencil 

1  Philosophy 

1  Book 

1  Grammar 

1  Blank  Book 

2  Geography  of  the  Heavens  (sold  sep.) 
l-4th  Reader 

1  Song  Book 


Store  Supplies 

1  pr.  Ballances 

1  Clock 

1  Pr.  Ballences 


154 


INVENTORY  of  JAMES  H.  NICHOLS 

Loudoun  County 

1856 


Food  and  containers 

1  Box  capsules 

2  bot  sweet  oil 

3  bot  pain  killer 
1  "  Ginger 

3  bot  pain  killer 
1  bot  sweet  oil 

1  Doz  nutmegs 

1  Mug  &  Ginger 

2  Bot  sweet  oil 
2  bot  sweet  oil 

1  bot  R  R  Releif 
6  cakes  chocolate 

1  bot  salad  oil 
10  lbs  Rice 

5  cakes  chocolate 

2  Vial  Vermifuge 

6  papers  Cinnamon 

1  set  pepper  boxes 

2  Doz  nutmegs 
6  bot  essence 

1  3/4  Ginger 
1  doz  nutmegs 

4  vial  essence 

1  G  P  (gunpowder?)  Tea 

1  box  pills? 

4  Lots  Cinnamon 

2  bot  mustard 

3  box  pills 
24  nutmegs 

1  Vial  Calomel 

3  papers  Corn  starch 

5  bot  peppermint 
1/2  "  Ginger 

1  plug  tobacco 
172  G  Ginger 
1  piece  tobacco 

1  doz  nutmegs 

2  Bot  Phoenix  Bitters 
2  oz  mace 

10  lb  Rice 

1  plug  tobacco 

2  cakes  chocolate 

2  Bot  Essence 

3  bot  of  lemon 


5  lb  Rice 

12  bot  cayenn  peper 
2  Bottles  Opodeldock 
2  Doz  nutmegs 

1  Lot  Cinnamon 
1/2  lb  long  pepper 

2  Bottles  P  Killer 

5  lb  Rice 

2  Bot  Pain  killer 

3  Bot  G  Mustard 

3  Vials  syrup 
2  oz  mace 

1/2  oz  Cinnamon  Bark 

2  Doz  nutmegs 

4  Vials  of  pepper 

1  Lot  Cinnamon 

6  papers  Cinnamon 

3  Bot  Bitters 

3  bot  opedeldoc? 

4  vials  essences 

2  vials  essences 

1  bot  pile  ointment 

1/4  Tobacco 

"For  Eggs  sold"  [21.56] 

3  Bottles  wild  cherry 

4  vials  cayenne  pepper 
1  lb  Ginger 

4  oz  Mace 

1  Lot  Rhubarb 
10  lbs  Rice 

5  lbs  Rice 

2  Doz  nutmegs 

2  Vials  Vermifuge 

6  Boxes  Pills 
5  lbs  rice 

2  lbs  Race  Ginger 

2  lbs  anise  Root 

16  lbs  Epsom  Salts 

10  lbs  Rice 

2  lbs  G  P  (gunpowder?)  Tea 

1  Bot  welb(?) 

1  Bottle  S  Cordial 

2  Doz  nutmegs 

1  1/2  lb  G  P  (gunpowder?)  Tea 
1  Piece  Tobacco 
4  lbs  Rice 


155 


J.H.  Nichols  Inventory,  1856  (con't) 


2  lbs  G  P  (gunpowder?)  Tea 
4  lbs  Macaroni 

1  "  Tobacco 

2  Doz  nutmegs 
10  lbs  Rice 

2  Bottles  wild  cherry 
1  lb  Rhubarb  Root 

1  jar  trapper  snuff 

2  Bottles  sweet  oil 

2  lbs  Y  H  (young  hyson?)  Tea 

4  oz  Magnesio 

2  lbs  Y  H  (young  hyson?)  Tea 

5  lbs  Rice 

2  lbs  Y  H  (young  hyson?)  Tea 

3/4  lbs  Tungreck(?) 

2  lbs  Y  H  (young  hyson?)  Tea 

2  lbs  G  P  (gunpowder?)  Tea 

10  Lbs  Rice 

4  1/2  lbs  Y  H  (young  hyson?)  Tea 

2  Bottles  salad  oil 

180  Segars 

1  lb  Fennel 

4  lbs  Rice 

2  Bottles  Vermifuge 
2  Doz  Cigars 

1  lb  G  P  (gunpowder?)  Tea 

2  lbs  G  P  (gunpowder?)  Tea 
10  lbs  Macaroni 

2  Bottles  Hive  Syrup 

1  3/4  lbs  young  H  (hyson?)  Tea 

5  Bottles  Dearshear  Cordial 
1  cake  chocolate 

1  Ground  Ginger 

6  Bottles  Halls(?)  Expectorant 

3  1/2  lbs  race  Ginger 

1  Doz  Cigars 

2  Bottles  Syrup 

1  Box  &  pipes 

3  Bush  Corn 

2  Bushels  Salt 

4  lbs  Rice 

2  lbs  Race  Ginger 

1  Sack  Salt 

2  lbs  Y  H  (young  hyson?)  Tea 
16  nutmegs 

2  Doz  nutmegs 

2  lbs  Y  H  (young  hyson?)  Tea 

1  Barrel  Pickles 


3  Bottles  Opodeldock 

2  lb  G  P  (gunpowder?)  Tea 

Housewares 

1  set  table  spoons 
1  table  cloth 
6  bowls 
1  Tin  Pan 

4  Brooms 

1  set  spoons 

6  box  matches 

1  set  tea  spoons 

1  Glazed  Jar  (may  have  held  tea  in  store) 

3  Butter  plates 
1  oil  cloth 

1  Lamp 

2  Salt  cellars 

4  lamps 

1  blacking  brush 

2  Comforts 

5  Sets  spoons 

1  yellow  pitcher 
1  Pitcher 
1  oil  cloth 
1  Spoon 

1  cream  freezor 

2  blue  edge  dishes 
18  1/2  yds  matting 

1  comfort 

2  mugs 

2  cream  mugs 

6  box  matches 

6  small  tin  plates 
1  pair  shears 
4  Bake  Plates 
4  oz  camphor 
1/2  "  Sulphur 
1  sifter 

1  comfort 

2  pair  scissors 
4  oz  Indigo 

1  waiter 

1  cake  soap 
4  oz  Indigo 

2  pair  shears 

1  looking  glass 
4  nutmegs  Graters 


156 


J.H.  Nichols  Inventory,  1856  (con't) 


1  Cream  Jar 

5  bowls 

3  Pair  curtain  Bands 

6  Bowls 
1  sifter 

3  Bowls 

1  coffee  mill 
1  churn 

1  Pair  shears 

2  Pair  small  scissors 

1  flour  duster 

2  milk  Pots 

2  Candlestick 
2  Lamps 
1  stone  Jug 
1  Pair  shears 
1  Teakettle 
1  Tea  Pot 

1  Pair  shears 

2  Lamps 

1  Pair  shears 
1  Pitcher 

4  cake  cutters 
1  waffle  Iron 

1  water  can 

2  Blue  dishes 

1  set  Teaspoons 

1  Jar  (may  have  held  5  lb  rice  in  store) 

1  Glazed  Jar  (may  have  held  5  lb  rice  in 
store) 

2  Blue  Edge  dishes 
1  Plate  Sack(?) 

1  Pair  Blk  brushes 

3  oz  Camphor 

1  Lot  wall  paper 
8  oz  Indigo 

3  Match  guards 
1  Box  Tapers 

4  oz  Indigo 
1  Bar  soap 
1  Waiter 

1  sifter 

1/2  oz  sulphur 
?oz  F  Sulphor 
6  box  matches 
4  oz  Camphor 
4  oz  Indigo 

2  oil  cloths 


1  strainer 

2  box  tapers 
2  bowls 

1  tin  pan 

1  set  large  plates 

1  Looking  Glass 

1  Looking  Glass 

1  Pair  Blk  brushes 

1  coffee  mill 

1  Porcelain  kettle 

1  large  dish 

1  set  stone  china 

1  set  knives  &  forks 

2  set  knives  &  forks 
1  set  knives  &  forks 

1  pair  Lamps 

2  tin  pans 
2  tin  pans 

1  set  white  plates 

1  set  white  plates 

2  Pair  snuffers 
1  Broiling  Iron 
1  Large  Waiter 
4  oz  Indigo 

1  waffle  Iron 

1  set  Teaspoons 

2  small  waiters 
1  Looking  Glass 

23  yds  straw  carpeting 
1  Table  cover 
1  Comfort 
1  Pair  shears 

1  Pair  small  scissors 

2  Glazed  Jars(?) 
1  Set  spoons 

1  Looking  Glass 

3  papers  Busisk(?)  Lustres(?) 
1  Set  Tea  spoons 

1  Mug 

1  Cly  Jar  (may  have  held  10  lbs  rice  in 
store) 

2  Pair  scissors 
1  stone  jug 

1  set  tea  spoons 

2  Lamps 

2  Pair  snuffers 

1  comfort 

1  butcher  knife 


157 


J.H.  Nichols  Inventory,  1856  (con't) 


1  Bowl 

1  set  T  spoons 

2  bars  soap 

6  boxes  matches 

1  butcher  knife 

2  tin  cups 

1  pair  shears 
1  Sausage  Stuffier 
1  white  dish 
1  comfort 
1  Screen 

1  set  cups  &  saucers 

2  Fruit  dishes 

4  cakes  lardsoap 
2  bars  soap 
2  white  dishes 

1  mug 

2  blacking  brushes 
2  balls  soap 

2  boxes  blacking 
4  oz  Indigo 

1  butcher  knife 

3  tin  plates 

2  baking  plates 
1  yellow  pitcher 
1  white  pitcher 
1  Broom 

6  box  matches 
1  iron  candlestick 
1  pair  saltstands 
6  box  matches 

1  set  knives  &  forks 

2  Blacking  brushes 

1  Fork 

6  boxes  matches 
8  oz  Indigo 

2  white  dishes 

4  oz  Indigo 
1  cake  soap 

1  Pair  Lamps 
4  oz  Indigo 
1  mug 
4  oz  Indigo 

1  stone  Jar  (may  have  held  4  lbs  rice  in 
store) 

2  lbs  Soda 

3  lbs  starch 
Earthen  pot 


2  lbs  Soda 
1  Glazed  jar 
1  Basket 

1  stone  Jar  (may  have  held  4  lbs  rice  in 
store) 

2  lbs  Soda 

1  Earthen  Jar 

1  Set  common  Teas 

2  Cream  mugs 
2  Lamps 

1  1/4  lbs  Borax 

lTray 

1  Coffee  Pot 

1  Pitcher 

1  Pair  andirons 

1  stone  pan 

2  sets  white  Plates 

2  Blue  dishes 
1  Deep  Dish 

1  Large  Dish 
1  sifter 
1  small  dish 
1  wash  Bowl 

3  Brooms 

1  Bowl  &  Pitcher 

2  Lamps 

1  Small  Dish 
1  Small  Jar 
1  Lot  Plates 

4  Earthen  Pots 
23  1/2  lbs  Starch 
1  large  dish 

6  Towels 

I  Comfort 

II  Papers  lampblack 
1  Sifter 

1  Earthen  Jar 

4  Papers  Polishing  powder 

1  Blue  Pitcher 

1  Tea  Pot 

3  milk  pans 

2  3/4  Lb  Soda 
1  Bar  soap 

I  lot  cups  &  saucers 

II  oz  Camphor 
12  Tumblers 

1  Screen 
9  Brooms 


158 


J.H.  Nichols  Inventory,  1856  (con't) 


1  stone  Jar 

2  Pair  scissors 

1  stone  Jar  (may  have  held  5  lbs  rice  in 

1  Tin  Can 

store) 

1  Canister 

1  Lamp 

1  watering  pot 

1  set  Cups  &  saucers 

1  sifter 

2  tin  cans 

2  Blacking  brushes 

2  lbs  Starch 

2  Pitchers 

4  oz  Tannic 

4  oz  Prussian  Blue 

1  Bottle  Blk  Varnish 

2  Dusting  brushes 

2  lbs  Soda 

3  Balls  Candlewick 

1  Earthen  Jar 

1  clay  Jar 

1  stone  Jar  (may  have  held  4  lbs  rice  in 

2  Jugs 

store) 

1  Looking  Glass 

1  stone  Jar  (may  have 

held  10  lbs  rice  in 

1  Jar 

store) 

2  Blacking  brushes 

2  washboards 

1  Large  Dish 

1  Large  white  dish 

1  Lot  milk  Pans 

1  Earthen  Jar  (may  have  held  5  lbs  rice  in 

1  Tray  &c 

store) 

1  stone  Jug  &c 

1  Teapot 

1  Gridiron 

2  Pair  Snuffers 

1  Bowl 

2  lb  Soda 

1  set  of  spoons 

1  Set  soup  plates 

1  Table  cloth 

1  Glazed  Jar  (may  have  held  5  lbs  rice  in 

store) 

Clothing  and  personal  items 

5  Table  spoons 

1  Lot  Tinware 

1  Collar 

1  Cork  screw 

1  Silk  Hdkf 

1  water  Pot 

2  Pair  shoes 

3  Flower  Jars 

1  Pair  Gum  shoes 

30  1/2  lbs  Soap 

3  pair  gloves 

8  oz  Indigo 

4  Pair  Gloves 

Jug 

4  Tuck  combs 

2  Tin  Cans 

2  pr.  Gloves 

1  white  dish 

2  Pocket  combs 

3  Pair  Snuffers 

3  Tuck  combs 

2  Brooms 

2  Pair  Kid  Gloves 

2  Flower  Pots 

1  Tobacco  Purse 

2  Tin  Pans 

1  spectacle  case 

1  Bowl 

1  watch  Guard 

1  Lot  Glue 

1  Bonnet 

1  Screen 

6  Pair  wooden  combs 

1  Fork 

1  Pair  Blk  kid 

1  Tin  Can 

1  Fan 

1  Earthen  Jar  (may  have  held  10  lbs  rice 

2  Pair  shoes 

in  store) 

1  pair  mits 

lCan 

1  Pair  mits 

1  Earthen  pan 

1  Pair  worsted  Mistets(?) 

159 


J.H.  Nichols  Inventory,  1856  (con't) 


2  Mustlets(?) 
1  Silk  Veil 

5  Breast  Pins 

1  Collar 

1  pair  shoes 

1  Buck  skin  purse 

1  pair  silk  Gloves 

1  comb 

1  Collar 

1  Pair  Gloves 

1  Portmonie 

1  Pair  side  combs 

1  Breast  Pin 

1  Hat  &  Box 

1  Silk  Hat 

3  Breast  Pins 

2  Lots  marbles 
1  pair  boots 

7  Violin  Strings 

3  Tobacco  Purses 
1  pair  boots 

3  fine  tooth  combs 
1  Pair  Gloves 

1  Comb 

1  Hdkf 

2  umbrellas 

2  Pair  Gaiters 

1  Pair  shoes 

2  Pairs  Boots 

2  Flannel  Shirts 
1  Pair  Boots 

1  pair  Gloves 

2  pair  shoes 
1  cloth  brush 

4  combs 

1  stick  silk(?) 
1  Silk  Hat 
1  Pair  Gaiters 
1  wool  Hat 
1  Pair  cuffs 
1  pair  slipper 
1  hair  brush 
1  Cap 

1  silk  Hdkf 

3  Pair  small  shoes 
3  Tuck  combs 

5  Combs 

2  shaving  Boxes 


1  Pair  Boots 

1  otter  cap 

1  Lace  Collar 

1  Pair  sisters  Gloves 

1  Lot  watch  keys 

1  Pair  white  Gloves 

21  Box  Rogers  Powder 

1  F  W  Collar 

2  Collars 

2  Spanish  Brown 

1  Bot  Cologne 

2  Coral  Rings 

1  Tobacco  Purse 
1  Lot  shoe  strings 
1  Silk  Cravat 
1  worsted  cap 
1  Pair  cotton  socks 
1  port  monies 
1  Pair  Gaiters 
1  spectacle  case 
1  watch  Guard 

1  Collar 

2  Shaving  Boxes 
1  Silk  Hat 

1  worsted  shawl 
1  razor  strop 
1  cloth  cap 
1  vest  pattern 
1  umbrella 
1  Hat 
4  Combs 
1  Pair  Gloves 

4  Pair  merino  Gloves 
1  over  coat 

3  Pair  Blk  Hose 

5  umbrellas 
1  Pair  Str(?) 

1  Hat 

21  Tuck  combs 
3  Tuck  combs 

2  Pair  side  combs 

1  box  shaving  cream 

6  combs 

1  Pair  suspenders 

2  Pair  misses  shoes 
1  Fan 

1  Straw  Hat 

1  Lot  Corset  Laces 


160 


J.H.  Nichols  Inventory,  1856  (con't) 


3  Pair  Gloves 

1  razor 

2  hair  brushes 

3  Pair  Glvoes 

6  Combs 

7  Tuck  combs 

2  Pair  shoes 

3  pair  half  hose 

3  pair  worsted  gloves 
2  Pair  Fine  boots 
5  Tuck  Combs 

2  Pair  worsted  Gloves 

3  pair  berlin  gloves 
3  pair  suspenders 

1  cloth  brush 
1  razor  strop 
1  razor 
1  Pair  Boots 
1  Glazed  Cap 
1  Pair  Boots 
5  ham  combs? 
lhdkf 
1  penknife 

1  segar  case 

2  Pair  Kid  Gloves 

3  shaving  Boxes 
1  Fan 

3  pocket  books 
1  over  Coat 
3  Pair  shoes 

5  Pair  shoes 

1  GuayaguiK?)  Hat 

1  Bonnets 

1  silk  Hat 

1  Pair  Gum  shoes 

1  Lot  Corset  Laces 

1  Pair  shoes 

2  Pair  Boots 
2  Pair  Boots 

1  Pair  Ready  made  Pants 

1  Pair  shoes 

2  cloth  caps 
2  Pair  Boots 

6  Collars 

2  Pair  Blk  hose 

3  Pair  Hose 
1  wool  Hat 

1  Silk  Cravat 


1  Pair  kid  Gloves 

3  collars 

2  Pair  shoes 

1  Pair  Boots 

2  Pair  Combs 
1  silk  cravat 

4  pocket  combs 

3  chake  (cake?)  shaving  soap 

1  silk  stock 

4  pair  socks 

2  Collars  (mourning) 

3  Pair  Gloves 

7  shaving  brushes 

1  port  monie 

lCap 

1  wool  Hat 

1  Pair  Gloves 

1  Pair  Gloves 

1  white  Vest 

1  silk  Hat 

3  Pair  shoes 

3  Pair  Gloves 

6  Collars 

1  white  Fur  Hat 

1  Pair  Pants 

3  pair  shoes 

1  Pair  Boots 

1  pair  suspenders 

1  Hat 

1  hair  brush 

3  pair  suspenders 
3  pair  childrens  hose 

2  pair  berlin  gloves 
1  pair  gaunlets 

3  Pair  Blk  Hose 
1  pair  blk  hose 
1  cloth  brush 
lbelt 

1  Lot  Hair  Pins 

2  Tuck  combs 

1  lot  wooden  combs 
1  Bonnet 

3  Toilet  combs 
1  glazed  cap 

1  straw  hat 
1  Bonnet 
1  paper  musk 
3  Pair  kid  Gloves 


161 


J.H.  Nichols  Inventory,  1856  (con't) 


2  pair  shoes 

1  pair  gum  shoes 

1  doz  ham  combs 

2  shaving  boxes 

1  vest 

2  Pair  Gloves 

4  Pairs  small  shoes 

3  Pair  Combs 
3  pair  gloves 
3  Pair  Gloves 

2  pair  misses  hose 
1  silk  hdkf 

1  vest 

1  Glazed  Cap 

1  straw  hat 

3  Pair  Gloves 
3  collars 

1  purse 

1  F  W  collar 

1  parasal 

1  vest 

3  pair  silses?  gloves 

2  pair  white  cot  hose 
2  Pair  Cotton  Hose 

1  purse 

2  pair  kid  gloves 

4  fans 

1  cloth  cap 

4  Tuck  combs 

2  cravats 

1  hair  brush 
1  tooth  brush 
1  cloth  brush 
1  breastpin 

1  breastpin 

2  pair  socks 

1  flannel  shirt 

1  pack  card 

1  cravat 

1  Pair  shoes  or  Boots 

1  tuck  comb 

1  tuck  comb 

1  Linen  Hdkf 

1  shaving  brush 

2  Toilet  combs 

3  pair  combs 

1  bot  pomades 
1  silk  hdfk 


I  Tobacco  Purse 

II  pair  wooden  combs 
3  gingham  hdkf 

1  lot  marbles 
6  pair  combs 

2  pair  Berlin  gloves 

1  spectatle  case 

5  Gloves  (or  1  lot  Gloves) 

2  hair  combs 

2  standing  collars 
1  over  coat 

1  Pair  shoes 

2  Hats 

1  cap 

2  Pair  kid  Gloves 

2  Pairs  Gaiters 

3  pair  boots 

2  spectacles  cases 

4  tobacco  purses 
2  shaving  boxes 

1  leghorn  hat 

2  breast  pins 
1  collar 

1  vest  pattern 
1  bot  colognes 

3  pair  boots 

3  tobacco  mappin? 
1  pen  knife 
1  Pair  shoes 
1  bot  pomades 

1  collar 

2  Pair  shoes 
1  snuffbox 

1  pair  boots 
1  Pair  side  combs 
1  Pair  mits 
1  Pair  Boots 

1  Belt  slide 

2  pair  gloves 
1  razor 

1  Silk  Vest 
1  parasol 
1  tuck  comb 
1  Glazed  Cap 
1  leghorn  hat 
1  cravat 

6  standing  collars 
1  pair  slippers 


162 


J.H.  Nichols  Inventory,  1856  (con't) 


1  Fan 

4  tuck  combs 
1  pair  sleeves 
1  pair  cuffs 
1  pair  sleeves 

1  F  W  collar 

2  pair  cott  hose 
2  pair  blk  hose 
1  pair  gaunlets 
1  pair  gaunlets 

1  box  &  2  pair  gloves 
21  pair  mits 

lfan 

2  fans 

4  box  hair  pins 

1  Pair  Boots 

1  vest  pattern 

1  shawl 

lComb 

1  Linen  Hdkf 

4  pair  shoes 

1  Tuck  comb 

1  worsted  cap 

1  Shawl 

1  Shawl 

1  Tuck  comb 

1  Pair  cuffs 

3  pair  shoes 

4  Pairs  shoes 

1  pair  slippers 

2  combs 

6  night  caps 

1  Pair  cuffs 

4  pair  worsted(?) 

2  bonnets 

2  bot  pomade 
1  lot  violin  strings 
1  pair  shoes 
1  pair  shoes 
1  Lot  Marbles 
1  pair  kid  gloves 
1  Pair  Boots 
1  Small  Hat 
1  pr  shoes 
1  worsted  cap 
1  Lot  Jews  harps 
4  Pair  shoes 
lCap 


1  pr  Boots 

1  Pair  shoes 

2  night  Caps 
1  Pair  Shoes 

1  worsted  Cap 

1  Lot  rings  &  combs 

1  Pair  shoes 

1  Pair  side  Combs 

1  Pair  Boots 

4  Pairs  shoes 

3  Pair  shoes 
1  Pair  shoes 
1  Pair  Boots 

1  Pair  Boots 

2  Pair  Gloves 
6  Pair  Shoes 

1  Silk  Cravat 

2  Pairs  shoes 

3  Pair  Gloves 

4  Pair  Cotton  Hose 
1  Leghorn  Hat 

1  over  Coat 
1  Silk  Hdkf 
1  Silk  Hdkf 

1  silk  Hat 

2  Pair  silk  Gloves 

3  Linen  Hdkfs 
2  cloth  caps 

1  Silk  Hat 

2  cloth  caps 

4  Pair  Gloves 

1  Pair  fine  Boots 

3  Glazed  Caps 

2  Pair  Kid  Gloves 
1  pair  Boots 

3  Pair  sleeves 

5  Pairs  shoes 
1  pair  Boots 

1  Pair  shoes 

21  Flannel  shirts 

2  Watch  Guards 
1  Linen  Hdkf 

1  Pair  shoes 

1  wool  Hat 

2  pairs  Boots 
2  Pair  shoes 
1  silk  shawl 

1  Pair  Shoes 


163 


J.H.  Nichols  Inventory,  1856  (con't) 


1  Fur  Hat 

1  Pair  Shoes 

1  Pair  Kid  Gloves 

1  pair  Boots 

2  Pair  Kid  Gloves 

3  Glazed  caps 
6  combs 

2  Pair  Kid  Gloves 

2  Pair  shoes 

1  Lot  marbles  &  Flints 

4  Pair  Gloves 
1  wool  Hat 

1  Cap 

8  pairs  shoes 

4  Packs  Cards 

3  pair  Boots 
1  wool  Hat 

6  Pairs  shoes 
1  Pair  shoes 
1  Silk  Hat 

1  Bonnet 

5  Pair  shoes 

2  Pair  shoes 
1  Pair  shoes 

6  Pair  side  combs 
1  Pair  Boots 

1  shawl  &  2  caps 
1  Hat 

7  caps  &  1  collar 
1  Glazed  Cap 

1  cloth  cap 

1  Gland(?)  Cap 

3  Pair  Gloves 

4  Pairs  shoes 

2  pair  Shoes 

5  Tuck  Combs 
2  Hatboxes 

1  Silk  Hat 

1  silk  Hat 

2  Pair  fine  Boots 
2  Pair  shoes 

1  Pair  Boots 

13  Pair  spectacles 

1  Silk  Hat 
4  Caps 

2  Pair  shoes 
1  Cap 

1  Pair  Boots 


1  Pair  shoes 

1  Pair  shoes 

2  Pair  shoes 
2  Cloth  Caps 


1  Pair  shoes 
1  Pair  shoes 
4  Pair  shell  combs 

1  Linen  Hdkf 

3  Lots  Combs 

2  Pair  Shoes 

1  Pair  small  Boots 
1  Pair  shoes 

1  Pair  Boots 

2  Silk  Hats 

4  Pair  Gloves 

1  Pair  shoes 

2  Pair  shoes 
2  Caps 

2  pair  shoes 
2  Glazed  Caps 
1  Silk  Cravat 
1  Pair  Gum  Boots 
1  Shawl 

1  pr  shoes 

2  Pair  Shoes 
1  Pair  Boots 

Dry  goods  and  notions 

13  Pieces  Ribon 

4  1/2  yds  Velvet  Edge 

12  Bunches  Tape 

4  Lots  Thimbles 

13  3/4  yds  Calico 
9  slips  Thread 

1  Bunch  Flowers 
1  Bunch  of  Brade 
9  skeins  silk 

5  yds  nankeen 

1  Doz  Thimbles 

1  Piece  Flannel 

2  Lots  Thimbles 
5  Cards  Buttons 
4  Gross  Button 

3  Doz  skeins  Boss 

I  3/4  Doz  Buckles 

II  172  yds  Blk  Silk 

15  yds  Twill  Bl  Cotton 


164 


J.H.  Nichols  Inventory,  1856  (con't) 


6  yds  Edging 

29  Bunches  brade 
20  5/8  yds  Blk  silk 

1  Vest  Pattern 
8  yds  Gingham 

2  Doz  Pearl  Buttons 

7  Thimbles 

1  Set  Buttons 

2  Doz  skeins  Boss 

3  yds  Inserting 

I  Lot  F  W  Cotton 
6  yds  Jeans 

II  3/4  yds  Flannel 
6  sheets  wadding 

6  Bolts  ribbon  wire 
24  spools  Boss 
47  Bunches  Tapes 
1  Piece  Ribon 

1  silver  Thimble 
5  papers  needles 
10  174  yds  Ribon 

2  Lots  Ribbons 
2  Pieces  Ribon 
18  Doz  Buttons 
1  Piece  Ribon 

4  1/2  yds  merino 
12  spool  Boss 

1  Doz  Bunches  Tape 

1  Lot  Buttons 

1  Lot  worsted 

1  Box  &  Brade 

1  1/2  doz  Vest  buckles 

24  spools  Boss 

1  Box  and  Cord 

18  Thimbles 

1  Piece  Ribon 

2  Doz  skeins  Boss 
1  Box  and  Buttons 
1  Vest  Pattern 

1  Cord  &  Tassel 
1  Lot  Buttons 
Tuck  combs 

5  1/2  yds  Tarleton 

19  1/2  yds  Ribon 
15  Doz  Buttons 

1  Lot  Buttons 
1  Bunch  Velvet 
12  Doz  Buttons 


6  yds  Irish  Linen 
2  Boxes  wafers 
2  papers  Buttons 

4  1/2  yds  Ribbon 
1  yd  Beraze 

10  1/2  yds  F  Merino 

1  Lot  Beads 

2  3/4  yds  Blk  Cassimer 

3  yds  Casimer 

5  yds  white  Flannel 

2  Lots  worsted 

3  5/8  yds  cambric 
1  Lot  coat  binding 
1  Vest  Pattern 

1  Box  crosha(crochet?)  needles 

1  Piece  cambric 

2  Doz  skeins  Boss 
20  yds  Lace 

18  1/4  yds  Edging 

4  1/2  yds  Laces 
1  Piece  Ribon 

11  yds  Edging 

12  yds  Flannel 
24  spools  Boss 
1  Lot  worsted 

15  yds  Cashmere 
1  1/2  yds  Pl'd  Cassimer 
10  yds  merino 
1  Piece  Calico 

6  1/2  yds  Red  muslin 

8  Cards  Hooks  &  Eyes 
6  yds  Cassimer 

10  yds  Blk  silk 
18  1/4  yds  Alapacca 
1  1/2  yds  Pl'd  Casimer 
1  Lot  Pearl  Buttons 

3  yds  cambric 

6  yds  Linen 

1  1/2  yds  Pl'd  Cassimer 

9  1/2  yds  Musdelain 

9  yds  Fig'd  Alapacca 

10  yds  Mosdelain 
1  Vest  Pattern 

5  yds  Green  merino 

7  5/8  yds  Pl'd  Muslin 
3  yds  Inserting 

1  Doz  skeins  Boss 

2  Doz  skeins  Boss 


165 


J.H.  Nichols  Inventory,  1856  (con't) 


15  yds  cashmere 

5  yds  Jeans 

3  yds  Pl'd  muslin 

6  yds  Calico 

7  3/4  yds  touill  Linen 
2  Doz  skeins  Boss 

1  1/2  yds  silk  Florence 
1  Lot  worsted 
20  1/2  yds  Ticking 
1  1/4  yds  Blue  Satin 
69  3/4  Yds  Cotton 

4  1/2  yds  Silk  Plaid 

1  Doz  Thimbles 

2  3/8  yds  Flannel 
6  yds  Check 

?  yds  Pl'd  muslin 
6  Doz  Buttons 
1  Vest  Pattern 
6  yds  casinett 

3  yds  Casinett 

6  1/2  yd  white  Flannel 

4  1/2  Doz  Buttons 

1  Doz  Bunches  Tape 
3  yds  casinett 

7  yds  alapacca 
3  yds  Cassimer 

2  Pieces  Ribon 

1  Lot  Buttons 
111/4  yds  Calico 

2  Doz  skeins  Boss 

5  yds  Check 

3  7/8  yds  Cassimer 

5  Bolts  Tape 

6  yds  Jeans 

2  Vest  Buckles 

5  yds  Calico 

2  Cards  Hooks  &  Eyes 

3  1/2  yds  Velvet(?)  Ribon 

4  3/8  yds  ribbon 
2  7/8  yds  ribbon 

7  3/4  yds  ribbon 
1  doz  thimbles 

1  doz  cards  hooks  &  eyes 
1  vest  pattern 

6  3/4  yds  ribbon 
1  lot  needles 

5  7/8  yds  full  cloth 

6  3/4  yds  white  ribon 


6  yds  twill  flannel 
13  yds  red  velvet 
4  yds  linen  diaper 
19  yds  nankeen 

1  Box  wafers 

1  gross  metal  buttons 

13  yds  purple  cambric 

8  yds  french  merino 
1  lot  coat  binding 

1  doz  thimbles 

4  yds  canvass 

5  cards  hooks  &  eyes 
31  yds  lace 

3  yds  cassimer 
3  1/2  yds  ribbon 
3  7/8  yds  gingham 

2  bunches  silk  velvet 
17  yds  lawn 

2  yds  lustre 

3  1/4  yds  alapacca 

7  yds  ribon 

2  1/4  yds  ribon 

7  yds  ribbon 

2  yds  ribon 

21  yds  silk  brade 

3  cords  &  tassel 

9  yds  calico 

16  1/2  yds  calico 

10  1/2  yds  Calico 

5  yds  table  linen 
12  yds  mosdelane 

9  yds  mosdelane 

10  yds  mosdelane 

3  3/4  yds  Beraze 

8  yds  Gingham 

6  Doz  Buttons 

12  spools  white  Boss 
12  Vest  Buckels 
174  Thread 
8  Bunches  Beads 

22  7/8  yds  Red  Linsey 
1  Lot  Cord 

111/2  yds  mosdelane 
10  yds  mosdelane 
6  balls  tape 
1  piece  paper  cambric 

4  yds  braze  de  Lain 

5  cards  hooks  &  eyes 


166 


J.H.  Nichols  Inventory,  1856  (con't) 


6  yds  calico 
18  yds  calico 

3  spool  silk  floss 

1  vest  pattern 

3  yds  linen  drilling 

8  3/4  yds  col'd  cambric 
111/2  yds  debaze 

7  1/2"  yds  white  flannel 
6  yds  check 

3  yds  cassimer 

9  3/4  yds  gingham 

2  yds  jeans 

10  yds  calico 
41  yds  calico 

1  card  buttons 
10  yds  cottonade 

4  yds  cassimer 

2  1/2  yds  jeans 

3  yds  bl  cotton 

3  yds  cassimer 
20  1/2  yds  Lawn 

6  yds  col'd  cassimer 

9  1/4  yds  mus  de  Lain 

2  1/2  yds  diaper 

4  yds  blk.  cloth 

10  1/2  yds  berage  de  Lain 
1  gross  buttons 

20  yds  braze  de  lain? 
15  1/2  yds  drilling 

3  yds  jeans 

8  doz  buttons 
20  yds  calico 
20  yds  calico 

1  lot  vest  buckles 
3  yds  drilling 

9  yds  drilling 
3  yds  casinett 
34  yds  calico 

12  yds  twill  cotton 
29  yds  calico 

6  3/4  yds  calico 

7  yds  cott  cassimer 

1  vest  pattern 

8  blue  cambric 

2  3/4  yds  duck  linen 

5  3/4  duck  linen 

3  yds  drilling 

37  3/4  pair  bleu?  cotton 


1  spool  floss 
3  gross  buttons 
10  yds  cottonade 
5  spools  boss 

7  doz  pearl  buttons 
1  gross  buttons 

3  1/2  doz  brass  button 

8  doz  buttons 

4  yds  calico 

8  3/4  yds  calico 
10  yds  calico 
26  1/4  yds  calico 

5  1/4  yds  paper  cambric 
1  lot  buttons 

1  lot  buttons 
8  yds  calico 
10  yds  sustig? 

2  doz  brass  button 

1  gross  buttons 

10  1/2  yds  paper?  cambric 

3  yds  gingham 

2  yds  red  flannel 
1  yd  nankeen 

4  1/2  yds  Crash 

6  yds  braze  de  Lain 

18  1/2?  yds  braze  de  Lain 
1  card  motto  wafers 
1  3/4  yds  col'd  flennen? 
16  doz  pearl  buttons 

3  box  pins 

1  1/2  yds  twill  cotton 

5  1/4  yds  yellow  flannen 
10  yds  summer  coating 
211/4  yds  burlaspe  cotton 
12  Spools  Boss 

5  yds  full  linsey 

12  Bunches  Bobin 

1  Box  crasha  (crochet?)  needles 
18  yds  Fringes 

4  yds  Lawn 

15  Cards  Hooks  &  Eyes 
1  Lot  Worsted 
28  yds  oil  calico 

13  yds  silk 

8  yds  musdelane 

1  Lot  worsted 

1  Lot  Corset  stay 

13  Bunches  Linen  Tapes 


167 


J.H.  Nichols  Inventory,  1856  (con't) 


12  Thimbles 

13  yds  Calico 
18  spools  Boss 
36  yds  Edging 

14  slips  Thread 

1  Box  crosha  (crochet?)  needles 

12  Bunches  Bobin 
1  spool  silk 

1  Lot  worsted 

9  cards  Hooks  &  Eyes 
3  yds  Cassimer 

21  3/4  yds  Edging 
8  yds  Blue  Lawn 
8  yds  Inserting 
25  yds  Blue  Lawn 
3  yds  Cassimer 
3  yds  Corderoy 
3  3/4  yds  cottonade 
1  Vest  Pattern 
3  yds  Corderoy 
1  Vest  Pattern 

3  yds  Ribbon 

4  Bunches  Ribon  wire 
1  Vest  Pattern 

6  slips  Blk  Thread 

1  Doz  whale  Bones 

10  yds  oil  calico 

2  yds  Illusion 
18  1/4  yds  Lace 

3  yds  Cassimer 

2  yds  Inserting 

3  yds  Cassimer 

1  Card  Hooks  &  Eyes 

13  1/2  yds  Calico  ' 
8  Doz  Buttons 

5  3/8  yds  Cambric 

2  silver  Thimbles 

7  1/2  yds  cap  Ribon 

1  Piece  paper  cambric 

5  papers  pins 

25  yds  Cottonade 

2  yds  Ribon 

6  Boxes  Hooks  &  Eyes 
6  Vest  straps 

6  slips  Thread 

4  papers  pins  &  Box 

3  yds  Blk  crape 

3  papers  darning  needles 


15  yds  silk 

1  Card  wafers 

1  Doz  Buttons 

2  Thimbels 

10  3/4  yds  Ribon 

3  yds  Corderoy 

6  Doz  Buttons 
9  slips  Thread 
1  Doz  Buttons 

1  Spool  purse  silk 

12  Spools  Col'd  Boss 

1  Vest  Pattern 

2  Bunches  Cord 

2  Bunches  Flowers 

1  Doz  Thimbles 

9  yds  Mosdelaines 
111/2  yds  Braze  de  lain 

4  yds  Diaper 

13  yds  delaine 

5  yds  Casimer 

2  Vest  Pattern 
40  1/2  yds  Cotton 
1  3/4  yds  Blk  cloth 

4  1/2  yds  F  Muslin 
111/2  yds  Alapacca 
1  Box  &  Flowers 

1  Piece  Corderoy 

11  yds  Glazed  Cambric 

6  1/2  yds  ThreeK?) 

7  yds  merino 

8  yds  Gingham 

3  yds  Corderoy 

10  yds  Gingham 
8  1/2  yds  padding 

2  1/2  yds  Bobinett 

2  Doz  skeins  worsted 

3  1/2  yds  Berage 
48  skeins  silk 
21  skeins  silk 

8  yds  sheeting  cotton 

7  1/2  yds  Gingham 

14  yds  F  Merino 

5  3/4  yds  Linen  Diaper 
2  1/3  Doz  thimbles 

1  Piece  webb 

16  yds  lionesse  cloth 

4  yds  Ful  linsey 

5  1/2  yds  cambric 


168 


J.H.  Nichols  Inventory,  1856  (con't) 


6  3/4  yds  Jeans 

1  3/4  yds  Linsey 

1  1/2  yds  Satin  cassimer 

10  3/4  yds  check 

27  yds  Bro  Cotton 

10  yds  check 

16  3/4  yds  Cambric 

10  yds  nankeen 

1  1/4  yds  Cassimer 

24  yds  Cotton 

5  yds  Celesia 
8  1/2  yds  lace 

3  yds  overcoating 

3  yds  casinet 

6  yds  K  Jeans 
6  yds  Alpacca 

6  1/8  yds  swiss  muslin 
20  yds  Mosdelaine 

8  3/4  yds  Linsey 

25  1/2  yds  Blu  Cotton 
1  yd  Serge 

1  Piece  merino 
1  1/4  yds  Serge 

9  yds  Gingham 
15  yds  inserting 

6  1/2  yds  Calico 

9  yds  Bobinett 

4  yds  ThrilK?) 
1  Lot  Lace 

1  Bolt  Gimp 

1  Lot  worsted 

2  yds  Satteen 

10  1/4  yds  Cambric 

3  3/4  yds  Pink  Crape 

2  Pieces  alapacca 

1  7/8  yds  F  Merino 
1  Piece  alapacca 

5  3/4  yds  F  Muslin 
1  7/8  yds  Florence 

4  yds  Bobinett 

1  Piece  Alapacca 

3  yds  Threel 
9  yds  celesia 

1  Piece  corded  muslin 
1  Piece  Bobinett 

7  yds  Alapacca 

1  Lot  Buckles  &c 
20  3/4  Doz  Buckles 


1  1/4  yds  Satin  serge 

2  yds  Serge 

1  1/8  yds  oil  silk 
6  yds  Bro  cotton 

1  Piece  Blue  Cotton 

2  1/8  yds  corded  muslin 
4  Doz  Buckles 

12  1/2  Doz  buckles 
2  Bolts  Fringe 

4  Bolts  trimming 
2  Bolts  Gimp 

1  Lot  Cord 

2  Lots  Ribbon 

3  Bolts  Ribbon 

1  Gross  Buttons 

17  Doz  Buttons 

1  Doz  Buttons 

1  1/2  yds  Twill  Cotton 

1  yd  Velvet 

9  yds  mosdelaine 

5  yds  Tarleton  Muslin 
1  Lot  Flowers 

8  3/4  yds  merino 
1  3/4  yds  net 

I  Lot  webb 

II  yds  nankeen 
11  yds  Gingham 

11  yds  nankeen 

9  1/2  yds  Celesia 
1  Lot  Buttons 

12  Doz  Buttons 

8  3/4  yds  Bro  Cotton 
21  1/2  yds  Florence 

4  1/4  yds  Bro  Cotton 
12  yds  Jeans 

12  yds  Jeans 

6  yds  cambric 

35  1/2  yds  Bro  Cotton 
1  Lot  Cotton  Bats 
12  sheets  wadding 

1  Bolt  silk  cord 

3  yds  Tarleton  muslin 

2  Doz  skeins  worsted 

10  yds  Bro  Cambric 
8  yds  F  muslin 

1  Piece  Velvet 
24  yds  nankeen 

3  Doz  skeins  worsted 


169 


J.H.  Nichols  Inventory,  1856  (con't) 


5  Cards  motto  wafers 
2  Pieces  Cambric 
10  yds  Ribbon 

5  yds  Bro  Cotton 

1  Vest  Patern 
8  yds  Check 

2  1/4  yds  mosdelan 

7  3/8  yds  Thorl(?) 
211/4  yds  osnaburg 
1  Lot  Gimps 

20  yds  Twill  Cot 

3  Pieces  Alpacca 

8  yds  L  lustre 
1  Lot  Buttons 
1  Lot  Gimps 

1  Lot  Edging 

1  Lot  Gimps  &c 

10    1/2  yds  Bro  Holland 

19  1/2  yds  Linen 

6  Thimbles 

1  lot  worsted 

40  1/2  yds  Bro  Cotton 

1  Lot  worsted 

16  1/2  yds  mosdelaine 
6  yds  Linen 

8  slips  Thread 

2  yds  Diaper 

38  1/2  yds  Calico 
5  1/2  yds  Cassimer 

5  3/4  yds  Edging 
3/8  yds  oil  Silk 

3  Lots  knitting  needles 
10  yds  Cotton ade 

26  1/4  yds  Pl'd  Cotton 

6  yds  Jeans 

1  worsted  lot 

1  Bunch  Velvet  Ribbon 

24  spools  Boss 

3  Doz  skeins  Boss 

1  Lot  edgings 

1  Lot  Edgings 

2  yds  Pl'd  silk 

3  yds  Corderoy 

10  yds  Pl'd  muslin 
6  yds  Silk  Fringe 

1  Lot  Edgings 

9  yds  F  Merino 

2  Doz  skeins  Boss 


3/4  yds  Blue  Florence 

3  yds  Ink(?)  Drilling 

6  1/2  Doz  coat  Buttons 

2  Hanks  Cotton 

2  Skeins  Silk 

2  1/2  yds  F  Merino 

2  Bunches  worsted 

3  Doz  knitting  needles 
6  3/4  yds  Linen  Drilling 
3  yds  Casimer 

3  yds  Casinett 

1  Lot  F  Thread 

2  yds  Lionesse  cloth 
2  Doz  skeins  worsted 
11  yds  Mosdelaine 

6  yds  F  Merino 

2  1/2  yds  Pl'd  Casimer 
9  yds  Gingham 

I  Bolt  Footing 

3  yds  Corderoy 

4  1/2  yds  Alapacca 

9  yds  Gingham 

10  yds  Pl'd  debaze 

II  yds  mosdelaine 
4  1/2  yds  Casinett 
13  1/2  yds  Linen 

1  Vest  Patern 

4  Doz  skeins  Boss 

13  Cards  Hooks  &  Eyes 

5  1/2  yds  Casimer 

3  Doz  skeins  worsted 
1  Vest  Patern 

1  Vest  Patern 
111/2  yds  Calico 

2  3/4  yds  Drilling 

8  yds  Pl'd  cottonade 

4  Bolts  Ribbon 

6  yds  check 

3  yds  Drilling 

8  yds  Linen  Lustre 

4  yds  Ribbon 

6  slips  Thread 

1  Box  Darning  needles 
8  yds  Edging 

2  papers  Darning  needles 

1  Vest  Patern 

2  papers  Darning  needles 
1  Piece  Velvet 


170 


J.H.  Nichols  Inventory,  1856  (con't) 


12  Doz  Buttons 

1  Box  Pearl  Buttons 

I  Box  &  Buttons 

II  Buttons 

7  1/2  Doz  metal  Buttons 
10  yds  Calico 

1  Piece  corded  muslin 
3  Gross  Eyelets 

8  yds  Drilling 
1  Vest  Buckle 

10  yds  Dotted  muslin 

3  yds  Three(?) 

4  Doz  Buttons 

1  Piece  nankeen 

1  1/2  yds  Bishop  Lawn 

3  yds  net 

10  yds  Gimp 

3  Hames(?)  fasteners 

1  lot  Button  molss(?)  &  Thread 

1  Bolt  Lace 

2  7/8  yds  Linen  Drilling 

3  yds  Red  Linen 

2  Bolts  Velvet  ribbon 

3  Doz  Buttons 

14  Lasting  buttons 

2  yds  muslin 

3  yds  Jeans 

19  3/4  yds  col  cambric 
7  yds  Blu  cotton 

13  1/2  yds  Calico 

6  yds  Jeans 

1  yd  Bonnet  Silk 
1  Lot  worsted 
1  Lot  Thimbles 

4  Cards  motta  wafers 

1  Piece  Satin 

7  1/2  yds  Flannel 
10  yds  check 

12  yds  delaine 

5  yds  Blue  Velvet 

3  1/2  yds  Calico 
211/2  yds  Linen  diaper 

4  3/4  yds  Cloth 

3  yds  Irish  Linen 

5  yds  Flannel 

6  Slips  Thread 

12  yds  Brown  Linen 

2  crosha  (crochet?)  needles 


2  Doz  skeins  silk 

4  Doz  Skeins  silk 
15  1/2  yds  Cambric 

24  skeins  silk 

1  spool  Twist 

2  Bunches  Cord 

1  Box  Cord 

10  yds  delaine 

2  1/2  yds  sattinett 

1  Bolt  Gimp 

25  yds  osnaburg 

11  3/4  yds  Cottonade 

2  1/2  yds  Berage 

3  yds  Irish  Linen 
3  yds  Corderoy 

21  Bunches  Brade 
24  spools  Boss 

3  yds  Casinett 

Hardware 

1  bunch  fishing  lines 

1  lot  awls 

1  set  Fish  Hooks 

10  gr  augers 

5  whet  boards 

4  whetstones 

3  bars  lead 

6  1/2  lbs  spikes 
1  bridle  rein 

1  Gimlet 

1  axe 

2  curry  combs  2  cards 

4  Doz  screws 
6  gimlets 

2  whet  stones 
172  lb  Blue  Stone 

1  Pitch  fork 

6  fishing  lines 

2  Bottles  oil  spike 

1  Lot  Lead 

2  white  Mr?  brushes 

11  Ball  shoe  thread 
1  lot  awls 

1  bridle  bit 

2  Horse  Rasps 

1  mowing  scythes 
4  Box  caps 


171 


J.H.  Nichols  Inventory,  1856  (con't) 


2  Curry  Combs 
5  chalk  lines 
11  sheets  sandpaper 
1  Bridle  Bit 

1  Doz  Mahogany  knobs 

2  Boxes  caps 
10  scythes 

1  small  saw 

4  papers  nails? 

4  pr  martingles  rings 

3  box  caps 

1  axe 

2  gimlets 

1  mowing  (?) 

3  Shoe  Rasps 

1  riding  whip 

4  papers  tacks 
3  bars  lead 

2  Horse  Cards 
2  Blk  Lead 

2  pair  panlocks? 

2  Horse  cards 

2  Painted  Buckets 

1  axe 

2  Doz  awls 

2  Horse  Rasps 
1  Peg  cutter 
1  Cedar  Bucket 
1  Riding  whip 
1  pair  stirrups 
1  Tin  Bucket 
1  horse  (?) 

5  wooden  fossits 

1  lot  awls 

2  pair  yanlocks? 

1  Set  Fishing  Hooks 
1  pr  Locks 

1  Horse  Rasp 

2  shoe  Rasps 
1  bridle  bit 

1  bridle  bit 
1  Lot  Button  moulds 
1  Lot  safety  fuse 
18  Ball  shoe  Thread 

3  rifles 

1  Latch  &  Lock 
7  sheets  sandpaper 
3  boxes  gun  caps 


1  bridle  bit 

4  Bot  oil  spikes(?) 

1  paint  brush 

1  Lot  Flint 

6  Gimlets 

1  Curry  comb 

2  Bridle  Bits 

1  Square 

2  whetstones 

4  bot  oil  spikes? 

9  2/3  Doz  screws 

2  1/3  Doz  screws  &  Rings 

3  riding  whip 

4  rawhides 

1  carriage  whip 

3  bits 

1  wooden  bucket 
1  lot  knobs 
1  lot  hinges 
1  Tin  Bucket 

10  scythes 

1  Tin  Bucket 

4  rifles 

3  awl  handles 

4  paper  brads 
3  box  caps 

6  Boxes  Caps 

1  cedar?  bucket 

25  Panes  Glass 

1  sadle 

1  Pad  Lock 

1  lot  traps 

1  Lantern 

1  Bunch  sandpaper 

1  shoe  hammer 

1  Riding  whip 

1  C  scythes 

2  mowing  scythes 
1  scythe 

1  cedar  Bucket 
36  Doz  nails 

3  Pad  Locks 

1  Lot  Fish  Hooks 

1  Backhand 

1  Garden  Plough 

1  Hoe 

1  Bridle 

1  Bottle  Varnish 


172 


J.H.  Nichols  Inventory,  1856  (con't) 


1  oil  can 
1  Saddle 

1  Bucket 

2  small  Tubs 
1  Large  Tubb 

60  lbs  Spanish  whiting 
1  pair  steelyards 

52  lbs  Rags 

1  Box  chrome  Yellow 

6  Balls  shoe  thread 

1  Box  &  awls 

1  Double  Barrel  Gun 

1  lot  Cord 

1  wheelbarrow 

1  hatchet 

18  1/2  "  nails 

1  Cedar  Tub 

29  Pains  Glass 

1  P  Fork 

1  four  P  Fork 

1  tobacco  Knife  &  nail  tongs 

1  Keg  &  chisel 

1  Pitchfork 

1/2  lbs  Blue  stone 

1  Pail 

2  wooden  Buckets 

4  3/6  "  Spanish  whiting 
16  Pair  Butt  Hinges 

1  Pad  Lock 

1  Keg  &  contents 

1  Hand  Saw 

5  lbs  G  Logwood 
1  cedar  Bucket 

1  pail 

5  lbs  Madder 
4  lbs  Blk  Lead 

2  Scythes 

1  tin  bucket 
18  lbs  nails 

3  Doz  Martingale  rings 
10  stirrups 

53  lbs  nails 
10  lbs  Shot 
1  Bridle  Bit 

3  Pair  stirrups 

4  Door  latchers 

21  Balls  shoe  Thread 
12  lbs  Shot 


20  lbs  Shot 

2  mowing  scythes 

10  3/4  lbs  redwood 

1  Keg  white  Lead 
10  Rakes 

2  lbs  sulphur 

3  mowing  snaths 
1  3/4  lb  Redwood 
1  lb  Copperas 

1  four  P  Fork 

2  Pitch  fork 

1  four  P  Fork 

1  Scythe 

13  lbs  Rosin 

15  Balls  shoe  Thread 

1  Cedar  Tub  &  Keg 

1  Cedar  Tub 

1/2  Gal  Train  oil 

1  Garden  Rake 

20  Balls  shoe  Thread 

1  1/2  Gal  Train  oil 

1  Pair  Stirrup  Irons 

53  lbs  nails 

20  lbs  chalk 

1  Pitchfork 

2  oz  Blk  Lead 

4  1/2  lbs  Eat(?)  Logwood 

5  lbs  shot 
5  lbs  Rosin 
1  Pitchfork 
1  axe 

1  C  Scythe 

2  lbs  Rosin 

1  Bottle  British  oil 

2  mowing  scythes 
1  four  P  Fork 

1  Cedar  Bucket 
4  1/2  Doz  Screws 
10  scythes 

2  mowing  snathes 

1  Cedar  Tub 

2  mowing  ? 

2  Painted  Buckets 

1/2  lb  Sulphur 

63  1/2  Doz  Screws 

1  [partial]  lot  mousetraps 

1  Lot  Verdigris 

1  Tin  Bucket 


173 


J.H.  Nichols  Inventory,  1856  (con't) 


1  mowing  snath 

1  square 

14  1/4  Doz  Screws 

3  Files 

5  papers  Composition 

1  Pad  lock 

1  Tin  Bucket 

9  Gal  Train  oil 

1  Halter  chain 

1  Lot  wire 

1  Lot  Flystone  &c 

9  papers  Flystone 

1  Four  P  Fork 

1  Lot  horsepowders 

5  whet  stones 

2  1/2  lbs  Blk  Lead 
1  Lot  Carminative 

1  Tin  Bucket 

Books  and  supplies 

2  Books 

2  lead  pencils 

6  lead  pencils 

5  Primmers  (Primers?) 
1  Lot  envelopes 

1  slate 

1  lot  slate  pencils 

slate  pencils 

1  bot  ink 

1  book 

4  pocket  ink  stand 
1  Lot  slate  Pencils 

1  pen  holder 

3  box? lead 

2  bot  ink 
1  bot  ink 
1  Book 

4  lead  pencils 
1  Slate 

6  copy  Books 
1  Book 

5  inkstands 

1  geography  &  altsfatlas]? 

3  lead  pencils 
1  Book 

1  lot  slate  pencils 

4  Lead  Pencils 


1  Book 

4  lead  pencils 

2  bot  ink 

2  Dictionary 

1  Book 

2  Squir(??) 

3  Bot  Ink 

2  stick  sealing  wax 

3  Books 

2  Books 

3  Dictionaries 
3  Books 

1  Quire  note  paper 

2  Quires  note  paper 

1  Lot  Penholders 

2  Books 

1  Lot  Book 

1  lot  Books 

2  Blank  Books 

3  bot  ink 

1  lot  slate  pencils 

1  Book 

1  silver  pencil 

1  Lot  slate  Pencils 

1  Piece  P  Paper 

1  inkstand 

6  books 
1  Book 
1  Book 

1  Piece  P  Paper 

3  sticks  sealing  wax 
pen  &  holder 

2  pen  &  holder 

5  Books 

1  Bottle  Ink 

1  Piece  P  Paper 

1  Book 

1  Hymn  Book 

1  Lot  slate  Pencils 

1  lot  slate  pencils 

2  Books 

1  set  slate  pencils 
1  Book 

4  Quires  note  paper 
1  Virginia  Selection 

7  Boxes  P  (encil?)  Points 
1  Dictionary 

6  sheets  Tissue  Paper 


174 


J.H.  Nichols  Inventory,  1856  (con't) 


4  copy  Books 
1  Lot  Books 
1  quire  paper 

1  Lot  Books 

4  Books 

5  Books 

2  Books 
1  Book 

1  Book  mcii 
1  sheet  P  Paper 

3  1/2  Quires  paper 

6  Books 

1  Blank  Book 

2  Volumes  F  revolution 
2  Books 

6  Books 
6  Books 
1  [partial]  lot  books 

9  Quires  paper 

1  Book 

2  Books 

10  Quires  Paper 

10  sheets  Tissue  paper 

Store  supplies 

1  pair  scales 

1  Spittoon 

1  Shoe  Box 

1  Box  and  contents 

1  bell 

1  sugar  box 

2  Boxes  &  4  Barrels 
1  Lot  Boxes  &c 

1  tight  barrel 
1  Lot  Barrels 
1  Box  &  contents 
1  Box  &  Barrels 

1  Lot  measures 

2  Boxes  &  contents 
1  Box  &  contents 

1  Pair  scales 

1  Lot  measures  &  Funnel 

1  Box  &  contents 

1  Lot  wrapping  paper 

1  Box  &  contents 

2  Boxes  &  contents 

1  measure  &  Funnel 


1  Box 

1  Box  &  contents 
1  Box  &  contents 
1  Tea  canister 
1  Box  and  contents 
1  stove  ten  plate 
1  Lot  Boxes  &c 
1  Barrel  Boxes  &c 
1  Barrel 

1  Lot  scoups 

2  Lots  boxes  Keg  &c 
1  Pair  scales 

1  Pair  Glove  stretchers 

1  Inkstand 

1  Thermometer 

1  Lot  measures  &  Funnel 

Personal  items 

1  Pair  mits  &  Tuck  comb 
1  Piece  Ribbon 
5  F  E  Collars 

3  Lead  Pencils 
1  Shawl 

45  lbs  Feathers 

19  1/4  lbs  new  Feathers 

1  Pair  bedsteads 

1  tin  Pitcher  &  Basin 

1  Dipper 

1  Carriage  whip 

1  Brass  kettle 

1  Kitchen  Table 

1  case  Drawers 

1  Iron  spoon 

1  Pair  bedsteads 

1  Pair  Bedsteads 

1  underbed 

1  Bed  cord 

1  lot  Table  Salt 

3  1/4  lbs  rope 

1  measure  string 

1  Trundle  Bed  &  Bstead 

15  gal  Flax  seed  oil 

23  1/2  lbs  Powder 

1  Buggy  bridle 

1  Buggy 

1  set  Buggy  harness 

1  Buggy  cover 


175 


J.H.  Nichols  Inventory,  1856  (con't) 


oil  can 

2  Quires  paper 

1  Head  Halter 

9  yds  ticking 

1  Coffee  pot  &  cake  cutter 

1  Iron  Candlestick 

1  1/2  yds  white  crape 

1  Iron  shovel 

24  lbs  Crushed  Sugar 
68  lbs  Bro  Sugar 
ISafe 

2  Buckets 
1  waiter 

1  oil  cloth 

2  Pairs  Candlesticks 
1  Pair  andirons 

20  yds  matting 

1  Table 

1  Pair  Preserve  dishes 

lRug 

22  1/2  yds  Carpeting 

1  Pair  tongs  &  shovel 

2  stools 

1  Bureau 

1  Sugar  Box 

1  Looking  Glass 

1  Bridle 

1  Glass  (looking) 

1  set  knives  &  Forks 

1  wash  stand 

6  L  B  (ladder  back?)  chairs 

1  washbowl  &  Pitcher 

13  tumblers 

1  Saucer  &  spoons 

1  tin  bucket 

1  coffee  mill 


1  Tin  pan 

1  Cooking  stove 

3  dishes 

1  washpan  &  spoon 

1  stone  Jug 

3  milk  pans  &  Tin  pan 

2  Butcher  knives 

1  Fire  screen 

2  stools 

2  window  curtains 

1  sugar  bowl  &  cream  cup 

2  Dishes 
2  Cruits 

1  Parlor  stove 
1  Pair  candlesticks 
20  yds  Carpeting 
1  candlestand 
1  Clock 
1  mare 

Unknown 

1  Stu(?) 
1  Lot? 


176 


Advertisements  -  Harpers  Ferry 

Virginia  Free  Press,  8/11/1859,  page  1,  column  2 

GREAT  EXCITEMENT! 

Fresh  and  New  styles  of  Spring  and  Summer  Goods 

The  undersigned  is  just  receiving  and  opening  a  large  and  varied  assortment  of 
ladies  and  gents  new  styles  DRESS  GOODS-which  together  with  his  shoes,  hats, 
notions,  drugs,  medicines  &c,  &c,  renders  his  assortments  complete,  and  varied, 
and  will  be  sold  as  cheap  as  similar  styles  and  qualities  can  be  purchased  anywhere 
in  the  valley. 

Tobacco,  Cigars,  Snuff,  &c. 

He  has  also  on  hand  and  is  receiving  constantly  additions  of  the  choicest  brands  of 
tobacco  together  with  a  large  assortment  of  the  varied  brands  of  Cigars,  of  his  own 
manufacture;  which  added  to  the  purchases  of  imported  cigars,  tenders  his 
assortment  in  this  line,  complete-which  will  be  sold  at  wholesale  or  retail  in 
defiance  of  competition. 

Groceries  and  Queen sware 

His  assortment  of  groceries  and  Queensware  is  large  as  well  as  complete,  and  will 
be  sold  at  a  small  advance  over  cost. 

F.J.  Conrad 

Corner  High  and  Shenandoah  St. 

Harpers  Ferry,  VA. 

April  21st,  '59 


177 


Virginia  Free  Press,  11/25/1858,  page  3,  column  1 


Pressure  in  the  Money  Market! 
$5,000  to  Deposit  in  safe  investments!!! 

The  subscriber  having  on  hand  and  in  store  one  of  the  best  selected,  largest  and 
most  general  assortments  of 

DRY  GOODS,  GROCERIES,  BOOTS,  SHOES,  HATS,  CAPS,  CARPETING,  OIL 
CLOTHS,  QUEENSWARE,  GLASSWARE,  BOOKS  AND  STATIONERY, 
NOTIONS,  DRUGS,  MEDICINES,  CONFECTIONARY,  &c,  &c, 

all  fresh  and  of  the  latest  styles,  he  would  take  this  method  of  calling  the  attention 
of  his  friends,  the  citizens  of  the  town  and  county,  and  those  in  want,  more 
particularly  hereto. 

Not  in  a  spirit  of  boasting  or  Humbuging,  would  say,  that  he  is  determined  not  to 
be  undersold  by  any  one.   Owing  to  the  tightness  of  the  money  market,  he  has 
purchased  his  Stocks  from  the  very  best  houses,  and  on  the  most  accommodating 
terms;  a  great  portion  for  cash,  and  is  thereby  enabled  to  offer  inducements  to 
consumers.    His  assortment  is  varied  and  complete,  as  well  as  general.   Call  and 
see,  inspect,  and  if  pleased  purchase. 

F.J.  Conrad 

ALSO 

THE  LARGEST  STOCK  OF  TOBACCO! 

N.B.   He  has  also  on  hand  and  will  constantly  keep  (in  the  adjoining  room)  a  large 
and  complete  assortment  of  the  very  choicest  and  most  popular  brands  of 
TOBACCO,  purchased  alone  from  the  Manufacturers  and  Commission  Merchants, 
as  also  is  constantly  by  the  very  best  of  hands,  manufacturing  the  various  brands  of 
Cigars  which,  together  with  Pipes,  Snuffs,  matches,  &c,  &c,  he  is  prepared  to  sell 
Wholesale  and  Retail  on  the  most  accommodating  terms. 

F.J.  Conrad 

Corner  of  High  and  Shenandoah  Sts. 

Nov.  25,  '58  Harpers  Ferry,  VA. 


178 


Virginia  Free  Press,  10/21/1858,  page  3,  column  2 

LATEST  ARRIVAL 

WE  HAVE  NOW  COMPLETED  OPENING  OUR  STOCK  OF 

Fall  and  Winter  Goods, 

Which  is  fuller  and  ampler  than  any  we  have  heretofore  had  the  pleasure  of 
exhibiting  to  the  public.   Our  house  is  crowded  with  Goods,  such  as  the  NEWEST 
and  LOVELIEST  styles  of  Dress  Goods,  Shawls,  Mantillas,  Servant's  Stripes; 
Brown  and  Bleached  Cottons;  Flannels;  Linseys  and  Cassinets;  of  every  description 
and  price.  The  latter  so  low  as  to  please  all. 

BOOTS,  SHOES  AND  HATS, 

an  endless  variety. 

GROCERIES 

of  the  nicest  and  purest,  and  at  prices  so  low  as  to  leave  none  a  pretext  for 
complaint.   Our  stock  of  Hardware  in  general,  has  met  attention  and  will  be  found 
complete.   In  fine,  we  have  in  our  store  every  article  of  general  use;  and  we  are 
prepared  to  sell  at  such  prices  as  none  may  hope  to  rival. 

The  public  and  our  friends  are  cordially  invited  to  call  on  us  when  in  quest  of 
bargains  or  of  the  best  and  most  desireable  Goods  at  the  lowest  prices. 

WALSH  &  BRO. 
Harpers  Ferry,  Oct.  1858 


179 


Virginia  Free  Press,  10/14/1858,  page  3,  column  1 


Thomas  Rawlins 

Has  just  received,  and  has  on  hand  for  sale,  cheap  for  cash,  double-barrell  guns, 
concentrated  lye;  manure,  pitch  and  spade  forks,  hand  and  table  bells;  carriage, 
riding,  and  wagon  whips,  blind  bridles,  hatters,  collars,  riding  bridles,  martingales, 
stirrup  leathers,  saddles,  saddle  girths,  surcingles,  web  reins,  and  leather  bridle 
reins,;  a  large  stock  of  door,  pad,  till  and  box  locks;  screws  of  all  sizes,  loose  joint 
doors,  spotter  hinges;  copper  rivets,  and  barrs,  corn  meal,  cloverseed  and  sand 
sives,  Jackson's  and  Dixon's  hand  and  tenant  saws;  Diston's  best  casteel  crosscut 
saws;  ivory  handle  and  tea  knives,  silver-plated  and  [?]  forks,  table  and  teaspoons; 
plated  stirrups,  and  bridle  bits;  1  and  1/2  inch  rope;  with  general  assortment  of 
groceries  and  Queenware  which  I  would  like  to  close  out  for  I  wish  to  quit  the 
business. 

September  58 


Virginia  Free  Press,  10/21/1858,  page  2,  column  6 


Second  Supply  of  Fall  and  Winter  Goods 

In  a  few  words  we  will  say  to  those  in  want  of  goods  that  on  the  corner  of 
Shenandoah  and  High  Streets,  Harpers  Ferry,  VA  is  the  place  to  find  cheap  goods 
of  all  descriptions.   Groceries  you  will  find  cheaper  than  any  other  house  in  town. 
Dry  goods  of  all  kinds,  colors,  and  qualities,  Queensware,  hardware,  boots  and 
shoes,  Hosiery,  a  general  assortment,  Bro.  and  bleached  cottons,  cassimers, 
casinettes,  tweeds,  and  Kentucky  jeans,  Carpets  very  cheap,  4  4  oil  cloths,  a  nice 
stock  of  blankets,  nails  by  the  kegg  $4.25,  a  large  lot  of  calicoes  from  4  to  25  cents, 
wide  calico  12  cents. 

All  we  ask  is  a  call,  we  don't  charge  anything  for  showing  our  goods  only  when  you 
take  away.  Thankful  for  past  favours  we  hope  by  strict  attention  to  business  to 
have  a  continuance  of  the  same. 

G.W.  Legg 
Harpers  Ferry 
Oct.  21,  1858 


180 


Virginia  Free  Press,  5/14/1857,  page  4,  column  4 

NEW  GOODS 

For  Fall  and  Winter 

Charles  Johnson  has  just  [?]  opening  his  Fall  and  Winter  stock  of  rich  and  [?]  DRY 
GOODS  embracing  everything  new  and  desirable  in  his  line  of  business. 

Ladies  Dress  Goods: 

silks,  marinos,  French  and  Scotch  plaids,  cashmere,  delaines,  popplins,  bombazine, 
crapes,  chines 

EMBROIDERIES 

A  very  large  stock  in  French  and  Scotch  work  of  every  description  at  very  low 
prices. 

GLOVES  AND  HOSIERY 

Of  the  best  maker  in  great  variety. 

SHEETINGS  AND  SKIRTING 

Linen  table  cloths,  towelings,  and  housekeeping  goods  generally,  all  of  best  fabrics. 

Clothes,  cassimeres,  vestings,  [?]  and  drawers,  etc. 

SHAWLS 

A  very  large  stock  of  every  pattern  and  style. 

SERVANTS  GOODS 

Heavy  goods  for  Servant's  wear,   Felted  clothes,  Kerseys,  Lindseys,  Osnabergs, 
Stripes,  Checks,  Brown  Muslins,  Blankets,  &  c,  &  c, 

Call  early  and  [?] 

Harpers  Ferry,  October  23,  1856 


181 


Virginia  Free  Press,  4/20/1854,  page  3,  column  2 


JUST  ARRIVED 
NEW  AND  CHEAP 

The  undersigned  has  just  returned  from  the  Eastern  Markets  with  the  largest  and 
most  complete  Stock  of  Goods  he  has  ever  offered  at  this  place,  all  of  which  has 
been  purchased  on  the  very  best  possible  terms  and  will  be  sold  as  low  as  any  goods 
of  the  same  quality  can  be  in  the  Valley  of  Virginia  consisting  in  part  of  the 
following  articles  viz: 

Cloths,  Cassimeres,  Tweeds 

Fancy  Cassinets,  at  very  low  prices 

Silk,  Satin,  and  Marseilles  Vestings 

Italian  Cloth  and  Summer  do., 

A  good  assortment  of  Cotton  Goods  for  Summer  wear 

an  assortment  of  Bleached  and  Brown  Cottons; 

do   do  Osnaburg  Cottons; 

Black,  plain,  striped,  and  figured  Silks 

Tarltons,  Illusions,  and  Sarcanets; 

Swiss,  Cambric,  and  Jaconet  Muslins 

Plain  and  figure  Canton      do; 

A  large  assortment  of  Calicoes  and  Ginghams; 

Berages  and  Berage  de  Laines,  very  cheap 

Lawns,  Muslin  &c, 

Irish  Linen  and  Linen  Tablecloths 

Linen  Silk  and  Cambric  Handkerchiefs 

Crape,  Cashmere  Shawls,  of  every  variety 

French  worked  Collars,  and  Cuffs 

Dress  Trimmings  &c, 

Silk  and  Straw  Bonnets,  very  cheap 

Artificial  Flowers  &c,  and  almost  everything  in  the  fancy  way 

Ladies'  Misses'  and  Children  Shoes; 

Hats  and  Caps  of  every  quality  and  price 

Also,  a  large  stock  of  Groceries  of  the  best  quality  consisting  in  part  of~ 

Coffee,  Sugar,  Chocolate,  Teas; 

Molasses,  Syrups,  Bacon,  Salt,  &c, 

Also,  a  good  assortment  of  hardware 

Cutlery,  Carpenter's  Tools,  &c, 

Waiters,  Looking  Glasses  and  Tinware 

A  large  stock  of  Queensware,  &c, 

All  of  which  will  be  sold  on  the  very  best  terms. 

Those  who  desire  to  get  good  and  cheap  bargains  are  respectfully  invited  to  call 

before  purchasing  elsewhere  and  judge  for  themselves. 

John  G.  Wilson 

Harpers  Ferry,  April  20,  1854 


182 


Virginia  Free  Press,  10/6/1853,  page  3,  column  2 


BARGAINS.      NEW  AND  CHEAP  GOODS. 

The  undersigned  has  just  returned  from  the  East  with  a  large  and  general 

assortment  of  goods,  which  has  been  purchased  as  low  as  any  Goods  in  the  Valley 

of  Virginia  for  cash.   The  assortment  consists  in  part  of  the  following  articles  viz;  - 

Super  Black  Cloths  and  Cassimeres; 

Super  Fancy  Cassinetts,  at  very  low  prices 

Silk  Velvets,  Satins,  and  Figured  Silks,  vestings; 

Plain  Black,  Changeable,  Plaid,  Striped,  and  Figured  Silks; 

Delusions,  Tarltons,  Sarcenets; 

Swiss,  Plain,  and  Figured  Muslins; 

Cambric  and  Jacont    do; 

Super  Curtain  Muslins,  of  various  patterns; 

Ginghams  and  Calicoes,  all  patterns  and  prices; 

Ladies  Super  Linen  Handkerchiefs; 

Gents  Linen  and  silk       do; 

Colored  and  Black  Cravets; 

Crapes,  Cashmeres,  and  Woolen  Shawls,  of  various  sizes  and  prices; 

Figured  and  Plain  Bobinets; 

A  large  assortment  of  Dress  Trimmings; 

Silk  Laces,  and  Fringes,  French  worked  Cotton; 

Ladies  Kid,  Silk  and  Lisle  Thread  Gloves; 

Gentlemen's  Kid  and  Silk      do; 

Ladies  Silk,  Cashmere,  Lambswool,  and  Cotton  Hose; 

Gentlemen's    do; 

Super  White,  Red,  and  Yellow  Flannels; 

Domestics  of  every  description  and  color; 

Fine  1/4  and  12-4  Twilled  Blankets; 

Servants  Blankets;  Canton  Flannels; 

Silk  and  Fancy  Bonnets; 

A  large  assortment  of  Fancy  and  Plain  Ribbons; 

Artificial  Flowers,  Combs,  Brushes,  almost  every  article  in  the  fancy  way. 

China  and  Queensware. 

Among  which  are  several  handsome  Tea  Sets 

A  good  assortment  of  Hardware  Cutlery 

Carpenter's  Tools,  &c, 

Waiters,  Looking  glasses,  and  Tin  Ware. 

Groceries. 

I  have  a  large  stock  of  Groceries,  all  of  which  are  of  the  best  quality. 

Also  a  large  lot  of  Ladies',  Misses',  and  Children's  Shoes,  Silk  Kossuth  and  Wool 

Hats,  Caps  of  every  description.   Those  who  desire  to  get  good  bargains  are 

respectfully  invited  to  call  soon  and  judge  for  themselves. 

John  G.  Wilson 

Harpers  Ferry,  WV,  Oct,  6,  1853 


183 


Virginia  Free  Press,  5/6/1852,  page  2,  column  7 


NEW  GOODS 

The  subscriber  after  returning  from  the  Eastern  Cities  is  now  receiving  and 
opening  a  large  stock  of  Spring  and  Summer  Goods  to  which  he  respectfully  invites 
the  attention  of  the  purchasers.    His  stock  is  heavier  and  more  extensively  assorted 
now  than  it  has  ever  been,  and  his  prices  are  reduced  to  meet  the  expectation  of  all 
in  pursuit  of  bargains,  which  he  pledges  himself  to  give  in  Fancy  Silks  and 
Poplains,  M.  de  Laines,  black  and  white  Lawns,  emb.  Lawns,  Man.  Ginghams,  Irish 
Linen,  bro.  Linen  Handkerchiefs,  Parasols,  Bonnets,  and  Trimming  to  suit,  Gimps, 
Fringes,  Laces,  and  Edgings;  kid  silk  and  cotton  Gloves,  cotton,  lambswool,  and  Silk 
Hose,  black  cloth,  black  and  fancy  Cassimere,  summer  Tweeds,  Gamboon, 
Cassinets,  Kentucky  Jeans,  drill  and  domestic  Cottons,  brown  and  bleached 
Muslins,  Sheetings,  10-4  yards  Bed  Ticking  and  Bagging,  Cotton 

Yarns,  &  c,  Hats  and  Caps,  latest  style  and  best  quality;  Ladies  Shoes  and  Gaiters; 
Men's  calf  and  hip  Boots,  Shoes  fine  and  coarse. 

Bacon,  Fish,  Lard,  Cheese,  Rice,  Sugar,  Coffee,  Teas,  very  fine  Tobacco,  &c,  Locks 
and  Hinges,  Screws,  Nails,  Shoes  Tacks  and  Thread,  Carpenter's  Tools,  Towels, 
Cutlery  very  fine,  Putty,  Window  Glass,  tin  and  wood  Wares,  Queensware,  and 
Glassware. 

Every  branch  of  his  extensive  stock  will  be  found  complete  and  persons  in  want  of 
seasonable  goods  at  low  prices,  will  be  sure  to  meet  them  at  his  old  stand. 

He  cannot  but  avail  himself  of  this  occasion  to  return  sincere  thanks  to  his  old  tried 
friends  and  customers  for  their  very  liberal  and  unfailing  encouragement,  as  well  as 
to  express  the  hope  that  his  efforts  to  merit  a  continuation  of  it,  may  not  be 
unavailing. 

Michael  Doran 

Harpers  Ferry,  May  6,  1852-6t 


184 


Virginia  Free  Press,  9/25/1851,  page  3,  column  1 


NEW  GOODS 

The  subscriber  after  returning  from  Philadelphia  is  now  receiving  and  opening  a 
large  stock  of  Fall  and  Winter  Goods  to  which  he  respectfully  invites  the  attention 
of  the  purchasers.   His  stock  is  heavier  and  more  extensively  assorted  and  general 
now  than  it  has  ever  been,  and  his  prices  are  reduced  to  meet  the  expectations  of 
all  in  pursuit  of  bargains,  which  he  pledges  himself  to  give  in  -- 

Silk,  cloth,  [?]  and  [?]  Shawls;  silk  and  fancy  Velvets;  Irish  Linens;  Black  and  Fancy 
Silks;  [?]  Silks  and  Satins;  needle  worked  Collars  and  pocket  Handkerchiefs; 
Ribbons;  Gimps  Fringes;  Gingham,  Alpacas,  half  silk;  Merinos,  Plaids,  Cashmere, 
Figured  and  Plain;  Poplains,  Lustre  and  a  great  variety  of  prints;  (?)  Cambrics, 
Swiss  Tweeds,  fancy  lawns,  and  Netts,  Laces  and  Edgings,  Kid  Gloves,  Silk  Gloves, 
and  Mitts,  White  Flannels,  Red  and  Yellow  Flannels,  Cotton  Flannels,  Drills, 
Domestic  Cottons,  Sheeting  30-4  yds,  Bed  Ticking  and  Bagging,  black,  blue  and 
brown  French  and  English  Cloths;  Ladies'  black  Cloths,  Cashmeres,  Satinets, 
Comforts,  Black  Gloves;  Hats  and  Caps  of  every  style  and  quality;  Calf  and  Kip 
boots,  Ladies'  Shoes  and  Gaiters;  Mens'  Shoes,  fine  and  coarse;  blankets,  cotton 
laps,  cotton  and  woolen  Yarn;  Bacon,  Sugar,  Coffee,  Rice,  Cocoa,  Raisins,  Cheese, 
Crackers,  Fine  Tobacco,  Teas,  Leeks,  Hinges,  Screws,  Carpenter's  Tools,  Trowels, 
Cutlery  very  fine,  Shoe  Thread  and  Tacks,  Nails,  Putty,  and  Window  Glass,  Tin 
and  Wood  Wares,  Queensware  and  Glassware. 

Every  Branch  of  his  extensive  stock  will  be  found  complete  and  persons  in  want  of 
seasonable  goods  at  low  prices  will  be  sure  to  find  them  at  his  old  stand. 

He  cannot  but  avail  himself  of  this  occasion  to  return  sincere  thanks  to  his  old 
friends  and  customers  for  their  very  liberal  and  unfailing  encouragement,  as  well  as 
to  express  the  hope  that  his  efforts  to  merit  a  continuation  of  I  may  not  be 
unavailing, 

Michael  Doran 

Harpers  Ferry,  September  25,  1851-6t 


185 


Virginia  Free  Press,  4/4/1851,  page  3,  column  3 


NEW  SPRING  AND  SUMMER  GOODS 
Small  Profits  and  Quick  Returns 

The  undersigned  has  just  returned  from  the  Eastern  Markets  with  a  new,  full,  and 
complete  assortment  of  FASHIONABLE  SPRING  AND  SUMMER  GOODS  which  he 
has  selected  with  the  greatest  possible  care,  and  is  determined  to  sell  at  the 
smallest  remunerating  profit.  His  stock  comprises  in  part  the  following  articles: 

Fine  Black  Cloth;  Superior  do,  Ladies'  Dress  Goods;  Berage  de  Laines;  Superior  do; 
striped  and  embroidered  lawns;  silk  poplins;  black  satin,  blue  berage,  plaid  cambric; 
plaid  [swiss?],  summer  green  Alpacca;  also  a  large  assortment  of  trimmings  [?], 
bonnets,  Satin  [?],  Florence  Braids,  and  a  large  and  splendid  stock  of  beautiful 
ribbons  to  suit. 

Fancy  cassimeres;  Merino  do;  Cassinets,  black  and  blue  cassinets,  Kentucky  Jeans; 
plaid  Gambrons,  striped  Plaids,  brown  and  bleached  Muslins,  10-4,  6-4,  4-4,  3-4 
bleached  sheeting,  6-4,  5-4,    4-4  brown  sheeting. 

Boots,  Shoes,  Hats,  Caps,  Trunks,  &c,  &c, 

Mens  and  Boy's  China  pearl  Braid  Hats 

Black  Mexican  Hats 

Fancy  Leghorn  Hats 
"    White  Wool  Tampico  Hats 

Glazed  Caps  and  an  endless  variety  of  Ladies'  and  Gentlemen's 
Shoes. 

Groceries  and  Hardware  of  every  description;  also  Queensware  and  Woodware. 


The  subscriber  cannot  allow  the  present  opportunity  to  pass  without  returning  his 
grateful  thanks  to  his  numerous  friends  for  their  kind  patronage,  and  respectfully 
solicits  a  continuance  of  the  same. 

Michael  Doran 

Harpers  Ferry,  March  28,  1851 


186 


Virginia  Free  Press,  10/18/1850,  page  3,  column  2 


NEW  AND  CHEAP.     FALL  &  WINTER  GOODS. 

The  undersigned  has  just  returned  from  the  Eastern  Markets  with  a  complete 
assortment  of  Fall  and  Winter  Goods  which  have  been  selected  with  great  care,  and 
will  be  sold  at  small  profits,  accepting  the  old  adage  that  the  nimble  six  pence  is 
better  than  the  slow  shilling.   His  stock  consists  in  part  of  the  following  articles: 

Cotton  Cloth  for  Ladies'  Dress; 

Embroidered  do;,  (all  colors,  a  beautiful  article) 

Merinoes  assorted  colors; 

Alpacas,  (figured  and  plain,)  a  good  assortment  of  Ladies'  Shawls,  all  patterns  and 

sizes;  Ladies'  Gloves  of  superior  quality,  Silk  and  Kid 

Gentlemen's  Buckskin  Beaver  and  Kid  Gloves; 

A  beautiful  assortment  of  Fall  and  Winter  Bonnets 

Superior  Trimmings  for  Bonnets; 

Jenny  Lind  Trimmings  for  Dresses,  all  colors; 

A  large  assortment  of  Dress  Silks,  all  colors,  and  cheap; 

Fall  and  Winter  Calicoes,  beautiful  patterns  and  very  cheap; 

Laces,  Edgings,  Veils,  Crapes,  Illusions  Flowers,  &c, 

Superior  French  Cloths;  very  low; 

Cassimeres  (French  &  American)  assorted  colors  and  very  cheap; 

Cassinets  all  prices; 

Lindseys  very  cheap; 

A  large  stock  of  domestics  very  low; 

White  and  colored  Flannels,  very  fine  and  cheap; 

10-4,  11-4,  12-4,  13-4  Whitney  Blankets,  25  per  cent  lower  than  last  year; 

A  good  assortment  of  Hosiery; 

A  large  assortment  of  Ladies',  Misses',  and  Children's  Shoes; 

A  large  assortment  of  China,  Glass,  and  Queensware; 

hardware 
A  complete  stock  of  Tin  Ware; 
Gentlemen's  Hats,  Fall  Fashion,  very  superior; 
Wool  Hats,  very  low; 
Santa  Fe  Water  Proof  Hats,  50  cts.; 
A  complete  stock  of  Groceries; 
Flour,  Bacon,  and  in  fact  every  article  that  is  usually  kept  in  a  retail  store. 

His  friends  and  the  public  are  most  respectfully  invited  to  call  and  examine  his 
stock  before  making  their  purchases,  as  he  makes  no  charge  for  showing  his  goods. 

John  G.  Wilson 

Opposite  the  Arsenal,  Shenandoah  St.,  Harpers  Ferry,  WV 

Oct.,  18,  1850 


187 


Virginia  Free  Press,  2/21/1850,  page  3,  column  2 


...now  opening  a  large  addition  of  new  goods  to  my  former  stock.   My  purchases  are 
made  on  terms  which  enable  me  to  undersell  most  of  those  in  the  trade.   My  stock 
is  now  very  complete  and  I  invite  all  who  want  to  purchase  GOOD  AND  CHEAP 
GOODS,  to  call  at  my  store.   I  have  a  hue  supply  of  Domestic  Dry  Goods,  such  as 
Heavy  Brown  Cottons,  Drillings,  Bleached  Cotton,  Checks,  Ginghams,  Plaids, 
Ticking  &c. 

BOOTS,  SHOES,  HATS  AND  CAPS 

With  everything  in  the  hardware  line,  such  as  Locks,  Screws,  Augers,  Hinges, 
Nails,  Cast  Steel,  &c,  &c, 

But  to  my  groceries  I  call  the  particular  attention  to  those  wanting  prime  Rio 
Coffee,  N.O.  Porta  Rico  Loaf  and  Lump  Sugar,  Pepper,  Allspice,  Mustard,  Herring, 
Mackerel,  Cod  Fish,  &c. 

Michael  Doran 

Harpers  Ferry,  Feb.  21,  1850 


188 


FURNISHINGS  PLAN  (General  Store) 

Overview 

The  furnishings  plan  for  the  general  store  is  based  on  the  sale  bill  of  the  property 
of  Thomas  Dorrell,  deceased,  taken  on  March  6,  1854.   This  document  was 
selected  as  the  basis  for  the  plan  because  the  date  is  very  close  to  the  interpretive 
period  of  the  exhibit,  the  list  of  items  is  complete  and  comprehensive,  and  the 
quantity  of  items  seemed  appropriate  for  the  size  of  the  store  that  is  to  be 
historically  furnished. 

Dorrell  carried  a  wide  assortment  of  food,  housewares,  clothing,  dry  goods,  and 
hardware.   Spices,  coffee,  cured  meats,  candy,  tobacco,  liquor,  sugar,  and  other 
staples  make  up  the  bulk  of  the  food  in  the  inventory.   Dorrell  may  have  sold 
some  fresh  produce  taken  in  trade  from  his  customers  which  does  not  appear  in 
the  inventory.   Housewares  include  dishes,  cutlery,  glassware,  lighting  supplies, 
cleaning  supplies,  and  cookware.    In  terms  of  clothing,  the  inventory  lists  mostly 
boots,  shoes,  hats,  caps,  and  accessories,  such  as  handkerchiefs,  gloves,  and  hose. 
Dorrell  stocked  a  wide  variety  of  dry  goods  from  cheap  jean  to  silk.   The  hardware 
stock  consisted  of  small  tools,  nails,  screws,  locks,  and  knives. 

The  layout  of  the  store  is  based  on  period  illustrations.   When  entering  the  store, 
dry  goods  were  generally  displayed  on  the  left  and  food  on  the  right,  with 
housewares  against  the  back  wall.   However,  the  unusually  large  number  of  doors 
and  windows  in  the  side  walls  of  Building  35  necessitated  a  slight  alteration  of 
this  arrangement. 


Interpretive  Objectives  and  Operating  Plan 

According  to  the  Interpretive  Prospectus,  the  historically  furnished  general  store 
should  give  visitors  "some  understanding  of  commercial  and  domestic  history"196 
while  tying  in  to  the  major  themes  of  the  park.   "The  general  store  merchandise 
will  relate  to  the  type  of  clientele  in  this  'government  town'  and  to  the  types  of 
transportation  that  would  have  brought  it  here:  canal  and  railroad."197   The 
furnishings  plan  contains  many  examples  of  goods  manufactured  in  larger  towns 
and  brought  to  Harpers  Ferry  by  boat  or  train.   The  store  also  displays  produce 
supposedly  taken  by  the  merchant  in  trade  for  manufactured  items.   Some  of  the 
items  for  sale,  such  as  the  extracts  and  spices,  have  very  sophisticated  packages. 
Other  merchandise,  like  flour  and  molasses,  are  displayed  as  they  would  have 


NPS,  Interpretive  Prospectus,  p.  23. 
Ibid.,  p.  24. 

189 


been  in  the  eighteenth  century.   Thus,  the  general  store  stands  on  the  brink  of 
modern  marketing  and  shows  an  interesting  mix  of  earlier  and  later  forms  of 
packaging  and  distribution. 

The  interpretation  of  the  general  store  is  similar  to  that  of  the  ready-made 
clothing  store  since  the  Civil  War  acted  as  a  watershed  in  both  industries.   Just  as 
the  Civil  War  provided  incentive  and  opportunity  to  fit  and  clothe  many  men  with 
ready-made  garments,  it  also  necessitated  the  provision  of  millions  of  men  with  a 
wide  variety  of  foods  packaged  to  withstand  the  rigors  of  long  transportation  and  a 
variety  of  climates.   The  Civil  War  also  introduced  millions  of  men  to  the 
convenience  and  palatability  of  canned  and  packaged  foods,  breaking  down 
resistance  to  the  unfamiliarity  of  such  items.   After  the  war,  manufacturers  who 
had  provisioned  the  army  during  the  war  were  set  up  to  provision  the  home. 
Improved  rail  transportation  networks  in  the  late  1860s  and  1870s  also 
contributed  to  the  increase  in  the  use  of  packaged  foods. 

Therefore,  the  interpretation  of  the  general  store  looks  both  forward  and 
backward.   Many  of  the  items  and  marketing  techniques  date  back  to  the 
eighteenth  century.   However,  the  appearance  of  bottled  and  packaged  foods  and 
ready-made  clothing  presage  the  explosion  of  manufactured  goods  that  will  become 
available  virtually  nationwide  in  the  last  decades  of  the  nineteenth  century. 

The  general  store  will  be  open  to  the  visitor  during  regular  park  hours.   The  store 
is  accessible  to  individuals  with  mobility  limitations  through  the  rear  door  that 
opens  onto  the  backyard  ramp.   During  peak  visitation,  a  costumed  interpreter 
will  staff  the  exhibit.   Either  male  or  female  interpreters  are  appropriate  in  a 
general  store.   During  the  off-season,  barriers  will  be  installed  at  the  front  and 
rear  doors  of  the  shop  to  allow  visitors  to  step  inside  and  view  the  interior. 
Freestanding,  moveable  panels  located  behind  the  barriers  will  interpret  the  scene 
to  the  visitor.   The  conceptual  plan  for  the  panels  appears  after  the  List  of 
Furnishings. 


190 


s 

13 

5- 

a 


Recommended  Furnishings 

General  Store,  room  101,  Building  35. 

Object  and  Location  Documentation 


CABINETS,  with  shelves,  4 
(2  along  west  wall,  one  each 
along  east  and  south  walls) 


COUNTERS,  3  (in  front  of 
each  shelving  unit,  except 
one  at  south  end  of  west 
wall) 

STOOLS,  6  (two  behind 
counter  along  east  wall,  two 
in  front  of  south  end  of  east 
counter,  one  behind  each 
counter  on  south  and  west 
sides 

COUNTER  SCALE  (at 
north  end  of  west  counter) 

SCALES  and  WEIGHTS 
(on  south  counter) 

HAND  MIRROR  (on  east 
counter  near  south  end) 


PAPER,  wrapping,  in 
sheets  (one  pile  on  south 
end  of  east  counter  and  one 
pile  centrally  located  on 
counter  along  west  wall) 

STRING  HOLDERS,  with 
string  (near  piles  of  paper) 


SCISSORS,  3  pair  (small 
pairs  on  counters  near 
string  holders,  large  pair  on 
east  counter) 


Figures  24,  28,  30,  29,  26, 
and  38. 


Figures  24,  28,  30,  29,  26, 
and  38. 


Figure  29. 


Dorrell  inventory;  figures 
25,  26,  and  38. 

Dorrell  inventory;  figures 
30,  32. 

A  mirror  would  be  required 
for  the  convenience  of 
customers  purchasing  hats. 

Paper  was  traditionally 
used  to  wrap  packages. 
Dorrell  inventory. 


String  was  required  to  tie 
customer's  packages. 
Dorrell  inventory;  figure  36. 

Scissors  were  commonly 
used  to  cut  string  and 
cloth. 


Recommendation 

Evaluate  cabinets  for 
possible  use.   Reproduce 
additional  cabinets  as 
needed. 

Examine  existing  counters 
for  possible  use.   Reproduce 
additional  counters  as 
needed. 

Acquire  reproductions. 


Acquire  period  piece. 
Acquire  period  piece. 
Acquire  period  piece. 


Acquire  modern  paper  in 
appropriate  size  and 
weight. 


Acquire  period  string 
holders  and  modern  string. 


Acquire  period  pieces  or 
reproductions. 


192 


General  Store,  room  101,  continued 

Object  and  Location 


STOVE,  with  stovepipe 
(center  of  room  with 
stovepipe  running  into  east 
wall  above  fireplace) 

SANDBOX  (underneath 
stove) 

SHOVEL  and  TONGS 
(near  stove) 

FIREWOOD,  6  pieces 
(on  floor  near  stove) 

CHAIRS,  plank  bottom,  4 
(around  stove) 

SPITTOONS,  2  (on  floor  at 
intersection  of  south  and 
west  counters  and  near 
stove) 

PRINTS,  framed  (on  north 
wall  next  to  door) 

PRINTS,  unframed 
(attached  to  shelving 
around  room) 

BASKET  with  EGGS  (on 
counter  along  west  wall) 


BUSHEL  BASKET,  with 
potatoes  (in  front  of  west 
counter) 

BARRELS,  6  (two  in  front 
of  west  counter;  four  in 
northeast  corner) 


WHISKEY  BARREL,  (in 
northwest  corner) 


Documentation 

Dorrell  inventory;  figures 
37  and  38. 


Figures  28  and  38. 


Dorrell  inventory. 


Wood  is  required  to  operate 
the  stove 

Figures  24  and  28. 


Dorrell  inventory. 


Dorrell  inventory  ("2 
pictures  and  frames"). 

Dorrell  inventory  ("6 
pictures"). 


Figure  28.  Harpers  Ferry 
stores  commonly  accepted 
farm  produce  in  trade. 

Dorrell  inventory. 


Dorrell  inventory  lists 
barrels  of  mackerel, 
herring,  salt,  crackers, 
flour,  one  "lot  of  pickels,' 
and  a  "lot  of  meat." 

Dorrell  inventory 


Recommendation 


Acquire  period  piece 


Acquire  reproduction 


Acquire  period  pieces 


Acquire  fumigated  wood  for 
display 

Acquire  reproductions 


Acquire  reproductions 


Acquire  period  prints  in 
reproduction  frames 

Acquire  reproductions 


Acquire  period  basket  and 
imitation  eggs 


Acquire  period  basket  and 
imitation  potatoes 

Acquire  reproductions 


Acquire  reproduction 


193 


General  Store,  room  101,  continued 
Object  and  Location  Documentation 


CRATE  (supporting 
whiskey  barrel) 


PITCHER  (on  top  of 
whiskey  barrel) 

FUNNEL,  tin  (on  top  of 
whiskey  barrel) 

DEMIJOHN  (on  top  of 
whiskey  barrel) 

LARD,  in  keg  (on  floor  next 
to  whiskey  barrel  in 
northwest  corner) 

COFFEE,  in  bag  (on  floor 
next  to  whiskey  barrel  in 
northwest  corner) 

RICE,  in  bag  (on  floor  next 
to  whiskey  barrel  in 
northwest  corner) 

ONION  SEED,  bag  (on 
floor  next  to  whiskey  barrel 
in  northwest  corner) 

SCOOPS,  2;  one  set  each  of 
dry  and  liquid  measures 
(behind  west  counter) 

DRIED  FISH,  Sole,  5, 
large,  total  weight=40  lbs. 
(hanging  from  ceiling 
behind  west  counter) 

HAMS,  4,  and 
SHOULDERS,  5  (hanging 
from  ceiling  behind  west 
counter) 

NETTLES,  3  bunches 
(hanging  from  ceiling 
behind  west  counter) 


Whiskey  barrel  needs  to  be 
supported  off  of  floor  in 
order  to  be  tapped. 

Figure  24. 


Figure  24. 
Figure  24. 
Dorrell  inventory. 

Dorrell  inventory;  figure  41. 

Dorrell  inventory;  figure  29. 

Dorrell  inventory. 

Dorrell  inventory;  figure  40. 

Dorrell  inventory;  figure  32. 


Dorrell  inventory;  figures 
24,  29,  and  39.  " 


Dorrell  inventory. 


Recommendation 
Acquire  reproduction 

Acquire  reproduction 
Acquire  reproduction 


Acquire  reproduction  or 
period  piece 

Acquire  reproduction 


Acquire  reproduction 


Acquire  reproduction 


Acquire  reproduction 


Acquire  period  pieces 


Acquire  reproductions 


Acquire  reproductions 


Acquire  reproductions 


194 


General  Store,  room  101,  continued 
Object  and  Location  Documentation 


SAGE,  1  bunch  (hanging 
from  ceiling  behind  west 
counter) 

BARREL,  with  8  BROOMS 
(at  south  end  of  west 
cabinets) 

KEG,  for  nails  (on  floor  in 
front  of  south  counter) 

WHEELBARROW  (on  floor 
near  nail  keg) 

SPADES,  4,  and  HOE,  1 
(leaning  against  counter 
near  nail  keg) 

COMFORTERS,  7  (on  line 
strung  from  ceiling  on  west 
side) 

FLYERS,  PATENT 
MEDICINE,  asst. 
(throughout) 

BROOM  and  DUST  PAN 

(against  east  wall) 

LAMPS,  hanging,  5  (above 
counters) 

CLOCK,  long  eight  day 
(northeast  corner) 


Dorrell  inventory. 

Dorrell  inventory;  figure  24. 

Dorrell  inventory;  figure  24. 

Dorrell  inventory. 

Dorrell  inventory;  figure  24. 

Dorrell  inventory;  figure  28. 

Figures  28  and  30. 

Figures  24  and  29. 
Figure  30. 
Dorrell  inventory. 


Recommendation 


Acquire  reproductions 


Acquire  reproduction  barrel 
and  brooms 


Acquire  reproduction 
Acquire  reproduction 
Acquire  reproductions 

Acquire  reproductions 

Acquire  reproductions 

Acquire  reproductions 
Acquire  reproductions 
Acquire  period  piece 


195 


General  Store,  room  101,  continued 
Object  and  Location  Documentation 


Recommendation 


The  following  items  will  be  placed  on  the  shelves  along  the  west  wall. 


PITCHERS,  11 

TABLEWARE: 

dishes,  8 

plates,  60  (8  glass) 

mugs,  41 

cream  mugs,  2 

cups  and  saucers,  12  pair 

cups,  98 

bowls,  55 

JARS,  stoneware,  3 

JUGS,  7 

CASTORS,  3 

TEAPOTS,  7 

TUMBLERS,  44 

CHAMBER  POTS,  6 

WASHBOWL  and 
PITCHER 

SALT  SETS,  5 
and  SALTS,  20 


Dorrell  inventory;  figure  28. 
Dorrell  inventory;  figure  28. 


Dorrel 


inventory. 


Acquire  period  pieces 
Acquire  period  pieces 


Dorrell 

inventory. 

Acquire  period  pieces 

Dorrell 

inventory. 

Acquire  period  pieces 

Dorrell 

inventory. 

Acquire  period  pieces 

Dorrell 

inventory. 

Acquire  period  pieces 

Dorrell 

inventory;  figure  24. 

Acquire  reproductions 

Dorrell 

inventory. 

Acquire  period  pieces 

Dorrell 

inventory. 

Acquire  period  pieces 

Acquire  period  pieces 
and/or  reproductions 


SHAVING  GLASSES,  3 

Dorrell 

inventory. 

Acquire  period  pieces 

DECANTERS,  10  pr. 

Dorrell 

inventory. 

Acquire  period  pieces 
and/or  reproductions 

WAITERS,  5 

Dorrell 

inventory. 

Acquire  period  pieces 

CANDLES,  117  boxes 

Dorrell 

inventory;  figure  41. 

Acquire  reproductions 

GLASS  LAMPS,  2 

Dorrell 

inventory. 

Acquire  period  pieces 

SCONCE 

Dorrell 

inventory. 

Acquire  period  piece 

196 


General  Store,  room  101,  continued 

Object  and  Location  Documentation 

KETTLE,  iron 

POT,  iron,  large 

FLATIRONS,  cast  iron,  3 

SIEVES,  2 

GRATERS,  5 

KNIVES,  table,  8 

KNIVES,  butcher,  6 

SPOONS,  3  1/2  doz. 

SOAP,  150  lbs,  in  cakes 

SOAP  FAT,  in  covered 
bucket 

STARCH,  11  V2  lbs. 

BLANKETS,  10 

TOWELS,  linen,  3 

CARPET,  1 
and  RUG,  1 

BASKET,  1  large 

CANISTERS,  23 

TEA,  30-  1  lb.   packages 

COFFEE,  30  1  lb.  tins 


Recommendation 


Dorrel 

inventory. 

Acquire  period  piece 

Dorrel 

inventory. 

Acquire  period  piece 

Dorrel 

inventory;  figure  26. 

Acquire  period  pieces 

Dorrel 

inventory. 

Acquire  reproductions 

Dorrel 

inventory. 

Acquire  reproductions 

Dorrel 

inventory. 

Acquire  period  pieces 

Dorrel 

inventory. 

Acquire  period  pieces 

Dorrel 

inventory. 

Acquire  reproductions  or 
period  pieces 

Dorrel 

inventory. 

Acquire  reproductions 

Dorrel 

inventory. 

Acquire  reproduction 

Dorrel 

inventory. 

Acquire  reproductions 

Dorrel 

inventory. 

Acquire  reproductions 

Dorrel 

inventory. 

Acquire  period  pieces 

Dorrel 

inventory. 

Acquire  period  pieces 

Dorrel 

inventory. 

Acquire  period  piece 

Dorrel 

inventory;  figure  25. 

Acquire  period  pieces 

Dorrel 

inventory. 

Acquire  reproductions 

Dorrel 

inventory. 

Acquire  reproductions 

197 


General  Store,  room  101,  continued 
Object  and  Location 


SEASONINGS: 
allspice,  15  lbs.  (in  cans) 
pepper,  26  cans  or  jars 
ginger,  14  lbs.  (in  boxes) 
baking  soda,  11  lbs.  in  cans 
nutmegs,  1  3/4  lbs. 
mustard,  8  bottles 
cloves,  2  bottles 
baking  powder,  1  paper 

MOLASSES,  in  small  keg 
with  spigot 

PITCHER,  tin  (near 
molasses  keg) 

FUNNEL,  tin  (near 
molasses  keg) 

BROWN  SUGAR,  350  lbs., 
in  cones  and  boxes 

DESK,  tabletop 

LEDGER 

BOTTLES,  24,  of 
peppermint  (12), 
castor  oil  (11), 
and  cod  liver  oil  (1). 

GLASS  JARS,  11,  with 
assorted  CANDY 

JAR,  with  PRUNES 

BOTTLES,  stoneware,  6  oz. 
and  8  oz. 

BOTTLES,  stoneware,  94 

MALAGA  WINE,  20  gal. 


Documentation 


Dorrell  inventory. 


Dorrell  inventory. 

Figure  24. 

Figure  24. 

Dorrell  inventory;  figures 
25,  40,  and  41.  " 

Figure  28. 

Dorrell  inventory;  figure  24. 

Dorrell  inventory. 


Dorrell  inventory;  figure  24. 

Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 

Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 


Recommendation 


Acquire  reproductions 


Acquire  reproduction 

Acquire  reproduction 

Acquire  reproduction 

Acquire  reproductions 

Acquire  period  piece 

Acquire  reproduction 

Acquire  reproductions  or 
period  pieces 


Acquire  period  pieces  and 
imitation  candy 

Acquire  period  jar  and 
imitation  prunes 
Acquire  period  pieces 


Acquire  reproductions 
Acquire  reproductions 


198 


General  Store,  room  101,  continued 

Object  and  Location 

FRENCH  BRANDY,  35  gal. 

RUM,  35  gal. 

CHOCOLATE,  5  bars 

PALM  NUTS,  4  lbs. 


Documentation 


TOBACCO,  8  twists  and 
150  lbs.  in  boxes,  tins,  and 
packages 

PIPES,  144  in  boxes 

CIGARS,  4  boxes 

SNUFF,  1  bottle 


Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 


Dorrell  inventory. 

Dorrell  inventory;  figure  41 
[secars]. 

Dorrell  inventory. 


The  following  items  will  be  placed  on  the  shelves  along  the  east  wall. 


FABRIC,  asst.  bolts,  125 

BOXES,  31,  small, 
asst.  sizes  for: 
buttons,  11 
pins,  1 
tape,  3 

skeins  of  silk,  2 
thread,  1 
thimbles,  2 
needles,  2 
knitting  needles,  1 
cord,  1 

hooks  and  eyes,  6 
lace,  1 

SEWING  SILK,  2  doz. 
skeins 

BUTTONS,  assorted,  2  doz. 

THIMBLES,  2 

PATTERNS,  vest,  5 


Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 


Dorrell  inventory. 

Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 


Recommendation 

Acquire  reproductions 
Acquire  reproductions 
Acquire  reproductions 
Acquire  reproductions 
Acquire  reproductions 

Acquire  reproductions 
Acquire  reproductions 

Acquire  period  piece 


Acquire  reproductions 
Acquire  reproductions 


Acquire  modern  equivalent 

Acquire  period  pieces 
Acquire  period  pieces 
Acquire  reproductions 


199 


General  Store,  room 

Object  and  Location 

WHALEBONE,  one  gross 

BOXES,  33,  large,  for: 
Shoes,  25 
Boots,  8 

BOOTS,  8  pr. 

SHOES,  10  pr. 

BOXES,  33,  small,  for: 
Handkerchiefs,  5 
Neckerchiefs,  1 
Hose,  4 
Socks,  2 
Gloves,  5 
Suspenders,  4 
Combs,  8 
Purses,  2 
Drawers,  1 
Shoestrings,  1 

BOXES,  4,  medium,  for: 
Shirts,  2 
Shawls,  2 

HATBOXES,  10 

HATS,  15  (7  straw,  4 
beaver,  4  silk) 

CAPS,  12 

PANTS,  27  pr. 

COATS,  24 

VESTS,  49 

GLOVES,  5  pr. 

COMBS,  6  pair  (3  fine;  3 
side) 

SHIRTS,  4 


101,  continued 

Documentation 
Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory;  figure  30. 

Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 


Dorrell  inventory. 

Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 

Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 

Dorrell  inventory. 


Recommendation 
Acquire  reproductions 
Acquire  reproductions 

Acquire  reproductions 
Acquire  reproductions 
Acquire  reproductions 


Acquire  reproductions 

Acquire  reproductions 
Acquire  reproductions 

Acquire  reproductions 
Acquire  reproductions 
Acquire  reproductions 
Acquire  reproductions 
Acquire  reproductions 
Acquire  reproductions 

Acquire  reproductions 


200 


General  Store,  room  101,  continued 
Object  and  Location  Documentation 

HANDKERCHIEFS,  25  Dorrell  inventory. 

BEADBAG,  1  Dorrell  inventory. 

PURSES,  3  Dorrell  inventory. 

COLOGNE,  4  bottles  Dorrell  inventory. 


Recommendation 

Acquire  reproductions 
Acquire  period  piece 
Acquire  reproductions 
Acquire  reproductions 


SHAWLS,  2 


Dorrell  inventory. 


Acquire  reproductions 


HOSE,  12  pr. 

SUSPENDERS,  5 

CARPET  BAGS,  6; 
PORT  MONIES,  2;  and 
TRUNKS,  5  (on  top  of 
shelves) 

RAZOR  STROPS,  4 

POCKETBOXES,  9 

SLIPPERS,  5  pr. 

MARBLES,  2  doz.,  in 
leather  pouch 

UMBRELLAS,  12  and 
PARASOLS,  2  (in  stand 
behind  counter) 

UMBRELLA  STAND 
(behind  counter) 

BRUSH,  counter  (on 
counter) 


Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 


Dorrell  inventory. 

Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 

Dorrell  inventory. 


Required  for  display  of 
umbrellas  and  parasols. 

Dorrell  inventory. 


The  following  items  will  be  placed  on  the  shelves  along  the  south  wall, 
placement  of  each  item. 


LETTER  PAPER,  9  1/2 
quires 


Dorrell  inventory. 


Acquire  reproductions 

Acquire  reproductions 

Acquire  period  pieces  or 
reproductions 

Acquire  period  pieces  or 
reproductions 

Acquire  reproductions 

Acquire  reproductions 

Acquire  period  pieces 

Acquire  reproductions 

Acquire  period  piece 
Acquire  period  piece 
See  shelf  diagram  for 
Acquire  modern  equivalent 


201 


General  Store,  room  101,  continued 

Object  and  Location  Documentation 

SLATE  PENCILS,  10  Dorrell  inventory. 

PENCILS,  lead,  11  Dorrell  inventory. 

PENS,  2  boxes  Dorrell  inventory. 


ENVELOPES,  2  packages 

WAFERS,  1  box 

PAPER,  30  reams 

PENKNIVES,  16 

BOOKS,  19,  including 
Testament,  1;  History  of  the 
World,  1  two- vol.  set; 
Robinson  Crusoe;  and  15 
others 

BOXES,  small,  4,  for 
shears,  pad  locks,  hinges, 
and  cork 

CURRY  COMB,  1 

BLACKING  BRUSHES,  9 

BLACKING,  15  bottles 

TACKS,  75  papers 

INDIGO,  2  lbs.  in  small 
packages 

MASON'S  LINES,  7 

SHOT,  72  lbs.,  in  bags 

GUNPOWDER,  15  lbs. 

PERCUSSION  CAPS,  4000 


Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 


Dorrell  inventory. 

Dorrell  inventory. 

Dorrell  inventory. 

Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 

Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 


Recommendation 

Acquire  reproductions 

Acquire  reproductions 

Acquire  reproduction  box 
and  reproduction  or  period 
pens 

Acquire  reproductions 

Acquire  reproduction 

Acquire  modern  equivalent 

Acquire  reproductions 

Acquire  period  pieces 


Acquire  reproductions 

Acquire  period  piece  or 
modern  equivalent 

Acquire  period  pieces  or 
reproductions 

Acquire  reproductions 

Acquire  reproductions 

Acquire  reproductions 

Acquire  modern  equivalents 
Acquire  reproduction 
Acquire  reproduction 
Acquire  reproductions 


202 


General  Store,  room  101,  continued 


Object  and  Location 

FLINTS,  3  packages 

SHOT  GUN,  1  and 
PISTOL,  1 

MATCHES,  2  gross,  in 
boxes 

GLASS,  8"  x  10",  one  box 

SALTPETER,  25  lbs. 

BUCKETS,  10; 
TUB,  1 

BED  CORDS,  18 

SADDLE  BAGS,  one  pair 

ROPE,  one  coil 

CHAIN,  length 

HARDWARE: 

Axes,  2 
Saws,  2 
Peg  Cutter,  1 
Tap  Borer,  1 

These  objects  will  be  placed  in  the  east  display  window. 

Dorrell  inventory;  figure  39. 


Documentation 
Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 

Dorrell  inventory. 

Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 

Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 


LARGE  BOXES,  2,  labeled 
"tea"  and  "coffee" 

BOTTLES,  4  large 

SMALL  KEGS,  2,  labeled 
"molasses" 

CANISTERS,  12,  (4  each 
labeled  "baking  soda", 
"allspice",  and  "ginger") 

HAMS,  3;  and 
SHOULDERS,  3  (hanging 
in  window) 


Dorrell  inventory;  figure  39. 
Dorrell  inventory;  figure  39. 

Dorrell  inventory;  figure  39. 
Dorrell  inventory;  figure  39. 


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203 


General  Store,  room  101,  continued 

Object  and  Location  Documentation 

SACK,  labeled  "salt"  Dorrell  inventory. 

BOTTLES,  stoneware,  12  Dorrell  inventory. 


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The  following  items  will  be  placed  in  the  west  display  window. 


DRY  GOODS,  3  pieces, 
each  6  yards  long  (hanging 
on  wire  strung  across 
window) 

HATS,  4,  and  CAPS,  4  (on 
hatstands) 

Large  BOX,  for  shoes 

BOOTS,  1  pr. 

SHOES,  1  pr. 

Large  BOLT  OF  CLOTH, 
with  paper  label 

CAT,  replica 


Dorrell  inventory;  figure  39.  Acquire  reproductions 


Dorrell  inventory;  figure  39.  Acquire  reproductions 


Dorrell  inventory;  figure  30. 
Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory. 
Dorrell  inventory;  figure  43. 

Figures  24  and  37. 


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These  items  are  to  be  placed  on  the  sidewalk  along  Shenandoah  Street,  outside  the  door  to 
Building  35: 


BARRELS,  2 
KEGS,  2 
BUTTER  PAIL,  1 


Dorrell  inventory;  figure  39. 
Dorrell  inventory;  figure  39. 
Figure  39. 


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204 


Concept  for  Interpretive  Panels 

These  interpretive  panels  will  explain  the  transitional  nature  of  this  store.   Much 
of  the  inventory  is  similar  to  stores  from  the  early  nineteenth  century.   However, 
some  products  like  spices  and  extracts  foreshadowed  the  packaging  revolution  to 
take  place  after  the  Civil  War.   The  Civil  War  played  a  major  role  in  packaging 
history,  since  it  necessitated  the  provision  of  millions  of  men  with  a  wide  variety 
of  foods  packaged  to  withstand  the  rigors  of  long  transportation  and  a  variety  of 
climates.   As  a  direct  result  of  the  war,  the  manufacturing  of  packaged  foods,  like 
the  manufacturing  of  ready-made  clothing,  was  pursued  on  a  large  scale. 
Additionally,  millions  of  soldiers  were  introduced  to  canned  and  packaged  food, 
helping  to  break  down  resistance  to  this  new  way  of  eating. 

Other  points  to  be  made  if  space  permits  include: 

1.  Fresh  produce  and  meat  were  sometimes  taken  in  trade  from  customers  and 
sold  in  general  stores,  but  most  people  bought  these  items  from  the  weekly  market 
in  town  and  only  bought  staples  from  the  store. 

2.  A  wide  variety  of  dry  goods  and  housewares  were  available  in  town  because  of 
the  trains  and  canal,  which  connected  Harpers  Ferry  with  all  of  the  major  Eastern 
cities. 


Possible  illustrations: 

—  The  Long  Bill,  figure  24. 

—  Billhead,  H.L.  Vervalin  &  Co.,  figure  25. 

—  Interior  of  a  Country  Store,  figure  26. 

—  Village  Post  Office,  figure  28. 

—  An  outside  market  as  seen  in  Taylor's  With  Sheridan  Up  the  Shenandoah 
Valley  in  1864:  Leaves  from  a  Special  Artist's  Sketchbook  and  Diary  [The  James  E. 
Taylor  Sketchbook],  p.  31. 


205 


PART  III 
STIPES'  BOARDING  HOUSE 


ANALYSIS  OF  HISTORIC  OCCUPANCY 

Both  government  buildings  and  private  residences  served  a  variety  of  military 
functions  during  the  Civil  War  occupation  of  Harpers  Ferry.   During  the  Civil 
War,  Building  34/35  was  a  2  1/2-story  brick  house  with  a  one  story  kitchen 
attached  at  the  southwest  corner.   The  house  had  been  occupied  from  1818  to  1858 
by  the  master  armorers  employed  at  the  Harpers  Ferry  Armory.   For  a  brief 
period,  from  1858-1859,  the  armory's  paymaster's  clerk  occupied  the  building. 
Building  34/35  was  probably  vacant  when  the  Civil  War  broke  out. 

During  the  Civil  War,  Building  36,  immediately  to  the  east  of  Building  34/35,  was 
"a  favorite  Army  Headquarters  from  the  opening  of  hostilities."198  Because  of  its 
proximity  to  headquarters,  Building  34/35  was  a  logical  place  for  military  officers 
to  board.   In  1865,  Brig.  Gen.  Edward  D.  Ramsay  stated  that  Building  34/35  was 
"occupied  as  quarters  for  Officers."199  However,  in  1864,  James  Taylor,  a 
newspaperman,  described  this  building  as  the  Stipes'  Hotel,  or  boarding 
house.200 

James  E.  Taylor  was  employed  as  a  visual  reporter  for  Frank  Leslie's  Illustrated 
Newspaper  during  his  five  months'  sojourn  in  the  northern  Shenandoah  Valley  in 
1864.   The  contents  of  Taylor's  The  James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook  are,  in  the 
author's  words,  "the  amplification  of  a  Diary  I  kept  and  Sketches  I  made  while 
accompanying  General  Philip  H.  Sheridan  in  the  capacity  of  a  Special  Artist 
during  his  Campaign  in  the  Shenandoah  Valley,  in  1864. "201  Sketches  by  Taylor 
and  other  "special  artists"  were  commissioned  by  newspapers  to  illustrate  the 
written  stories  submitted  by  the  correspondents.   These  sketches  served  as  the 
only  immediate  graphic  illustrations  of  the  war  for  the  rest  of  the  populace,  since 
the  technology  for  mass  producing  photographs  did  not  exist  at  that  time. 

Intending  to  join  the  Valley  Army  near  Harpers  Ferry,  Taylor  arrived  in  town  for 
the  first  time  on  Tuesday,  August  9,  1864.   He  was  immediately  approached  by  a 


IM  Taylor,  The  James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook,  p.  30. 

199  Ramsay  to  Dyer,  as  quoted  in  NPS,  "Historic  Building  Report,  Part  II,  Historical  Data  Section. ..The  Samuel  Annin 
House,"  p.  25. 

200  Taylor,  The  James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook,  p.  30. 

201  Ibid.,  p.  3. 

206 


"runner,"  sent  out  to  drum  up  business,  who  conducted  him  to  a  local  hotel  run  by 
Mrs.  Cornelia  Stipes.   Taylor  occupied  a  room  under  the  eaves  on  the  top  floor  of 
Stipes'  boarding  house.202  Taylor's  sketch  of  his  room  appears  in  this  section. 
His  drawing  of  the  exterior  in  which  he  identifies  Mrs.  Stipes'  boarding  house  as 
Building  35  appears  in  the  illustrations  section  (figure  1). 

Taylor  relates  that  "Mrs.  Stipes  catered  to  sojourners  at  the  Ferry  to  the  extent  of 
table  board  and  lodging,  not  from  choice  but  necessity  caused  by  her  husband's 
business  reverses  owing  to  the  War,  and  his  inability  to  catch  on  again,  when  it 
fell  to  the  lot  of  Madam  to  entertain  transients  to  keep  the  wolf  from  the 
door."203  Taylor  must  have  gotten  his  facts  wrong  in  this  case,  since  Mrs. 
Cornelia  Stipes  was  widowed  in  1840  when  her  husband  Thomas  died  of 
consumption,204  and  she  is  listed  as  the  head  of  household  in  every  census  from 
1840  until  her  death  between  1880  and  1883.205  Research  efforts  have  failed  to 
locate  a  formal  agreement  granting  Mrs.  Stipes  permission  to  run  a  boarding 
house  in  a  government  building.   We  know  that  the  provost  marshal  routinely 
granted  licenses  to  local  merchants  to  operate  businesses  in  vacant  buildings  in 
town.206   Keeping  borders  was  a  common  way  for  widows  to  earn  a  living  in 
Harpers  Ferry,  and  Mrs.  Stipes  may  have  applied  informally  for  permission  to  use 
an  empty  building.   Seven  of  the  eight  people  listed  as  boarding  house  keepers  in 
the  1860  Harpers  Ferry  census  are  women. 

Mrs.  Stipes  was  not  listed  as  a  boarding  house  keeper  in  the  1860  census, 
although  at  least  one  apparently  unrelated  person,  a  25  year  old  male  machinist, 
was  living  in  her  household.207  Also  living  in  her  household  in  1860  and 
presumably  in  1864  as  well  were  Mrs.  Stipes'  three  daughters,  Anna,  Martha,  and 
Medora.   Taylor  particularly  remembered  Medora,  "a  tall  stately  fluffy-haired 
blonde,"208  who  was  about  nineteen  years  old  in  1864.   At  the  time  of  the  1870 


202  Ibid.,  pp.  29-30. 

203  Ibid.,  p.  30. 


204 


Virginia  Free  Press,  February  20,  1840,  p.  3,  col.  3. 


208    U.S.  Bureau  of  the  Census,  Jefferson  County,  Virginia:    Sixth  Census,  1840,  p.  243;  Seventh  Census,  1850,  p.  409B; 
Eighth  Census,  1860,  p.  198.   Jefferson  County,  West  Virginia:   Ninth  Census,  1870,  p.  458;  Tenth  Census,  1880,  p.  3. 

206  Banes,  History  of  the  Philadelphia  Brigade,  p.  124. 

207  U.S.  Bureau  of  the  Census,  Eighth  Census  of  the  United  States  (1860),  Jefferson  County,  Virginia,  pp.  198-199.  Six  other 
people  are  listed  in  the  same  dwelling  house  as  Cornelia  Stipes  but  are  enumerated  as  a  different  family. 

208  Taylor,  The  James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook,  p.  43. 

207 


census,  Medora  is  listed  as  having  two  children,  aged  5  and  3,  and  is  living  with 
her  mother.209 

In  The  James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook,  Taylor  mentions  that  a  coterie  of 
newspapermen  were  staying  at  Stipes'  boarding  house. 

On  reaching  the  house,  I  found  on  the  porch  two  new  arrivals  by  the  morning  train  who, 
much  to  my  satisfaction,  proved  to  be  newspaper  men,  with  whom  I  was  not  slow  in 
brushing  up  an  acquaintance. 

The  newspaperman  gathered  information  and  exchanged  leads  with  each  other 
during  mealtimes  and  while  gathered  on  the  front  stoop.211   A  group  of  them 
decided  to  "join  forces"  and  "proceed  to  the  front  without  delay."212 

Taylor  left  to  join  the  army  at  the  front  the  day  after  he  arrived  in  Harpers  Ferry. 
He  returned  to  Stipes'  boarding  house  many  times  during  the  next  five  months, 
frequently  obtaining  the  same  room.   While  in  the  area  he  drew  many  sketches  of 
Harpers  Ferry  and  the  surrounding  countryside. 

On  December  20,  1864,  Taylor  left  Harpers  Ferry  after  receiving  instructions  from 
his  employer  to  cover  Benjamin  F.  Butler's  Army  of  the  James  positioned  at 
Bermuda  Hundred,  Virginia. 

In  April  of  1865,  Mrs.  Stipes  purchased  property  "nearly  opposite  the  Presbyterian 
Church,"213  and  may  have  gone  into  the  boarding  house  business  whole- 
heartedly at  that  point,  since  she  is  listed  as  a  boarding  house  keeper  in  the  1870 
census.214  Perhaps  she  moved  out  of  Building  34/35  at  this  time,  because  by 
July  1865,  Building  34/35  was  described  as  officers'  quarters. 


209  U.S.  Bureau  of  the  Census,  Ninth  Census  of  the  United  States  (1870),  Jefferson  County,  West  Virginia,  p.  17. 

210  Taylor,  The  James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook,  p.  41. 

211  Ibid.,  pp.  41-43,  p.  215,  and  p.  250. 

212  Ibid.,  p.  41. 

213  Deed  Book  1,  p.  156,  JCC.  The  reference  to  the  property  being  across  from  the  church  appears  in  an  1866  deed  in  which 
Cornelia  Stipes  transfers  this  property  to  her  daughter  Ann  Stipes  (Deed  Book  1,  p.  359,  JCC). 


Ninth  Census  of  the  United  States  (1870),  Jefferson  County,  West  Virginia. 

208 


EVIDENCE  OF  ORIGINAL  FURNISHINGS  for  James  Taylor's  Room 

Discussion  of  Sources 

The  source  for  this  furnished  exhibit  is  Taylor's  The  James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook, 
which  contains  both  a  written  description  and  a  sketch  of  Taylor's  accommodation 
in  Stipes'  boarding  house.   Taylor  states  that  his  sketchbook  is  an  "amplification" 
of  a  diary  and  sketchbook  he  kept  during  the  Civil  War.   He  reworked  his 
sketchbook  in  the  1890s,  forty  years  after  the  events  he  is  describing  took  place. 
Taylor  himself  admits  that 

Nothing  is  more  untrustworthy  than  personal  recollections  after  the  events  they 
endeavor  to  recall  have  receded  a  third  or  more  of  a  century  into  the  past  unless 

QIC 

culled  from  positive  data  secured  at  the  time. 

Taylor  does  not  say  how  much  of  the  text  or  how  many  of  the  drawings  were 
added  by  him  in  the  1890s. 


Excerpts  from  Taylor's  Sketchbook 

p.  30     Under  the  'boy's'  pilotage,  I  land  at  'Hotel  de  Stipes,'  two  squares  south  on 

Shenandoah  Street  and  a  brief  interview  with  Madam  ends  in  my  arranging  for  an 
indefinite  stay. 

Mrs.  Stipes  catered  to  sojourners  at  the  Ferry  to  the  extent  of  table  board  and 
lodging,  not  from  choice  but  necessity  caused  by  her  husband's  business  reverses 
owing  to  the  War,  and  his  inability  to  catch  on  again,  when  it  fell  to  the  lot  of 
madam  to  entertain  transients  to  keep  the  wolf  from  the  door. 

I  am  at  once  conducted  to  my  quarters,  a  sky  parlor  under  the  slanting  roof,  the 
only  available  room  unoccupied,  but  make  no  'kick,'  thankful  at  being  supplied  at 
all,  considering  the  demand  at  this  time  by  correspondents,  army  contractors,  and 
sutlers  for  lodgings. 

After  preparing  my  toilet,  I  descend  to  the  dining  room  and  discuss  dinner.... 


Taylor,  The  James  K.  Taylor  Sketchbook,  p.  3. 

209 


p.  215   The  Madam  is  next  sought  and  I  have  the  satisfaction  of  assignment  to  my  former 
'sky  parlor'  fortunately  for  me,  unoccupied,  where  I  put  in  the  half  hour  to  the 
dinner  summons  in  preparing  my  toilet,  as  I  was  considerably  travel-stained. 


Stripped  to  the  buff,  for  the  thermometer  ranged  in  the  nineties  in  my  loft,  I 
proceed  to  put  a  number  of  special  subjects  in  ship-shape  amid  perspiration  oozing 
from  my  pores  without  a  let-up.... 


p.  247    It  is  of  course,  unnecessary  to  explain  that  Tom's  wants  were  first  attended  to, 
which  was  a  matter  of  little  trouble,  Stipes'  having  a  stable. 


210 


J 


Interior  of  James  E.  Taylor's  Room  on  the  top  floor  of  Stipes'  boarding  house 
sketched  by  Taylor.    Found  in  Taylor's  The  James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook,  p.  215. 


211 


FURNISHINGS  PLAN  (James  Taylor  room) 

Overview 

James  E.  Taylor,  visual  correspondent  for  Frank  Leslie's  Illustrated  Newspaper, 
stayed  on  and  off  from  August  to  December  1864,  in  a  room  on  the  top  floor  of 
Building  35,  known  at  that  time  as  Stipes'  boarding  house.   The  furnishings  plan 
for  this  exhibit  is  based  on  some  of  the  best  evidence  in  existence  for  the  interior 
of  a  building  in  Harpers  Ferry  during  the  Civil  War,  an  original  sketch  by  the 
occupant  of  the  room,  an  accomplished  artist.   The  exhibit  will  be  located  in  the 
northeast  corner  room  on  the  second  floor  of  Building  35.   Only  one  corner  of  the 
room  will  be  re-created  because  the  evidence  for  this  corner  is  incontrovertible  and 
virtually  nothing  is  known  about  the  rest  of  the  room.   A  backdrop  will  re-create 
the  low,  slanted  ceiling.   Visitors  will  view  the  room  from  room  202,  which  will 
contain  exhibit  panels  interpreting  Stipes'  boarding  house.   Visitors  with  mobility 
limitations  will  view  the  exhibit  from  room  210.   The  light  level  in  the  Taylor 
exhibit  will  be  kept  low,  simulating  evening.   A  visitor  activated  audio  program 
will  feature  James  Taylor's  description  of  his  accommodations  as  recorded  in  The 
James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook,  page  30. 


Interpretive  Objectives  and  Operating  Plan 

The  furnishings  exhibit  portraying  James  E.  Taylor's  room  in  Stipes'  boarding 
house  provides  Harpers  Ferry  NHP  with  an  ideal  setting  in  which  to  interpret  the 
life  of  a  war  correspondent  in  Harpers  Ferry.   Just  as  they  do  today,  war 
correspondents  risked  their  lives  to  bring  back  written  or  visual  information  from 
the  front  lines  and,  like  today,  this  information  helped  to  sway  the  minds  and 
hearts  of  the  nation. 

During  the  Civil  War,  Harpers  Ferry  was  filled  with  people  passing  through:   war 
correspondents,  soldiers,  deserters,  people  displaced  by  the  war.   Taylor  mentions 
that  he  was  lucky  to  find  a  room  in  Harpers  Ferry  when  he  arrived  in  August 
1864.   The  life  of  these  transients  is  another  story  that  can  be  interpreted  in  this 
exhibit. 

Most  of  the  time,  the  exhibit  will  stand  alone  with  an  interpretive  panel  to 
describe  the  scene.   At  other  times,  guided  tours  could  provide  additional 
information  about  the  life  and  times  of  war  correspondent  James  E.  Taylor. 
Taylor's  diary  and  sketchbook  will  provide  interpreters  with  a  wealth  of 
information  about  his  activities  in  the  area  during  the  Civil  War. 


212 


I 

& 

1 


Recommended  Furnishings 

James  Taylor's  room,  room  201,  Building  35. 


Object  and  Location 

BED,  double,  gothic  style 
(head  of  bed  against  middle 
of  north  wall) 

BEDDING: 

Straw  Mattress 
Feather  Bed 
Sheets,  2 
Blanket,  Coverlet 
Bolster,  Bolster  Cover 
Pillows,  Pillowcases,  2  each 
(on  bed) 

HAT  and  COAT  (on  bed) 


WASHSTAND  (against  east 
wall) 

BOWL  and  PITCHER  (on 
washstand) 

TABLE  (against  east  wall) 

CHAIR  (in  front  of  table) 

LAMP  (on  table) 

INKWELL  (on  table) 

PENS,  2  (one  in  inkwell, 
one  laying  on  table) 

PAPERS,  including  an 
unfinished  drawing  (on 
table) 

VALISE  or  CARPETBAG 
(on  floor  next  to  table) 

RAG  CARPETING  (on 

floor) 


Documentation 

Taylor  sketch  (reproduced 
on  p.  211). 


Taylor  sketch,  p.  211. 


Taylor  sketch,  p.  211. 

Taylor  sketch,  p.  211. 

Taylor  sketch,  p.  211. 

Taylor  sketch,  p.  211. 
Taylor  sketch,  p.  211. 
Taylor  sketch,  p.  211. 
Taylor  sketch,  p.  211. 
Taylor  sketch,  p.  211. 

Taylor  sketch,  p.  211. 
Taylor  sketch,  p.  211. 


Rag  carpeting  was  a 
common,  inexpensive  floor 
covering  appropriate  for  a 
boarding  house  or  hotel. 


Recommendation 


Acquire  period  piece 


Acquire  reproductions  or 
period  pieces 


Acquire  reproductions  or 
period  pieces 

Use  HAFE  4396. 


Acquire  period  piece 

Acquire  period  piece 
Acquire  period  piece 
Acquire  period  piece 
Acquire  period  piece 
Acquire  period  pieces 

Acquire  reproductions 


Acquire  reproduction  or 
period  piece 

Acquire  reproduction  or 
period  piece 


214 


Concept  for  Interpretive  Panels 

Two  identical  free-standing  panels  will  be  located  in  room  201,  one  near  the  door 
to  room  202  and  one  near  the  door  to  210.   These  panels  will  identify  this  display 
as  a  representation  of  the  room  of  James  E.  Taylor,  a  visual  correspondent  for 
Frank  Leslie's  Illustrated  Newspaper.   Newspaper  correspondents  risked  their 
lives  to  bring  back  written  or  visual  information  from  the  front  lines.   Like  today, 
this  information  helped  to  sway  the  minds  and  hearts  of  the  nation. 

Interpretive  panels  in  room  202,  the  anteroom,  will  address  the  role  of  boarding 
houses  during  the  war  and  will  describe  the  bustle  and  crowded  conditions  in 
Harpers  Ferry.   Although  many  townspeople  fled  Harpers  Ferry,  Taylor's 
drawings  show  that  the  streets  were  thronged  with  soldiers,  transients,  reporters, 
and  others  displaced  by  the  war. 

The  doorways  to  room  201  should  be  fitted  with  removable  full-length  glass  or 
acrylic  plastic  barriers. 


Possible  illustrations: 

—  Taylor,  The  James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook,  pp.  4,  31,  35,  215,  465 


215 


EVIDENCE  OF  ORIGINAL  FURNISHINGS  for  Officer's  Quarters 

Discussion  of  Sources 

No  primary  evidence  exists  for  an  officer's  quarters  located  in  Building  34/35. 
However,  three  of  James  Taylor's  sketches  contain  pertinent  information  for  the 
refurnishing  of  an  officer's  lodgings  in  Harpers  Ferry.   Obviously,  Taylor's  sketch 
of  his  own  accommodations  in  Building  34/35  gives  the  best  information  about 
furnishings  in  other  rooms  of  the  same  boarding  house.   Another  Taylor  sketch, 
"The  General's  Room  in  Larrick's  Hotel,"  located  in  Middletown,  Virginia, 
illustrates  a  typical  public  accommodation  in  the  Shenandoah  Valley.   However, 
this  drawing  portrays  an  interior  somewhat  grander  than  the  interior  of  Building 
34/35.   Taylor's  sketch  of  his  lodgings  in  a  local  home  in  Winchester,  Virginia, 
probably  portray  an  interior  closer  in  scale  and  sophistication  to  Building  34/35. 

An  1850  inventory  of  the  United  States  Hotel,  located  in  Harpers  Ferry,  gives  a 
room  by  room  accounting  of  the  contents  of  a  local  establishment.   This  inventory 
reveals  that  the  room  furnishings  became  plainer  and  the  number  of  occupants  in 
each  room  increased  on  the  upper  floors  in  the  building. 

Several  illustrations  of  officers'  quarters  located  outside  of  Harpers  Ferry  provide 
details  about  the  personal  possessions  of  military  officers.   These  illustrations  also 
indicate  the  level  of  sophistication  appropriate  to  the  furnishings  of  an  officer's 
quarters  during  the  1860s. 

Excerpt  from  the  Deed  of  Trust  of  James  B.  Wager  to  Isaac  Fouke 

Schedule  A,  March  6,  1850,  deed  book  31,  pages  68-70. 

This  excerpt  includes  the  inventory  of  the  guest  rooms  in  the  United  States  Hotel, 
operated  by  James  B.  Wager. 

No.  1     --  1  carpet  &  Rug,  1  large  Mahogony  Wardrobe 

--  Mahogony  Dressing  Beauro    1  candle  stand  &  cover 

--  1  Table  &  cover  -  4  Horse  shoe  chairs  -  1  mahogony  arm  chair 

--  1  Towel  Stand 

No.  3     --  1  carpet,  10  Blind,  mahog.  French  Bed.  S.  -  1  chair,  1  shuck  mat 
--  1  Bolster,  pair  pillows,  1  wash  Stand,  Pitcher,  Basin  Mugg,   cham 
--  1  Horse  shoe  chair  -- 

No.  4     --  1  single  Bedstead,  1  Double  dit,  Shuck  mattress 

--  1  Feather  Bed  -  bolster  &  Pillows,  wash  Stand,  Pitcher  Basin 
--  1  chamber,  2  chairs,  1  Looking  Glass,  1  Toilet  T  &  cover 

No.  5     --  1  carpet,  3  single  Beds,  3  Shuck  Matresses,  3  Feather  B  -- 
-  6  Pillows  -  2  chairs  -  2  wash  Stands  3  chambers  -  1  curtain 


216 


No.  6     -  1  carpet  -  2  curtains,  2  chairs  -  2  wash  Stands,  2  Pitchers  &  Basins 
--  2  muggs,  chambers  -1  Toilet  table  &  cover  -  2  Gilt  Looking  glass 
--  1  Single  Bedstead,  1  Hair  Mattress  1  shuck  do,  1  large  Pillow 

No.  7     --  carpet,  curtain  Large  washstand,  2  Pitchers.  1  Basin 

-  2  chambers,  2  chairs  2  muggs,  2  single  Bedsteads,  2  Hair  Matress, 

shuck  do  -  2  large  Pillows  -  1  looking  Glass 

No.  8     --  Carpet,  curtain,  1  [?]  Bedstead,  1  do  Hair  matress,  1  do  Feather  Bed  1  Single  Bed 

--  1  Hair  mattress  -  Bolster  &  Pillows  -  1  wash  Stand,  Pitcher  Basin,  muggs,  Chamber, 
2  Chairs 

-  1  looking  Glafs  - — 

No.  9     --  Carpet  -  mahogony  French  Bedstead,  Hair  &  Husk  mattress  -  1  Feather  Bed,  Bolster  & 
Pillows  -  2  Horse  shoe  chairs  -  1  wash  stand  Pitcher  Basin  &  chamber,  looking  Glass 
Andirons,  shovel  Tongs  &  Fender  -- 

No.  10  -  Carpet  -  Single  bed 

~  Hair  mattress  Feather  bed,  large  Pillow,  wash  stand,  Pitcher,  Basin  &  chamber 
--  2  chairs  looking  glass 

No.  11  --  Carpet  -  V.  Blind,  Double  Bedstead,  Hair  &  Husk  mattress,  Bolster  &  Pillows  -  wash 
Stand  Pitcher  Basin,  chamber,  chair,  Gilt  looking  Glass  

No.  12  --  Carpet  curtains,  Double  Bedstead,  Hair  mattress  Featherbed  -  Bol  &  Pillows  -  Single 

Bedstead  Hair  mattress  2  Pillows  -  1  Dressing  Table,  1  Gilt  looking  Glafs  -  2  wash  stands  - 
2  Pitchers  -  Basins,  muggs  &  cham.  2  Towel  Stands  -  3  chairs  -  1  Table  1  waiter  -  Pitcher, 
Tumbler  -- 

[The  following  items  were  probably  housed  in  the  2  large  wardrobes  listed,  possibly  located  in  a 
hallway  on  an  upper  floor] 

Table  cloths  50  -  Blankets  -  24  pair  Double  -  20  pair  -  Comforts  -  30 

Sheets  --  Linen 

Do  --  Muslin 

Towels 

Napkins 

P.  Cases 

lot  Stone  jars 

Lot  Glass  jars 

2  Large  Wardrobes 

1  Large  Easy  Chair 

No.  13  -  carpet  -  2  curtains  -  3  Single  Bedsteads,  4  Husk  mattrasses  6  Pillows  2  chairs  -  2  Pitchers 
&  Basins  3  Chambers  --  1  looking  Glass 


217 


No.  14  -  1  Carpet  -  1  curtain,  1  Double  Bedstead,  1  Hair  mattrass  1  Feather  bed  bolster  &  Pillow  - 
2  Single  Beds  --  1  Hair  Mattrass  2  pillows  -  2  chairs,  wash  stand,  2  Pitchers,  Basins,  cham 
mugs  -  1  Towel  Rack  -  looking  Glass  -  Table  -  water  Pitcher  TumblerNo.  15  -  carpet, 
curtain  -  2  Single  Bedsteads,  3  Hair  Mattrass  4  Pillows  -  wash  Stand  Pitcher  Basin 
chamber  -  2  chairs  looking  glass 

No.  22  -  carpet  -  2  Blinds  -  1  Stove  &  pipe,  2  wash  Stands,  1  Pitcher,  Basin,  Muggs  Chamber  -  2 
chairs.  1  looking  Glass  1  Single  Bedstead,  Hair  Mattrass  F.  Bed,  large  Pillow 

No.  24  -  Carpet  -  Blind  &  curtain  -  wash  stand  Pitcher  &  Basin  cham  Gilt  looking  Glass  -  Double 
Bedstead  1  Hair  1  Husk  Mattrass  Bolster  Pillows  1  Single  Bed  -  Husk  Matt  1  large  Pillow 
2  chairs  1  Table  -  waiter  Pitcher  &  Tumbler 

No.  25  -  carpet  -  curtain,  1  Double  Bedstead  1  Hair  mat  -  12  Bed  Bolster  &  Pillows  -  1  Beauro  -  1 
looking  Glass,  1  stove  and  Pipe  -  1  wash  stand  Pitcher  Basin  &  chamber  -  2  chairs 

No.  26  -  Carpet  -  stove  &  pipe,  double  Bedstead,  Hair  mattrass  F.Bed  -  Bolster  &  Pillows  -  2 
Chairs,  wash  Stand,  Pitcher  Basin,  cham  mugg  -  wardrobe  -  curtains 

No.  27  -  carpet  -  curtains  -double  Bed  S  -  Feather  Bed  Husk  Mattrass  -  Bolster  -  Pillow  wash 
Stand  Pitcher  -  Basin  Cham  2  Chairs  Looking  Table 

No.  28  -  Carpet  -  curtains,  Double  Beds  -  Husk  mattrass  -  Feather  B  Bolster  Pillow  2  chairs  wash 
stand  Pitcher  Basin  mugg  chamber  looking  Glass 

Garret  -  8  wash  Stands  -  9  Pitchers  Basins  Chambers  1  Carpet  -  Blind  -  16  Single 

Bedstead 

2  Double  Bedsteads  -  8  Single  Mattrass 

2  Double  Husk  Mattrass  -  1  bolster  -  2  Pillows  1  Double  Hair  mattress  -  Feather  Bed  1 

Single  Mat  -  1  single  Feather  Bed,  Bolster  Pillows 


218 


FURNISHINGS  PLAN  (Officer's  Quarters) 

Overview 

Brig.  Gen.  Edward  D.  Ramsay  reported  in  his  inspection  of  buildings  and  stores  at 
Harpers  Ferry  in  1865  that  Building  34/35,  a  "two  story,  brick  [building],  located 
on  Shenandoah  Street  [was]  in  fair  condition  and  occupied  as  quarters  for 
Officers."1   This  is  the  only  site-specific  evidence  currently  known  for  an  officer's 
quarters  in  this  building.   However,  the  drawing  for  James  Taylor's  room  in  the 
same  building  provides  very  strong  comparative  evidence.   The  furnishings  plan  is 
based  on  this  drawing,  as  well  as  on  several  illustrations  of  contemporary  officer's 
quarters  located  elsewhere. 


Interpretive  Objectives  and  Operating  Plan 

Harpers  Ferry  NHP  will  interpret  the  Civil  War  military  presence  in  the 
historically  furnished  provost  marshal's  office,  located  in  Building  34.   The 
Soldier's  Life  exhibit  in  building  15  illustrates  the  living  conditions  of  the  rank 
and  file  soldier.   The  historically  furnished  officer's  quarters  will  show  a  side  of 
military  life  infrequently  seen  by  visitors— the  lodgings  of  a  military  officer  in 
private  accommodations  in  a  town.   The  presence  of  this  furnished  area  can  also 
lead  to  discussion  of  the  fact  that  Building  36  next  door  was  the  command  center 
for  military  operations  in  Harpers  Ferry,  which  is  why  Building  34/35  was  a 
desirable  location  for  lodgings. 

Most  visitors  will  view  the  room  from  room  202.   Persons  with  mobility  limitations 
will  view  the  room  from  room  205. 


219 


Recommended  Furnishings 

Officer's  Quarters,  room  204,  Building  34. 


Object  and  Location 

BED  (head  of  bed  against 
south  wall  near  southwest 
corner) 

BEDDING: 
Shuck  Mattress 
Feather  Bed 
Pillows,  2 
Bolster 
Sheets,  2 
Pillowcases,  2 
Bolster  Cover 
Blanket 
Coverlet 

WASHSTAND  (against 
west  wall  to  right  of 
window) 

WASHBOWL  and 
PITCHER  (on  washstand) 


SOAP  DISH  with  SOAP  (on 
washstand) 

TOWEL  (on  washstand) 


MIRROR  (on  wall  above 
washstand) 

DRESSER  (against  north 
wall  between  windows) 

TRUNK  (under  window  to 
right  of  dresser) 


CARPETBAG  (to  right  of 
dresser  near  trunk) 

TABLE,  round  (in  center  of 
room) 


Documentation 


Taylor  sketch,  p.  211. 


Taylor  sketch,  p.  211; 
United  States  Hotel 
inventory. 


Taylor  sketch,  p.  211;  figure 
45;  United  States  Hotel 
inventory. 

Taylor  sketch,  p.  211;  figure 
45;  United  States  Hotel 
inventory. 

Soap  required  for  washing 
up. 

Towel  required  for  drying 
off. 

United  States  Hotel 
inventory. 

Figure  47. 


Trunks  were  commonly 
used  by  officers  to  carry 
their  gear. 

Taylor  sketch,  p.  211. 
Figure  45. 


Recommendations 


Acquire  period  piece 


Acquire  period  linens  and 
reproduction  mattress, 
feather  bed  and  pillows 


Acquire  period  piece 


Acquire  period  pieces 


Acquire  period  soap  dish 
and  reproduction  soap 

Acquire  period  piece 


Acquire  period  piece 
Acquire  period  piece 
Acquire  period  piece 

Acquire  period  piece 
Acquire  period  piece 


221 


Officer's  Quarters,  room 

Object  and  Location 

CHAIRS,  2  (one  against 
west  wall  to  left  of  window, 
one  pulled  up  to  table) 

TABLE  COVER  (on  table) 


TRAY  with  DECANTER, 
WHISKEY  BOTTLE, 
TUMBLER,  and  PITCHER 
(on  table) 

LAMP,  oil  (on  table) 


DAGUERREOTYPES,  3  (on 
dresser) 

SPITTOON,  on  oilcloth  mat 
(on  floor  near  table) 

PRINT  (on  west  wall  to  left 
of  window) 


UNIFORM  ACCESSORIES: 

Sword,  Pistol,  Leather 

Accoutrements,  Kepi,  Sash 

(on  chair  against  west  wall) 

and 

Gloves,  Officer's  Slouch  Hat 

(on  dresser) 

OFFICER'S  SACK  COAT 
(on  back  of  chair  drawn  up 
to  table) 

OFFICER'S  UNIFORM: 
Frock  Coat;  white  linen 
Trousers;  Vests,  3;  Shirts,  2 
(in  open  trunk  and  dresser 
drawer) 

Riding  BOOTS,  with 
SPURS  (near  chair  along 
west  wall) 


204,  continued 

Documentation 

Taylor  sketch,  p.  211;  figure 
45. 


Figure  45;  United  States 
Hotel  inventory. 

Figure  45;  United  States 
Hotel  inventory 


Taylor  sketch,  p.  211;  figure 
45. 

Figure  45. 


Figure  47. 


Figure  47. 


Figures  45  and  48. 


Officers  used  sack  coats  for 
daily  wear. 


These  are  the  usual  items 
of  clothing  worn  by  an 
officer. 


Recommendations 


Acquire  period  pieces 


Acquire  period  piece  or 
reproduction 

Acquire  period  pieces  or 
reproductions 


Acquire  period  piece 


Acquire  period  pieces 


Acquire  period  piece 


Acquire  period  print  and 
period  or  reproduction 
frame 

Acquire  period  or 
reproduction  items  as 
required 


Acquire  reproduction 


Acquire  reproductions 


Figure  47. 


Acquire  reproductions 


222 


Officer's  Quarters,  room  204,  continued 


Object  and  Location 

LAP  DESK  with  WRITING 
SUPPLIES  (on  table) 

NEWSPAPER,  1 

and  BOOKS,  2  (on  dresser) 


CARDS,  playing  (on  table) 


PIPE  (on  table) 

SHAVING  BOX  (on 
washstand) 

WINDOW  SHADES,  3  (one 
at  each  window) 

CARPET,  rag  (on  floor) 


Documentation 

Officers  frequently  used  lap 
desks  while  in  the  field. 

Figure  45. 


Card  playing  was  a  popular 
pastime  among  soldiers 
during  the  Civil  War. 

Figure  48. 

Required  for  personal 
hygiene. 

Figure  47. 


Figure  45;  United  States 
Hotel  inventory. 


Recommendations 


Acquire  period  pieces 


Acquire  reproduction 
newspaper  and  period 
books 

Acquire  reproductions 


Acquire  period  piece 
Acquire  period  piece 

Acquire  reproductions 

Acquire  reproduction 


Concept  for  Interpretive  Panels 

The  interpretive  panel  will  identify  this  room  as  a  Civil  War  era  Officer's 
Quarters,  and  should  point  out  the  contrast  between  this  room  and  the  quarters 
occupied  by  the  rank  and  file  troops  in  building  15,  represented  by  the  display  in 
the  Soldier's  Life  exhibit.   Both  displays  illustrate  that  officers  and  enlisted  men 
tried  to  make  themselves  as  comfortable  as  possible  while  in  the  field.   Two 
identical  freestanding  panels  will  be  located  in  room  204,  one  near  the  door  to 
room  202  and  one  near  the  door  to  205.   The  doorways  to  room  204  will  be  fitted 
with  removable  full-length  glass  or  acrylic  plastic  barriers. 

Possible  illustrations: 

—  Officer's  Quarters  at  Fort  Sumter,  South  Carolina,  Harpers  Weekly,  February 
23,  1861,  figure 

—  Officer's  Quarters  in  a  Casemate  at  Fortress  Monroe,  Virginia,  ca. 1861-65, 
figure  44 

—  2nd  Lt.  Philip  Reade  in  his  quarters  at  Fort  Dodge,  Kansas,  July  1867. 


223 


224 


ILLUSTRATIONS 


Illustrations  are  arranged  as  follows: 

Building  34/35  figs.  1-3 

Provost  Marshal,  figs.  4-23 

General  Store,  figs.  24-43 

Officer's  Quarters,  figs.  44-49 


225 


Figure  1.       Three  views  of  Harpers  Ferry,  March  11,  1865.   Neg.  no. 
HF-88.   Courtesy  of  the  Harpers  Ferry  National 
Historical  Park. 


As  seen  here  prior  to  the  1882  renovations,  Building 
34/35  has  three  bays,  with  the  door  in  the  left  bay.   Two 
trees  line  the  sidewalk  in  front. 


226 


Figure  2.       Harper's  Ferry  from  Loudoun  Heights,  1892-95.   Neg.  no. 
HF-99.   Courtesy  of  the  Harpers  Ferry  National 
Historical  Park. 

This  photograph  illustrates  the  crowded  rear  yard  of 
buildings  32-35.   Note  the  two-story  shed  along  the  rear 
of  the  yard,  with  a  railroad  car  parked  alongside. 


228 


Figure  3.        Mr.  Doran  &  his  store,  ca.  1910.   Neg.  no.  HF-417. 

Courtesy  of  the  Harpers  Ferry  National  Historical  Park. 


This  photograph  illustrates  the  front  of  Building  34/35 
during  the  operation  of  Doran's  general  store,  and 
depicts  the  wide  range  of  wares  offered  for  sale.   Street 
numbers  are  visible  over  the  transom  of  two  of  the  entry 
doors. 


230 


• 


i 


Figure  4.       High  Street,  Harpers  Ferry.   Original  location  of  provost 
marshal's  office.   Courtesy  of  the  Harpers  Ferry  National 
Historical  Park. 


232 


Figure  5.       Floor  plan  (not  to  scale)  of  High  Street  building  in  which 
provost  marshal's  office  was  located,  Harpers  Ferry. 
Sketch  by  Krista  Copeland,  park  architect;  revised  by 
Steven  N.  Patricia,  illustrator.   The  sketch  postulates  the 
original  room  layout.   Note  that  there  were  two  rooms, 
with  a  fireplace  in  each  room. 


234 


Figure  6.       Citizens  of  Charleston,  S.C,  Taking  the  Oath  of 

Allegiance  Soon  After  the  Evacuation  of  the  City  by 
General  Hardee,  from  The  American  Soldier  in  the  Civil 
War,  p.  420.   Neg.  no.  92-27-4 1&42. 

Although  the  building  illustrated  is  much  grander  than 
the  office  in  Harpers  Ferry  (as  evidenced  by  the  carpet 
on  the  floor),  this  lithograph  depicting  a  provost 
marshal's  office  offers  an  excellent  example  of  spatial 
arrangement  for  clerks  desks,  types  of  desks  and  chairs, 
as  well  as  details  such  as  the  flag  and  bibles  for  taking  ' 
the  oath.  s 

The  furnishings  and  details  are  more  sparse  than  would 
have  been  the  case  at  Harpers  Ferry,  since  the  title  of 
this  print  reveals  that  it  is  depicting  a  situation 
governed  by  expediency:  the  need  to  administer  the  oath 
to  thousands  of  civilians  after  the  evacuation  of  the  city 
by  the  confederates. 


236 


/ 

H 

\ 

■•'A 

1 

Figure  7.       Issuing  Passes  at  St.  Louis,  from  Harper's  Pictorial 

History  of  the  Civil  War,  March  1862,  p.  292.   Neg.  no. 
LC-1 19286.   Courtesy  of  the  Library  of  Congress. 


The  interior  of  this  building  suggests  that  it  was 
previously  used  for  commercial  purposes,  unlike  the 
domestic  building  in  which  the  Harpers  Ferry  provost 
marshal's  office  was  located. 

Note  that  all  of  the  clerks  are  seated  behind  one 
counter/desk,  unlike  the  arrangement  shown  in  figure  6. 
The  Moulton  documentary  evidence  suggests  that  the 
Harpers  Ferry  arrangement  was  more  like  the  one  in 
figure  6  than  this  one.   Here  the  interior  space  is  divided 
by  a  partition.   The  room  behind  the  partition  was 
probably  used  as  an  office.   Note  also  the  stove  pipe  in 
the  back  room  and  the  hats  and  coats  hung  on  the  wall. 


238 


r. 


— ! 
— 

< 
! — 

- 

— - 

i — i 

Z 


H 
Z 
- 

z 

'— 
/. 


- 

< 


Eh 


X 

- 

- 

— I 
— 


7  r 


m:. — — 


Figure  8.       Capture  of  Savannah — General  Geary  Issuing  Passes  to 
Citizens  of  Savannah,  GA,  from  Frank  Leslie's 
Illustrated  Newspaper,  January  21,  1865,  p.  276. 
Courtesy  of  the  Library  of  Congress. 


The  upscale  interior  and  the  fact  that  a  general  is 
issuing  passes  suggest  that  this  was  not  a  provost 
marshal's  office.   However,  issuing  passes  was  a  duty 
typical  of  a  provost  marshal's  office. 


240 


Figure  9.       Registered  Enemies  Taking  The  Oath  of  Allegiance  At  The  Office  Of 
Gen.  Boiven,  at  New  Orleans,  from  a  sketch  by  Mr.  J.R.  Hamilton. 
Harpers  Weekly,  June  6,  1863,  p.  357.   Neg.  no.  4420T.   Courtesy  of 
the  Library  of  Congress. 


242 


Figure  10.  Provost  Marshal's  Office,  Alexandria  [VaJ,  from  Miller's, 
The  Photographic  History  of  the  Civil  War,  vol.  8,  p.  245. 
Neg.  no.  92-37-54.   Courtesy  of  Russell's  C.W.  Photos. 


This  exterior  photograph  of  a  provost  marshal's  office  in 
Alexandria,  Virginia,  shows  that  it  was  located  in  a 
substantial  building  with  a  clearly  visible  sign  in  front. 

Note  the  sentry  stationed  in  front  and  the  crowds  of 
people  gathering.   Although  in  this  case  the  people  may 
be  gathered  to  pose  in  the  picture,  other  documentary 
and  pictorial  evidence  shows  that  the  crowds  are  typical. 


244 


Figure  11.     The  Provo  Marshal's  Office  on  East  Side  of  Loudoun 

Street  North  of  Water  St.  [Winchester,  Va.],  from  Taylor's 
The  James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook,  p.  157.  Courtesy  of  the 
Western  Reserve  Historical  Society. 


This  sketch  shows  the  exterior  of  a  Union  provost 
marshal's  office  in  Winchester,  Virginia,  in  1864  located 
in  a  substantial  building,  with  a  flag  mounted  at  the 
door  and  people  gathered  in  front. 

Taylor  claims  that  this  was  formerly  the  "ground  floor  of 
a  tobacco  warehouse,"  where  Taylor  stopped  to  get  a 
pass.   Taylor  mentions  that  "about  the  office  door  was  a 
group  of  Blue  Coats." 

A  sign  is  posted  on  the  front  of  the  building,  probably 
stating  that  it  was  the  provost  marshal's  office  and  the 
pass  room  hours. 


246 


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i 

1 


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r    ,- 


I 


1 1    ,  H  »*•• 


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3 

-4 


r 


J7 


O 

■3 


I 

4 


Figure  12.     "Fugitive  slaves  mingle  with  Federal  troops  outside  a 
provost  marshal's  office  at  Aquia  Creek,  Virginia,  in 
1862...."  (modern  caption),  from  the  Time-Life  series,  The 
Civil  War:  Spies,  Scouts  and  Raiders,  vol.  18,  p.  30. 
Neg.  no.  165-SB-46.   Courtesy  of  the  National  Archives, 


Exterior  of  a  Union  provost  marshal's  office  in  a  town 
unlike  Harpers  Ferry.   As  is  typical,  the  provost 
marshal's  sign  is  extremely  visible  and  crowds  of  people 
are  gathering  outside. 


248 


IK^fl 


Figure  13.     Sherman's  Campaign — Provost  Marshal's  Office,  Atlanta 
[Ga.J — Citizens  Getting  Passes  To  Go  North  and  South, 
In  Consequence  of  Gen.  Sherman's  Order  For  The 
Departure  of  All  Citizens,  from  Frank  Leslie's  Illustrated 
Newspaper,  October  29,  1864,  p.  92.   Courtesy  of  the 
Library  of  Congress. 


This  provost  marshal  was  apparently  located  in  a  large 
building  formerly  used  for  domestic  purposes.   Once 
again,  people  are  shown  crowding  around  the  office,  a 
condition  probably  exacerbated  by  the  evacuation  order. 


250 


M 
W 
Oh 

< 
GC 


Figure  14.     The  Military  Authorities  at  Washington,  DC,  Examining 
Passes  in  1861,  from  Frank  Leslie's  Illustrated  History  of 
the  Civil  War,  p.  199.   Neg.  no.  92-28-42&43. 


This  drawing  probably  illustrates  the  exterior  of  a 
provost  marshal's  office,  since  examining  passes  was  a 
provost  marshal's  duty.   Note  again  the  numbers  of 
people  congregating  outside  the  building.   Also  note  the 
awning,  a  treatment  not  seen  in  other  pictorial  evidence, 
and  the  provost  marshal's  uniform. 


252 


Figure  15.     Provost-Marshal's  Office,  Department  of  the  Cumberland, 
from  Miller,  The  Photographic  History  of  the  Civil  War, 
vol.  7,  p.  183. 


No  flag  or  sign  appears  in  this  exterior  photograph,  but 
the  sentry  stationed  at  the  door  is  typical.   Also  typical  is 
the  use  of  a  substantial  building. 


254 


Figure  16.     Headquarters  of  Provost-Marshal-General,  Defenses 
South  of  the  Potomac,  from  Miller,  The  Photographic 
History  of  the  Civil  War,  vol.  7,  p.  201. 


Even  though  this  is  a  provost  marshal  general's  office,  it 
also  displays  a  large,  highly  visible  sign. 


256 


i 


R! 


Figure  17.     General  Lew  Wallace  Considering  My  Case  [Baltimore, 
Md.],  August  8,  1864.   From  Taylor's  The  James  E. 
Taylor  Sketchbook,  p.  10.   Courtesy  of  the  Western 
Reserve  Historical  Society. 


Even  though  this  is  not  a  provost  marshal's  office,  it  is  a 
good  interior  sketch  of  a  military  office.   Especially 
notable  are  the  type  of  desk  and  chair,  the  placement  of 
the  desk  and  chair  against  the  wall  (for  privacy  and  to 
take  advantage  of  light  from  the  window),  the  stationery 
on  the  desk,  and  the  bench  in  the  front  room. 


258 


P%«***rt| 


v 


Figure  18.     General  Sheridan  writing  his  dispatch  to  General  Grant, 
announcing  his  victory,  at  Miss  Wright's  desk 
[Winchester,  Va.],  from  Taylor's  The  James  E.  Taylor 
Sketchbook,  p.  375.   Courtesy  of  the  Western  Reserve 
Historical  Society. 


This  figure,  as  well  as  figures  19  and  20,  are  good 
examples  of  military  interiors  in  domestic  settings, 
illustrating  the  use  of  some  civilian  furnishings.   Note 
also  the  stationery  and  writing  implements. 


260 


Figure  19.     Sheridan  Reading  Mosby's  Pronunciamento  [Winchester, 
Va.],  from  Taylor's  The  James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook,  p. 
563.   Courtesy  of  the  Western  Reserve  Historical  Society. 


262 


n 


Figure  20.     General  Sheridan  and  the  "Horse"  Question  [Lockwood 
House,  Harpers  Ferry,  WV],  from  Taylor's  The  James  E. 
Taylor  Sketchbook,  p.  40.   Courtesy  of  the  Western 
Reserve  Historical  Society. 


This  sketch  shows  a  more  elaborate  type  of  desk. 


264 


*t+<.« 


/*Cs>-4e    _f-  M  '  ^£^tr^* 


Figure  21.     General  Rosecranz,  Commanding  The  Department  Of 
Western  Virginia,  Surrounded  by  His  Staff,  at  Their 
Headquarters,  Clarksburg,  VA — From  a  Sketch  by  Our 
Special  Artist  with  General  Rosencranz's  Command,  from 
Frank  Leslie's  Illustrated  History  of  the  Civil  War,  p. 
156.   Courtesy  of  the  Library  of  Congress. 


This  drawing  shows  a  table  being  used  as  desk  and 
several  slat  back  chairs,  as  well  as  paper  spears  and 
stationery. 


266 


Skw.  11,    1861 


FRANK    LESLIE'S    ILLUSTRATED    NEWSPAPER. 


207 


i  8 


u 


fi 


a  3 


I   ^ 


Figure  22.     John  Brown  arraigned  before  Judge  Richard  Parker  to  be 
Sentenced  States  the  Motives  for  his  invading  Virginia 
[Courthouse,  Charles  Town,  now  WV],  from  Taylor's  The 
James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook,  p.  55.   Courtesy  of  the 
Western  Reserve  Historical  Society. 


This  sketch  shows  an  example  of  a  period  railing, 
although  probably  more  elaborate  and  permanent  than 
the  one  in  the  Harpers  Ferry  provost  marshal's  office. 


268 


Figure  23.     Plausible  cartoon.   From  the  Warsaw  Collection,  Stores- 
General  Works,  Box  1,  Folder  marked  "Stores  Interiors- 
General."   Neg.  no.  91-16300.   Courtesy  of  the 
Smithsonian  Institution. 


The  Harpers  Ferry  provost  marshal's  office  may  have 
had  a  railing  similar  in  type  and  positioning  to  the  one 
illustrated  here. 


270 


Figure  24.     The  Long  Bill,  an  oil  painting  by  James  Henry  Beard, 

1840.   Neg.  no.  1924.186.   Courtesy  of  the  Cincinnati  Art 
Museum. 


272 


Figure  25.     Billhead,  H.L.  Vervalin  &  Co.,  Rochester,  N.Y.,  1862. 
Neg.  no.  91-947.   Courtesy  of  the  Smithsonian 
Institution. 


274 


Figure  26.     Interior  of  a  Country  Store,  drawn  by  Sol  Eytinge,  Jun. 
from  a  sketch  by  Miss  Mary  L.  Stone.   Reproduced  in 
Harper's  Weekly,  April  20,  1872.   Neg.  no.  LC  USZ62- 
8434.    Courtesy  of  the  Library  of  Congress. 


276 


v  im 


, 

w 


Figure  27.     Letterhead,  "Montony  &  Schoonmaker,"  Troy,  N.Y.,  1868. 
Neg.  no.  91-955.   Courtesy  of  the  Smithsonian 
Institution. 


278 


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*:/?   C  £%£*.* 


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Figure  28.     Village  Post  Office,  an  oil  painting  by  Thomas  Waterman 
Wood,  1873.   Neg.  no.  N393-55.   Courtesy  of  the  New 
York  State  Historical  Association,  Cooperstown. 


280 


Figure  29.     Account  Book  Cover,  "W.H.  Bullock,"  1870-90.   Neg.  no. 
91-949.   Courtesy  of  the  Smithsonian  Institution. 


282 


IP" Always  Bring  this  Beek. 


r  ^n.i  y  I,  J    ,  \  <te^*  ri(f>dd*k.. 


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AND 


GROCERIES, 

HARDWARE,    CROCKERY, 

Hats  &  Caps,  Boots  &  Shoes, 

aXjOTOKCIitTGh, 

JFauaoy  Goods,  ITotioxxs,  <fec 


mEB  *v**  v^» 


Figure  30.     The  Country  Store,  an  oil  painting  by  Winslow  Homer, 
1872.   Neg.  no.  HMSG  66.2490.   Courtesy  of  the 
Hirshhorn  Museum  and  Sculpture  Garden,  Smithsonian 
Institution. 


284 


Figure  31.  Interior  of  a  Dry  Goods  House,  James  Beck  &  Co.,  New 
York,  N.Y.,  1855-75.  Neg.  no.  90-7976.  Courtesy  of  the 
Smithsonian  Institution. 


286 


- 
•-1 


Z 


Figure  32.     Wood  engraving  of  store  interior  by  Alexander  Anderson, 
MEYI,  Scrapbook  4,  p.  39.   Courtesy  of  the  New  York 
Public  Library. 


288 


riw 


Figure  33.     Sutler's  Store,  Fort  Dodge,  Kansas,  1867.   From  Harpers 
Weekly,  May  25,  1867. 


290 


Figure  34.     Interior  of  Country  Store,  1869.   From  Hearth  and 
Home,  vol.  1,  no.  27,  June  26,  1869.   Courtesy  of  the 
University  of  Virginia. 


292 


Figure  35.     Exterior  of  a  Country  Store,  1869.   From  Hearth  and 
Home,  vol.  1,  no.  38,  September  11,  1869.   Courtesy  of 
the  University  of  Virginia. 


294 


sra£% 


Figure  36.     Inside  View  of  Retail  Grocery  Using  Standard  Barrel 
Trucks,  1875-95.   Neg.  no.  91-946.   Courtesy  of  the 
Smithsonian  Institution. 


296 


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err 


cc 


go 

C3 


O 

err 


a: 
... 


* 


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Figure  37.     On  Main  Street,  by  Jennie  Brownscombe,  1880-1900. 
Neg.  no.  91-945.   Courtesy  of  the  Smithsonian 
Institution. 


298 


Figure  38.  The  Country  Store:  A  Typical  Scene  Found  by  the  Artist 
Near  Kennebunk,  ME,  by  Abbott  Graves,  1897.  Neg.  no. 
USZ62-15861.   Courtesy  of  the  Library  of  Congress. 


300 


Figure  39.     Account  Book  Cover,  "Bennett  &  Sissin,  Valley  Farm," 
ca.  1895.   Neg.  no.  89-290.   Courtesy  of  the  Smithsonian 
Institution. 


302 


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In   account  with 


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7  . 


DRY    GOODS 


AND 


Groceries, 

HARDWARE,       CROCKERY, 

Hats  &  Caps,  Boots  &  Shoes, 


Fancy   Goods,   Notions,    &c. 


Figure  40.     Billhead,  "L.D.  &  J.  Collins,  Jr.  Forwarding  and 

Commission  Merchants,"  West  Troy,  N.Y.,  1868.   From 
the  Warsaw  Collection,  Food,  Box  3,  Folder  marked  "C". 
Neg.  no.  91-16296.   Courtesy  of  the  Smithsonian 
Institution. 


304 


I  •      I 


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Figure  41.     Advertisement,  "Fox  &  Woodford,  Wholesale  and  Retail 
Grocers,"  1870-90.   From  the  Warsaw  Collection,  Food, 
Box  5,  Folder  marked  "F".   Neg.  no.  91-16297.   Courtesy 
of  the  Smithsonian  Institution. 


306 


45G 


FOX  &  WOODFORD, 

"Wholesale  and  Eetail 

GROCERS, 


3STO-     17     CENTRAL    IROW- 
Ilend  Quarters  for  Flue  Groccrlesi 

STAPLE    ATSTID    F-A.3STC"Y. 


■<5i  CANDLES 


STUART'S 
FINEST  FLAVORED 

G REEH  &  BLACK  TE  &S, 
Bond's  Trackers  k  Biscuit; 

Coffee,  Spices,  Saleratus,  &c. 
Fresh  Green  &  Dried  Fruits  ; 

I3  R.  E  SE  I=rv  E  Z5 

Fruits,  Jellies,  Jams,  Marmalades,  Ac. 


THE  GREAT  DEPOT  FOR 

WOOD,  WILLOW,  RATTAN  WARE,  &c, 

18    AT 

FOX  &  WOODFORD'S, 

Whore  may  he  found  at  nil  time.*,  in  great  variety,  a  large 
stoek,  Wholesale  or  Retail;  Wash  Tubs,  Tails,  Keclers,  Wash 
Boards,  Can  Tails,  Mop  Sticks,  Batter  Boxes,  Wheelbarrows, 
Toy  Carts,  Clothes  Frames,  Hair  and  Wire  Seives,  Dish  Mops, 
Measures  Sealed,  Babv  (hairs,  Willow  Cradles,  Baskets,  Bird 
('ace*,  together  with  a  full  stock  of  GROCERIES  of  every 
description.    Call  and  examine,  before  purchasing*    ewhere. 

FOX  &  WOODFORD,  17  Central  Row. 


/ 


Figure  42.     Billhead,  "H.B.  Foster,  Wholesale  &  Retail  Dealer," 

Concord,  N.H.,  1853.   From  the  Warsaw  Collection,  Food, 
Box  5,  Folder  marked  "F".   Neg.  no.  91-16298.   Courtesy 
of  the  Smithsonian  Institution. 


308 


Figure  43.     Billhead,  "R.  Thompson,  Dealer  in  Dry  Goods,  Ready- 
made  Clothing,  Flour,  Grain  and  Groceries,"  Warner, 
N.H.,  1869.   From  the  Warsaw  Collection,  Dry  Goods, 
Box  3,  Folder  3.   Neg.  no.  91-16299.   Courtesy  of  the 
Smithsonian  Institution. 


310 


*      v 


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8w 


V 


^1 


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s. 


Figure  44.     Officer's  Quarters  in  a  casemate  at  Fort  Monroe, 

Virginia,  ca.  1861-1865.   Courtesy  of  the  Massachusetts 
Commandery,  Military  Order  of  the  Loyal  Legion,  and 
the  U.S.  Army  Military  History  Institute.   Volume  44,  p. 
2172. 


312 


Figure  45.     Officer's  Quarters  at  Fort  Sumter,  South  Carolina.   From 
a  sketch  by  an  officer  on  Major  Anderson's  staff. 
Harpers  Weekly,  February  23,  1861. 


314 


Figure  46.     Lt.  Col  W.  C.  Ward's  Quarters,  1861.   Drawn  by  Alfred 
Waud.   Neg.  no.  Waud  Dwg.  837.   Courtesy  of  the 
Library  of  Congress. 


316 


-■a 


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\  ; 


■' 


*** 


I 


Figure  47.     The  General's  Room  in  Larrick's  Hotel,  from  Taylor's  The 
James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook,  p.  129.   Courtesy  of  the 
Western  Reserve  Historical  Society. 


318 


) 


■ 


\ 


i: 


«* 


\ 


Is 


s 


V5 


Figure  48.     General  Sheridan's  Personelle,  from  Taylor's  The  James 
E.  Taylor  Sketchbook,  p.  539.   Courtesy  of  the  Western 
Reserve  Historical  Society. 


320 


J) 


<5 


t* 

! 


Figure  49.     Interior  of  the  home  of  Mr.  Joseph  Denny,  in  Winchester, 
Virginia,  from  Taylor's  The  James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook, 
p.  560.   Courtesy  of  the  Western  Reserve  Historical 
Society. 


322 


1 


APPENDIXES 

APPENDIX  A 

Inventories  of  the  McGraw  Family 

Notice  of  Auction  of  J.C.  Mcgraw  Hardware  Business  Inventory 

Public  Sale  of  Hardware  Merchandise  Stock,  Thursday,  February  10,  1898,  11a.m. 
Spirit  of  Jefferson,  February  5,  1898.   P*ge  2,  column  3 

1  nickel  plate  glass  show  case 

1  oak  roll-top  desk  with  gilt  wire  screen 

2  hanging  brass  Rochester  burner  store  lamps 

1  cash  register,  slightly  out  of  repair 

2  step  ladders 

1  "Wonder"  stove 

250  cans  assorted  paints  and  varnish 

5  gals  hard  oil 

1000-1500  lbs  of  cut  nails 

527  lbs  fence  wire 

200  ft  one-inch  rope 

lot  forks,  handles  and  rakes 

window  and  door  screens 

grass  seed  sowers 

corn  cutters 

scythes 

grubbing  irons 

tri-squares 

stock  of  chisels,  augurs,  bits,  files,  gimlets  &c 

bolts,  screws  &c 
40  sets  of  sash  balances 

(Note:   considered  a  novelty  -  can  be  placed  on  the 

window  w/o  the  boxing  necessary  for  rope  and  weights 

locks 

keys 
1000  fish  hooks 

oil  stones 
box  assorted  spool  wires 

3  bags  lamp  wick 

trowels 

castors 

husking  pins 

hinges 

counter  scales 

pocket  spirit  levels 
2  doz  saw  handles 

thumb  gauges 

bridle  bits 


324 


paint  brushes 
coffee  mill 

hectograph  and  other  hardware  merchandise 

20  shares  Capital  Stock  of  Bank  of  Harper's  Ferry 

bar  fixtures 
2  beer  pumps 

water  cooler 

gas  pump  apparatus 
2  refrigerators 

1  roll  matting 

1  rocking  chair 

1  bureau 


Inventory  of  Items  Sold  by  James  Mcgraw  to  Patrick  Mcgraw 

James  McGraw  to  Patrick  McGraw 

Bargain-and-Sale 

Jefferson  County  Deed  Book  39,  pp.  396-397 

January  16,  1861 

Deed  of  personal  property  to  Patrick  McGraw  for  a  sum  of  $2,306.23. 
Sale  specifies: 

--stable  &  ice  house  near  the  Market  House  at  Harper's  Ferry  $100 

-5  mules  @  $80  each 

-1  mare  @  $30 

-1  bay  horse  @  $12 

--1  colt®  $70 

-John  Brown's  horse  blind  @  $20 

-1  sorrel  mare  @  $70 

-1  black  horse  named  Rock  @  $50 

-1  sorrel  colt  named  Billy  @  $70 

--250  bushels  of  oats  @  $75 

-lot  of  boat  gear,  buggy  harness,  cart  gears  &  2  old  saddles  @  $30 

-1  two-horse  wagon  @  $45 

-lot  of  barrels  &  hogsheads  @  $3 

-quantity  of  straw  in  stable  @  $2 

-1  spring  wagon  @  $25 

-1  two-seat  buggy  @  $65 

-1  one-seat  buggy  @  $40 

-1  two-horse  carriage  @  $70 

-3  sleighs  @  $7.50  each 

-2  buggies  ($70  and  $10) 

The  above  items  are  located  in  the  stable 


325 


--3  barrels  of  tar  (@  $2.25/barrel)  $6.75 

--1  rope   $2 

--a  lot  of  barrels  &  hogsheads  at  warehouse  belonging  to  store   $5 

--20  gal.  ethereal  oil   $10 

--3  lbs  pork  $21 

--8  sacks  of  fine  salt  (@  $1.80/sack)  $14.40 

--6  pieces  of  old  bacon  weighing  108  lbs. 

(@$0.12  1/2  per  lb.)   $13.50 
-1  barrel  superfine  flour   $6.00 
--200  lbs.  crackers  (@  $0.08/lb.)  $16 
--1  20  gal.  barrel  of  French  Brandy  (@  $0.75/gal.)  $15 
--1  40  gal  barrel  Whiskey  (@  $0.50/gal.)  $20 
--10  gal.  sweet  wine  (@  $.35/gal.)   $3.50 
-20  gal.  port  wine  (@  $0.75/gal.)  $15 
-10  gal.  wine  (@  $0.35/gal.)  $3.50 
-2  gross  of  pint  bottles  $12 

-2  boxes  tobacco  containing  200/lbs  (@  $0.18/lb.)  $36 
-50  lbs.  candy  (@  ?/lb.)  $7 

-2  doz.  of  1  gal.  demi-johns  (@  $0.15/piece)   $3.60 
-m?ous  and  cigars  (@  $5/thousand)   $15 
-1  sack  of  coffee  (@  1001bs./  $0.12  1/2  per  lb.)  $12.50 
-50  lbs.  cracked  sugar  (@  $0.12  1/2  per  lb.)   $6.25 
-1  box  candles  $5-lot  of  jugs  and  candy  jars  $12 
-??????  $8 

-35  lbs.  green  tea  (@  $.40/lb.)   $14 
-50  lbs.  cheese  ($0.12  1/2  per  lb.)  $6.25 
-counter  (scales?)   $1 
-stove  $2.50 
-bushel  measure  $0.25 
-peck  measure  $0. 12  1/2 

The  above  listed  items  are  located  in  the  store 

Also  listed  is  James  McGraw's  interest  in  two  canal  boats: 

"John  H.  Shaw"   $300 

"Julia  Anne  McGraw"   $400 
These  boats  are  located  in  the  C&O  Canal  and  are  subject  to  liens  for  the  balance  of  unpaid 
purchase  money. 


Property  Conveyed  by  James  Mcgraw  to  Trustees 

Jefferson  County  Deed  Book  39,  p.  397 

Deed  of  Trust 

McGraw  to  George  N.  Lynch,  Wm.  Walsh,  Trustees  for  certain  creditors 

January  17,  1861 

Property  conveyed: 

-account  book  kept  in  late  grocery/liquor  store 
-cook  stove  and  its  operating  apparatus 


326 


--3  coal  and  wood  stoves 

—4  feather  beds,  bedsteads  &  bedding  furniture,  complete 

--1  sofa 

--one  clock 

-50  yds.  of  ingrain  carpet  (imported) 

-3  looking  glasses 

-3  tables 

-12  assorted  chairs 

-2  rocking  chairs 

-4  washstands,  bowls  &  pitchers 

-2  bureaus 

-1  cupboard 

-1  safe 

-1  wardrobe 

-1  liquor  case  &  bottles 

-1  set  of  Liverpool  Dining  plates  &  dishes,  assorted  &  sundry  pieces 

-crockery  ware 

-wooden  tubs 

-buckets 

-andirons,  shovels  &  tongs 

-baskets  &  variety  of  other  household  &  kitchen  utensils 

Conveyance  of  personal  belongings  over  to  trustees  to  secure  the  payment  owed  to: 

-Edward  Murphy  $307 

-Rev'd  Michael  Contello  (priest)  $220 

-Wells  J.  Hawks  $80 

-Bernard  McCabe  $20 

-Dr.  Nicholas  Marmion  due  rent  on  two  houses  &  $600 

-Michael  O'Shea  $45  w/interest 

-A. J.  Rase(?)  $126  w/interest 


1859  Tax  Records  of  Jefferson  County 

Reel  50,  Volume  II,  pp.  101-160 

James  McGraw: 

1  slave  of  at  least  16  years 

1  slave  of  at  least  12  years 

4  horse,  mule, and @$450 

3  carriages,  wagons,  etc. @$  150 

$100  value  of  kitchen  &  household  furniture 

aggregate  value  of  $700 
amount  taxed:   $4.50 


327 


APPENDIX  B 

Excerpt  from  Quarterly  Issues  of  Stationery* 
Revised  Army  Regulations  of  1861  (1863),  p.  167. 


328 


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APPENDIX  C 

List  of  Forms  and  Selected  Examples 
from  the  Provost  Marshal  General  Regulations  (1863). 


Moulton  specifically  mentions  the  forms  numbered  1,  2,  and  5  on  this 
list.   Although  Moulton  did  not  specifically  mention  them,  numbers  3, 
4,  and  6-24  may  have  been  filled  out  as  well.   The  Harpers  Ferry 
office  probably  did  not  fill  out  numbers  25-39,  since  these  were 
relevant  to  the  draft  and  enrolment  boards. 


330 


S      l 


V 


i",   ; 


_?      z.  a 


J      |    • 01  IHJjj 

I 


f  |    |   I 


01  lUDa 


>    ;r  •rf.lllll  >I|1IIU   |'  \l  >  1" 

i    :  |i||-ll  II     I-UVJ  1     JO 

j.  i  Cpui-nJ  hi  Sii.'iium  •:{ 

V.    5->    -  I  j      Jopi-')ils!pjviuin<; 


5         S 


»  0  ;>  ujl  1-i'i  T|l  Jul 


•Uml  U  1-|  l\! 

.{p'l-iu  hi  2  ii  .  fii  >U 


•»  I.      —  — 

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.i  hi  aiiinii  in  i;| 

JrO.!-ip   Ji'lIIII    \ 

i 

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-jnp  [Mis  uiu  j ■'•l'iiii\ 


g  -uoil'i  i-\ :  ;n 

Xpoi-n.)  u\  Siiiuiu'.ii  i'j 


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t. 


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^    to   : 


5    S    u    v>    o    > 


.       tL 


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rt    —    '~    d    t^    i*r' 
ri    7i    n    ^    ri    ?< 


x  x  r  r  r  T- 

K  w  o  o  o  fi 

cv  O  —  ~?i  C-3  -r 

w  n  .*:  m  n  n 


/.  y.  y  y  y  y.      y  y  y  y  y  y< 


•.-'  d  r»  /"  r. 

c-j  r:  .-:  r:  .-3 

c"  6  ;  z  6 

y  y  y  y  y 


FoK.M  4. 


Iicj'ort  of  jnrsons  and  articles  employed  and  Jit  ml  hi  the district  of ,  during  tlic  month,  of ,  ISC—,  l»J 

,  — ,  jirorvst  marshal. 


5  Name?  of 

=    i     pcr-on-   and 
c    I         articles. 


Domination  and 
occupation. 


Sf-rvire    during       Hale   (if  Inn-   or 
the  month,  cotupi  n-atioii. 


A  in 'I  of 


l!i»i>»I. 


Tunis  and  the  niiinuiil  dm   ■'"", 


n «  meni,  or 
<  nlr)  itito  mi 
From    To     Da>-      Po!ls.  Cl?    Pui-nr        v,ce- 
,  in  iiilli. 


iinl  or  pat  Sli(min;  lit  win. in  the  t>uild-|  remaining  unpaid. 

P.ilt*  nfr.-ntracl,         Hy    tehnm       .    in  the  mo.  .   inc- wert  o(  cupe  d,and  for! 
owned.  |  what  |iiir|»o>r, and  iii'ir  tl»c' 

I  moi  vvrc  eroph'tt'd  during 

Doll-    Cts.'   tin-  month.    Tniii*Ter«  and     From—         To—         D'll-V' 
diM  liaise*    will    be    noted 


under  t It ■  ~  load. 


Amount  of  rent  and  hire  dutinj  the  n.  <r.th  . 


Total  amount  due  and  remaining  unpaid.... 


I  ccrtift ,  in  honor,  the  above  i-  a  true  report  of  all  t  lie  pi  r-Vns  and  articles  <  mployvd  and  hired  by  me  during  the  month  of ,  \irC-,  ai)d  that  the  observations  ui.il.  i  Mm   In  ad  of 

:  Remarks,''  ami  me  si  iiemeni  of  amounts  due  .:iid  remaining  unpaid,  are  correct. 

— —  ,    /Void'   .V.riW. 

Date  . 

station   . 


E    s 


I!i  inn  long  in  custody  last  n  port. 


Number  arrested  during  the  month. 


Number  disposed  of. 


Pent  to 


Pent  to  ■ 


i  nt  to •. 


Si  nt  to 


'-. 


Remaining  in  cit'todj  of  provn-t  in.-irsh.il,  '  a 

or  civil  authorities.  > 


S 


s 


s 


FOKM    C. 


Kitum  of  the  provost  marshal's  party \  and  rfdestrters  under  eh  arise  if • ,  provost  marshal  of  the district  if  -  > 

far  t/'if  month  if ,  l^G 


rAii'rv  and  ucsKitrcns. 


A  I.I  ii;a  TlnNs  SINCE  LAST  ISKTl'RN. 


l'l;i>k>T  »M>  »K!-l«Tl  jiuhed. 


1  R«N->  I  I    HI  D  l'1-i    II  >  Hi. I'D 


I  ngl«i  lln  |uirtv.| 


Enli-icd   ,      Wnh  IVr.lmul  U     | 

nun  li  .ive.  |.  uvc. 


C     '  t- 


1        - 


i   '» 


l      !       I 


s.       !  i  Z     f     s      v  :     s 


Party. 


*       -      e    I   -      - 

u    I  >.      £   is      ; 

<      !  s    I  i.      x      ■- 


—  t£  > 

e       2       C 

els        o 


o       "    I    ?       x| 


Hi  i,,:irk*. 


\fltl     1    —  Tin      ll  IV    '"I 
nlmli   Hll  nllifrf  j"l    -.  n 

ir.ni-f.  mil,   or    M  I"  ii-il, 
s        will  bt  In  f.   ni-iTIi  d. 


_ 


Xuiiits  of enlisted  mm  nouired,  in  tujdaiiution  of  "  altt  rations  since  last  return,"  4T 


No.        \,in  -  -{See  note  2.)      Coni|i'y.l  Rijiiiunt.  Pair  of  j.Mn-    Pate  of  trans 


I  I 


fct. 


Pan- if  die-     Pale  of  death 
cl.arge. 


lion  nfrk.-er      Win  !<■  I  rant 
linn.  ('  rrtil. 


Dale  — 
Siaiiun 


Von  T  in  -  of 

I    tin-  party  anil  01  ll>r  Jr- 

I    -•  Hi  i-  i..u-;  In'  ki  |ii  m  |>- 
.ilc. 


,    frui-o.l   MaT.l.nl. 


FuRM    7. 


,.,t.m  if  lull, c  property  r<ccired,  issued,  i:>,d  remaining  on  7<and  in  the district  of ,  during  the  month  of ,1^G 

oy ,  jtrocost  marshal. 


r'r i-'ii  h  linm  imn  »-d. 


'.,■  '  I  i-i  n  mm. 

^    •  i».  d  If. .hi .    .. 

!,  I»  r  a!  'tract  . 


be  acouiix-d  for. 


.    '     '   n.  .!  Iji 

I-  it,  («  r  mL-ii**'!. 


■*  | 

1      c 
=      t  . 

c  5  • 

la         °       H 

LL  ■   - 


r  1  iT.i^tHV. 


I 


urtiii  i '  kv:Ti'Rt.  ire. 


•9      i      " 


K.  markf. 


VoTf       V  I    i  |.ur 

:  «  nil 

Mil-  Itlll    li,  lilll     il     ,         ,i.   |1x  t 

uf  ii  lull  i .  r   kii  .'     il    pur 

ii  ilie 

..i.ii.i.i  ,,,  ,r.,,  ,i  _       ,  ,i', 

'!•  ,-" ill,  'i  ill   uc    i  iki  n 

up  mi  il, is  ii  nirn. 


r.ii        ■     '     .  !..i.-d 

,     »«...„.        . 

ir  ri-lurn  i,  corn-el,  Mil!  ll    it  >'  .  !,•«  ,;        ■     J  n  ,•,.,...  ,:|j  a,„j  ,.,  id. ,',  in  till 

(Pi  "i  ir.Tti  ) 
p«».  One  -. 

■^^  -'•   '     ii 


CO 


— ,   P.Oi„<f    'I  ir.'.ol. 


C    I 


V 


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jo  u\ 


B- 


^ 


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Tvyiinji'  ;««">'j  ' 


•p>jin  ~>>n 
wji,j  i;;  )pjl  /o  J  "i;-  ,  '    "11 
l|)l  M  lll.l"    "I  III"  •  '•'  "I  ^,n'1    i 
3111     JOI    -i  "|.)ll'>_\       ')""    i0 

jojftwl  i>-,;'V"    I'  >-'  i|.)jnd 
■;i|jiui:    hji  in-'  "'"I-   l?"K   I 

■»ijj'|"'.i  '!.■("'  /«  "■"'/•■'  i 

3i|l  u|   M  i\i   HI  >*■>   -''•'■  1J  "I   , 

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•joj  pn  il  pin:  p.i-tij  >jn.I  '  ipuiy 


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P'OuipjruI  iuni|.«  tloij  '    — 


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APPENDIX  D 

Pass  from  the  Harpers  Ferry  Military  District, 

dated  Jan.  2,  1865,  signed  by  A.D.  Pratt,  Major  and  Provost  Marshal 

giving  leave  to  travel  to  Bolivar  &  return. 


Examples  of  this  pass  and  others  can  be  found  at  Harpers  Ferry  NHP. 


344 


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BIBLIOGRAPHY 

The  following  references  are  described  more  fully  in  the  sections  titled  "Discussion  of  Sources" 
found  in  this  report. 


PRIMARY  SOURCES 

The  American  Soldier  in  the  Civil  War.   New  York:   Bryan,  Taylor  &  Co.,  ca.1895.   A  pictorial 
history  of  the  civil  war  by  artists,  such  as  Forbes,  Taylor,  and  others;  and  descriptive 
articles  by  Rossiter  Johnson,  Gen.  Fitzhugh  Lee,  and  others. 

Ball,  Horace.  "34th  Massachusetts  Regiment  Civil  War  Letters."   Vol.  1  and  2.   Bound  transcripts, 
Harpers  Ferry  NHP. 

Brady,  Capt.  Joseph  (Provost  Marshal  of  Harpers  Ferry).   Records  available  on  microfilm  reel  40, 
Harpers  Ferry  NHP. 

Bureau  of  the  Census.   The  Sixth  Census  (1840)  -  Eighth  Census  (1860)  of  the  United  States 

(1840),  Jefferson  County,  Virginia:  Ninth  Census  (1870)  -  Twelfth  Census  of  the  United 
States  (1900),  Jefferson  County,  West  Virginia.   Microfilm  copy  located  at  Shepherd 
College,  Shepherdstown,  West  Virginia. 

Guards  Pass  written  to  Sarah  Shay  and  Mary  Mumaker,  signed  by  P[rovost]  M[arshal]  L.  Long, 
museum  cat.  #438.   Document  file,  HFD  #274,  Harpers  Ferry  NHP. 

Index  to  Circulars,  Provost  Marshal  General's  Office,  no  publication  information,  1863. 

James  McGraw  vs.  Thomas  A.  Kirwan,  Debt  Appeal.   Deposition  of  John  Martin,  1866.   Jefferson 
County  Circuit  Court,  Charles  Town,  West  Virginia. 

Moulton,  Charles  H.   Unedited  transcripts  of  letters  and  dispatches  dated  1861-65.   Typescripts  of 
original  letters  prepared  by  Lee  and  Karen  Drickamer  on  deposit  at  Harpers  Ferry  NHP. 

Quartermaster  General  Records.   Index  of  Claims.  "Congressional  Case  No.  9183,  James  McGraw 
vs.  The  United  States,  July  6,  1892."   National  Archives,  Washington,  D.C. 

Ramsay,  Edward  D.,  General  Inspector,  to  Brig.  Gen.  A.B.  Dyer,  Chief  of  Ordnance,  July  27,  1865. 
Photocopy  of  correspondence  from  National  Archives  Record  Group  156  located  in  Map 
Drawer  no.  10,  Harpers  Ferry  NHP.   (Snell's  typescript  of  letter  also  available.) 

Regulations  for  the  Government  of  the  Bureau  of  the  Provost  Marshal  General.   Washington: 
Government  Printing  Office,  1863. 

Revised  U.S.  Army  Regulations  of  1861  with  an  Appendix  Containing  the  Changes  and  Laws 
Affecting  Army  Regulations  and  Articles  of  War  to  June  25,  1863.    Washington: 
Government  Printing  Office,  1863. 

Rules  for  Keeping  the  Principal  Record  Books  Used  at  Dept.  &  General  Headquarters.    Washington: 
Government  Printing  Office,  1865. 


346 


U.S.  Army  Continental  Command  Records.   Vols.  4/7,  8.   National  Archives  Record  Group  393. 
Washington,  D.C. 

Union  Provost  Marshal  Records  Index.   Microfilm  #M345.   National  Archives,  Washington,  D.C. 

The  War  of  the  Rebellion:  A  Compilation  of  the  Official  Records  of  the  Union  and  Confederate 

Armies,  Series  III,  Vol.  II,  Series  II,  Vol.  IV.   Washington,  DC:  Government  Printing  Office, 
1899. 

Ward,  Joseph  P.  "The  Civil  War  Letters  of  Joseph  P.  Ward,  34th  Massachusetts  Regiment,  Co.  E." 
Bound  transcripts,  Harpers  Ferry  NHP. 


PUBLIC  RECORDS 

Wills,  property  records,  and  census  records  for  Jefferson  County  can  be  found  on  microfilm  at 
Harpers  Ferry  NHP  and  at  the  Jefferson  County  Courthouse,  Charles  Town,  WV.    Bound  copies  of 
will  records  for  Loudoun  County  are  located  in  the  Loudoun  County  Courthouse,  Leesburg,  VA. 


PHOTOGRAPHS  AND  ILLUSTRATIONS 

The  photographs  and  illustrations  used  in  this  report  are  located  in  collections  at  the  following 
institutions: 

Harpers  Ferry  National  Historical  Park 

Cincinnati  Art  Museum 

Hagley  Museum  and  Library 

Library  of  Congress 

National  Archives 

New  York  State  Historical  Association 

Smithsonian  Institution,  Warshaw  Collection  and  Hirshhorn  Museum 


NEWSPAPERS 

The  Spirit  of  Jefferson,  the  Virginia  Free  Press,  the  Harpers  Ferry  Sentinel,  and  the  Farmers 
Advocate  are  available  on  microfilm  at  the  Harpers  Ferry  NHP. 


MAPS 

"Plan  and  Profile  of  Proposed  Construction  of  Class  'A'  Road.    State  Project  3034.    Harpers  Ftn> 
District,  Jefferson  County,  Harpers  Ferry  to  Bolivar."   West  Virginia  State  Road 
Commission.    Microfilmed  copy,  1990. 

Sanborn  and  Perris  Insurance  maps  (1894,  1902,  1907,  1912,  1917,  1922  and  1933  editions). 

Photostatic  copies  available  in  the  office  of  the  History  Research  Project,  Harpers  Ferry 

Mil' 


347 


NATIONAL  PARK  SERVICE  REPORTS 

Chickering,  Patricia,  with  Michael  Jenkins.   HAFE  Package  116,  Historic  Structures  Report, 

History  Section,  Block  B,  Lots  2  and  3,  Shenandoah  Street,  Park  Buildings  32,  33,  33A, 
34/35,  34A,  and  36,  Harpers  Ferry  National  Historical  Park,  Harpers  Ferry,  West  Virginia. 
Based  on  the  preliminary  report  of  Perry  G.  Fisher,  July  1989.   A  Cooperative  Agreement 
between  the  U.S.  Department  of  the  Interior,  National  Park  Service  and  University  of 
Maryland. 

Interpretive  Material  for  the  Provost  Marshal's  Office,  unpublished,  Harpers  Ferry  NHP. 

Kissling,  Herbert  H.  Historic  Building  Report-Part  I,  Building  Nos.  34-35  and  32  and  34A, 
Harpers  Ferry  National  Monument.  U.S.  Department  of  the  Interior,  National  Park 
Service.   Typed  original,  October  1957. 

Noffsinger,  James  P.  Harpers  Ferry,  West  Virginia:  Contributions  Towards  a  Physical  History. 
U.S.  Department  of  the  Interior,  National  Park  Service,  Eastern  Office  of  Design  and 
Construction,  November  1958. 

Shackel,  Paul  A.  "Historic  Structures  Report:  Archaeological  Component.  Package  116,  Harpers 
Ferry  National  Historical  Park."  U.S.  Department  of  the  Interior,  National  Park  Service. 
Draft  report.   November  1989. 

Snell,  Charles  W.   "Historic  Building  Report,  Part  II,  Building  Nos.  36  and  36A,  Harpers  Ferry 
National  Monument."   Typed  copy,  March  1959. 

.   "Historic  Building  Report,  Part  II,  Historical  Data  Section,  Building  Nos.  34-35,  32,  33, 

and  34A.   The  Samuel  Annin  House,  Lot  No.  3,  Block  B,  Shenandoah  Street."   Harpers 
Ferry  National  Monument.   Unpublished  manuscript.    March  4,  1959. 

.   "Historical  Building  Site  Survey  Report,  Part  II,  for  Bldgs.  No.  41  and  42."    Harpers 

Ferry  National  Monument.   Unpublished  manuscript.   June  1959. 

.   Harpers  Ferry  Becomes  a  Fortress,  Sept.  21-  Oct.  6,  1863.    Harpers  Ferry  National 

Monument.    December  16,  1959. 

.   Harpers  Ferry  Repels  An  Attack  and  Becomes  the  Major  Base  of  Operations  for  Sheridan's 

Army,  July  4,  1864- July  27,  1865.    Harpers  Ferry  National  Monument.   January  21,  1960. 

.    The  Fortifications  at  Harpers  Ferry,  Virginia  in  1861  and  Jackson's  Attack,  May  1862. 

Harpers  Ferry  National  Monument.    February  9,  1960. 

.  A  Compendium  of  the  Commercial  and  Industrial  Advertisements  of  the  Business  and 

Manufacturing  Establishments  of  Harpers  Ferry  and  the  Island  of  Virginius,  1824-1861. 
Denver  Service  Center.    1973. 

.    The  Business  Enterprises  and  Commercial  Development  of  Harpers  Ferry's  Lower  Town 

Area,  1803  to  1861,  National  Park  Service  Historic  Resource  Study,  Harpers  Ferry  NHP. 
1973. 


348 


.    "A  Comprehensive  History  of  Armory  Dwelling  Houses  of  the  U.S.  Armory  and  Harper's 

Ferry,  Virginia,  1798-1884.   In  Three  Volumes.    Harpers  Ferry  NHP,  VW.   A  History  of  the 
Construction,  Repair,  Improvement  and  Acquisition  of  Armory  Dwelling  Houses,  1798- 
1841."   Vol  1,  National  Capitol  Team,  Denver  Service  Center,  CO.   November  1981. 

Sullivan,  Arthur  L.    "History  Building  Site  Survey  Report:  Wager  Lots  No.  17-34,  1782-1869." 
Harpers  Ferry  National  Monument,  High  Street  Studies  Series,  no.  1,  Feb.  18,  1959. 
Revised  May  15,  1959. 


SECONDARY  SOURCES 

Banes,  Charles  H.  History  of  the  Philadelphia  Brigade .    Philadelphia:   J.B.    Lippincott  &  Co., 
1876. 

Barry,  Joseph.   The  Strange  Story  of  Harper's  Ferry,  With  Legends  of  the  Surrounding  Country. 
Martinsburg,  WV:   Thompson  Brothers,  1903;  reprint,  Harpers  Ferry,  WV:   The  Woman's 
Club  of  Harpers  Ferry  District,  1979. 

Bill,  Alfred  Hoyt.  The  Beleaguered  City:  Richmond,  1861-1865.  Westport,  CT:  Greenwood  Press 
Publishers,  1946. 

The  Civil  War:  Spies,  Scouts  &  Raiders.   Vol.  18.  Alexandria,  VA:  Time-Life  Books,  1988. 

Davis,  Alec.   Package  and  Print:   The  Development  of  Container  and  Label  Design.   New  York: 
Clarkson  N.  Potter,  Inc.,  1967. 

Drickamer,  Lee  C.  and  Karen  D.  Drickamer,  comp.  and  eds.  Fort  Lyon  to  Harper's  Ferry:  On  the 
Border  of  North  and  South  with  "Rambling  Jour,"  The  Civil  War  Letters  and  Newspaper 
Dispatches  of  Charles  H.  Moulton  (34th  Mass.  Vol.  Inf.).  Shippensburg,  PA:  White  Mane 
Publishing  Co.,  Inc.,  1987. 

Fay,  Edwin  H.    "This  Infernal  War:"  The  Confederate  Letters  of  Sgt.  Edwin  H.  Fay,  edited  by  Irvin 
Wiley  Bell.   Austin:  University  of  Texas  Press,  1958 

Freeman,  Larry.    The  Country  Store.    Watkins  Glen,  NY:    Century  House,  1955. 

Guernsey,  Alfred  H.  and  Henry  M.  Alden.   Harpers  Pictorial  History  of  the  Civil  War.   NY:   The 

Fairfax  Press,  facsimile  of  earlier  (1866)  edition.    Originally  titled  Harpers  Pictorial  History 
of  the  Great  Rebellion. 

Hagood,  Johnson.   Memoirs  of  the  War  of  Secession:   From  the  Original  Manuscripts  of  Johnson 
Hagood.    Edited  by  U.R.  Brooks.   Columbia,  SC:  The  State  Company,  1910. 

Hunter,  Alexander.   Johnny  Reb  and  Billy  Yank.    New  York  and  Washington:    The  Neale 
Publishing  Co.,  1905. 

Jones,  John  Beauchamp.  A  Rebel  War  Clerk's  Diary.  Edited  by  Earl  Schenck  Miers.  New  York: 
Sagamore  Press,  Inc.,  1958. 

Lord,  Francis  A.    They  Fought  for  the  Union.    Harrisburg,  Pennsylvania:   The  Stackpole  Co.,  1960. 

349 


Marmion,  Anne  P.  Under  Fire:  An  Experience  in  the  Civil  War.  Harpers  Ferry:  Privately  printed, 
1959. 

Miller,  Francis  Trevelyan.   The  Photographic  History  of  the  Civil  War.   Vols.  7  and  8.   New  York: 
Thomas  Yoseloff,  1957. 

Moat,  Louis  Shepheard,  ed.   Frank  Leslie's  Illustrated  History  of  the  Civil  War.   Introduction  by  B. 
Carr.   New  York:   The  Fairfax  Press,  a  division  of  Barre  Publishing  Co.,  Inc.   Distributed 
by  Crown  Publishers,  Inc.,  1977. 

Patrick,  Marsena  Rudolph.   Inside  Lincoln's  Army:  The  Diary  of  Marsena  Rudolph  Patrick,  Provost 
Marshal  General,  Army  of  the  Potomac.   Edited  by  David  S.  Sparks.   New  York:  Thomas 
Yoseloff,  1964. 

Patterson,  Edmund  DeWitt.   Yankee  Rebel:  The  Civil  War  Journal  of  Edmund  DeWitt  Patterson. 
Edited  by  John  G.  Barrett.   Chapel  Hill:  The  University  of  North  Carolina  Press,  1966. 

Putnam,  Sallie  A.   In  Richmond  During  the  Confederacy.   New  York:  G.W.  Carleton  &  Co.,  1867; 
reprint,  New  York:   Robert  M.  McBride  Co.,  1961. 

Radley,  Kenneth.  Rebel  Watchdog:  The  Confederate  States  Army  Provost  Guard.  Baton  Rouge  and 
London:  Louisiana  State  University  Press,  1989. 

Russel,  Andrew  J.  Russel's  Civil  War  Photographs.   New  York:   Dover  Publications,  Inc.,  1982. 

Smith,  Merritt  Roe.   Harpers  Ferry  Armory  and  the  New  Technology:  The  Challenge  of  Change. 
Ithaca  and  London:  Cornell  University  Press,  1977. 

Taylor,  James  E.  With  Sheridan  Up  the  Shenandoah  Valley  in  1864:  Leaves  from  a  Special  Artist's 
Sketchbook  and  Diary  [The  James  E.  Taylor  Sketchbook].  Cleveland:  The  Western  Reserve 
Historical  Society,  1989. 

Thompson,  Holland.    "The  Provost  Marshal  and  the  Citizen,"  in  The  Photographic  History  of  the 
Civil  War  by  Francis  Trevelyan  Miller.   Vols.  7  and  8.    New  York:  Thomas  Yoseloff,  1957. 

Ward,  Artemas,  comp.   The  Grocers'  Hand-Book  and  Directory  for  1883.   Philadelphia:   The 
Philadelphia  Grocer  Publishing  Co.,  1882. 


350 


U.S.  Department  of  the  Interior 
Mission  Statement 

As  the  Nation's  principal  conservation  agency,  the  Department  of 
the  Interior  has  responsibility  for  most  of  our  nationally-owned 
public  lands  and  natural  resources.  This  includes  fostering 
sound  use  of  our  land  and  water  resources;  protecting  our  fish, 
wildlife,  and  biological  diversity;  preserving  the  environmental 
and  cultural  values  of  our  national  parks  and  historical  places;  and 
providing  for  the  enjoyment  of  life  through  outdoor  recreation. 
The  Department  assesses  our  energy  and  mineral  resources  and 
works  to  ensure  that  their  development  is  in  the  best  interests  of 
all  our  people  by  encouraging  stewardship  and  citizen  participa- 
tion in  their  care.  The  Department  also  has  a  major  responsibility 
for  American  Indian  reservation  communities  and  for  people  who 
live  in  island  territories  under  U.S.  administration. 


3    1604    011    242 '    i 


89 


DATE 

DUE 

DEMCO.  INC    38-2931 


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